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view with William Somerset Maugham, in the New York Sun.


the world began. At dinner one evening he met Strachan, the king's printer, who, although crippled with age and gout, proved excellent company.

The next morning Smith wrote to him :“ Your lower limbs seemed far from stout

When last I saw you walk.
The cause I presently found out

When you began to talk.
The power that props the body's length,

In due proportion spread,
In you mounts upward, and the strength

All settles in the head."

[ For the convenience of readers THE WRITER will send a copy of any magazine mentioned in the following reference list on receipt of the amount given in parenthesis following the name - the amount being in each case the price of the periodical with three cents postage added. Unless a price is given, the periodical must be ordered from the publication office. Readers who send to the publishers of the periodicals indexed for copies containing the articles mentioned in the list will confer a favor if they will mention The Writer when they write. ]


Strachan was so delighted with the compliment that he immediately added a codicil to his will leaving the author £3,000. Smith was therefore paid for his poem at the rate of £375 a line.

Play-writing and Writing Novels. — Playwriting is a knack, merely a knack, and you have it or you have n't, that is all. When I was extremely young I had to live, although the necessity may not seem apparent, and I commenced zealously to write plays which nobody seemed to want then ; they've been sold since, by the way, and to people who would n't even trouble to read them at that time. I was frightfully discouraged, and reasoned out to my own satisiaction that if I turned my attention to novels and got sufficient reputation, then my plays would be read, under the absolutely false impression that if a were fairly well known as a novelist his course as playwriter would be made easier. I don't think it helps in the least. Some of my books, notably “Liza of Lambeth," had a fair sale, and I could have kept on filling orders from the publishers and ended where I started, looking at it from the standpoint of my original ambition, but would not have advanced an iota by that means. Merely in the matter of dialogue you can write a very effective bit for your story ; take it out of the story and try to make it go in a play, it falls absolutely flat, and will not reach over the footlights even so far as the first row of stalls. Why ? Nobody knows. Play-writing is founded on an entirely dissimilar idea from novel-writing, and what that idea is nobody has yet defined. — Inter


CHARLES DICKENS IN Genoa. Illustrated. Deshler Welch. Harper's Magazine ( 38 c. ) for August.

TENNYSON : A FORTUNATE Poetic DOMINANCE. Topics of the Time, Century ( 38 c. ) for August.

George MEREDITH. Annie Kimball Tuell. Atlantic ( 38 c. ) for August.

THE AUTOCRAT AND His FELLOW-BOARDERS. Samuel McChord Crothers. Atlantic (38 c.) for August.

OLIVER WENDELL Holmes. W. G. Ballantine. North American Review ( 38 c. ) for August.

TENNYSON. With portrait. H. W. Boynton. Putnam's ( 28 c.) for August.

DELIA BACON AND AFTER. John Walcott. Putnam's ( 28 c. ) for August.

THE PERSONAL ELLEN GLASGOW. Isaac F. MarCosson. Bookman ( 28 c. ) for August.

HENRY HARLAND IN LONDON. Mabel Kitcab. Bookman ( 28 c. ) for August.

THE HUMAN SIDE TENNYSON. Harry T. Peck. Bookman ( 28 c.) for August. AMERICA Honors

KEATS AND SHELLEY. Illus trated. Fitch C. Bryant. World ToDay ( 18 c.) for August.

THE SHIP-DWELLERS. On the trail of “ The Innocents Abroad." Illustrated. Albert Bigelow Paine. Outing ( 28 c. ) for August.

WHEN EDWIN MARKHAM WIELDS THE Hoe. Illustrated. Bailey Millard. Suburban Life ( 28 c.) for August.

THE Воок THAT Has Most INFLUENCED ME. Edwin Markham. Hamilton W. Mabie, Richard Le Gallienne, Clara Barton. Delineator ( 18 c.) for August.


His NEW PLAYS. D. E. Kessler Theatre for August.

SHAKESPEARE AND His FAMOUS CONTEMPORARIES. Warwick James Price. Munsey's for August.

GEORGE WARBURTON Lewis. With portrait. Wil. liam G. Erwin. National ( 18 c. ) for August.


AN APPRECIATION OF LIFE. Illustrated. Ellis 0. Jones. Bohemian ( 18 c. ) for August.

THE CENTENARIES OF FAMOUS AMERICANS. Oliver Wendell Holmes. Illustrated. Clara E. Laughlin. Ladies' World ( 13 c. ) for August.

