Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub

them to the knowledge of those concerned, including interested foreign authorities. 151

(b) No charge shall be made by any ship or station in the mobile service of the United States for the transmission, receipt, or relay of the information designated in subsection (a) originating on a ship of the United States or of a foreign country.

(c) The transmission by any ship of the United States, made in compliance with subsection (a), to any station which imposes a charge for the reception, relay, or forwarding of the required information, shall be free of cost to the ship concerned and any communication charges incurred by the ship for transmission, relay, or forwarding of the information may be certified to the Commission for reimbursement out of moneys appropriated to the Commission for that purpose.

(d) No charge shall be made by any ship or station in the mobile service of the United States for the transmission of distress messages and replies thereto in connection with situations involving the safety of life and property at sea.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any station or carrier may render free service in connection with situations involving the safety of life and property, including hydrographic reports, weather reports, reports regarding aids to navigation and medical assistance to injured or sick persons on ships and aircraft at sea. All free service permitted by this subsection shall be subject to such rules and regulations as the Commission may prescribe, which rules may limit such free service to the extent which the Commission finds desirable in the public interest.

AUTHORITY OF MASTER

SEC. 360.152 [47 U.S.C. 358] The radio installation, the operators, the regulation of their watches, the transmission and receipt of messages, and the radio service of the ship except as they may

, be regulated by law or international agreement, or by rules and regulations made in pursuance thereof, shall in the case of a ship of the United States be under the supreme control of the master.

CERTIFICATES

SEC. 361.153 [47 U.S.C. 359] (a) Each vessel of the United States to which the Safety Convention applies shall comply with the radio and communication provisions of said Convention at all times while the vessel is in use, in addition to all other requirements of law, and shall have on board an appropriate certificate as prescribed by the Safety Convention.

151 Subsection (a) was amended to read as above by Public Law 89-121, approved August 13, 1965, 79 Stat. 511. It formerly read as follows:

(a) The master of every ship of the United States equipped with radio transmitting apparatus, on meeting with dangerous ice, a dangerous derelict, a tropical storm or any other direct danger to navigation, shall cause to be transmitted all pertinent information relating thereto, to ships in the vicinity and to the appropriate authorities, in accordance with rules and regulations issued by the Commission, which authorities of the United States shall, when they consider it necessary, promptly bring the information received by them to the knowledge of those concerned and foreign authorities interested.

132 See note 131.

153 See note 132. Section 361 was amended to read as above by Public Law 89-121, approved August 13, 1965, 79 Stat. 511.

(b) Appropriate certificates concerning the radio particulars pro vided for in said Convention shall be issued upon proper request to any vessel which is subject to the radio provisions of the Safety Convention and is found by the Commission to comply therewith. Cargo ship safety radio telegraphy certificates, cargo ship safety radiotelephony certificates, and exemption certificates with respect to radio particulars shall be issued by the Commission. 154 Other certificates concerning the radio particulars provided for in the said Convention shall be issued by the Commandant of the Coast Guard or whatever other agency is authorized by law to do so upon re quest of the Commission made after proper inspection or determination of the facts. If the holder of a certificate violates the radio provisions of the Safety Convention or the provisions of this Act, or the rules, regulations, or conditions prescribed by the Commission, and if the effective administration of the Safety Convention or of this part so requires, the Commission, after hearing in accordance with law, is authorized to modify or cancel a certificate which it has issued, or to request the modification or cancellation of a certificate which has been issued by another agency upon the Commission's request. Upon receipt of such request for modification or cancellation, the Commandant of the Coast Guard, or whatever agency is authorized by law to do so, shall modify or cancel the certificate in accordance therewith.

INSPECTION

SEC. 362.155 [47 U.S.C. 360] (a) In addition to any other provisions required to be included in a radio station license, the station license of each ship of the United States subject to this title shall include particulars with reference to the items specifically required by this title.

