Lapas attēli

This blessed isle doth with that TANIA Syrens of the land, than they end,

To doubt the Syrens of the sea. Which there they saw inscribed, and shall extend

Here they danced with their men several Wished satisfaction to their best desires.

measures and corantos. All which Britania, which the triple world admires,

ended, they were again accited to sea, This isle hath now recovered for her name;

with a SONG of two trebles, whose caWhere reign those beauties that with so

dences were iterated by a double echo from much fame

several parts of the land. The sacred Muses' sons have honoured,

Daughters of the subtle flood, And from bright Hesperus to Eous spread. Do not let earth longer entertain you; With that great name Britania, this blest

I Ech. Let earth longer entertain you. isle

2 Ech. Longer entertain you. Hath won her ancient dignity and style, A WORLD DIVIDED FROM THE WORLD : 'Tis to them enough of good, and tried

That you give this little hope to gain The abstract of it in his general pride.

you. For were the world with all his wealth a I Ech. Give this little hope to gain you. ring,

2 Ech. Little hope to gain you. Britania, whose new nane makes all

If they love, tongues sing,

You shall quickly see; Might be a diamant worthy to inchase it, For when to flight you move, Ruled by a sun that to this height doth They'll follow you, the more you flee. grace it:

I Ech. Follow

you, the more you flee. Whose beams shine day and night, and are

2 Ech. The more you flee. of force To blanch an Æthiop and revive a corse. If not, impute it each to other's matter ; His light sciential is, and, past mere nature, They are but earth, and what you vowed Can salve the rude defects of every creature.

was water. Call forth thy honoured daughters then;

i Ech. And what you vowed? was And let them, 'fore the Britain men,

water. Indent the land with those pure traces

2 Ech. You vowed? was water, They flow with in their native graces. Invite them boldly to the shore;

Æthi. Enough, bright nymphs, the Their beauties shall be scorched no more: And we are grieved we cannot


night grows old, This sun is temperate, and refines All things on which his radiance shines.

You longer light; but comfort take.

Your father only to the lake Here the Tritons sounded, and they danced Shall make return : yourselves, with feasts,

on shore, every couple as they advanced Must here remain the Ocean's guests. severally presenting their fans: in one Nor shall this veil the sun hath cast of which were inscribed their mixt names, Above your blood more summers last. in the other a mute hieroglyphicexpressing For which you shall observe these rites : their mixed qualities.* Their own single Thirteen times thrice on thirteen nights, dance ended, as they were about to make (So often as I fill my sphere choice of their men: one from the sea With glorious light throughout the year) was heard to call them with this CHARM, You shall, when all things else do sleep sung by a tenor voice.

Save your chaste thoughts, with reverence

steep Come away, come away,

Your bodies in that purer brine We grow jealous of your stay : And wholesome dew called ros-marine : If you do not stop your ear,

Then with that soft and gentler foam We shall have more cause to fear Of which the ocean yet yields some

* Which manner of Symbol I rather chose than [Accited to sea. In the Brit. Mus. Imprese, as well for strangeness as relishing of MS. this stands “provoked from the sea." antiquity, and more applying to that original F. C) doctrine of sculpture which the Egyptians are said first to have brought from the Æthiopians. F. č.1

[Vowed was water. Owed was water, MS. Diod. Sicul, Herod.

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ward grace,

Whereof bright Venus, beauty's queen, By which our waters know
Is said to have begotten been,

To ebb, that late did flow.
You shall your gentler limbs o'er-lave, Back seas, back nymphs; but with a for-
And for your pains perfection have :
So that this night, the year gone round, Keep still your reverence to the place:
You do again salute this ground;

And shout with joy of favour you have won, And in the beams of yond bright sun, In sight of Albion, Neptune's son. Your faces dry,—and all is done. At which, in a dance, they returned to the So ended the first Masque; which, beside

sea, where they took their shell, and with the singular grace of music and dances, this full song went out.

had that success in the nobility of perfor

mance as nothing needs to the illustraNow Dian, with her burning face, tion but the memory by whom it was perDeclines apace :

sonated. The Names.

The Symbols. THE QUEEN,


}s. {

AGLAIA. } 2.}A golden tree, laden with fruit. LA. HERBERT,3


} 2. {The figure Icosaedron of crystal. Co. OF DERBY.4




} 3. {A pair of naked feet in a river. LA. BEVILL, LA. EFFINGHAM.8 4. { PSYCHROTE. }4. {The SALAMANDER simple.



. By whom it was personated.] Jonson author's Masques, of which, in fact, it is a very gives us the names of the masquers as they humble imitation. danced on shore in couples, from their splendid 5 Lady Rich.] There were two of this name ; shell, together with the symbols which they but the person here meant was probably bore in their hands.

