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To conclude which, I know no worthier way of epilogue than the celebration of who were the celebraters : The QUEEN'S MAJESTY.
The Co. OF MONTGOMERY.
The Visc. CRANBORNE.3
The LA. ELIZ. GUILFORD.
The LA. ANNE WINTER.
The LA. WINDSOR.
The LA. ANNE CLIFFORD.
| The Countess of Huntingdon.] This high. For the remaining names see the preceding born lady (wife of Henry Hastings, fifth Earl Masques. of Huntingdon) was Elizabeth, the daughter of [Gifford has very justly remarked on the Ferdinando Stanley, Earl of Derby, by the lady ridiculously slender grounds on which Malone who immediately precedes her in the list. has fixed 1606 as the date of the production
2 The Countess of Essex.] This beautiful of Macbeth; but, while calling attention to young creature (for she was not yet seventeen) Jonson's own words on the sources from which was the unfortunate and guilty wife of Robert he derived his witch machinery, he has taken no Devereux, Earl of Essex, whese nuptials were notice of the passages (ante 47 b) in which he celebrated with such splendour at Whitehall, speaks particularly of "the knowne story of K. and for whom Jonson composed the Masque of Duffe out of Hector Boetius. Now, had Hymen. She was the sister of the Viscountess Macbeth been produced before Feb. 1610, when Cranborne mentioned below, and was at this this Masque saw the light, I cannot help thinktime pride and boast of the English Court. ing it improbable th Jonson (considering the Wilson blames her father for keeping her there prominent mention, p. 58 b, given to Spenser's during the absence of her husband, and hints Ruins of Time) would have ignored its existence that she was too much admired by. Prince in writing this note, and quite impossible that Henry. At this period, however, nothing had he should have blundered the name of the hero. happened to tarnish her name.
The earliest authenticated mention of the Play $ The Viscountess Cranborne.] Lady Catha- is, I believe, in Dr. Forman's Diary, under date rine Howard, youngest daughter of Thomas, April 20, 1610, when he saw it acted at The Earl of Suffolk, and recently married to Wil- Globe, and gives an outline of the plot, which liam, Viscount Cranborne, son of that great he would hardly have done if it had been of statesman Robert Cecil, st Earl of Salisbury. four years' standing.-F. C.)
The Speeches at Prince Henry's Barriers.
THE SPEECHES, &c.] Jonson has prefixed no date to these, and the Masque of Oberon which follows them ; but the time is ascertained by the public records. On Monday, the fourth of June, 1610, Henry, then in his sixteenth year, was created Prince of Wales with extraordinary pomp and solemnity. On the next day (Tuesday), the beautiful Masque of Oberon was performed, and on Wednesday the Barriers or Tilting. A very full account of the "formalities and shews," as they are called, on the Prince's creation, may be found in Winwood's State Papers (vol. iii. pp. 179-181.) In the Masque, which is said to have been a most glorious one,” it appears that some introductory matter (not absolutely connected with it) has been omitted. Of the Barriers, Sir Ralph Winwood's correspondent (Sir John Finnet) thus speaks.
"The third and last day did not give place to any of the former, either in stateliness of shew or sumptuousness in performance. The names of the TILTERS were these : the Duke of Lenox, the Earls of Arundell, Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery ; the Lords Walden, Compton, Norris, North, Hay, and Dingwell ; Sir Thomas Sommerset, Sir Thomas Howard, Sir Henry Carey, Sir Sigismond Alexander, and Mr. Henry Alexander. The Earl of Pembroke brought in two caparisons of peach-coullered velvet, embroidered all over with fair oriental pearls, and yet the Lord Walden carried away the reputation of bravery.' (splendour of apparel) that day. But to speak generally of the Court, I must truly confess unto you that I have not in all my life once seen so much riches in bravery as at thys time. Embroidered suits were so common, as the richest lace which was to be gotten seemed but a mean grace to the wearer.'
The praise of superior skill at this course is given in another place to the Earls of Pembroke and Montgomery and the Duke of Lenox. Pembroke was eminent in every accomplishment, as well as virtue; and from the incidental notices of his brother Philip, which occur in all the Court correspondence of the time, it is difficult to believe that he was so wretched a creature as later writers choose to represent him. Illiterate he assuredly was, but he excelled in all polite and manly exercises; and it is somewhat to his praise that though he continued a most distinguished favourite to the last moment of the king's existence, he provoked no ill-will, and excited no envy. His declining years were stained with ingratitude of the basest kind; and he was abandoned to merited disgrace and contempt.
It was, I believe, at these Barriers, that Carr laid the foundation of his surprising fortune. He was pitched upon by Lord Dingwell (Hume says, by Lord Hay) on account of his youth and beauty, to present him, in quality of his page, with his lance and shield. In approaching the lists for this purpose, he was thrown from his horse, and taken up with a broken leg. The rest is matter of history, and too well known.
