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tend, under the specious names of Geber, physician for the household next summer : Arnold, Lully, Bombast of Hohenhein,' they will give him a quantity of the quintto commit miracles in art and treason essence shall serve him to cure kibes or against nature. And as if the title of the mormal o' the shin, take away the philosopher, that creature of glory, were to pustules in the nose, and Mercury is enbe fetched out of a furnace, abuse the gaged for it. A child of the scullery steals curious and credulous nation of metal-men all their coals for them too, and he is bid through the world, and make Mercury sleep secure, he shall find a corner of the their instrument. I am their crude and philosopher's stone for't under his bolster their sublimate ; their precipitate and their one day, and have the proverb inverted.2 unctuous, their male and their female ; Against which one day I am to deliver the sometimes their hermaphrodite: what they buttery in so many firkins of aurum potalist to style me. It is I that am corroded, bile, as it delivers out bombards of bouge and exalted, and sublimed, and reduced, to them between this and that. For the and fetched over, ana filtered, and washed, pantry, they are at a certainty with me, and and wiped ; what between their salts and keep a tally, an ingot, a loaf, or a wedge of their sulphurs, their oils and their tartars, some five pounds weight, which is nothing their brines and their vinegars, you might of nothing, a trifle. And so the blacktake me out now a soused Merciry, now a guard3 are pleased with any lease of life salted Mercury, now a smoked and dried (for some 999), especially those of the Mercury, now a powdered and pickleu Mer- boiling-house, they are to have Medea's cury : never herring oyster, or cucumber kettle hung up, that they may souse into it [coucumer] past so many vexations. My when they will, and come out renewed like whole life with thein hath been an exercise so many stript snakes at their pleasure. of torture; one, two, three, four, and five But these are petty engagements, and, as I times an hour have they made me dance said, below the stairs ; marry above here, the philosophical circle, like an ape through perpetuity of beauty (do you hear, ladies ?) a hoop, or a dog in a wheel. I am their health, riches, honour; a matter of imturnspit indeed: they eat and smell no mortality is nothing. They will calcine roast-meat but in my name. I am their you a grave matron, as it might be a bill of credit still, that passes for their mother o' the maids, and spring up a victuals and house-room. It is through young virgin, out of her ashes, as fresh as me they have got this corner of the Court a Phoenix : lay you an old courtier on the to cozen in, where they shark for a hungry coals like a sausage, or a bloat herring, diet below stairs, and cheat upon your and after they have broiled him enough, under-officers, promising mountains for blow a soul into him with a pair of bellows, their meat, and all upon Mercury's se- till he start up into his galliard, that was curity. A poor page of the larder, they made when Monsieur was here. They have made obstinately believe he shall be profess familiarly to melt down all the old

1 Bombast of Hohenhein.]i.e., Paracelsus. be at a loss for the meaning of so common a

* The proverb inverted.) i.e., Thesaurus pro word. carbone : the proverb is Carbo pro thesauro. I once entertained some indistinct hope that

3. And so the black-guard, &c.) There is much Jonson, who assuredly had a more critical knowsatirical humour in these wild stipulations of the ledge of the English language than any person menials of the Court; but expectations full as of the age in which he lived, and whose works extravagant were fostered by the dupes of this are besides full of expressive and beautiful ridiculous pursuit in all ranks of life. With re- terms, would have been permitted to contribute spect to the black-guard, they were, as I have somewhat_to the perfection of the New Dicshown (vol. i. 125a), the lowest drudges of the tionary. But it does not appear (from what I kitchen, turnspits, carriers of wood, coal, &c. have seen of it) that he has been thought worth This is sufficiently clear from Jonson; but it is consulting: . With the exception of a few of his also distinctly stated by others. Thus Decker: words, which might be gathered from the mar. King. What place would you serve in? ginal remarks of Horne Tooke, or the notes of Gazette. Any but one of your turnbroaches; the Shakspeare commentators, he brings no I would not be one of your black-guard, there's aid :--but modestly retires, as it is fit he should, too much fire in me already.”—Match me in to make way for those dignified examples of London.

purity and skill, Blackmore and the “festivous," Mr. Todd has quoted Jonson, under this Gayton. word, to little purpose, and copied Malone to * When Monsieur was here.) l.e., in 1509.none at all. It is rather singular that he should | See vol. i. p. 147 b. VOL. III.