Penelope, Lady Rich, whose story made some 2 Countess of Bedford.) Lucy, the lady of noise at a subsequent period. She parted from Edward, third Earl of Bedford, and daughter of her husband, as it was said, by consent, and John, Lord Harrington. She was a munificent while he was yet living married Mountjoy, Earl patron of genius, and seems to have been pecu- of Devonshire. The match was unfortunate. liarly kind to Jonson. One of the most ex- The ing was offended, the Earl miserable, and quisite compliments that ever was offered to Laud, who performed the ceremony, passed talents, beauty, and goodness, was paid by the through many years of obloquy for his offigrateful poet to this lady. (Epig. 76.) The bio- ciousness, notwithstanding his pretended ignographers are never weary of repeating after one rance of the lady's former marriage. another, that she was “the friend of Donne 6 Countess . of Suffolk.). Catharine, the and Daniel, who wrote verses on her;" but of daughter of Sir Henry Knevit, of Charlton, in Jonson, who wrote more than both, they pre- Wiltshire, married first to Richard, Lord Rich, serve a rigid silence.

and afterwards to Lord Thomas Howard, first 3 Lady Herbert.) Called by Sir Dudley Earl of Suffolk. She was more famed for accomCarleton, Ann Herbert. She was the daughter plishments than virtues, and is said to have of Sir William Herbert, of St. Julian's, Mon- trafficked for more favours than those of her mouthshire, and a great heiress. This lady lord. was at first intended for her cousin, Philip 7 Lady Bevill.] This lady, I believe (for I Herbert, brother of the celebrated Lord Pem- have but little skill in these matters), was broke, the friend of Jonson and of genius; but Frances, sister of the Countess of Suffolk, married Sir Edward, afterwards Lord Herbert just mentioned. She was the wife of Sir Wilof Cherbury.

liam Bevill, a gentleman of Cornwall; after his * Countess of Derby] Alice, the daughter of death she married Roger, fifth Earl of RutSir John Spencer, of Althorpe (where Jonson's land, and brought him one daughter, who marbeautiful Entertainment of The Satyr was re- ried' the favourite Villiers, Duke of Buckpresented), and widow of Ferdinando, fifth Earl ingham. of Derby. She took for her second husband 8 Lady Effingham.] Probably Anne, the Lord Keeper Egerton.

daughter of Lord St. John, married in 1597 For this celebrated lady, who appears to have to William, eldest son of Charles, second greatly delighted in these elegant and splendid Lord Howard of Effingham, Lord High exhibitions, Milton wrote his Arcades, the Admiral at the period of the Spanish insongs of which are a mere cento from our vasion.



} 5. {A cloud full of rain dropping. LA. Sus. VERE. . ,


6. {An urn sphered with wine. The Names of the OCEANIÆ were:* DORIS CYDIPPE, BEROE,





* Hesiod. in Theoz.

whom our author subsequently dedicated the Alchemist. See vol. ii. p. 2.

* Lady Walsingham.] Of this person I can i Lady Elizabeth Howard.] Daughter of

say nothing. She appears too old for the grandthe lady just mentioned. She married Lord daughter of the Countess of Suffolk, who marMordaunt, afterwards Earl of Peterborough.

ried a Thomas Walsingham of Kent, and too 2 Lady Susan Vere.] Susan Herbert, as young for the daughter of Elizabeth's celeSir Dudley calls her, daughter of Edward, Earl brated minister, who had besides twice changed of Oxford. About a week before this Masque her name. was performed she married Philip Herbert, The Oceaniæ are not appropriated; they afterwards Earl of Montgomery. Her marriage were probably personated by the younger was celebrated with great pomp at Court, of branches of the noble families mentioned above. which many particulars are recorded among ! They were the “light bearers,” as the poet the state papers of the day.

terms them, and he has judiciously nianaged * Lady Worth.) Lady Mary Wroth, to to make them an integral part of the exhibition.

The Queen's Second Masque,

which was of Beauty.

THE MASQUE OF BEAUTY.] "The second Masque (Jonson says), which was of Beauty, was presented in the same Court at Whitehall, on the Sunday night after the Twelfth-night, 1608-9."

This masque was published together with the former in 4to, without date, but probably in 1609, and again in fol. 1616.


