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NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD

DIGEST OF ESTIMATE OF APPROPRIATION, 1976

FUNCTION OF THE BOARD

The National Mediation Board administers the Railway Labor Act governing labor relations in the railroad and airline industries. The general purposes of the Act are as follows:

1.

To avoid any interruption to commerce or to the
operation of any carrier engaged therein;

4.

2. To forbid any limitation upon freedom of associa

tion among employees or any denial, as a condition of employment or otherwise, of the right of

employees to join a labor organization; 3. To provide for the complete independence of carriers

and of employees in the matter of self-organization; To provide for the prompt and orderly settlement of all disputes concerning rates of pay, rules, or

working conditions ;
5. To provide for the prompt and orderly settlement of

all disputes growing out of grievances or out of
the interpretation or application of agreements

governing rates of pay, rules, or working conditions. These general purposes are implemented through the activities of the National Mediation Board, Arbitration and Emergency Boards, and the National Railroad Adjustment Board.

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

1. Mediation. The Board mediates labor disputes and determines collective bargaining representatives for 700 carriers and the one million employees in the railroad and airline industries.

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Pending, start of year
Received during year
Closed during year
Pending, end of year

313

480 324 491/1 313

258

293

278 300 310 268

268 320 310 278

278

/1 Includes cases closed pursuant to moratorium provisions

contained in national railroad agreements.

2. Voluntary a.rbitration and emergency disputes. When mediation fails, the parvies are urged to submit their differences to arbitration. I: neither mediation nor voluntary arbitration is successful, the President, when notified of disputes which threaten seriously to interrupt service, may appoint an emergency board to investigate and report on the disputes as a basis for agreement.

1973 Actual

Number of Boards Convened 1974 1975 1976 Actual Estimate Estimate

Arbitration Boards
Emergency Boards

22 2

13 2

15 4

15

15

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3. Adjustment of Railroad Grievances. Railroad employee grievances resulting from application of collective bargaining contracts may be brought for settlement to the National Railroad Adjustment Board. The Divisions of the Board are composed of an equal number of carrier and union representatives compensated by the party or parties he represents. Administrative direction and guidance is provided by the Staff Director/Grievances and clerical assistants who are compensated by the National Mediation Board. The appropriation also provides for neutral referees to sit with the Board when they are deadlocked. Boards of Adjustment are also financed under this activity.

1973 Actual

Number of Boards Convenec 1974 1975 1976 Actual Estimate Estimate

Special Boards of

Adjustment ... Public Law Boards

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/l Includes referee and division awards, and cases withdrawn

by parties.

SCHEDULE OF FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR OBLIGATION AND AN ANALYSIS OF OBLIGATIONS BY UNIFORM OBJECT CLASSIFICATION

1974 Actual

1975 Estimate

1976 Estimate

Standard Classification

Personnel compensation
Permanent positions

1,203,294 1,341,400 1,405,000 Positions other than permanent 1,067,377 1,019,000 811,000

Total personnel compensation 2,270,671 2,360,400 2,216,000 Personnel benefits

141,515 153,300 166,000

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