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THE MANY-SIDED MILTON. Harry Thurston Peck. J. Berg Esenwein, editor of Lippincott's
Cosmopolitan for January.

Magazine, has completed a volume entitled Open Court ( 13 c. ) for January.

“Writing the Short Story," which will soon The Revised IDEAL PRINTING PLANT. Printing Art be published for December. John Milton. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for De

Mrs. Harriet Prescott Spofford has writcember 5.

ten the introduction to Little, Brown, & Co.'s THE PENALTIES

AUTHORSHIP. Florida Pier. new and complete edition of the poems of Harper's Weekly ( 13 c. ) for December


Louise Chandler Moulton. The two writers CELEBRITIES AT HOME. Melville E. Stone. With

were intimate friends, and Mrs. Spofford portraits. William Inglis. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for December 26.

gives some biographical notes of particular THE WORLD'S LARGEST CIRCULATING LIBRARY. interest. How New York guides its children through good

Mrs. Ella Wheeler Wilcox has prepared a reading. Illustrated. Claude G. Leland. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c. ) for December 26.

new book, which is virtually an autobiogTHE TERCENTENARY OF John Milton's BIRTH. raphy. It is called “New Thoughts, ComCollier's ( 13 c. ) for December 5.

mon Sense, and What Life Means to Me." WILD-West FAKING. Illustrated. Emerson Hough. Collier's ( 13 c. ) for December 19.

The third volume of M. Jusserand's “LitPLAYWRITERS AND PROFits. What playwriters make

erary History of the English People,” issued and how they make it. With portraits. John R.

by the Putnams, deals chiefly with the Hale. Saturday Evening Post ( 8 c. ) for December 19. DANTE GABRIEL Rossetti's UNPUBLISHED POEM

Elizabethan drama. It is mostly devoted to (“Jan Van Hunks"). Theodore Watts-Dunton. the study of Shakspere. Saturday Evening Post ( 8 c. ) for December 26.

“Charles Dickens and His Friends," by MILTON

CHRISTIAN CITIZEN. Charles W. Hodell. New York Christian Advocate ( 13 c.) for De- Teignmouth Shore, will soon be published cember 3.

in ten fortnightly parts in England. How WASHINGTON IS REPORTED. Robert Lincoln O'Brien. Youth's Companion (13 c.) for Decem

Some New Literary Valuations,” by Prober 10.

fessor William Cleaver Wilkinson, is anMILTON AFTER THREE CENTURIES. Outlook ( 13 c.)

nounced by the Funk & Wagnalls Company. for December 12.

One of the chapters of the book, Books

THE MAKING. Hanson H. Webster. Journal of Education for December 24.

“ Matthew Arnold as a Poet," was printed in The ReligioN OF John Milton. Rev. Samuel M. the North American Review for November. Crothers, D. D. Christian Register (9c.) for December 24.

The Mark Twain Company, of New York,

capital $5,000, organized to secure to the NEWS AND NOTES.

author and his family all rights in the name

or pen-name " Mark Twain," has filed artiMrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett, who has

cles of incorporation at Albany. The direcreturned from her twenty-fifth visit to Eng


Samuel L. Clemens, Clara L. land, says she is going to remain in the

Clemens, Jean L. Clemens, Isabel V. Lyon, United States a whole year this time, and

of Redding, Conn., and Ralph W. Ashcroft, adds : “Hereafter I shall not divide my time

of New York. Mr. Clemens, referring to equally between this side of the Atlantic and

the Mark Twain Company, said to a New the other. I am building a home for my son York Tribune reporter that it was organized on Long Island, and I shall be interested in

for the sole purpose of keeping for the benegardening."

fit of the family the pen-name of “Mark Another biography of Thackeray is being Twain.” R. W. Ashcroft, his secretary, said prepared by Lewis Melville, who published that he looked upon that name as a valuable a life of the novelist about ten years ago. asset, and that the directors thought that by That book is now out of print. Fresh mate- forming this corporation they would be able rial is available to-day, and Mr. Melville be-' to protect themselves from pirate publishers, lieves that he can improve upon his first at- and also from persons who might want to tempt.

use the name on cigars, etc.




