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table further shows the percentage of male employees who are married to be much higher than that of females, 56.9 per cent of the former being married as compared with 4.7 per cent of the latter, the proportion widowed is practically the same for both males and females. Of the males whose fathers were born in Germany only 28.6 per cent are married as contrasted with 42.9 per cent married whose fathers were born in Ireland.
The following table divides the totals of the table immediately preceding and shows, by sex and age groups, and by general nativity and race, the percentage of employees who were in each conjugal condition: TABLE 92.-Per cent of employees in each conjugal condition, by sex, age groups, and general nativity and race.
(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
[This table includes only races with 200 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]
General nativity and
Num-Per cent who Num- Per cent who Num- Per cent who Num- Per cent who
Of a total of 1,148 individuals the greater proportion, or 84.7 per cent, are single, 12.3 per cent are married, and 3 per cent are widowed. A very small proportion of those from 20 to 29 years of age are married, while of those from 30 to 44 years of age very nearly 50 per cent are married. It is also noted that the proportion who are widowed is greatly increased in this period over the one preceding, and of those 45 years of age or over a very large proportion are married, 82.1 per cent, and the proportion who are widowed is slightly increased over that shown in the previous age group. A considerably larger proportion of the foreign-born than of nativeborn of foreign father or of native-born of native father from 20 to 29 are married. On the other hand slightly less than 60 per cent of both the foreign-born and the native-born of native father from 30 to 44 years of age are married, while the proportion of widowed is much higher in this than in the period preceding, and the proportion of foreign-born widowed is much higher than either of the other classes. Of the males 20 years of age or over, taking a total of 167 individuals, the greater proportion, or 56.9 per cent, are married. A greater proportion of the foreign-born and of the native-born of native father are married, while considerably less than 50 per cent of the native-born of foreign father are in that conjugal condition. Of the males from 20 to 29 years of age the native-born of foreign father show a considerably smaller proportion who are married than the foreign-born or the native-born of native father, while in the group from 30 to 44 years of age but little difference exists between the three classes. As regards the females, it is seen that of a total of 981 who are 20 years of age or over a large percentage are single and the proportion who are widowed, while small, is very nearly as large as the proportion who are married. A very much higher proportion of the foreign-born are married and widowed than of either of the other classes. In the 20 to 29 year group the foreignborn, while showing a low percentage who are married, exceeds the other classes, and the proportions who are widowed are practically the same in all classes. The foreign-born from 30 to 44 years of age show much larger proportions who are married and who are widowed than the native-born of foreign father in the same age group.
A significant fact in connection with the conjugal condition of employees of foreign birth, especially those of recent immigration, is found in the location of the wives of the married males, whether in the United States or abroad. In the following table it will be seen that none of the foreign-born employees of the silk goods manufacturing industry in the anthracite coal region of Pennsylvania report wife abroad.
TABLE 93.-Location of wives of foreign-born employees, by race of husband.
The disposition manifested by employees of foreign birth to return to their native lands for visits of varying duration after designated periods of residence in this country is considered in the table next presented. It shows, by sex and race, the number of visits abroad made by foreign-born employees.
TABLE 94.-Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex and race.
TABLE 94.— Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex and race-Continued.
The range in ages of employees is exhibited in the following table, which shows, by sex and general nativity and race, the percentage of employees within each specified age group.