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Margaret Sangster's autobiography is published by the Fleming H. Revell Company, under the title, “From My Youth Up."

John Bigelow, now in his ninety-second year, is publishing his autobiography, under the title of “Retrospections of an Active Life."

Mitchell Kennerley publishes “The Man Shakespeare," by Frank Harris. The book is published before its appearance in England, thus reversing the usual fate of an English book. As a matter of fact, this book would probably never have been published but for the American publisher, who persuaded Mr. Harris to give him the manuscript after English publishers had given up the attempt in despair. It is twelve years since Mr. Harris started this book, and for several years it has been complete except for the author's final corrections.

John W. Luce & Co. will publish shortly Milton Bronner's critical study of Maurice Hewlett.

W. J. Courthope has at last finished his “ History of English Poetry," and the manuscript of the sixth and final volume is now in Macmillan's hands for early publication. The same publishers have in the press the third volume of Professor Saintsbury's “ History of English Prosody."

The Putnams will shortly publish “Mr. Pope : His Life and Times,” in two volumes, by George Paston.

Henry Holt & Co. announce “ Masters of the English Novel,” by Richard Burton, an appreciation and criticism of the great novelists of the nineteenth century.

“Essays on Modern Novelists,” by Professor William Lyon Phelps of Yale, to be published in November, will discuss Mrs. Ward, William De Morgan, Mark Twain, Hardy, Locke, and Conrad.

Lepelletier's “Life of Paul Verlaine" is published in this country by Duffield & Co.

John Albert Macy, whose “Child's Guide to Reading” is announced, was for several years associate editor of the Youth's Companion, a post he resigned to obtain more time for creative work.

Miss Laura Stedman, the granddaughter of Edmund Clarence Stedman, has now in preparation an official “Life and Letters of E. C. Stedman."

The first two volumes of Emerson's “Journals,” just published, cover the years 1820-'29. Their author began these records as a boy, and continued to set down his daily addition until the task was no longer within his powers. The intimate episodes of his life were confided to those journals, as well as remarks on the men and women he knew.

John Pierpont Morgan has paid $4,000 for three manuscript works of the late George Meredith. They are Diana of the Crossways," "Lord Ormont and His Aminta," and “The Amazing Marriage.” The manuscripts were given by Mr. Meredith to an old servant, who was amazed to discover their value. They were in bad condition, disarranged and timeworn, but after much labor they were collated and found to be nearly perfect, except “The Amazing Marriage," of which eight chapters are missing.

A prize of $100 is offered for the best essay on international peace by an undergraduate of any American college or university. Essays must not exceed 5,000 words, and 3,000 words will be preferred. The name of the writer must not appear on the essay, which should be accompanied by a letter giving the writer's name, class, college and home addresses, and sent to H. C. Phillips, secretary Lake Mohonk Conference, Mohonk Lake, N. Y., to reach him not later than March 15, 1910.

The National Municipal League has established an annual prize of $100, to be called the William H. Baidwin prize, to be given to the author of the best essay on a subject connected with municipal government. For 1909-'10 the competition will be limited to undergraduate students in any college of the United States offering distinct instruction in municipal government, and the subject will be : “ City Government by Commission." Professor William Bennett Munro of Harvard will give full information to inquirers.

The Minneapolis Tribune has offered $100 for the best new song for the University of Minnesota.


Two sets of prizes, to be known as the The Boston Weekly Review is a new jourSeabury prizes, are offered for the best nal published by L. A. Guillemet Company, essays on one of the following subjects : 100 Boylston street, Boston. “The United States, the Exemplar of an The first number of the Boys' Magazine Organized World ” ; “The History of In

will appear about December 5, dated Januternational Arbitration"; “ The History

ary. The magazine will consist of thirtyand Significance of the Two Hague Peace.

six pages ( 11x15 inches ), and the publishers Conferences" ; “The Opportunity and

say that it will be strictly high-class in Duty of the Schools in the International

every particular, and will be far and away Peace Movement”; and “The Evolution of

ahead of anything yet attempted in this line. Patriotism." The first set is open to seniors

The publishers are the Scott F. Redfield in the normal schools of the United States.