Two years being now past that Her Ma- | laurel, fronted with the sign Aquarius, and jesty had intermitted these delights, and the character : who, as Boreas blustered the third almost come, it was her highness's forth, discovered himself. pleasure again to glorify the Court, and command that I should think on some fit

Boreas. Which among these is Albion, presentment which should answer the for

Neptune's son? mer, still keeping them the same persons, Januarius. What ignorance dares make the daughters of Niger, but their beauties that question ? varied according to promise, and their time Would any ask who Mars were in the wars, of absence excused, with four more added Or which is Hesperus among the stars ? to their number,

Of the bright planets, which is Sol? or To which limits, when I had apted my invention, and being to bring news of them A doubt arise, 'mong creatures, which is from the sea, I induced BOREAS, one of the man? winds, as my fittest messenger; presenting Behold, whose eyes do dart Promethean him thus :

fire In a robe of russet and white mixt, full Throughout this All ; whose precepts do and bagged ; his hair and beard rough and inspire horrid ; his wings gray, and full of snow The rest with duty; yet commanding and icicles; his mantle borne from him cheer : with wires, and in several puffs; his feet* | And are obeyed more with love than fear. ending in serpent's tails ; and in his hand a leaveless branch laden with icicles.

Boreas. What Power art thou that thus But before, in midst of the hall, to

informest me? keep the state of the feast and season, I Fanu. Dost thou not know me? I too had placed JANUARYŤ in a throne of silver; well know thee his robe of ash-colour, long, fringed with By thy rude voice, # that doth so hoarsely silver ; a white mantle ; his wings white, and his buskins; in his hand a laurel- | Thy hair, thy beard, thy wings, o'er-hilled bough; upon his head an anademe of with snow,

blow ;


* So Paus. in Eliacis reports him to have, as i Thy wings o'er-hilled with snow.] i.e., he was carved in arcâ Cipselli.

covered over with snow: the spelling is varied,

but it is the same with the Saxon word hele. † See Iconolog. di Cesare Ripa.

WUAL. Ovid. Metam. lib. 6, near the end see- It is scarcely worth dispute ; but surely horridus irâ, Quæ solita est illi, nimiumque Jonson uses the word in its common accepta. domestica, vento, &c.


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Thy serpent feet, to be that rough North- Had followed them to seek Britannia wind,

forth, Boreas, that to my reign art still unkind. And there to hope like favour, as like I am the prince of months, called January; worth, Because by me, Janus* the year doth vary, Which Night envied, as done in her deShutting up wars, proclaiming peace and spite, $ feasts,

And, mad to see an Æthiop washed white, Freedom and triumphs ; making kings his Thought to prevent in these ; lest men guests.

should deem Boreas. To thee then thus, and by thee Her colour, if thus changed, of small

esteem. to that king, That doth thee present honours, do I bring The nymphs at sea, as they were almost

And so, by malice and her magic, tost Present remembrance of twelve Æthiop

lost, dames : Who, guided hither by the moon's bright That floated in the main ;ll where yet she

Till on an island they by chance arrived, flames,

had gyved To see his brighter light, were to the sea Enjoined again, and (thence assigned a day Them so in chains of darkness, as no

might For their return) were in the waves to

Should loose them thence, but their changed leave Their BLACKNESS, and true BEAUTY to whereat the twelve, in piety moved, and

sisters' sight. receive.

kind, Janu. Which they received, but broke Straight put themselves in act the place to their day: and yet

find; Have not returned a look of grace for it, Which was the Night's sole trust they so Shewing a coarse and most unfit neglect.

will do, Twice have I come in pomp here to ex- That she with labour might confound them pect

too. Their presence ; twice deluded, have been for ever since with error hath she held fain

Them wand'ring in the ocean, and so With other ritest my feasts to entertain ; quelled And now the third time, turned about the Their hopes beneath their toil, as (despe

year, Since they were looked for, and yet are not of any least success unto their vow ; here!

Nor knowing to return to express the Boreas. It was nor will nor sloth that grace, caused their stay;

Wherewith they labour to this prince, and For they were all prepared by their day, place) And with religion forward on their way: One of them meeting me at sea, did pray When Proteus, & the grey prophet of the That for the love of my Orithya, sea,

Whose very name did heat my frosty Met them, and made report how other breast, four

And made me shake my snow-filled wings Of their black kind (whereof their sire had

and crest, store)

To bear this sad report I would be won, Faithful to that great wonder so late done And frame their just excuse : which here Upon their sisters by bright Albion,

I have done.

rate now

* See the offices and power of Janus, Ovid. ll To give authority to this part of our fiction, Fast. I.

Pliny hath a chap. 95 of his 2 book Nat. Hist. † Two marriages, the one of the Earl of de insulis fluctuantibus. Et Card. lib. I de Essex, 1606; the other of the Lord Hay, rerum vari. &c., cap. 7, reports one to be in his 1607.

time known in the lake of Lomond, in Scotland.

To let pass that of Delos, &c. # Read his description, with Vir. Geor. 4,

The daughter of Erectheus, King, of Est in Carpathio Neptuni gurgite vates, Athens, whom Boreas ravished away into Caeruleus Proteus.

Thrace, as she was playing with other virgins § Because they were before of her com- by the flood Ilissus; or (as some will) by the plexion.

fountain Cephisus.

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