SARAH ORNE JEWETT. Outlook ( 8 c. ) for July 3.

GEORGE MEREDITH, THE Poet. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c. ) for July 10.

SARAH Orne Jewett. With portrait. Alice May Douglas. Zion's Herald (9 c.) for July 14.

THE TENNYSON CENTENARY. With portrait. Zion's Herald (2 c.) for July 28.


Uncle Remus's Home Magazine has absorbed the Midland Magazine, published at Cincinnati.

Beginning with the October number, the American Magazine will increase its size by forty pages of reading matter and illustrations. New departments will be included, and the scope of the magazine will be greatly enlarged.

The entire plant of the School News, published by C. M. Parker, at Taylorville, Ill., has been destroyed by fire. Mr. Parker is making strenuous efforts to resume operations as soon as possible.

Robert M. McBride has disposed of his entire interest in Yachting, and has taken over House and Garden from the John C. Winston Company, of Philadelphia, and will publish the magazine under the name of McBride, Winston Company, at 6 West Twenty-ninth street, New York City.

Dr. John W. Gunsaulus has become editor of Home Life, Chicago.

G. Herbert Henshaw has succeeded Frederick Mitchell Munroe as the editor of Brooklyn Life.

The National Printer-Journalist for August contains a full account of the convention of the National Editorial Association, with the text of all the addresses.

Apropos of John Walcott's paper in the August Putnam's rehearsing the story of the Baconian theory, it is interesting to recall that the Bacon-Shakspere controversy was started in a paper by Miss Bacon in Putnam's Monthly for January, 1856.

Professor Simon Newcomb died in Washington July 12, aged seventy-four.

Mrs. Susan Pierce Stephens (“Sheppard Stephens ") died July 18 at Little Rock, Ark., aged forty-eight.

Rosa Nouchette Carey died in London July 19. Her first story was published in 1868.

Rev. William Reed Huntington, D. D., died at Nahant July 26, aged seventy years.

John B. Tait died in Baltimore July 29, aged seventy-four.

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Lady Stanley has edited the “Autobiography of Henry M. Stanley," the American edition of which will be issued this fall by the Houghton Mifflin Company. A supplementary narrative, made up from his letters, will give the inner history of events and episodes never before made public.

A new volume in the Contemporary Men of Letters Series will be a study, by George Brandes, of Anatole France, an analysis of France's work and personality.

A “Literary History of Rome,” covering the period from the origin to the end of the “golden age," by J. Wight Duff, M. A., has been imported by the Scribners.

Professor Cooper, of Cornell, with his forty collaborators, has completed his

Wordsworth Concordance." It contains some 200,000 entries.

A “Life of William Sharp" (“ Fiona Vacleod ”), by Mrs. Sharp, will be published by Duffield & Co., probably in November.

Collier's Weekly is offering prizes for the best vacation stories sent in up to October 1. The first prize is $100, the second $50, and others that are accepted $25 each. The articles must be on vacation experiences and accompanied by photographs. They are limited to 1,200 words, and must be based on facts.

The Editorial Review, New York, is a new magazine, the first number of which is composed of half a dozen original articles, the rest of the magazine consisting of reprints from newspapers.



Vol. XXI.


No. 9.





134 The Fallibility of Editorial Judgment, 134 A Queer Competition for Playwrights, 134 — Dealing with Editors, 134 — Editorial Work on Manuscripts


135 Writers OF THE DAY

135 Richard A. Haste, 135 Della Campbell MacLeod, 135 — Ray Winn


136 Joaquin Miller, 136 — Kirk Munroe, 136 Sir Alfred Tennyson


137 Payment “After

Publication," 137 Detec-
tives in Fiction, 138 -- Use of Shall and Will,
139 -

On Poetic Diction, and Prose, 140 -
Profits of Play-writing, 141 - Beginning and
Ending Letters, 141 — Macaulay as Great


143 News AND Notes


from that is his wonderful power of characterization. Mystery, humor, love, and romance are so intertwined in his novels that the interest never flags. As far as structure goes, his stories may be regarded as almost flawless models for aspiring young writers. Perhaps “The Moonstone” may be named as the best of his works. At all events, I purpose, with due diffidence, to attempt an analysis of this novel in an endeavor to give some suggestion of how this fascinating work may have been constructed by its distinguished creator.

