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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas, Chairman JAMES L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Ilinois OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana
SILVIO 0. CONTE, Massachusetts JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
BURT L. TALCOTT, California TOM STEED, Oklahoma
JACK EDWARDS, Alabama GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois
ROBERT C. McEWEX, Vew York JOHN M. SLACK, West Virginia
JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia
J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia NEAL SMITH, Iowa
CLARENCE E. MILLER, Ohio ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York
C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida JOHN J. McFALL, California
JACK F. KEMP, New York EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey
WILLIAM L. ARMSTRONG, Colorado CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland
RALPH S. REGULA, Ohio
CLAIR W. BURGENER, California
KEITH F. MAINLAND, Clerk and Staf Director
GORDON E. CASEY
AMERICO S. MICONI
DONALD E. RICHBOURG
SURVEYS AND INVESTIGATIONS
C. R. ANDERSON, Chief
MARION S. RAMEY, Second Assistant NOTE.—The Surveys and Investigations supervisory staff is supplemented by selected personnel borrowed on a reimbursable basis for varying lengths of time from various agencies to staff up specific studies and investigations. The current average annual fulltime personnel equivalent is approximately 42.
BARBARA L. CHAMBERS
DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR AND HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1976
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30. 1975
NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD
GEORGE S. IVES, CHAIRMAN
Mr. PATTEN. We will call the meeting to order.
Mr. Ives. Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, I appreciate your invitation to appear before the subcommittee and to discuss with you the National Mediation Board's budget for the fiscal year 1976.
The Railway Labor Act, first established by Congress in 1926, and composed in its present form in 1934, is administered by the National Mediation Board. This statute is designed to provide orderly procedures for the settlement of labor disputes in the railroad and airline industries. Additionally, the National Mediation Board handles questions of representation as they arise in these industries and interprets agreements made in mediation.
The National Railroad Adjustment Board was also established in 1934 under the Railway Labor Act for the purpose of disposing of grievances arising under the terms of collective bargaining agreements in the railroad industry,
The section of the Railway Labor Act which deals with the disposition of what are termed "minor disputes" was amended by the 89th Congress in Public Law 456, approved June 20, 1966, to permit the decentralization, in some measure, of grievance disposition machinery. Under Public Law 456, new grievances and those which have been on the docket before the National Railroad Adjustment Board for a period of at least 12 months may be referred to a local board of adjustment on each individual railroad for expeditious disposition.
Thus, under the Railway Labor Act. Congress has provided for the railroad and airline industries specific machinery and procedures for the adjustment of labor-management disputes, that is, for mediation
and the investigation of questions of representation; for emergency dispute procedures and arbitration; as well as for boards of adjustment and a National Railroad Adjustment Board to handle individual and group grievances arising under agreements between management and the labor organizations concerned.
The total amount requested to administer the Railway Labor Act is $3,105,000, a decrease of $131,000 compared to the amount available for fiscal year 1975.
The budget justification, as submitted, is designed to identify the functions just discussed and the amounts requested for each.
First, mediation, which is concerned with the making and amending of agreements. This activity is the responsibility of the National Mediation Board.
A total of $1,463,000 an increase of $83,000 over the amount available for 1975, is being requested to finance the Board's activities in fiscal year 1976. This increase consists of $61,000 required to meet salary increases provided by Executive Order No. 11811, plus withingrade salary promotions. Under Public Law 92–313 each agency reimburses the General Services Administration for the cost of office space and related services. This cost for the National Mediation Board for fiscal year 1976 has been increased by $17,000. The balance of the increase $5,000 is requested to offset increased cost of travel expenses.
The second activity of the Board relates to voluntary arbitration and the investigation of critical disputes through the emergency board procedure. In arbitration proceedings, disputes are voluntarily submitted by labor and management to a neutral party for final and binding decision. The Board hopes it will be able to persuade management and labor to more frequently utilize the arbitration provision of the act to dispose of contract disputes.
Emergency boards are created pursuant to section 10 of the act when the Board notifies the President that a dispute threatens substantially to interrupt interstate commerce to a degree such as to deprive any section of the country of essential transportation. The President may, in these circumstances, in his discretion, create an emergency board to investigate and make recommendations as to the settlement of the dispute involved. The Board is not able to anticipate precisely the total expenditures for these arbitration and emergency board activities, and it is therefore, advisable to have a small reserve available for emergency situations.
For the fiscal year 1976, the Board is requesting a total of $140,000 which is the same amount as was allocated in fiscal year 1975.
The third activity carried on under this appropriation is the adjustment of grievances in the railroad industry. This activity pertains to the operations of the National Railroad Adjustment Board mentioned earlier, which is concerned with the interpretation and application of wage and rule agreements in the railroad industry as well as boards of adjustment established by individual carriers and organizations for the same purpose. In this submission all expenditures relating to the settlement of grievance disputes, that is special boards of adjustment and public law boards expense have been included in this activity.