H

sinners of the suburbs once in a half- nature, and make your accesses by it to year into fresh gamesters again ; get all her dishonour more easy. Sir, would you the cracked maidenheads, and cast them believe it should be come to that height of into new ingots: half the wenches of the impudence in mankind, that such a nest of town are alchymie. See, they begin to fire-worms as these are, because their patron muster again, and draw their forces out Mulciber heretofore has made stools stir, against me! the Genius of the place defend and statues dance, a dog of brass to bark, me!

You that are both the Sol and and (which some will say, was his worst Jupiter of this sphere, Mercury invokes act) a woman to speak, should therefore your majesty against the sooty tribe here ; with their heats, called Balnei Cineris, or for in your favour only I grow recovered horse-dung, profess to outwork the sun in and warm.

virtue, and contend to the great act of At which time VULCAN entering with a though: for in yonder vessels which you

generation, nay, almost creation? It is so troop of threadbare ALCHEMISTS, pre- see in their laboratory, they have enclosed pares them to the first ANTIMASQUE. materials to produce men, beyond the

deeds of Deucalion or Prometheus ; of Vul. Begin your charm, sound music, which one, they say, had the philosopher's circle him in, and take him : if he will not stone, and threw it over his shoulder, the obey, bind him.

other the fire, and lost it. And what men They all danced about MERCURY with are they, they are so busy about, think

variety of changes, whilst he defends you? not common ordinary creatures, but himself with his Caduceus, and after the of rarity and excellence, such as the times DANCE, speaks.

wanted, and the age had a special deal of

need of: such as there was a necessity they Mer. It is in vain, Vulcan, to pitch your should be artificial; for nature could never net in the sight of the fowl thus : I am no have thought or dreamt of their composisleepy Mars, to be catched in your subtiletion. I can remember some of their titles toils. I know what your aims are, sir, to to you, and the ingredients : do not look tear the wings from my head and heels, for Paracelsus' man among them,3 that he lute me up in a glass with my own scals," promised you out of white bread and Delewhile you might wrest the Caduceus out of wine, 4 for he never came to light. But of my hand, to the adultery and spoil of these let me see; the first that occurs; a

1 Here the first Antimasque. As this word were, for the most part, performed by actors occurs here for the first time, it may not be amiss hired from the theatres. They partook of the to notice it. Whalley has printed it through nature of the old Exodia, and like them afforded the greater part of his sixth volume Ante- a little breathing time for those who came formasque, as if he supposed it to signify some- ward in the regular pieces. thing introductory to the main masque: he after

% Lute me up in a glass with my own seals.] wards changed his opinion and his orthography, i.e., in glasses hermetically sealed. --See vol. ii. and wrote it Antimasque, which “he inclined

p. 26 a. to think was a smoother pronunciation of antick 8 Do not look for Paracelsus' man among 'em, masque." My predecessor is still wrong: An &c.] The device of Paracelsus was to produce a Antimasque, or, as Jonson elsewhere calls it, “a

man without the conjunction of the sexes : this foil or false masque,” is something directly op- opinion is also said to have been countenanced posed to the principal masque. If this was by Hippocrates. Sir Thomas Browne professes fofty and serious, that was light and ridiculous, the same sentiments (Religio Medici, lib. 2, sect. It admitted of the wildest extravagancies, and 9), in words which he has borrowed from Aulus it is only by Jonson that attempts are sometimes Geliius : ea voluptas, sc. gustu et tactu, sicut made to connect it, in any degree, with the sapientes viri censuerunt, omnium rerum main story. He was fully sensible of its absur- fædissima est. —WHAL. dity, and has spoken of it in another place; but the spectators, as the Cook says in Neptune's * Out of white bread and Dele-wine,) A Triumpḥ, "hearkened after these things," and, species of Rhenish wine. . It is frequently men. indeed, James himself, who laughed as boiste- tioned by our old dramatists, and generally in rously as his merry grandson, was well pleased company with Backrach, a thin Hock. Thus with their introduction. He “loved Masques Shirley : (Wilson observes) and such disguises in these

