Biosemiotic Research Trends

Pirmais vāks
Marcello Barbieri
Nova Publishers, 2007 - 283 lappuses
Biosemiotics (bios = life and semion = sign) is an interdisciplinary science that studies communication and signification in living systems. Communication is the essential characteristic of life. An organism is a message to future generations that specifies how to survive and reproduce. Any autocatalytic system transfers information (ie initial conditions) to its progeny so that daughter systems will eventually reach the same state as their parent. Self-reproducing systems have a semantic closure because they define themselves in their progeny. A sign (defined in a broadest sense) is an object that is a part of some self-reproducing system. A sign is always useful for the system and its value can be determined by its contribution to the reproductive value of the entire system. The major trend in the evolution of signs is the increase of their complexity via development of new hierarchical levels, ie, metasystem transitions. This book presents new research in this dynamic field.

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Atlasītās lappuses

Saturs

More than Metaphor Genomes are Objective Sign Systems
1
Limitations on Applying Peircean Semeiotic Biosemiotics as Applied Objective Ethics and Esthetics Rather than Semeiotic
17
The French Reception of Jakob Von Uexkülls Umwelt A Regional Variation of Global Semiotics
57
Nature of Music Music of Nature An Introduction to Zoomusicology
81
The Ant on the Kitchen Counter
113
Biological Information Sign Processes in Living Systems
141
How Living Systems Manage the Uncertainty of Events Adaptation by Semiotic Cognition
157
Investigating the Dynamics of Becoming from Cybernetics towards Semiotics
173
From Biosphere to Semiosphere to Social Lifeworlds Biology as an Understanding of Social Science
185
How Junk Became Selfish The Nominalist Breakdown of Molecular Biology
215
The Wake of Consilience Produces Monsters Evolutionary Psychology Social Construction and a Biosemiotic Proposal for Symmetry
241
Semiotics in Biology Inside Neodarwinism
255
Index
269
Autortiesības

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Populāri fragmenti

50. lappuse - ... that the entire universe, — not merely the universe of existents, but all that wider universe, embracing the universe of existents as a part, the universe which we are all accustomed to refer to as "the truth," — that all this universe is perfused with signs, if it is not composed exclusively of signs.
51. lappuse - A Sign, or Representamen, is a First which stands in such a genuine triadic relation to a Second, called its Object, as to be capable of determining a Third, called its Interpretant, to assume the same triadic relation to its Object in which it stands itself to the same Object.
22. lappuse - Consider what effects, that might conceivably have practical bearings, we conceive the object of our conception to have.
41. lappuse - The Sign can only represent the Object and tell about it. It cannot furnish acquaintance with or recognition of that Object; for that is what is meant in this volume by the Object of a Sign ; namely, that with which it presupposes an acquaintance in order to convey some further information concerning it.
23. lappuse - The elements of every concept enter into logical thought at the gate of perception and make their exit at the gate of purposive action and whatever cannot show its passports at both of those gates is to be arrested as unauthorized by reason [5.212].
45. lappuse - I mean the collective total of all that is in any way or in any sense present to the mind, quite regardless of whether it corresponds to any real thing or not.
120. lappuse - When we see an ant-hill, tenanted by thousands of industrious inhabitants, excavating chambers, forming tunnels, making roads, guarding their home, gathering food, feeding the young, tending their domestic animals, — each one fulfilling its duties industriously, and without confusion, — it is difficult altogether to deny to them the gift of reason ; and the preceding observations tend to confirm the opinion that their mental powers differ from those of men, not so much in kind as in degree.
216. lappuse - Discovery commences with the awareness of anomaly, ie, with the recognition that nature has somehow violated the paradigm-induced expectations that govern normal science. It then continues with a more or less extended exploration of the area of anomaly. And it closes only when the paradigm theory has been adjusted so that the anomalous has become the expected.
41. lappuse - All that part of the understanding of the Sign which the Interpreting Mind has needed collateral observation for is outside the Interpretant. I do not mean by "collateral observation" acquaintance with the system of signs. What is so gathered is not COLLATERAL. It is on the contrary the prerequisite for getting any idea signified by the Sign. But by collateral observation, I mean previous acquaintance with what the Sign denotes. Thus if the Sign be the sentence "Hamlet...

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