(b) Every ship of the United States, subject to this part, shall have the equipment and apparatus prescribed therein, inspected at least once each year by the Commission. If, after such inspection, the Commission is satisfied that all relevant provisions of this Act and the station license have been complied with, the fact shall be certified to on the station license by the Commission. The Commission shall make such additional inspections at frequent intervals as may be necessary to insure compliance with the requirements of this Act. The Commission may, upon a finding that the public interest would be served thereby, waive the annual inspection re quired under this section from the time of first arrival at a United States port from a foreign port, for the sole purpose of enabling the vessel to proceed coastwise to another port in the United States where an inspection can be held: Provided, That such waiver may not exceed a period of thirty days. 156

164 The second sentence of subsection (b) was amended to read as above by Public Law 89,121, approved August 13, 1965, 79 Stat. 511. As earlier amended by Public Law 584, 83d Cong., 2d Sess., approved August 13, 1954, 68 Stat. 704, the second sentence read as follows: "Safety Radio telegraphy Certificates and Safety Radiotelephony Certificates, as prescribed by the said Convention, and Exemption Certificates issued in lieu of such certificates, shall be issued by the Commission." Prior to 1954, subsection (b) read as follows:

(6) Appropriate certificates concerning the radio particulars provided for in said convention shall be issued to any vessel of the United States which is subject to the radio provisions of the safety convention, and is found by the Commission to comply therewith. Such certificates shall be issued by the Commandant of the Coast Guard, or whatever other agency is authorized by law so to do, upon request of the Commission made after proper inspection, or determination of the facts. If the holder of such certificate violates the provisions of the safety convention, or of this Act, or the rules, regulations, or conditions prescribed by the Commission, and if the effective administration of the safety convention or of this part so requires, the Commission, after hearing in accordance with law, is authorized to request the modification or cancellation of such certificate. Upon receipt of such request the Commandant of the Coast Guard, or whatever other agency is authorized by law to do 80, shall modify or cancel the certificate in accord therewith. The Commission is authorized to issue, modify, or cancel such certificates in the event that no other agency is authorized to do so.

166 See note 122.

CONTROL BY COMMISSION

Sec. 363.155 [47 U.S.C. 361] Nothing in this title shall be interpreted as lessening in any degree the control of the Commission over all matters connected with the radio equipment and its operation on shipboard and its decision and determination in regard to the radio requirements, installations, or exemptions from pre scribed radio requirements shall be final, subject only to review in accordance with law.

FORFEITURES

SEC. 364.155 [47 U.S.C. 362] The following forfeitures shall apply to this part, in addition to the penalties and forfeitures pro vided by title V of this Act:

(a) Any ship that leaves or attempts to leave any harbor or port of thie United States in violation of the provisions of this part, or the rules and regulations of the Commission made in pursuance thereof, or any ship of the United States that is navigated outside of any harbor or port in violation of any of the provisions of this part, or the rules and regulations of the Commission made in pursuance thereof, shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $500, recoverable by way of suit or libel. Each such departure or attempted departure, and in the case of a ship of the United States each day during which such navigation occurs shall constitute a separate offense.

(b) Every willful failure on the part of the master of a ship of the United States to enforce or to comply with the provisions of this Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission as to equip ment, operators, watches, or radio service shall cause him to forfeit to the United States the sum of $100.

PART III 157-RADIO INSTALLATIONS ON VESSELS CARRYING

PASSENGERS FOR HIRE

158

[VESSELS TRANSPORTING MORE THAN SIX PASSENGERS FOR HIRE

REQUIRED TO BE EQUIPPED WITH RADIO TELEPHONE] SEC. 381. [47 U.S.C. 381] Except as provided in section 382, it shall be unlawful for any vessel of the United States, transporting more than six passengers for hire, to be navigated in the open sea or any tidewater within the jurisdiction of the United States adja

166 The last sentence of subsection (b) was added by Public Law 87-811, approved October 15, 1962, 76 Stat. 922.

157 This part (secs. 381-386) was added, effective March 1, 1957, by Public Law 985, 84th Congress, 20 Sess., approved Aug. 6, 1956, 70 Stat. 1047-1049.

168 Heading which appears in U.S. Code.

159

cent or contiguous to the open sea, unless such vessel is equipped with an efficient radiotelephone installation in operating condition.

(VESSELS EXCEPTED FROM RADIOTELEPHONE REQUIREMENT] SEC. 382. [47 U.S.C. 382] The provisions of this part shall not apply to

(1) vessels which are equipped with a radio installation in accordance with the provisions of part II of title III of this Act, or in accordance with the radio requirements of the Safety Convention; and

(2) vessels of the United States belonging to and operated by the Government, except a vessel of the United States Maritime Administration, the Inland and Coastwise Waterways Service, or the Panama Canal Company, 160 and (3) vessels navigating on the Great Lakes.