“ Whirl in coaches maskeradoes (antimasques) as were witty and To the Dutch magazine of sauce, the Steelyard, sudden; the more ridiculous the more pleasant.” Where Deal and Backragge, and what strange -Life of James, p. 104.

wines else, It should be added,' that the antimasques | Shall flow."-Lady of Pleasure, act v. sc. I.

rences.

master of the duel, a carrier of the diffe- I say, that all who have but their senses,

To him went spirit of ale a good may see and judge the difference between quantity, with the amalgama of sugar and thy ridiculous monsters and his absolute nutmegs, oil of oaths, sulphur of quarrel, features. strong waters, valour precipitate, vapoured o'er the helm with tobacco, and the rosin At which the whole scene changed to a of Mars with a drachm of the business, for glorious bower, wherein NATURE was that's the word of tincture, the business. placed, with PROMETHEUS at her feet, Let me alone with the business. I will and the twelve Masquers standing about carry the business. I do understand the them. After they had been a while business. I do find an affront in the busi- viewed, PROMETHEUS descended, and ness. Then another is a fencer in the NATURE after him, singing. mathematics, or the town's cunning-man, a creature of art too; a supposed secretary

Nat. How young and fresh am I to

night, to the stars; but indeed a kind of lying intelligencer from those parts. His mate. And twelve my sons stand in their maker's

To see't kept day by so much light. rials, if I be not deceived, were juice of

sight? almanacs, extraction of ephemerides, scales

Help, wise Prometheus, something must of the globe, filings of figures, dust of the

be done, twelve houses, conserve of questions, salt of confederacy, a pound of adventure, a

To shew they are the creatures of the

Sun; grain of skill, and a drop of truth. I saw

That each to other vegetals too, as well as minerals, put into one glass there, as adder's-tongue, title and Nature here no step-dame, but a

Is a brother, bane, nitre of clients, tartar of false con

mother. veyance, aurum palbabile, with a huge

Cho. Come forth, come forth, prove all deal of talk, to which they added tincture of conscience, with the faces of honesty : That make perfection up, and may absolve

the numbers then, but for what this was I could not learn ; only I have overheard one of the artists

you men.

Nat. But shew thy winding ways and say, out o' the corruption of a lawyer was

arts, the best generation of a broker in suits : whether this were he or no, I know not.

Thy risings and thy timely starts,

Of stealing fire from ladies' eyes and Vul. Thou art a scorner, Mercury, and

hearts. out of the pride of thy protection here,

Those softer circles are the young man's makest it thy study to revile art, but it will

Call

heaven, turn to thine own contumely soon.

And there more orbs and planets are forth the creatures of the first class, and let

than seven, them move to the harmony of our heat, till

To know whose motion the slanderer have sealed up his own lips,

Were a notion to his own torment. Mer. Let them come, let them come, I

As worthy of youth's study as devotion.

Chor. Come forth, come forth, prove would not wish a greater punishment to

all the time will gain, thy impudence.

For Nature bids the best, and never bade Enter the second ANTIMASQUE, of imper

in vain. fect creatures, with helms of limbecks on

Here the first DANCE, their heads : whose dance ended, MERCURY proceeded.

