Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy -- Exploiting the Resources of the Seabed, Prepared for the Subcommittee on National Security Policy and Scientific Developments... July 1971
1971 - 152 lappuses
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activities adopted affairs agencies areas authorized boundaries cent claim coast coastal Commission Committee concerned Congress conservation considered contain contiguous Convention costs Council countries deep Department deposits depth drilling economic effect Engineering environment established estimated exploitation exploration extend fathoms Federal feet fisheries fishing future Geological Government Gulf high seas increase industry interest Interior islands issued jurisdiction land lease less limit manganese marine Marine Resources marine science means measures ment meters miles million mineral mining natural resources nodules numerous ocean floor offshore operations organizations Outer Continental Shelf petroleum phosphate platforms possible potential present President problems Proclamation production programs proposal regard regulations reserves resolution rock scientific seabed Secretary Senate ship shore sources Subcommittee subsoil Survey term territorial sea tion tons United Nations zone
12. lappuse - For the purpose of these articles, the term "continental shelf is used as referring (a) to the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas adjacent to the coast but outside the area of the territorial sea, to a depth of 200 meters or, beyond that limit, to where the depth of the superjacent waters admits of the exploitation of the natural resources of the said areas ; ( b) to the seabed and subsoil of similar submarine areas adjacent to the coasts of islands.
113. lappuse - ... the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas adjacent to the coast but outside the area of the territorial sea, to a depth of 200 metres or, beyond that limit, to where the depth of the superjacent waters admits of the exploitation of the natural resources of the said areas; (b) to the seabed and subsoil of similar submarine areas adjacent to the coasts of islands. ARTICLE 2 1. The coastal State exercises over the continental shelf sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring it and exploiting...
109. lappuse - Where, because of the presence of islands, an indentation has more than one mouth, the semi-circle shall be drawn on a line as long as the sum total of the lengths of the lines across the different mouths.
115. lappuse - high seas" means all parts of the sea that are not included in the territorial sea or in the internal waters of a State.
5. lappuse - Having concern for the urgency of conserving and prudently utilizing its natural resources, the Government of the United States regards the natural resources of the subsoil and sea bed of the continental shelf beneath the high seas but contiguous to the coasts of the United States as appertaining to the United States, subject to its jurisdiction and control.
118. lappuse - In the cases provided for in sub-paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) above, the warship may proceed to verify the ship's right to fly its flag. To this end, it may send a boat under the command of an officer to the suspected ship. If suspicion remains after the documents have been checked, it may proceed to a further examination on board the ship, which must be carried out with all possible consideration.
50. lappuse - The sea-bed and the ocean floor, underlying the seas boyond the limits of present national jurisdiction, are not subject to national appropriation in any manner whatsoever ; (&) The exploration of the sea-bed and of the ocean floor, underlying the seas beyond the limits of present national jurisdiction, shall be undertaken in a manner consistent with the Principles and Purposes of the Charter of the United Nations ; (c) The use of the sea-bed and of the ocean floor, * * * and their economic exploitation...
54. lappuse - ... ship" means: a) any sea-going vessel of any type whatsoever, and b) any floating craft with the exception of an installation or device engaged in the exploration and exploitation of the resources of the sea-bed and the ocean floor and the subsoil thereof; 3. "oil" means crude oil, fuel oil, diesel oil and lubricating oil; 4.