Continuity and Change in the Baltic Sea Region: Comparing Foreign Policies
Continuity and Change in the Baltic Sea Region uncovers the Baltic States' foreign policy transition from Socialist Republics to EU member-states. Situated between the Russian Federation and Northern Europe, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have had to manoeuvre within an often delicate sub-region. Since independence, the foreign policies of the Baltic States have been dominated by de-Sovietization and European integration. Lying at the crossroads between small state theory and identity politics, this analysis engages with the development of Baltic foreign policies as post-Soviet, small and transitioning states.
The authors argue that Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania dictated their early foreign policy agendas based on a process of identity construction and as a response to their regional environment. This process took the Baltic States from East to West in their foreign policy aspirations. Key factors in foreign policy making and implementation are discussed, as well as external factors that shaped Baltic foreign policy agendas. Overall, the book illustrates how continuity and change in the Baltic foreign policies has been shaped by both 'hard' and 'soft' factors. It is a study in the foreign policies of transitioning states and in this regard illuminates a much larger research area beyond its geographic focus.
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actors Adamkus Afghanistan argue Baltic Assembly Baltic cooperation Baltic Council Baltic foreign policy Baltic News Service Baltic Sea Baltic Sea region Belarus border Brussels CFSP challenges chapter coalition common coordination countries Defense domestic Eastern neighborhood economic energy ESDP Estonia and Latvia Estonian foreign policy Estonian government Estonian Ministry EUs Europe European Union Finland Foreign Affairs foreign minister foreign policy agenda foreign policy objectives Galbreath geopolitical Georgia illustrates impact implementation important influence initiatives institutions integration interests Interview issues Kristiina Ojuland Latvia Latvia and Lithuania Latvias foreign policy Latvian foreign Lithuanian foreign policy member-states membership military Ministry of Foreign Moldova Moscow NATOs neighbors Nordic officials Ojuland organizations OSCE Pabriks Parliament Party pipeline Poland political post-enlargement post-Soviet President relations with Russia relationship Republic of Lithuania Riga Riigikogu role Russia Russian Federation Seimas Soviet Union strategy structure and agency summit Tallinn treaty Ukraine Urmas Paet Ventspils Vilnius
14. lappuse - Leaving aside some obvious shortcomings of this definition was France, for example, a Great Power in the nineteen- thirties? it leads to the conclusion that the Small Power "must rely fundamentally on the aid of other states, institutions, processes, or developments to do so.
11. lappuse - At the national level, domestic groups pursue their interests by pressuring the government to adopt favorable policies, and politicians seek power by constructing coalitions among those groups. At the international level, national governments seek to maximize their own ability to satisfy domestic pressures, while minimizing the adverse consequences of foreign developments.
12. lappuse - Diplomacy and domestic politics 451 neither at free-traders nor at confirmed protectionists, but at the uncommitted. An experienced negotiator familiar with the respective domestic tables should be able to maximize the cost-effectiveness (to him and his constituents) of the concessions that he must make to ensure ratification abroad, as well as the cost-effectiveness of his own demands and threats, by targeting his initiatives with an eye to their Level II incidence, both at home and abroad. In this...
viii. lappuse - Finally, we would like to thank our families for their support and patience through years of field work, interviews, conference attendance, and language schools.
9. lappuse - The agent-structure problem has its origins in two truisms about social life which underlie most social scientific inquiry: 1 ) human beings and their organizations are purposeful actors whose actions help reproduce or transform the society in which they live; and 2) society is made up of social relationships, which structure the interactions between these purposeful actors.
17. lappuse - But even if we accept the rationality premise, actions taken by human beings depend on the substantive quality of available ideas, since such ideas help to clarify principles and conceptions of causal relationships, and to coordinate individual behavior.