The American Press Company of Baltimore announces a volume entitled “The Poe Cult, and Other Poe Papers," by Eugene L. Didier.

The Canadian Society of Authors has been in existence for some eleven years. The secretary is Pelham Edgar, of 21 Elgin avenue, Toronto. The primary objects of the society are to promote the production of literature in Canada; to protect the interests of Canadian authors; and to obtain and distribute information as to channels of publication open to Canadian authors.

Caspar Whitney, editor of Outing and vice-president of the Outing Publishing Company, has resigned, and will be connected with Collier's Weekly as editor of a new department of that magazine, which will be devoted to out-door sports. This feature in Collier's will appear next month. Eight additional pages of the magazine will be devoted to hunting, exploring, and stories of out-door life.

William Bayard Hale has gone to Europe as representative of the New York Times, and his successor as editor of the Times Saturday Review of Books is J. G. Dater.

Boston has a new magazine called the Bean Pot.

The Kansas Magazine will make its appearance this month. It willl be a monthly, and will be published in Wichita.

The first number of the American Farm Magazine has appeared in Des Moines. A. U. Quint is the publisher.

The first number of a magazine named Psychotherapy, a Course of Reading, is a large quarto pamphlet containing 100 pages of text and three full-page portraits. The magazine is issued by the Centre Publishing Company, New York. W. B. Parker is the editor.

What to Eat ( Chicago ) with the January , issue changes its name to the National Food Magazine.

The publishing department of Paul Elder & Co. will remove in February from New York back to the home office in San Francisco.

The Metropolitan Opera Company, New York, announces that it will give $10,000 for the best grand opera by a native-born citizen of the United States, no matter where residing. The libretto must be in English ; if an adaptation of any existing literary work, it must be a new adaptation. The contest will close September 15, 1910. Printed copies of the exact terms of the regulations of the contest may be procured at the opera house, or will be mailed upon request. Contestants should procure an exact copy of the regulations, as it is necessary for them to submit a written acceptance of them.

The Independent for December 10 was a sixtieth birthday jubilee number. It contained portraits of the founders, editors, notable contributors, and editorial associates of the Independent, views of the buildings occupied, and facsimiles of manuscripts by Whittier, Longfellow, Bryant, and others famous in the annals of American literature.

The reminiscences of Dr. Edward Everett Hale begin in the January number of the Woman's Home Companion.

An essay on Poe by W. C. Brownell is one of the notable features of the January Scribner's.

The first serial began in the London Post in 1719, and was none other than “Robinson Crusoe.” Of course, in a sense the serial is much older than that. Boccaccio's “ Decameron,” for instance, was issued at intervals, and since there is some connecting thread running through it, might claim to be the first serial.

Donald Grant Mitchell died at New Haven December 15, aged eighty-six.

Professor William Ireland Knapp died in Paris December 5, aged seventy-three.

Herman Knickerbocker Viele died in New York December 14, aged fifty-two.

Major Orlando Jay Smith died at Dobbs Ferry, N. Y., December 20, aged sixty-six.

Mrs. Evelyn Greenleaf Sutherland died in Boston December 23, aged fifty-five.

Dr. Augustus Le Plongeon died December 13 in Brooklyn, aged eighty-three.




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Notes, 20 — The Responsibility of Editors in


Henry A. Beers, 23 — Will Gage Carey, 23 —
Floyd Dell, 24 — Lyman Eastman,"

24 Herbert Kaufman, 24 - Randolph Marshall PERSONAL GOSSIP ABOUT AUTHORS

Arthur Brisbane, 24 - Edward Fitzgerald

The Plot of a Sardou Play, 26 - Fashions in
Fiction, 26 - A Higher Standard in Fiction,
27 — The Possibilities of Poetry, 27 — Slips in
English, 28 — How a Story Started,

29 — Clarity in Poetry, 29 How “ The Wizard of Oz” Was Written, 29 - Origin of Punctua. tion, 30 - Use and Punctuation of “0” and



24 24 25 26

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dom, beginning with a few general suggestions.