After which this Mer. Art thou not ashamed, Vulcan, to

SONG. offer, in defence of thy power and art, Pro. How many 'mongst these ladies against the excellence of the sun and here, nature, creatures more imperfect than the Wish now they such a mother were ! very flies and insects that are her trespasses Nat. Not one, I fear, and scapes ? Vanish, with thy insolence, And read it in their laughters : thou and thy impostors, and all mention of There's more, I guess, would wish to be you melt before the majesty of this light, my daughters. whose Mercury henceforth I profess to be, Pro. You think they would not be so old, and never again the philosophers'. Vanish,

For so much glory.

Nat. I think that thought so told

SONG.
Is no false piece of story.

Pro. What! have you done 'Tis yet with them but beauty's noon,

So soon? They would not grandames be too soon.

And can you from such beauty part? Pro. Is that your sex's humour?

You'll do a wonder more than I. 'Tis then since Niobe was changed, that

I woman with her ills did fly; they have left that tumour.

But you their good, and them deny. Cho. Move, move again, in forms as

Cho. Sure each hath left his heart heretofore.

In pawn to come again, or else he durst Nat. 'Tis form allures.

not start. Then move, the ladies here are store.

Nat. They are loth to go Pro. Nature is Motion's mother, as she's

I know, yours.

Or sure they are no sons of mine. Cho. The spring whence order flows,

There is no banquet, boys, like this, that all directs,

If you hope better, you will miss; And knits the causes with the effects.

Stay here, and take each one a kiss.

Cho. Which if you can refine, Hore they dance the main DANCE,

The taste knows no such cates, nor yct Then they dance with the Ladies;

the palate wine.

No cause of tarrying shun,
Then their last Dance.

They are not worth his light, go back

ward from the sun, After which PROMETHEUS calls to them in this

With which it ended.

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The Golden Age Restored.

IN A MASQUE AT COURT, 1615, BY THE LORDS AND GENTLEMEN

THE KING'S SERVANTS.

THE GOLDEN AGE RESTORED.] From the first folio. This Masque is written with great care : the conclusion of it is highly poetical. It must have been a splendid and interesting performance.

vade;

The Court being seated and in Hide me, soft cloud, from their profaner expectation,

eyes,

Till insolent Rebellion take the field; Loud music : PALLAS in her chariot And as their spirits with their counsels descending to a softer music.

rise,

I frustrate all with showing but my shield. Look, look ! rejoice and wonder

[She retires behind a cloud. That you, offending mortals, are

(For all your crimes) so much the care The IRON AGE presents itself, calling Of him that bears the thunder.

forth the Evils. Jove can endure no longer,

1. Age. Come forth, come forth, do we Your great ones should your less in

not hear

What purpose, and how worth our fear, Or that your weak, though bad, be He is not of the Iron breed

The king of gods hath on us? made A prey unto the stronger.

That would, though Fate did help the deed,

Let Shame in so upon us.
And therefore means to settle
Astræa in her seat again ;

Rise, rise then up, thou grandame Vice

Of all my issue, Avarice,
And let down in his golden chain
The Age of better metal.

Bring with thee Fraud and Slander,

Corruption with the golden hands, Which deed he doth the rather,

Or any subtler Ill that stands That even Envy may behold

To be a more commander, Time not enjoyed his head of gold

Thy boys, Ambition, Pride, and Scorn, Alone beneath his father.

Force, Rapine, and thy babe last born, But that his care conserveth,

Smooth Treachery, call hither.

Arm Folly forth, and Ignorance, As time, so all time's honours too,

And teach them all our Pyrrhic dance : Regarding still what heaven should do,

We may triúmph together
And not what earth deserveth.

[A tumult and clashing of arms Upon this enemy so great,
heard within.

Whom if our forces can defeat,

And but this once bring under, But hark! what tumult from yond' cave is We are the masters of the skies, heard?

Where all the wealth, height, power lies, What noise, what strife, what earthquake

The sceptre and the thunder. and alarms, As troubled Nature for her maker feared ; Which of you would not in a war

And all the Iron Age were up in arms! Attempt the price of any scar,

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