The plot of “ The Moonstone” clusters about a yellow diamond, the largest in the world, and a famous gem in the native annals of India. The earliest known traditions describe the stone as having been set in the forehead of the four-handed Indian god who typifies the moon. At the storming of Seringapatam, in 1799, John Herncastle murders the Indian attendants, and steals the diamond, which, it is predicted, will bring misfortune to any of its pissessors.

On the death of Herncastle, the gem is entrusted to Franklin Blake, who is to hand it to his cousin, Rachel Verinder, on her birthday. Blake, knowing the tragic history of the stone, is reluctant to give it to Rachel, whom he loves. But feeling that it is his duty to do so, he carries it from London to the country home of his aurt and cousin in Yorkshire. Three Indians follow him and lurk about the house, but he reaches there safely, and tells the story to Rachel and her mother, Lady Verinder. It is decided that the diamond shall be placed in a cabinet in an apartment adjoining Rachel's



How does the great novelist secure his fine effects, his lights and shades, his characters, and his climax ? Sometimes it is the gift of genius. Often, like most great accomplishments, it is the result of patient endeavor. If the proper study of mankind is man, a suitable exercise for the literary apprentice should surely be a careful study of the great novel.

It is agreed, I believe, that Wilkie Collins ranks as the king of plot makers. Apart


own name.


bedroom, and taken to the country bank for strange conduct, Rachel accuses Franklin safe keeping the first thing in the morning. Blake of being the thief. “ You villain, I saw

The dinner guests include Blake, Godfrey you take the diamond with my own eyes ! Ablewaite, Ablewaite's parents, Mr. Candy, Blake, dazed by the charge, gets a note the doctor, at Frazinghall, Mr. Murthwaite, left for him by Rosanna Spearman. It the Indian traveler, and others. Ablewaite, directs him to go to the quicksand and pull who is also a cousin of Rachel's, proposes up a certain package, fastened by an iron to her privately, and is rejected. At the chain. He does so, and gets a tin box condinner Franklin Blake, in a jocular way, taining a night-shirt. The garment has a gets into a controversy with Dr. Candy, and

smear of paint on it, and is marked with his sneeringly attacks the ability of the average

Rosanna had buried .it, to predoctor. Finally, after the dinner the guests vent it from being used as evidence to conretire to their rooms, all of them sleeping vict him of the robbery. Later Ezra Jenin the house but Dr. Candy, who leaves for nings, assistant to Dr. Candy, tells Blake his home in a driving rainstorm. Members that Candy had secretly put laudanum in of the family are very apprehensive about Blake's sherry on the night of the birthday the diamond. Bloodhounds are let loose on

to prove that he could make him sleep in the lawn to frighten off possible robbers. spite of himself. He had arisen in a trance, The house is securely closed. In the morn- and had gone to the apartment adjoining ing the diamond is gone.

Rachel's room and taken the diamond. He Blake is greatly excited, and goes came into the hallway, and in his sleep horseback to notify the police at Frazing- handed it to Godfrey Ablewaite. When hall. Superintendent Seegraves examines Blake awoke in the morning, he had no, recthe servants. He is angry because a freshly- ollection of what he had done. Ablewaite painted door adjoining Rachel's room has had then taken the diamond to London and been smeared, probably by coming in con- deposited it with Mr. Luker, a broker, to tact with a dress. Rachel is the only one cover a certain loan which he promised to in the house who will not assist the authori- redeem in a year's time. Luker places the ties. She refuses to talk. She declines diamond in the bank for safe keeping. even to see the police. Godfrey Ablewaite An experiment with Blake, watched by leaves the house. He deeply regrets having Ezra Jennings, Rachel, and others, proves to leave, but has a Ladies' Charity meeting that he did unwittingly take the diamond in London. The great Sergeant Cuff is then while in a drugged condition. Luker and called in, and makes a real discovery. It is Ablewaite take the diamond out of pawn at that the painted door has been dry for eight the end of a year, and later Ablewaite, who hours. · The smear occurred when it was

is disguised, is strangely murdered by the wet. Query: When was the paint last seen three Indians, who carry the gem back to without a smear ?

