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is new, one has only to express it quite simply.” Nietzsche says : · The misfortune of lucid writers is that people think them superficial, and consequently take no trouble in reading them ; while the chance for obscure writers is that the reader has to labor hard in order to understand them, and credits them with contributing the pleasure that he derives from his own diligence.”

the payments should be only for a limited time. After that, by a cluse approach to common agreement, his exclusive rights expire, and anybody who thinks his books will sell has the privilege of printing them. For years past the tendency in civilized countries has been slowly to extend the author's monopoly, and thereby to increase his emoluments. It may be, therefore, that an unlimited copyright will come at some time in the future, but at present it seems rather like an idle dream, and Mr. Clemens doubtless knows that in his new corporation he will leave to his heirs little more than a basis for lawsuits, which they can hardly hope to win."

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Andrew Lang wishes the world to understand that he is industrious and not above detail work, however little he may like it. It is better, he thinks, to be a novelist than an historian. The latter, he says, money enough to pay his typist — and consider his labors !” Mr. Lang adds : –

I speak feelingly - indeed, sorely – having written an historical book of about the length of a common novel. There are some fifteen hundred references to 'anthorities,' as my printer ingeniously mis. printed the word. First, I put them into the manuscript as they occurred, and then twice compared every mortal one of them with the volumes and pages to which they referred. Then they were all typed separately, and were again verified for the third time. Then they were printed and verified for the fourth time, in print, which yields six thousand cases of looking up a passage. After all, it is certain that some numerals will be wrong, and then the critic will come and raise an outcry.

The New York Sun tends to take the ground that limited copyright is justifiable. “ In the case of the Mark Twain incorporation," it says,

a legal experiment is contemplated. The explanation has been offered that when the pen name “is the property of a perpetual corporation, Mr. Clemens's heirs will be in a position to enjoin perpetually the publication of all of the Mark Twain books not authorized by the Mark Twain Company.' If this could be done, should we not witness a general assumption of pen names by authors who cared not a straw for immortality, and would not authors and their heirs enjoy an absolute monopoly in spite of the copyright law? We fancy that it would not be long before the legislature intervened.”


Mr. Clemens's move in creating the Mark Twain Corporation, with a view to securing to his family and heirs the profits of publishing his books after the copyrights on them have expired, has aroused general interest. The New York Times doubts the efficacy of the scheme. As the law stands," it says, “we cannot see that the Mark Twain Corporation will serve the designed purpose of giving to Mr. Clemens and his heirs and their heirs perpetual and exclusive power to draw profit from his books. It is not easy to say why they should not have it, but somehow there seems to be a general feeling in all countries that the author is in some way or degree different from other producers, and while it is admitted nowadays that he should be paid for his work, if it be worth buying, with the admission goes an assumption that

On the other hand, Mr. Clemens's literary agent, Ralph W. Ashcroft, thinks that the corporation scheme will work. Mr. Ashcroft says :

Mr. Clemens has been troubled for a year by the knowledge that the copyright of his works would soon expire, and that strangers instead o his own kin would read the financial benefit from his literary works. He has been in consultation with Mr. Hobbs and myself practically every week. We finally hit on the plan of incorporating the Mark Twain name itself. We believe that when this name is the prop. erty of a perpetual corporation, Mr. Clemens's heirs will be in a position to enjoin perpetually all publication of the Mark Twain books not authorized by

W. H. H.

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the Mark Twain Company, even after the secondary never have been and never would be guilty. copyright period has expired.”

One of them naïvely says : “I should like to Mr. Ashcroft was not prepared to say at

inform ‘C. B.' that I never allow manupresent whether the incorporation of the scripts to be marked in my office. If he likes Mark Twain name would prevent any pub- to send, me something, I can assure him that lisher, after the expiration of copyrights, he will get it back almost as good as new.” from printing the books under the name of And still writers are such kittle cattle that Samuel L. Clemens. He said that this was some of them very likely would not be a matter for the courts to decide, and that wholly satisfied with that. the incorporation of the Mark Twain name .at least put Mr. Clemens's daughters in a “NEWSPAPER ENGLISH” EDITED. position in which they could make a legal fight for their rights.

Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Judkins, of the Mt.