[Mr. Collier, in his Annals of the Stage, i. 375, has the following passage in correction of the foregoing. “Gifford was at a loss to decide at what date Ben Jonson's Mask of Oberon, preceded by Prince Henry's Barriers, was performed. He at first assigned it to the 5th of June, 1610, when Daniel's production was exhibited; but he afterwards detected this error, though he still remained in doubt when it was produced. Mr. Nichols, in his Progresses of James I., states correctly that it was represented on the ist of January, I610-II." See Note (a) p. 171.-F. C.]
In that which gentry should sustain) deThe LADY OF THE LAKE discovered.'
cayed, Lady. A silence, calm as are my waters, Or rather ruined seems ; her buildings laid
Flat with the earth, that were the pride of Your raised attentions, whilst my silver feet
time, Touch on the richer shore ; and to this seat And did the barbarous Memphian heaps Vow my new duties, and mine old repeat. outclimb. Lest any yet should doubt or might mis- i Those obelisks and columns broke, and take
down, What nymph I am, behold the ample Lake That struck the stars, and raised the British Of which I'm styled ; and near it MERLIN'S tomb,
To be a constellation : shields and swords, Grave of his cunning, as of mine the womb. Cobwebbed, and rusty ; not a helm affords
By this it will not ask me to proclaim A spark of lustre, which were wont to give More of myself, whose actions and whose Light to the world, and made the nation Were so full feigned in British ARTHUR'S When in a day of honour fire was smit court ;
To have put out Vulcan's, and have lasted No more than it will fit me to report
yet. What hath before been trusted to our O, when this edifice stood great and high, squire
That in the carcase hath such majesty, Of me, my knight, his fate, and my Whose very skeleton boasts so much worth, desire
What grace, what glories did it then send To meet, if not prevent, his destiny,
forth ! And style him to the court of Britany; When to the structure went more nobie Now when the island hath regained her fame
Than the Ephesian temple lost in flames : Intire and perfect in the ancient name, When every stone was laid by virtuous And that a monarch equal good and great, hands ; Wise, temperate, just, and stout, CLAIMS And standing so,- that it yet not stands! ARTHUR'S SEAT.*
More truth of architecture there was blazed Did I say equal? O too prodigal wrong Than lived in all the ignorant Goths have Of my o'er-thirsty and unequal tongue ! razed. How brighter far than when our Arthur There porticos were built, and seats sur lived,
knights Are all the glories of this place revived ! That watched for all adventures, days and What riches do I see ; what beauties here! nights, What awe! what love ! what reverence! The niches filled with statues to invite joy! and fear!
Young valours forth, by their old forms to What ornaments of counsel as of court ! fight. All that is high, and great, or can comport With arcs triumphal for their actions done, Unto the style of majesty, that knows Outstriding the Colossus of the Sun. No rival but itself, this place here shows. And trophies, reared of spoiled enemies, Only the house of Chivalry (howe'er Whose tops pierced through the clouds The inner parts and store be full, yet here and hit the skies.
* Claims Arthur's Seat.] See the addi- verses and those of the poet Bacchylides, in his tions to the Masque of Pleasure reconciled to delicate Hymn to Peace : Virtue, “for the honour of Wales. [The three words Claims Arthur's Seat, form
'Εν δε σιδαροδέτοισιν πόρπαξιν αιθαν 'Αράχναν the anagram of Charles James Stuart.--F. C.]
Ιστοί πέλονται έγχεά τε λογχωτά
Ξίφεα τ' άμφακεα ευρώς δάμναται χαλκέων "The Lady of the Lake.] Alluding to the Ουκέτι σαλπιγγων κτυπος. old romance of Sir Lancelot and the Lady of the Lake.-WHAL.
O'er the bright concave shield, the spider Shields and swords,
spreads Cobwebbed and rusty; not a helm affords Her dusty web; and cankring rust devours A spark of lustre, which were wont to give The two-edged falchion and the pointed spear ; Light to the worlá, and made the nation live.] Nor longer heard the brazen trumpet's sound. There is a great similitude between these
But first receive this shield: wherein is ARTHUR, discovered as a star above.
wrought Arth. And thither hath thy voice pierced. The truth that he must follow; and (being Stand not mazed,
taught Thy eyes have here on greater glories The ways from heaven) ought not be
despised. gazed, And not been frighted. I, thy Arthur, am To arm his maiden valour ; and to show
It is a piece was by the fates devised
Defensive arms th' offensive should forego. So long before, as showing what I should Endow him with it, Lady of the Lake. be,
And for the other mysteries here, awake Arcturus, once thy king, and now thy
The learned MERLIN; when thou shut'st
him there, star, Such the rewards of all good princes are !
