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How I WROTE MY GREATEST PLAY (“The Witch- Richard Walton Tully, who, in company ing Hour"). With portrait.

Augustus Thomas.

with David Belasco, wrote “ The Rose of the Delineator ( 18 c. ) for February. CELEBRITIES At Home. Arthur Brisbane. Illus

Rancho," and his wife, Eleanor Gates Tully, trated. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) or January 9. author of “The Autobiography of a Prairie

EDGAR ALLAN Poe. Illustrated. W. D. Howells. Girl” and The Plow-woman," have bought Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for January 16.

a ranch near Alma, Calif., in the Santa Cruz A Few WORDS ON A MASTER MECHANICIAN ( Edgar Allan Poe ). Edith M. Thomas. Harper's Weekly

mountains, and are engaged in the raising of ( 13 c. ) for January 16.

horses from pure-bred Arab stock. EDGAR ALLAN POE. Illustrated. Collier's ( 13 c. )

Miss Miriam Michelson, author of the for January 16. PoE : A PIONEER OF POETRY. With portrait. Wirt

successful novel, “ In the Bishop's Carriage," W. Barnitz, Christian Endeavor World for January 14.

and a sister of Professor Michelson, of the WILLIAM HAYES WARD – EDITOR AND SCHOLAR. University of Chicago, who, because of his Howard Allen Bridgman. Congregationalist ( 13 c. )

brilliant discoveries in physics, was recently for January 16.

Poe and the Poets of His Time. A. W. Jackson, awarded the Nobel prize, is associate editor D. D. Christian Register ( 9 c. ) for January 28. of the Liberator, the new weekly published at

San Francisco by the Citizens League of

Justice as propaganda for stimulation of NEWS AND NOTES.

public sentiment and the informing of the

public mind in the warfare against business George Du Maurier made an unexpected and political graft in progress in San Franfortune from " Trilby.” Now his son, Major cisco. Guy Du Maurier, has produced the play, George E. Woodberry has re-written his "An Englishman's Home," which is Eng- life of Edgar Allan Poe, published twenty land's greatest theatrical success for years. years ago, and the result is a two-volume

Jack London is ill in Sydney, and has given centenary biography, which is practically a up the idea of continuing his journey around new work, and which Houghton Mifflin Comthe world in his yacht, the Snark. Mr. Lon- pany will publish at the end of next month. don planned that it would take him five years The “ Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay," or more to sail the Snark about the globe. by his nephew, Sir George Otto Trevelyan, He left Oakland Creek a year ago last April, published first in 1876, will now be issued by and consequently has spent eighteen months the Harpers in this country in an edition on the first portion of the journey.

made to include Macaulay's own “MarMyrtle Reed is spending the winter travel- ginalia." This additional material first aping for her health with her husband, James peared in a separate volume, and recently S. McCulloch. In spite of her travels, how- was incorporated into the English edition, ever, Mrs. Reed is busy on a new novel but has not before been published in America which her publishers, the Putnams, expect to

under one cover with the biography. It receive punctually on April 2, the date of comprises the vigorous notes and comments George Haven Putnam's birthday. For the made by Macaulay on the margins of his last nine or ten years Mrs. Reed has cele- books — illuminating criticisms past brated this particular day by making it the writers of antiquity and modern times, and occasion for sending in her latest novel, some characteristic reminiscences. beautifully typewritten, as a special token of The sketch of William Morris by Alfred remembrance to her publishers. During this Noyes brought out by the Macmillan Comtime they have sold more than 500,000 copies pany in the English Men of Letters series of her books.

aims to present Morris in the light of a char. D. Appleton & Co. have published in book acter study, and in so doing it is interesting form Hall Caine's autobiography, which has to note that it is chiefly in an analysis of his been running serially in Appleton's Magazine poetry that Mr. Noyes endeavors to set "the under the title of " My Story."

essential man before his readers.



Louis Becke's new novel is said to be It describes, of largely autobiographical. course, adventures in the islands of the Pa- · cific. Its thinly-veiled title is: "The Adventures of Louis Blake."

Lewis Melville is preparing a biography of William Beckford, the author of "Vathek." Beckford's letters and papers are in the possession of his descendants, who have agreed to let Mr. Melville examine them.


A Manual G. P. Putnam's Sons announce of American Literature," edited by Theodore Stanton, M. A. (Cornell), in collaboration with members of the faculty of Cornell University.

Arthur T. Vance, for many years editor of the Woman's Home Companion, is now editor-in-chief of the Pictorial Review, New York.

In the first number of La Follette's Weekly Magazine, issued at Madison, Wis., January 9, by Senator Robert La Follette, the fiction department is represented by a strong story of newspaper life by W. J. Neidig, a Stanford University man. J. Herbert Quick is associate editor of the publication.

The Story-Press Corporation, Chicago, publisher of the Blue Book Magazine, has begun the publication of another magazine, called the Green-Book Album, devoted to the more entertaining aspect of the stage.