Judkins, of the

Mt. Kineo house, Moosehead Kineo house, Moosehead Lake, Me., are stopping Lake, Me., are staying

for a few days at the for a few days at the Gilbert Ray Hawes, the lawyer who de- Copley Square hotel. Copley Square hotel. fended Frau Wagner's copyright to “ Par

The New York State The New York State sifal” five years ago, is one of a number of

Teachers' Association Teachers' Association


holds its annual meeting copyright specialists who have expressed in

hold its annual in the city Tuesday and meeting in

this city terest in Mr. Clemens's plan. Mr. Hawes Wednesday.

Tuesday and Wednes

day. points out a method by means of which he believes the Misses Clemens could keep all

The Pennsylvania Rail- The Pennsylvania Railunauthorized publishers from ever publish- road Company is so well road Company is so well

pleased with the experi- pleased with the experiing their father's works, even if the un- ment of substituting con- ment of substituting con

for wooden authorized editions were put out under the


for wooden tele

graph poles that it pro- graph poles that it pur: name of Samuel L. Clemens. Mr. Hawes poses largely to extend

poses largely to extend their use.


of says :

poles. “ If, after the copyrights on Mr. Clemens's works expire, a perpetual title is held to the name Mark Notwithstanding


the Twain, and if the life of the original copyrights of

numerous thin ice fatali. numerous thin-ice fatali.

ties, cutters are harvest- ties, cutters are harvest. the works has been expanded by the addition of new

ing it ten inches thick in ing_ice ten inches thick chapters material, I believe that Mr. Franklin county.

in Franklin county. Clemens's heirs could enjoin the publication by other publishers of the original works, even if these works

WRITERS OF THE DAY. were published under the

of Samuel L. Clemens. “ The Misses Clemens could assert that the re

Mary Constance Du Bois, whose story, print o' the original unamended works under a dif

The Lass of the Silver Sword," is now runferent title from that under which they were originally ning in St. Nicholas, wrote also the serial, published was not the publication of the genuine

“ Elinor Arden, Royalist," which St. book, and that it was interfering with the publication

Nicholas published in 1894. This serial was of the genuine book. An injunction, at least, could be issued on these grounds.

the first story that Miss DuBois ever wrote * Mr. Clemens has already announced that he in- for publication. The scene was laid in the tends to extend the length of his copyrights by the

time of the English rebellion, and the story addition of chapters from time to time."

was founded upon a historic incident in the life of the infant daughter of Charles I., the

Princess Henrietta Anne, afterward Duchess Complaint having been made in England

of Orleans. " Elinor Arden, Royalist," was that editors are in the habit of scoring manu- afterward considerably amplified, and pubscripts and thus spoiling their virgin beauty, lished in book-form by the Century Comseveral editors have written to the London

pany. Author to say that they regard disfiguring a manuscript as a distinct discourtesy on the Arnold Haultain, author of The Mystery part of an editor, an offence of which they of Goli," published recently by the Hough








ton Miffin Company, was born in India, and cessfully given with her assistance. Miss
is a son of the late Major-General Haultain, Hibbard has always written more or less
of the British army. Mr. Haultain was edu- verse, sketches, and stories. While a stu-
cated in England, and going to Canada while dent at Vassar, she frequently wrote for the
still young, took his degree at the Univer- Vassar Miscellany, and in connection with
sity of Toronto. His first publication was a the work of a number of women's clubs she
little critique of Cardinal Newman's theory has written in later years many characteristic
of the Illative Sense as expounded in that papers, mainly on literary, dramatic, and
famous prelate's Grammar of Assent." musical topics. Her story, The Capitula-
Since then Mr. Haultain has contributed to tion of Barbara," won the first prize in a
the Nineteenth Century, Blackwood's Maga- short-story contest, and “The Compounding
zine, the Westminster Review, the Monthly of a Felony" came out in the American
Review, Literature (published by the Lon- 'Home Monthly last September. “ Letter-
don Times ), Nature, and many other first- writing,” Henry James told George Du
class periodicals. Two or three of his Eng- Maurier, “is the best possible preparation
lish articles have been copied into American for story-writing," and Miss Hibbard has
magazines, notably How to Read” (from had much experience in that branch of lit-
Blackwood's Magazine ), in Littell's Living erary drill, for she comes of a family in which
Age, and his “Mayfair and the Nurses the writing of letters has been for three
(also from Blackwood's ), in the Eclectic. generations constantly-exercised gift.
His first original contribution to American Her preference is for the story which per-
magazines was a long essay on “Walks and mits psychological treatment.