Company, Smethport, Penn. The second set is open to seniors in the

The business of the Outing Magazine is preparatory schools of the United States.

being re-organized under the title of the Three prizes, of $75, $50, and $25, will be

Outing Publishing Company, with offices at given for the three best essays in both sets.

315 Fifth avenue, New York city. The contest will close March 1, 1910. Con

Arboriculture, on account of insufficient ditions of the contest are : Essays must not exceed 5,000 words ( a length of 3,000 words

financial support, will cease publication with is suggested as desirable ), and must be

the October issue. It has been published by

John P. Brown for eight years. written, preferably in typewriting, on one side only of paper, 8x10 inches, with a mar- The Popular Monthly (New York),

which is gin of at least one and one-quarter inches.

now published twice a month, The name of the writer must not appear on

makes a specialty of Western stories, college the essay, which should be accompanied by stories, detective stories, and stories of ad

venture in all lands. a letter giving the writer's name, school and home addresses, and sent to Mrs. The Argonaut ( San Francisco ), in reFannie Fern Andrews, secretary American turning a manuscript, says : “ Three thouSchool Peace League, 405 Marlboro street, sand words is our limit." Boston, Mass., not later than March 1,

George Bancroft Griffith died at East 1910.

Lempster, N. H., September 28, aged sixtyEverybody's Magazine has been taken

eight. over by the Butterick Publishing Company,

Frederick Russell Burton died at Landing, which has increased its capitalization from

N. J., September 30, aged forty-eight. $12,000,000 to $15,000,000, to allow the con

Edmond Kelly died at Nyack, N. Y., Ocsolidation. The Ridgeway Company, which

tober 4, aged fifty-eight. has been publishing the magazine, is capitalized for $1,000,000, so that its stockholders Kate Whiting Patch died at Framingham, will receive three Butterick shares for each Mass., October 10, aged thirty-nine. Ridgeway share. Butterick stock

Sophie Jewett died in Buffalo October 11, quoted recently at $30 a share. President aged forty-eight. Wilder, of the Butterick Company, says that

Vary S. Robinson died at Mamaroneck, Everybody's Magazine has been paying ten

N. Y., October 16, aged sixty years. per cent. dividends, and that it has more

Cesare Lombroso died at Turin October than 500,000 circulation. There will be no

19, aged seventy-three. change in the management


Henry Charles Lea died in Philadelphia policy of the magazine. Erman J. Ridge

October 24, aged eighty-four. way will remain in charge. The Butterick Company publishes the Delineator, the De

Colonel Theodore Ayreault Dodge died signer, and the New Idea Woman's Maga

at Versailles, France, October 26, aged zine.





Vol. XXI.


No. 12.,

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ing “s” to the singular ; as, chimneys, volleys, valleys, moneys, journeys. Nouns ending in “y” preceded by a consonant form their plurals by changing "y" into “i” and adding es”; as, rubies, companies.

Lindley Murray says : “Expected to have found him is irreconcilable alike to grammar and to sense. . . . Every person would perceive an error in this expression : ‘It is long since I commanded him to have done it.' Yet 'expected to have found' is no better. It is as clear that the finding must be posterior to the expectation, as that the obedience must be posterior to the command." The sentences, “I wanted very much to have gone,” and “He was very glad to have been there," should be “I wanted very much to go,” and “He was very glad to be there." The sentence, “He is very glad to have been there" is correct, because “to have been” refers to something anterior to “is."

In the sentence, “It does not follow that, because there are no national banks of issue at the South, that there is necessarily an insufficiency of currency there, there is an unnecessary repetition of the word “that." It should read thus: “It does not follow that, because there are no national banks of issue at the South, there is necessarily an insufficiency of currency there”; does not follow, because there are no national banks of issue at the South, that there is necessarily an insufficiency of currency there."