T. C. McClure has retired from the active management of the McClure Newspaper Syndicate. He is succeeded by R. B. McClure, who for a number of years has been associated with him in the management of the business.

The Uncle Remus Memorial Association asks for funds for the purpose of erecting a suitable memorial to the late Joel Chandler Harris. The association proposes to buy Mr. Harris's old home, the "Snap Bean Farm," together with his house, "The Sign front of the house into a park, wherein it is of the Wren's Nest," converting the lawn in proposed to erect a statue of the author and a memorial fountain, "with frieze containing all of the Uncle Remus' animals." Colonel R. J. Lowry, of the Lowry National bank, Atlanta, Ga., is the treasurer of the association.

Whatever the merit of Marie Corelli's books may be, she must have a larger steady income from her writing than any other English author if it is true, as stated, that she has earned $60,000 a year for the last eighteen years.


That literary labor is not quite at the pauper level in Germany appears from the fact that a prize of 30,000 marks, or $7,500, has been awarded by a family paper for the best novel submitted in competition. his latest novel, "Das Hohe Lied," Sudermann is said to have received 60,000 marks, or $15,000. The German press argues on the basis of "such very large amounts" against the common belief that the drama pays better than fiction.

The Chicago Madrigal Club again offers a prize of $50 for an original poem which shall be used in its musical competition of 1909. Full details of the contest may be obtained from D. A. Clippinger, 410 Kimball Hall, Chicago.

Prizes to the amount of $15,000 are announced by the Woman's Home Journal, Springfield, Mass., for long and short stories, poems, and anecdotes.


The Hunter-Trader-Trapper, O., a magazine devoted to hunting, trading, trapping, and outdoor life, wishes to publish some continued stories, dealing with the subjects mentioned. The editor says, also, that he will consider some good short manuscripts, of from 1,500 to 4,000 words, and that accepted manuscripts will be paid for at once and others returned.

The Sunday School Times of January 2 was a Golden Jubilee number, celebrating fifty years of publication.

Mary Evelyn Moore Davis died in New
Orleans January 1, aged fifty-seven.
Arthur William A'Beckett died in London
January 14, aged sixty-five.

Hezba Stretton died in London January 21.
She wrote first for Charles Dickens in 1859.
Rev. Dr. Selah Merrill died at Fruitvale,
Calif., January 22, aged seventy-one.

Martha Finley ("Martha Farquharson") died at Elkton, Md., January 30, aged eighty





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An injudicious disposition of a clause in a sentence frequently creates merriment in the reading. In Goldsmith's "History of England," a book remarkable for its carelessness of style, we find the following extraordinary sentence, in one of the chapters of the reign of Queen Elizabeth : “This" [a communication to Mary Queen of Scots ] "they effected by conveying their letters to her by means of a brewer that supplied the family with ale through a chink in the wall of her apartment." An obituary notice contained the following ludicrous statement: "He left a large circle of mourners, embracing his amiable wife and children!" Comprising should have been used, instead of embracing.

No. 3.

The following expression would be of special significance coming from a surgeon or anatomist: "Desiring to know your friend better, I took him apart to converse with him." It has been said that two persons who take each other apart, frequently do so for the express purpose of putting their heads together.

He is seldom or ever out of town"; say, seldom or never, or, seldom if ever.

"It is dangerous to walk of a slippery morning"; say, on a slippery morning. But the expression, “walking on a slippery morning," and all others like it, of which a strictly literal interpretation will not give the designed signification, are to be avoided. They often excite a smile when seriousness is intended.

"His reputation is acknowledged through Europe"; say, throughout Europe.

"I doubt if this will ever reach you"; say, whether this, etc.

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There were not over twenty persons present"; say, more than.

"Bills are requested to be paid quarterly"; the bills are not requested, but the persons who owe them. Say instead, It is requested that bills be paid quarterly.

"There can be no doubt but that he will succeed"; omit but.

"It was no use asking him any more questions"; say, of no use to ask him, or, there was no use in asking, etc.

"He intends to stop at home for a few days"; say, stay.

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and devise ; ingenious and ingenuous ; immerge "Whenever I try to write well, I always and emerge.

find I can do it”; leave out always, which is “ The number of emigrants arriving in this unnecessary. country is increasing and alarming”; say, “ First of all I shall give you a lesson in immigrants. Emigrants are those going out French, and last of all in music”; omit of from a country; immigrants, those coming all in both instances, as unnecessary. into it.