She is par-
Walking Tours," printed in the Atlantic for ticularly interested in the working out of
October, 1903. In July, 1904, the Atlantic character — analysis and development – in
published a second essay, “The Mystery of potent and beautiful description, suggested
Golf." This article was Mr. Haultain's sec- dramatic action, and repressed intensity.
ond essay on the subject of golf, his first
paper having appeared in the Contemporary
Review for August, 1902, from which maga-

Walter Leon Sawyer, author of “Gideon zine it was copied in full in Littell's Living Peek, Protective," the first of a series of deAge for the following month. In the fall

tective stories which appeared in Ainslee's of 1903 Morang & Co., of Toronto, published

for December, was born in Maine, but is now an octavo illustrated volume by Mr. Haul

a Boston newspaper man.

He served his tain, entitled “Two Country Walks in apprenticeship to the profession in the office Canada."

of the Portland Advertiser, then joined the

staff of the Washington Post, and in 1892 Edith Hibbard, whose story, “ The Revolt

became assistant editor of the Youth's Comof King Louis," appeared in Short Stories panion. For the last seven years, though refor December, is a Chicago woman who pos

maining a staff contributor to the Comsesses, in addition to her Western outlook panion, he has been engaged in general litand experience, the advantage which her erary work, covering a wide range of activiVermont ancestry and her close relation to

ties. He is a regular contributor to the BosNew England life afford for a sympathetic

ton Transcript, the New York Sun, and the understanding of the Eastern point of view.

New York Press, and he is also American For two years she was acting dean of the correspondent of the London Daily Express. women of the University of Vermont, during He has written songs and sketches for Nat which time she was largely instrumental in

M. Wills and other stars of the vaudeville establishing the yearly presentation by the stage, has had three stories published in the university girls of a Commencement play, Century and many in other magazines, and, two of Shakspere's plays being most suc- under the pseudonym of “ Winn Standish,”

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is responsible for the Jack Lorimer series of delicate he walked a great deal while readjuvenile books issued by L. C. Page & Co. ing, and if an idea struck him he wrote it

down on the fly leaf of the book in hand. Effie Smith, who contributed the story,

His habit was to write standing, until his

A Son of Sorrow," to Putnam's Magazine for

strength failed him ; then he sat down at his December, was born in the Tennessee moun

desk ; but finally he was obliged to write in

bed. Some of his best work was done under tains, and has always lived there, excepting

these unfavorable conditions. His popular for a few years spent at college and in teach

“ Yorktown Centennial” lyric was coming. She has had poems published in Putnam's, the Independent, the Christian Reg

posed after a severe hemorrhage, and he was

far from well when he wrote the “Internaister, Zion's Herald, the Nashville Christian

tional Cotton Advocate, and other periodicals. The story, .

Exhibition" ode, a fine, "A Son of Sorrow," was suggested by an

scholarly production, full of imaginative incident which occurred in her own

power. - Eugene L. Didier, in Spare Mocom

ments. munity, as

The Tempting of Peter Stiles," published in Putnam's for last Feb- Mitchell. - To the writer as well as the ruary

reader of historical novels there is interest

in the preface which Dr. S. Weir Mitchell Emerson Taylor, whose


The has written to the new edition - the nineRescue of the Gods," appeared in Scribner's teenth — of his “Hugh Wynne." In this Magazine for December, was until recently preface Dr. Mitchell tells his reader that an instructor in English and rhetoric at Yale since the appearance of the book twelve University. He has contributed to the At- years ago it has been subjected to a considlantic Monthly, Harper's Magazine, the erable amount of criticism at the hands of Reader, Ainslee's, and the Outlook, most of local archaeologists and historians who are his work being along the lines of fiction. troubled over certain inaccuracies in names, During the past two years he has contributed dates, and localities occurring in the roa series of stories of child life to the Ladies'

These errors, Dr. Mitchell now inHome Journal, and he will have a serial in forms his public, he has rectified in this edithat magazine during the coming year.

He tion largely because he finds that his novel is the author of two novels, “A Daughter of is used in schools and colleges, where its Dale," published by the Century Company occasional lapse from historical verity might in 1904, and “The Upper Hand,” published injure its educational value. But Dr. by A. S. Barnes & Co. in 1906.

Mitchell questions the need for absolute accuracy in details in the historical novel.

