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10. Project/Task/Work Unit No.

6609414
11. Contract/Grant No.
NSF-CA148

(SIS-74-14168)
13. Type of Report & Period
Covered

Final 14. Sponsoring Agency Code

12. Sponsoring Organization Name and Complete Address (Street, City, State, ZIP)

National Science Foundation Division of Science Information 1800 G Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20550 15. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 77-14143 16. ABSTRACT (A 200-word or less factual summary of most significant information. If document includes a significant

bibliography or literature survey, mention it here.) The findings, recommendations, and conclusions of a policy-oriented, multi-disciplinary study of copyright in computer-readable works are reported.

The foundations of copyright are examined for basic principles, and the theory of public goods is applied to develop the rationale for copyright protection. The judicial history of copyright in the twentieth century is reviewed with respect to advances in information technology. The impact of technological change on judicial decisionmaking in copyright is analyzed.

The problem of transaction costs in the marketplace for copyrighted works is examined and methods for the reduction of such costs are described. Models of policymaking are developed which clarify the roles of interest groups and the branches of Government, demonstrating their interactions and providing insights into possible futures.

Recommendations on the conditions of copyrightability for computer-readable data bases and computer programs are presented and are based on findings of basic principles developed during the study and described in the report.

17. KEY WORDS (six to twelve entries; alphabetical order; capitalize only the first letter of the first key word unless a proper

name; separated by semicolons) Computer; computer program; copyright; data base; economic efficiency; information technology; policy analysis; policymaking; public goods; technological change;

transaction costs. 18. AVAILABILITY X Unlimited

19. SECURITY CLASS 21. NO. OF PAGES

(THIS REPORT)

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Now in its sixth year, this valuable publication has proved that it fills the important gaps for you in the literature of the physical sciences. Published by the American Institute of Physics and the American Chemical Society for the National Bureau of Standards, this quarterly gives you quantitative numerical data, with recommended values and uncertainty limits chosen by experts in the field. Critical commentary on methods of measurement and sources of error, as well as full references to the original literature, is an integral part of each of your four issues a year. Can you afford to be without this prime source of reliable data on physical and chemical properties? To start receiving your copies, just fill in the order form and drop into the mail. If you do use a purchase order, please attach the printed form as this will help us to expedite your order. Send for complete list of reprints!

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Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data American Chemical Society 1155 Sixteenth Street,N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036

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