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41

Copyright Law Revision (1967), Hearings before the Subcommittee on
Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights of the Committee on the Judiciary,
United States Senate, Ninetieth Congress, First Session, Part 1,
March 15, 16, and 17, 1967.

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45

Julius J. Marke, Copyright and Intellectual Property, New York, Fund for the Advancement of Education, 1967.

46

Copyright Law Revision (1967), op. cit., p. 609.

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54

Julius J. Marke, op. cit., p. 91. 53 National Academy of Sciences, Information Systems Panel, Computer Science and Engineering Board, Libraries and Information Technology: A National System Challenge. Report to the Council on Library Resources, Inc. Washington, D.C., 1971, p. 10. Copyright Law Revision (1967), op. cit., pp. 570-578. 55ibid., p. 571. 56ibid., p. 573. 57

ibid., p. 576-577. 58 ibid., p. 575.

'ibid., pp. 969-974. 60

ibid., p. 83.

59

61

Cambridge Research Institute, Omnibus Copyright Revision, Comparative Analysis of the Issues, Washington, D.C. American Society for Infor

mation Science, 1973, pp. 87-100. 62

Federal Management of Scientific and Technical Performation (STINFO)
Activities: The Role of the National Science Foundation, Special Sub-
committee on the National Science Foundation of the Committee on
Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, July, 1975, p. 22.

63

ibid., pp. 22, 23.

64

ibid., p. 75.

65

ibid., p. 18.

66

ibid., p. 79. 67

Daniel Bell, "Remarks of the Moderator," in The Management of Information and Knowledge, Committee on Science and Astronautics, U.S.

House of Representatives, 1970, p. 14. 68

Peter F. Drucker, The Age of Discontinuity-Guidelines to our Changing Society, New York, Harper & Row, 1968.

69

Gerald M. Weinberg, The Psychology of Computer Programming, New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1971.

70

Dennie Van Tassel, Program Style, Design, Efficiency, Debugging, and Testing, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1974.

71

Frederick P. Brooks, Jr., The Mythical Man-Month, Essays on Software Engineering, Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1975.

72

Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy, New York, Mentor Books, 1956, p. 127.

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Thomas R. Dye, Understanding Public Policy, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,

Prentice-Hall, 1972, p. 23. 75 Theodore J. Lowi, "American Business, Public Policy, Case Studies,

and Political Theory," World Politics, vol. 16, n.4, July 1964,

p. 689.

76ibid., p. 691. 77

quoted in Joseph Weizenbaum, Computer Power and Human Reason, San Francisco, W. H. Freeman and Co., 1976, p. 26.

78

David B. Truman, The Governmental Process, New York, Knopf, 1951,

p. 502.

79 Victor Ferkiss, Technological Man: The Myth and the Reality, New

York, George Braziller, 1969, p. 163. 80

David B. Truman, op. cit., p. 514. 81

ibid., p. 512.

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ABSTRACT

The historical trends, methods, and observations of the courts, legislature and Copyright Office concerning the copyright law in relation to the development and introduction of technological processes and products during the twentieth century are analyzed. The rationale and underlying trends in the adaptation of copyright statutes to new technologies is shown by discussion of key cases.

Several suggested mechanisms are reviewed for providing technological expertise to the courts to enable them to respond to the complex technological issues that may arise in copyright litigation.

The impact of copyright law upon computerized Scientific and Technological Information Systems (STI) is discussed in the context of data bases and document storage and retrieval. The characteristics and conditions of the use of copyrighted material in computerized STI systems is presented. Blanket licensing, clearinghouses and compulsory licensing mechanisms that might be adapted for the use of copyrighted material in computer systems are reviewed.

KEY WORDS:

Copyright
Scientific and Technological Information Systems
Blanket Licensing of Copyrights
Compulsory Licenses
Clearinghouse for Copyright Licensing
Copyrightable Works
Data Bases
Full Text Storage of Documents
Computer Systems
New Technologies Relating to Copyright
Uses of Copyrighted Works

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