Be careful that the article is used whenever it is needed. For instance, “The red and white dahlias were most admired," properly means the dahlias in which both these colors were blended. “The red and the white dahlias” implies two species.

The grammatical number of a verb should agree with that of its subject, and not with that of its predicate. Thus, the sentences, “Death is the wages of sin,” and “The wages of sin are death," are properly written.

In changing from a past tense to the present, when the same nominative remains, the form of the verb should continue unaltered. Thus, instead of saying “He was traveling and travels,say, “He was traveling and is traveling."

A fruitful source of mistakes in language is in the linking together of two or more inappropriate tenses, or in the misuse of one. Many commit blunders of these kinds. A few corrected examples of such are here given :

· His text was that God was love"; the sentence should be written, “His text was that God is love."

“ This painting was preserved and exhibited for the last century" ; say, has been preserved and exhibited.”

“It was the last act he intended to have performed; say, " to perform."

Adverbs are often inelegantly used instead of adjectives ; as, “the then ministry,” for the ministry of that time."

Of prepositions, it has been frequently said that no words in the language are so liable to be incorrectly used. For example, * The love of God” may mean either “ His love to us," or,

our love to Him." Many more of these particles are inelegantly, if not ambiguously, used. Instead of






About 250 years ago a small volume was put forth by one " John Peters, learned scholar and author," which had the following long-winded title : “A New Way to make Latin Verses, whereby any one of ordinary capacity, that only knows the A, B, C, and can count nine, though he understands not one word of Latin, or what a verse means, may be plainly taught to make thousands of Hexameter and Pentameter Verses, which shall be true Latin, true Verse, and Good Sense!” The present articles must not be expected to accomplish so stupendous a result ; their object will have been fulfilled if they somewhat help writers to use better, clearer English. The suggestions made are set down at ran

Copyright, 1909, by William H. Hills. All rights reserved.

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“the natives were a different race to what pectus of a schoolmistress ] ; say, NOR vacathey are now," say, “ different from.

tions. He doubts if his friend will come,” is not “Not as I know" ; say, that I know. so elegant and accurate as, “ He doubts He would never believe but what I did whether his friend will come.”

it”; say, but that I did it. “ The business would suit any one who “He is quite as good as me”; say, as good enjoys bad health.[From an advertisement as I. Also, instead of as good as him, say, as in a New York daily paper. ] Few persons good as he. In both these instances am or is who have bad health can be said to enjoy it. must be mentally supplied at the end of the Use some other form of expression : as, one phrase, to suggest the meaning; and the in delicate health, or, one whose health is bad. pronouns should, therefore, be in the nomi

“We have no corporeal punishment here," native case. said a schoolmaster. Corporeal is opposed to “ Many an one has done the same

me”; say, spiritual. Say, corporal punishment. Corpo- many a one. A, and not an, is also used before real means having a body.

the long sound of u, that is, when u forms a “He rose up, and left the room"; leave distinct syllable of itself : as, a unit, a union, a out up, as it would be absurd to say rise down. university ; it is also used before eu : as, a

“ This is a secret between you and I; say, euphony, and likewise before the word ewe : you and me. The construction requires the as, a ewe ; we should also say, a youth, not objective case in place of I, which is in the an youth. nominative.

“ I have rang several times”; say, rung. “John and Henry both read well, but John “ You have drank too much of it" ;

say, is the best reader” ; say, the better reader, as

drunk. best can be properly used only when three or Who do you mean?” say, whom. more persons, or objects, are compared.

“ Was it her who called me ?” say, she. Thompson was there among the rest." “He has got my slate " ; omit got ; has is This mode of expression, which is very com

sufficient for the sense. The addition of got, mon, literally declares an impossibility. The though not ungrammatical, but gradually besignification of "the rest” is, those in addi- coming obsolete, does not in any degree tion to Thompson, and of which Thompson strengthen the meaning. formed no part ; he could not, therefore, be Purpose and propose : these two words, among them. A correct statement would be, which are often confounded, are entirely dis“ Thompson was there with the rest.”

tinct in meaning. To purpose means to in“The two first cows are the fattest,” said tend ; to propose means to offer a proposition. a farmer at an agricultural fair. He should “ The two friends conversed together for an have said, “the first two" ; there can be only hour"; omit together, as the full meaning of one that is first — the other must necessarily this word is implied in con, which means with, be second.

or together, or in company. " It is an error ; you are mistaken" ; prop- “I have often swam across the Hudson"; erly one should say, you mistake. Mistaken

say, swum. means misapprehended ; "you mistake," means “I found my friend better than I expected 'you misapprehend.

to have found him; say, to find him. Have you lit the fire, Bridget ?”; say,

“I intended to have written a letter yesterlighted ; lit is now obsolete.

day" ; say, to write ; as, however long it now “ John is my oldest brother”; say, eldest. is since I thought of writing, to write" was Elder and eldest are applied to persons older then present to me, and must still be conand oldest to things. Usage, however, does sidered as present, when I recall that time not make these distinctions imperative. and the thoughts of it.

“ The cloth was wove in a very short Shall and will are often confounded, or mistime" ; say, woven.

used. The following suggestion will be of No extras or vacations (from the pros- service to the reader : Mere futurity is ex

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pressed by shall in the first person, and by will in the second and third ; the determination of the speaker by will, in the first, and shall, in the second and third. For example : “I shall go by the way of Halifax,” simply expresses an event about to take place - as also you will, and they will ; I will expresses determination

as also you shall and they shall. ·
Brightland has the following illustrative
stanza : -
“ In the first person simply shall foretells ;

In will a threat, or else a promise, dwells.
Shall, in the second and the third, does threat ;
Will, simply, then, foretells the future feat."

Without the grammatical form of a word can be recognized at a glance, little

progress can be made in reading the language” (from a work on the study of the Latin language ] ; say, Unless the grammatical, etc. The use of without for unless is a very common mistake.

“They ride about in small carriages, which

are called flies" ; write the last word flys ; flies is the plural of fly, the insect.

“I have not traveled this twenty years" ; say, these twenty years.

He is very much the gentleman; say, He is a very gentlemanly man, or, He is very gentlemanly.

“He strived to obtain an appointment”; say, strove.

Before the words heir, herb, honest, honor, and hour, and their compounds, instead of the article a, we make use of an, as the h is not sounded ; likewise before words beginning with h, that are not accented on the first syllable : such as heroic, historical, hypothesis, etc., as,

"an heroic action"; "an historical work" ;

an hypothesis that can scarcely be allowed."

Walton Burgess. New YORK, N. Y.



A good many writers apparently fail to oughly every little while, and kept constantly realize the necessity of keeping the typewriter in condition to do perfect work. Every day clean. They go on using the machine day care should be taken to wipe off the dust and after day, week after week, even, it would see that the running parts are oiled. The seem, month after month, without ever tak- work of the machine should be critically ing the trouble to pick the dirt out of the watched, and if any of the type faces get filled face of the letters, until a, and e, and o come with ink from the ribbon or with dirt of any to look pretty much alike, and their work kind, the dirt should be picked out with a pin generally has a muddy look, and is often and the type faces brushed clean with benzine. difficult to read.

A few minutes devoted to this work every Sometimes machines in constant use for day will be time well spent. Using a wornmaking copy get into such bad condition that out ribbon, too, is poor economy. the manuscript they make is hardly as legible Good typewriting helps to sell a manuas ordinary handwriting. It is easy to under- script, and poor typewriting tends to prevent stand that editors look with disfavor on such its sale. An editor is always rejoiced to remanuscripts, and are inclined not to spend ceive a manuscript that is so good and in upon them the time necessary to determine such good shape that he can send it to the whether they are good or not. At any rate, printers without having to edit it at all. editors are always prejudiced against them, Writers who want to be successful should and the writers who send them out put them- aim never to send out manuscripts of any •selves at a disadvantage by their carelessness. other kind.

Edward B. Hughes. Every typewriter ought to be cleaned thor- CAMBRIDGE, Mass.

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