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NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD
DIGEST OF ESTIMATE OF APPROPRIATION, 1976
FUNCTION OF THE BOARD
The National Mediation Board administers the Railway Labor Act governing labor relations in the railroad and airline industries. The general purposes of the Act are as follows:
To avoid any interruption to commerce or to the
2. To forbid any limitation upon freedom of associa
tion among employees or any denial, as a condition of employment or otherwise, of the right of
employees to join a labor organization; 3. To provide for the complete independence of carriers
and of employees in the matter of self-organization; To provide for the prompt and orderly settlement of all disputes concerning rates of pay, rules, or
working conditions ;
all disputes growing out of grievances or out of
governing rates of pay, rules, or working conditions. These general purposes are implemented through the activities of the National Mediation Board, Arbitration and Emergency Boards, and the National Railroad Adjustment Board.
PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE
1. Mediation. The Board mediates labor disputes and determines collective bargaining representatives for 700 carriers and the one million employees in the railroad and airline industries.
Pending, start of year
480 324 491/1 313
278 300 310 268
268 320 310 278
/1 Includes cases closed pursuant to moratorium provisions
contained in national railroad agreements.
2. Voluntary a.rbitration and emergency disputes. When mediation fails, the parvies are urged to submit their differences to arbitration. I: neither mediation nor voluntary arbitration is successful, the President, when notified of disputes which threaten seriously to interrupt service, may appoint an emergency board to investigate and report on the disputes as a basis for agreement.
Number of Boards Convened 1974 1975 1976 Actual Estimate Estimate
3. Adjustment of Railroad Grievances. Railroad employee grievances resulting from application of collective bargaining contracts may be brought for settlement to the National Railroad Adjustment Board. The Divisions of the Board are composed of an equal number of carrier and union representatives compensated by the party or parties he represents. Administrative direction and guidance is provided by the Staff Director/Grievances and clerical assistants who are compensated by the National Mediation Board. The appropriation also provides for neutral referees to sit with the Board when they are deadlocked. Boards of Adjustment are also financed under this activity.
Number of Boards Convenec 1974 1975 1976 Actual Estimate Estimate
Special Boards of
Adjustment ... Public Law Boards
SCHEDULE OF FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR OBLIGATION AND AN ANALYSIS OF OBLIGATIONS BY UNIFORM OBJECT CLASSIFICATION
1,203,294 1,341,400 1,405,000 Positions other than permanent 1,067,377 1,019,000 811,000
Total personnel compensation 2,270,671 2,360,400 2,216,000 Personnel benefits
141,515 153,300 166,000