Thou buried'st valour too, for letters rear Nor let it trouble thy design, fair dame,
The deeds of honour high, and make them
live. That I am present to it with my flame And influence; since the times are now His spirit freedom; then present thy
If then thou seek to restore prowess, give devolved That Merlin's mystic prophecies are For arms and arts sustain each other's right.
knight : absolved, In Britain's name, the union of this isle, Lady. My error I acknowledge, though And claim both of my sceptre and my style.
too late Fair fall his virtue that doth fill that To expiate it; there's no resisting fate. throne
Arise, great soul ! fame by surreption In which I joy to find myself so' out- got shone :
May stead us for the time, but lasteth And for the greater wish men should him not. take,
O, do not rise with storm and rage. As it is nobler to restore than make.
[Thunder, lightning, &c.] Forgive Proceed in thy great work ; bring forth Repented wrongs.' I'm cause thou now thy knight
shalt live Preserved for his times, that by the might Eternally for being deprest awhile, And magic of his arm he may restore Want makes us know the price of what we These ruined seats of virtue and build avile. Let him be famous, as was Tristram,
MERLIN, arising out of the tomb. Tor,
Mer. I neither storm, nor rage ; 'tis Launcelot, and all our list of knighthood ; earth ; blame her
That feels these motions when great spirits Who were before, or have been since : his
She is affrighted, and now chid by heaven, Strike upon heaven, and there stick his Whilst we walk calmly on, upright and
fame. Beyond the paths and searches of the Call forth the fair MELIADUS,? thy
knight, Let him tempt fate ; and when a world is They are his fates that make the elements won,
fight, Submit it duly to this state and throne, And these but usual throes when time Till time and utmost stay make that his sends forth
A wonder or a spectacle of worth.
* Forgive repented wrongs, &c.] All the styles him Mæliades, and gives us the following world knows that this redoubtable conjurer was account of that title : “Mæliades, Prince of the betrayed into a cavern, and shut up by the cruel Isles, the name which Prince Henry himself, in craft of this lady. There is, as the reader must be the challenges of his martial sports and masqueaware, a perpetual allusion to the Morte Arthur, rades, was wont to use ; which in anagram and the romances which have grown out of it. maketh a word most worthy of such a knight as
? Cali forth the fair Meliadus.), Meliadus is he was, Miles à Deo.”—Tears on the Deatir of Prince Henry. Drummond of Hawthornden Mæliaries. WHAL. VOL. III.
At common births the world feels nothing Such copy of incitement : not the deeds new ;
Of antique knights, to catch their fellows' At these she shakes ; mankind lives in a steeds, few.
Or ladies' palfreys, rescue from the force Lady. The heavens, the fates, and thy Of a fell giant, or some score to unhorse. peculiar stars,
These were bold stories of our Arthur's Meliadus, shew thee! and conclude all jars. But here are other acts ; another stage
: MELIADUS, and his six assistants here And scene appears ; it is not since as discovered.
then: Mer. Ay, now the spheres are in their No giants, dwarfs, or monsters here, but
tunes again. What place is this so bright that doth His arts must be to govern and give laws
peace no less than arms. His fate
here draws Yet undemolished ? or but late built ? O, I read it now : ST. GEORGE'S PORTICO !
An empire with it, and describes each
state The supreme head of all the world, where
Preceding there, that he should imitate. now Knighthood lives honoured with a crowned
First, fair Meliadus, hath she wrought brow.
an isle, A noble scene, and fit to shew him in
The happiest of the earth (which to your That must of all worlds fame the garland in time must add), and in it placed high
Britain, the only name made Cæsar fly. Lady. Does he not sit like Mars, or one Within the nearer parts, as apt, and that had
due The better of him, in his armour clad? To your first speculation you may view And those his six assistants, as the pride
The eye of justice shooting through the Of the old Grecian heroes had not died ?
land, Or like Apollo, raised to the world's view, Like a bright planet strengthened by the The minute after he the Python slew?
hand Mer. 'Tis all too little, Lady, you can Of first, and warlike Edward ; then th' speak.
increase My thought grows great of him, and fain Of trades and tillage, under laws and peace, would break.
Begun by him, but settled and promoved Invite him forth, and guide him to his By the third hero of his name, who loved tent,
To set his own a-work, and not to see That I may read this shield his fates pre- The fatness of his land a portion be sent.
For strangers. This was he erected first Lady. Glory of knights, and hope of all The trade of clothing, by which art were
nursed the earth,
Whole millions to his service, and reCome forth ; your fostress bids ; who from
lieved Hath bred you to this hour, and for this
So many poor, as since they have be
lieved throne : This is the field to make
The golden fleece, and need no foreign virtue your
If industry at home do not decline.
To prove which true, observe what trea
sure here Had uttered nothing for him : but he hopes The wise and seventh Henry heaped each In the first tender of himself, his scopes
year, Were so well read as it were no decor'm Where truth is studied, there to practise When Mars should thunder, or his peace
To be the strength and sinews of a war, form. Mer. No, let his actions speak him ; And here how the eighth Henry, his brave and this shield
son, Let down from heaven, that to his youth Builds forts, made general musters, trained will yield