“ How little the grossest errors in biography PERSONAL GOSSIP ABOUT AUTHORS.

and history," he writes, “ affect the opinions

of the public concerning a novel long popuHayne.- Paul H. Hayne adopted literature

lar may be illustrated by the fact that one of as a profession soon after leaving college,

my critics referred me to 'Henry Esmond' and pursued it to the end of his life, through for an example of desirable accuracy. It was evil and good fortune. ... For many years

an unfortunate choice, for in Esmond' the poet's delicate health prevented him from there is hardly a correct historical statement. early rising, but soon after his frugal break- The Duke of Hamilton described as about fast, that is about half-past eight, he mounted to marry Beatrix was the husband of a sechis mare, Maggy, and with dog and gun, ond living wife and the father of seven chilspent several hours hunting small game. dren — an example of contemplated literary While riding he thought over the literary bigamy which does not distress the happily work upon which he was engaged, and com- ignorant, nor are they at all troubled by the mitted his thoughts to paper upon returning many other and even more singular errors in to the house. He was a rapid writer, espe- statement, some of them plainly the result cially in prose.

Before his health became of carelessness. A novel, it seems, may sin



sadly as concerns historic facts and yet sur- Even the printers refused to get angry vive." That brings Dr. Mitchell to the over the delay, and forthwith the form was broader question of the purpose of the his- serit up, and changes went on for an hour. torical novel — is the latter to be judged as At last, though publication was delayed fully history or fiction ? “The purpose of the two hours, the editor, but not Mr. Warner, novel," he says, “is, after all, to be accept- had the supreme satisfaction of knowing that ably interesting. If it be historical, the his- the work was as nearly perfect as human art toric people should not be the constantly could make it, and the edition was sent out. present heroes of the book. The novelist's

“ While we

were walking up the street proper use of them is to influence the fates toward the Youmans country home," writes of lesser people and to give the reader such the editor, “we quietly talked about books sense of their reality as in the delineation of and bookmen. characters is rarely possible for the histo- You are most painstaking,' we ventured. rian.” – New York Times Saturday Review. * Yes,' said Mr. Warner modestly, 'I Warner. The extraordinary pains and

never could dash off anything readily like patience with which the late Charles Dudley

some writers. It has always been real labor

for me.' Warner did his literary work are shown in an account given by a writer in the New

Then you revise all your work the same Amstel Magazine of the strenuous way in

way y?' which Mr. Warner produced an obituary no

"" I have always found it necessary to do

so. Even in writing for the “Easy Chair" tice some years ago. Professor Edward L. Youmans was

I have to be painstaking. Nor have I ever close personal friend of Mr. Warner, and on

been able to use the typewriter with any dethat account, when Mrs. Youmans died, the

gree of satisfaction. The trouble seems to

be that either in dictating or in using the editor of a daily paper asked Mr. Warner to write a sort of personal appreciation of her.

typewriter I at once become self-conscious

and mechanical. For some reason my This he consented to do. He was left alone from ten A. M. until half

thoughts — what few ideas I may possess past twelve, when he went to lunch. Return

seem to flow more easily from the pen.'ing at two o'clock, he worked without interruption until four o'clock, when he turned CURRENT LITERARY TOPICS. over to the editor what he had written. Yet the work was not complete.

Mr. How “Ben Bolt” Was Written. Du MauWarner read the first proof, and in succes- rier made a fortune out of “ Trilby." Thomas sion three revised sheets.

Dunn English never received a cent from Each time he made change after change * Ben Bolt." in phraseology, seeking out the one right The circumstances in which the lines were word, while even in the nicety of paragraph written, and which were related to me by the ing he seemed to make clearer what he de- author's daughter, Miss Alice English, who sired to express. Nor did the close revision often heard them from her father, seem to end with the marking of the last proof.

take us far back in American literature ; for After the paper had gone to press and the Dr. English personally knew Edgar Allan first sheets had been brought up to the com- Poe and many of the other early American posing room for an O. K., Mr. Warner writers. During the summer of 1843 he was looked wistfully at the editor, and ob- visiting in New York, where he became acserved :

quainted with N. P. Willis, who with George “Would you object to lifting the form? I

P. Morris recently had revived the New York see a sentence in the last paragraph that Mirror. Willis asked English to contribute might be somewhat changed. She was too

a sea poem, explaining, however, that the good, you know, to have a slovenly tribute

paper was run on very small capital, and that paid to her.”

its editors would be greatly obliged to him

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