· Sometimes the word “that" is improperly omitted, as in the sentence, “Such, at least, is the reasoning of the ladies, and we

“Unique" means the only thing of its kind, and is absolute. It cannot, therefore, be modified by such words as more,” “most," "very."

A very common error is : “The following toasts were drank.The sentence should be : “The following toasts were drunk.If enough toasts are drunk, the diners may get drunk, and it is no more polite to say of them that they are intoxicated.

You stop at a hotel when you arrive. Then you stay there a longer or a shorter time. Stopping is a momentary act. It is wrong to say : He is stopping at the Astor House," when you mean he is staying there.

Remember that nouns ending in “y” preceded by a vowel form their plural by add

or, “ It




in "

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suppose they are right.” The proper word- with house, the phrase is incorrectly used. A ing is : "We suppose that they are right.” man may have many residences, but can dwell Admirable practice with respect to the use only in one house. He may have many resiof "that,” as well as with respect to English dences and dwell nowhere. Residing” does generally, is to be found in Macaulay's writ- not mean “living permanently,” so neither ings, which are models of conciseness and does " residence'

home." It is corperspicuity in style.

rect to say: “ Lord Bareacres has four The

past participle of “prove” is large estates, and an establishment in Lon“proved," not proven.” “ He was proven don, and he goes so constantly from one innocent should be “He was proved inno- residence to another, that he may be said to cent."

have no home." In a word, when a person Lay” for “lie is bad English, although resides long enough in a house to constitute Childe Harold ” Byron says :

it a home, it ceases to be a residence, and be.... in some near port or bay,

comes his dwelling, domicile, house, home. And dashest him again to earth : -- there let him The sentence, “The cars will not stop at lay.”

this station, only when the bell rings,” should That, however, was done, by poetic license,

read “except when the bell rings,” or, betto get a rhyme for bay.

ter yet, “The cars will stop at this station The phrase "very correct writers” should

only when the bell rings." "Only" should not have the “very.” A writer cannot be immediately precede, and “alone" should more than correct.

immediately follow, the word or phrase diWe sonetimes see the statement, “The rectly modified. “I have re-written themes ship got under weigh.Sailors weigh ( heave in the class-room only" should read only up ) the anchor of a vessel, but when the in the class-room.” “When he was married vessel starts, she gets under way.

he only had fifty dollars” should read “he Notoriety" when used in relation to per- had only fifty dollars." The use of “alone" sons is restricted to a bad sense. Notoriety for “only” in such sentences as Charity is is something to be avoided, unlike distinction, exercised not alone by the rich, but by the or fame. Some men are only notorious, when

poor," should be avoided. they think that they are famous.

Such expressions as “ He inherited quite a All expressions in which "balance” is

fortune," "He has quite an amount of buildused instead of remainder" are incorrect ; ing materials on hand,” in which the word as, “The balance of the morning," The

“ quite” is used as if relating to a noun, are balance of the army retreated,” etc. The incorrect. It must relate to an adjective. word “balance” marks the relation between We may say :

He inherited quite a large the two sides of the same thing. Etymo- fortune” ; or, “ He has quite a large amount logically, it relates to scales - balances.

of building materials on hand.” In these correct usage, it is applied to the adjustment sentences, “quite” is an adverb, qualifying of accounts, or to things which from their

the adjective “large.” In those it was innature may be likened to accounts ; as, correctly used, as if qualifying the nouns “ Our accounts balanced," "There is "fortune and amount."