“They sought him throughout the whole “ The soil in those islands is so very thin, country"; leave out whole, which is implied that little is produced in them beside cocoa- in throughout. nut trees" ; " beside cocoa-nut trees” means “I bought a new pair of shoes" ; say, a pair strictly alongside, or by the side, of them. of new shoes. Besides, or except, should be used. Besides 'Do you believe that he will receive my letalso signifies in addition to : as, “ I sat beside ter ?” ; observe that in the former word the the President, and conversed with him be- diphthong is ie, and in the latter ei. A consides.

venient rule for the spelling of such words As far as I am able to judge, the book is is the following : c takes ei after it ; all well written”; say, So far as, etc.

other consonants are followed by ie : as, de“Do you know who this dog-headed cane ceive, reprieve. belongs to ?”; say, whom. In expressing in 'St. John's is about two days nearer Engwriting the idea conveyed in this question, a land than Halifax." Does this mean that St. better form of sentence would be : “Do you John's is nearer to England than Halifax is, know to whom this belongs ?” In familiar or nearer to England than to Halifax ? dialogue, however, the latter mode might be “ He is a distinguished antiquarian; say, thought too formal and precise.

antiquary. Antiquarian is an adjective ; antiWho did you wish to see ?"; say, whom. quary, a noun. Whom say ye that I am ?” This is the Beware of using Oh ! and ( indiscrimiEnglish translation, given in Luke ix : 20, nately ; Oh ! is used to express the emotion of the question of Christ to Peter. The of pain, sorrow, or surprise ; as, “Oh! the exword whom should be who. Other instances ceeding grace of God.” O is used to exof grammatical inaccuracies occur in the press wishing, exclamation, or a direct address Bible ; for example, in the Sermon on the to a person ; as: Mount, the Saviour says : “Lay not up for

O mother, will the God above yourselves treasures on earth, where moth

Forgive my faults like thee?" and rust doth corrupt," etc. "Moth and rust" “I will retain two-thirds, and give you the make a plural nominative to doth corrupt," balance"; say, remainder. a singular verb. The following, however, is “Will you accept of this slight testimocorrect : But lay up for yourselves treas- nial ?" Omit of, which is superfluous, and ures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust weakens the sentence. doth corrupt."

" The robber entered the dwelling, and “Let each of us mind their own busi- secretly carried off the silver" ; say, thief ; ness”; say, his own business.

a robber attacks violently, and commits his “The first edition was not as well printed depredations by main force ; a thief is one as the present”; say, so well, etc.

who uses secrecy and deception. No less than fifty persons were there" ; “Go and fetch me my riding-whip" ; say, say, fewer, etc. Less refers to quantity ; bring. Fetch means to go and bring ; go and fewer to number.

fetch is repetition. “Such another victory, and we shall be Mute and dumb. A dumb man has not the ruined”; say, Another such victory, etc. power to speak ; a mute man either does not

“Give me both of those books"; leave choose, or is not allowed to speak. It is, out of

therefore, more proper to say of a person


who can neither hear nor speak, that he is "deaf and dumb," than that he is a "deaf mute."

To leave and to quit are often used as synonymous terms, though improperly; to leave implies a design of returning soon-to quit, an absence of a long time, or forever; as, in Shakespeare:

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Instinctively had quit it."-Tempest, i., 2. "I shall leave my house for a month before next autumn; but I shall not be obliged to quit it until after Christmas."

Strong and robust. These words are frequently misused; a strong man is able to bear a heavy burden, but not necessarily for a long time; a robust man bears continual fatigue with ease; a strong man may be active and nimble; while an excess of muscular development, together with a clumsiness of action, exclude these qualities from the robust man:

"Strong as a tower in hope, I cry Amen!" SHAKESPEARE, Richard II., i., 3. "For one who, though of drooping mien, had yet From nature's kindliness received a frame Robust as ever rural labor bred."

WORDSWORTH, Excursion, VI.

To hear and to listen have each distinct de

"Isaac Newton invented the law of gravitation"; say, discovered. "Galileo discovered the telescope"; say, invented.

Ought and should both express obligation, but the latter is not so binding as the former. "Children ought to love their parents, and should be neat in their appearance."

"That bourne from whence no traveler returns." How often are precisely these words spoken? They are improperly quoted from Shakspere, in “Hamlet,” and correctly read as follows:

"That undiscovered country, from whose bourne No traveler returns."

"Whether he will or no; say, not. The reason of this correction is clearly seen by supplying what is needed to complete the sense Whether he will or will not.

"The Danube empties into the Black Sea"; say, flows; to empty means to make vacant; no river can properly be called empty until it is entirely dried up. NEW YORK, N. Y.

Walton Burgess.


The newer dictionaries reveal many new words adopted from the spoken into the written language,-some slang, some localisms, some conversationalisms, some "technicalisms." Slang is commonly esteemed the voice of the masses, and therefore (no better reason for the "therefore") is inelegant. The fact is, however, that slang is a great feeder of the language, which dies at the bottom and lives at the top, like coral; for slang is vivid, terse, living, contagious, pat, full of red blood, and often comes forward from the kitchen into the parlor, and

there acquires polite manners and social recognition. Modern magazine writers use contractions and vulgarisms, even in staid old essays, and no longer think of apologizing in a phrase for such usage. But

It is no doubt a fact clear to every one that commercialism and merchandisable literary stuff are giving direction to thought at this time. That is as much as to say that the business end of literary effort dominates. Conviction, zeal, research, and investigation are secondary. Such things bound up in merchandisable packages do not "take," are

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