[EXEMPTIONS BY COMMISSION 161 SEC. 383. [47 U.S.C. 383] The Commission shall exempt from the provisions of this part any vessel, or class of vessels, in the case of which the route or conditions of the voyage, or other conditions or circumstances, are such as to render a radio installation unreasonable, unnecessary, or ineffective, for the purposes of this Act. [AUTHORITY OF COMMISSION; OPERATIONS, INSTALLATIONS, AND

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT] SEC. 384. [47 U.S.C. 384] The Commission shall have authority with respect to any vessel subject to this part

(1) to specify operating and technical conditions and characteristics including frequencies, emissions, power, communication capability and range, of installations required by reason of this part;

(2) to approve the details as to the location and manner of installation of the equipment required by this part or of equipment ne cessitated by reason of the purposes and requirements of this part;

(3) to approve installations, apparatus and spare parts necessary to comply with the purposes and requirements of this part;

(4) to prescribe such additional equipment as may be determined to be necessary to supplement that specified herein for the proper functioning of the radio installation installed in accordance with this part or for the proper conduct of radio communication in time of emergency or distress.

[INSPECTIONS] 163

162

Sec. 385. [47 U.S.C. 385] The Commission shall make such inspections as may be necessary to insure compliance with the requirements of this part.

169 Heading which appears in U.S. Code. 160 See note 135. 161 Heading which appears in U.S. Code. 162 Heading which appears in U.S. Code. 163 Heading which appears in U.S. Code.

[FORFEITURES] 164 Sec. 386. [47 U.S.C. 386] The following forfeitures shall apply to this part in addition to penalties and forfeitures provided by title V of this Act:

(a) Any vessel of the United States that is navigated in violation of the provisions of this part or of the rules and regulations of the Commission made in pursuance thereof shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $500 recoverable by way of suit or libel. Each day during which such navigation occurs shall constitute a separate offense.

(b) Every willful failure on the part of the master of a vessel of the United States to enforce or to comply with the provisions of this part or the rules and regulations of the Commission made in pursuance thereof shall cause him to forfeit to the United States the sum of $100.

PART IV 165 ASSISTANCE FOR PUBLIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

FACILITIES; TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEMONSTRATIONS;

CORPORATION FOR PUBLIC BROADCASTING
Subpart A-Assistance for Public Telecommunications

Facilities 166

DECLARATION OF PURPOSE SEC. 390.167 [47 U.S.C. 390] The purpose of this subpart is to assist, through matching grants, in the planning and construction of public telecommunications facilities in order to achieve the following objectives: (1) extend delivery of public telecommunications services to as many citizens of the United States as possible by the most efficient and economical means, including the use of broadcast and nonbroadcast technologies; (2) increase public telecom

164 Heading which appears in U.S. Code. 166 Part IV was amended by Public Law 95-567, approved November 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 2405, 2409. As part of these amendments, the heading was amended to read as above. Part IV was added by Public Law 87-447, approved May 1, 1962, 76 Stat. 64; and was amended by Public Law 90-129, approved November 7, 1967, 81 Stat. 365, and was further amended by Public Law 94309, approved June 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 683. The prior heading read as follows:

PART IV-ASSISTANCE POR NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING FACILITIES;

TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEMONSTRATIONS; CORPORATION POR PUBLIC BROADCASTING 166 The heading of Subpart A was amended to read as above by Public Law 95–567, approved November 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 2405, 2409. This heading was originally added by Public Law 90–129, approved November 7, 1967, 81 Stat. 367, and amended by Public Law 94-309, approved June 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 683. The prior heading read as follows: Subpart A-Assistance for Non-Commercial Educational Broadcasting Facilities and

Telecommunications Demonstrations 167 Section 390 was amended to read as above by Public Law 95–567, approved November 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 2405. This section was initially added by Public Law 87–447, approved May 1, 1962, 76 Stat. 64, and was amended by Public Law 90–129, approved November 7, 1967, 81 Stat. 365, 367, and further amended by Public Law 94-309, approved June 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 683. The prior amended section read as follows:

1

1

DECLARATION OF PURPOSE

SEC. 390. The purposes of this subpart are (1) to assist (through matching grants) in the construction of noncommercial educational television or radio broadcasting facilities, and (2) to demonstrate (through grants or contracts) the use of telecommunications technologies for the distribution and dissemination of health, education, and other public or social service information

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »