Statistics in Criminology and Criminal Justice: Analysis and Interpretation
Thoroughly updated and revised, this edition provides criminal justice students with a firm knowledge base in the theory and application of statistical analyses. Students will be introduced to methods of identifying and classifying data, followed by explanations and demonstrations of statistical procedures. They will learn what statistical techniques are appropriate for particular data, why procedures give the results they do, and how to interpret the output of statistical analyses. The book features updated statistical output, clear explanations of how to perform the analyses being discussed, revised data files, additional data sets to increase students' ability to conduct research on their own, and extensive use of flowcharts and examples to maximize students' comprehension of the topic.
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Measures of Strength of a Relationship
Measures of Direction and Nature of a Relationship
Introduction to Multivariate Statistics
Putting It All Together
able actually allows analysis appropriate association assuming assumption bivariate calculated cell central Chapter characteristics chart Chi-square coefficient column compared considered continuous Correlation Count crime criminal delinquents dependent variable determine developed difference direction discussed distribution drawn effects equal error estimate examine example existence expected Figure final formula frequency groups important included independent inferential interpretation interval interval level less level data limit mean measure median method mode negative neighborhood nominal normal curve null hypothesis obtained ordered ordinal level output Pearson's Percent percentage person police population possible predicting probability problem procedure range ratio regression reject relationship represent requires respondent sample scores Select shown significance simply skewed SPSS square standard deviation statistical statistical analysis step t-test Table theory tion Type units Valid vari variance VICTIM