We can say balance outstanding against him for his ras

quite tall, quite short, quite brilliant, quite cally behaviour.” “Remainder,"

insignificant, etc. ; but not quite an amount, contrary, relates to what is left of a single quite a number, quite a fortune, quite a house, thing, or set of things, persons, ideas, or quite a man the last a very common exwhatever, in fact, is susceptible of being pression applied to big boys. reckoned as a part or as particulars of one

“Either” is often improperly used instead whole ; as,

“ The remainder of the cake," of “each.” The following example of this is “ The remainder of the guests,” etc.

given by Seth T. Hard in his “Grammatical “ Vy residence" is a grand name for " my Corrector": " Suppose an engineer were house." When thus used, as synonymous ordered to erect a fort on cither side of the




on the

Hudson river, and he should build one upon When, however, you say, “I do not doubt but
its right bank alone; would not all agree that I shall go to New York to-morrow,"
that he had complied with the order ? but you say the very reverse of what was in-
not so, had he been directed to build one on tended, and state that the only thing doubt-
each side of the river ; for then he must build iul to your mind is the thing which you
two forts, instead of one.” Both Lowth and mean to state is not doubtful. You should
Harrison give the following examples of the say : “I do not doubt that I shall go," etc.
incorrect use of “either" : “ They crucified If you say : "I do not know but what I
two others with Him, on either side one, and shall go to New York to-morrow," the sen-
Jesus in the midst," “On either side of the tence signifies : “I do not know except that
river was there the tree of life.” In the which I shall go to New York to-morrow,"
Douay version of the Bible these sentences which is nonsense.
read: “They crucified Him, and with Him * Gotten” is English still, but it is nearly
two others, one on each side, and Jesus in obsolete. Yet some speakers and writers
the midst,” “On both sides of the river was have an unaccountable partiality for it. It is
the tree of life." It is hard to see how better to say “got."
a tree could be on both sides of a river.

In the words “ hence," " thence," “ It was neither for his benefit or that of “ whence" is included the idea conveyed by any one else," " It was not done either for the word “from.” “Hence" means “from the one reason nor for the other,” “ She this place,” “thence" means “from that is not amiable or sincere.”

All of the pre

place," ' whence” means " from which ceding sentences are incorrect. “Or" is place.” Probably no other mistake in Eng. the correlative of “either"; and “nor" of lish has been so frequently made, even by “ neither” and “not." The sentences should good speakers and writers of the language, be : “ It was neither for his benefit, nor for as the use of the three words “hence," that of any one else," " It was not done " thence," " whence," preceded by "from"; either for the one reason or for the other," many, knowing it to be an error, falling into ** She is not amiable nor sincere."

it from the sheer force of habit. * Such” relates to quality; "so" relates Do not use the phrase "a new beginner," to degree. One can properly say: "I never applied to one who is beginning for the first saw such a man, such a house, such a view" ; time. The expression is a pleonasm because the expressions involve the com- superfluity of words. parison of quality, not that of degree; but Talent is always natural, so that it is abone cannot with propriety say: "I never surd to say “natural talent." saw such a handsome man, such a fine house, * In the midst" means “in the middle." such a beautiful view," because the expres- "In our midst," therefore, means "in our sjons involve the comparison of degree, not middle." “ Among us” is a better phrase. that of quality. One should say: "I never “.is good as " means "equally good"; saw so handsome a man, so fine a house, so therefore, “equally as good as” means beautiful a view." The phrases, such a high, "equally, equally good." As good” also such a long, such a wide, such a narrow, and

equally good," and "equally as all similar ones, are incorrect, and should be goed," therefore, means "equally, equally so high, so long, etc.

good" In the common phrase, "equally as When you say : "I do not know but that good as," one can strike out both “as's," I shall go to New York to-morrow," you or else strike out "equally." In the other use, if not an clegant, a correct elliptical, common phrase, “equally as good," one can idionistic expression, which may be analyzed strike out the "as," or else strike out the thus : "I do not know of any obstacle to "errally:" I thing is as good as another my going to New York to-morrow," -- the thing, or it is as good, or it is equally good othes course (not going ) presents no in- ai!! another thing, or it is equally good. For ducement to make me abstain from going. (ample: “This is as good as that," "This is




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