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10. Project/Task Work Unit No.

11. Contract, Grani No.

| 13. Type of Repori & Period

Final 14. Sponsoring Agency Code

12. Sponsoring Organization Name and Complete Address (Street, City, State, ZIP)

National Science Foundation Division of Science Information 1800 G Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20550 15. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 77-14143 16. ABSTRACT (A 200-word or less factual summary of most significant information. Il document includes a significant

bibliography or literature survey, mention it here.) The findings, recommendations, and conclusions of a policy-oriented, multi-disciplinary study of copyright in computer-readable works are reported.

The foundations of copyright are examined for basic principles, and the theory of public goods is applied to develop the rationale for copyright protection. The judicial history of copyright in the twentieth century is reviewed with respect to advances in information technology. The impact of technological change on judicial decisionmaking in copyright is analyzed. The problem of transaction costs in the marketplace for copyrighted works is examined and methods for the reduction of such costs are described. Models of policymaking are developed which clarify the roles of interest groups and the branches of Government, demonstrating their interactions and providing insights into possible futures.

Recommendations on the conditions of copyrightability for computer-readable data bases and computer programs are presented and are based on findings of basic principles developed during the study and described in the report.

17. KEY WORDS (six to twelve entries; alphabetical order; capitalize only the first letter of the first key word unless a proper

name; separated by semicolons) Computer; computer program; copyright; data base; economic efficiency; information technology; policy analysis; policymaking; public goods; technological change;

transaction costs. 18. AVAILABILITY

21. NO. OF PAGES x Unlimited


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