India and restore it to its place in the idol's The house is searched for a garment with head. paint-stain. The wardrobe of every one is examined — guests and servants. Rachel

The Construction. flatly refuses to have her wardrobe searched. It takes more than 225,000 words to tell She refuses to talk to Franklin Blake, this story, making it about twice the size of openly snubs him, and leaves to visit rela- the average modern novel, and it is diffi tives in London. Rosanna Spearman, cult to see how it could be reduced without servant, is secretly in love with Blake. She spoiling the symmetry of the work. It is acts queerly, is agitated, and finally commits told in the first person, in the form of narsuicide by jumping in the quicksand on the ratives contributed by each of the principal sea-coast near the house. In the mean

characters. The structure is as follows:time, Sergeant Cuff is dismissed from the

Prologue. The Storming of Seringacase. When pressed for a reason for her

patam. How Colonel Herncastle




stole the diamond from the head of the idol in India, 16 pages. I. Loss of the Diamond. Told by

Gabriel Betteridge, house steward in the service of Lady Verinder, 22 chap

ters, 196 pages. 2. The Discovery of the Truth. First

narrative contributed by Miss Clack, 7 chapters, 77 pages; second narrative by Matthew Bruff, solicitor of Gray's Inn Square, friend of Rachel, 3 chapters, pages; third narrative by Franklin Blake, 8 chapters, 106 pages; fourth narrative, extract from journal of Ezra Jennings, 35 pages; fifth narrative, the story resumed by Franklin Blake; sixth narrative by Sergeant Cuff, 10 pages; seventh narrative, a letter from Mr. Candy; eighth narra

tive by Gabriel Betteridge, 3 pages. Epilogue. Finding the Diamond. (1) Statement of Sergeant Cuff's man; (2) statement of steamer captain ; (3) statement of Mr. Murthwaite. The diamond restored to the idol's head.

The Characters. Franklin Blake, the hero, who brings

the diamond to Rachel. Gabriel Betteridge, the faithful steward,

with his love for Robinson Crusoe,

who is used to tell the story. Penelope Betteridge, daughter of stew

ard, who is maid to Lady Verinder. Lady Verinder, aunt to Rachel. Rachel Verinder, who thinks she saw

Franklin steal the diamond. Rosanna Spearman, a servant, secretly

in love with Franklin, and who buries

the night-shirt. Godfrey Ablewaite, cousin to Rachel, a

philanthropist and charitable meeting speaker - a modified Pecksniff — the

real thief. Mr. Candy, the doctor at Frazinghall,

who, to rebuke Franklin's tart talk about doctors, put laudanum in his sherry, which caused him to walk in his sleep and take the diamond from the drawer, and, while in a stupefied

condition, hand it to Ablewaite. Mr. Murthwaite, the Indian traveler, to

give the occult color to the narrative. The three Indian jugglers who are after

the diamond, and will not hesitate at

murder. Seegrave, a bungling superintendent of

police, who discovers nothing. Sergeant Cuff, the great detective from

London. Mr. Luker, the London banker, with

whom Godfrey deposited the diamond.

Miss Clack, cousin of Rachel, a religious

spinster, a character strongly drawn, a

sort of foil for Ablewaite. Ezra Jennings, assistant to Dr. Candy,

who gave Franklin the first suggestion that he had been drugged on the night

of the birthday party. Octavius Guy, otherwise known

“Gooseberry,” office boy and assistant detective to Sergeant Cuff.

The Setting, or Atmosphere. In two or three striking sentences the author presents the setting or background of the story, and he does it in a manner that is indelibly impressed upon the mind of the reader. This presentation might also be called the atmosphere of the story. Unconsciously it seems to linger, somehow or other, in every part of the narrative, like the odor of flowers or the refrain of a melody. Withal, there is the effect of something mysterious, something strange, the effect, in short, of some impending tragedy. Here it is a perfect picture :

“Our house is high up on the Yorkshire coast, and close by the sea. We have got beautiful walks all around us, in every direction but one. That one I acknowledge to be a horrid walk. It leads for a quarter of a mile through a melancholy plantation of firs, and brings you out between low cliffs on the loneliest and ugliest little bay on all the coast.

The sand hills here run down to the sea, and end in two spits of rock jutting out opposite each other, till you lose sight of them in the water. One is called the North Spit, and the other the South. Between the two, shifting backward and forward at certain seasons of the year, lies the most horrible quicksand on the shores of Yorkshire. At the turn of the tide something goes on in the unknown deeps below which sets the whole face of the quicksand quivering and trembling in a manner most remarkable to see, and which has given to it, among the people in our parts, the name of the Shivering Sand. A great bank, half a mile out, nigh the mouth of the bay, breaks the force of the main ocean coming in from the offing.

... A lonesome and horrid retreat, I can tell you.

No boat ever ventures into this bay. No children from our fishing village, called Cobb’s Hole, ever come here to play. The very birds of


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