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COMPUTERS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS
FIRST AND SECOND SESSIONS
NOVEMBER 8, 1989, AND MARCH 7, 1990
Serial No. 119
Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1991
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
JACK BROOKS, Texas, Chairman
CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California
HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky
F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR., WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey
Wisconsin MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma
BILL McCOLLUM, Florida PATRICIA SCHROEDER, Colorado
GEORGE W. GEKAS, Pennsylvania DAN GLICKMAN, Kansas
MICHAEL DEWINE, Ohio BARNEY FRANK, Massachusetts
WILLIAM E. DANNEMEYER, California GEO. W. CROCKETT, JR., Michigan
HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina CHARLES E. SCHUMER, New York
D. FRENCH SLAUGHTER, JR., Virginia BRUCE A. MORRISON, Connecticut
LAMAR S. SMITH, Texas EDWARD F. FEIGHAN, Ohio
CHUCK DOUGLAS, New Hampshire LAWRENCE J. SMITH, Florida
CRAIG T. JAMES, Florida
TOM CAMPBELL, California
WILLIAM M. JONES, General Counsel
SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF
CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California
HENRY J. HYDE, Ilinois JOHN BRYANT, Texas
HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina RICK BOUCHER, Virginia
R. FRENCH SLAUGHTER JR., Virginia GEORGE E. SANGMEISTER, Illinois
HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey
F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR., MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma
Wisconsin MEL LEVINE, California
Wisconsin, and chairman, Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property,
Curlin, James W., Manager, Communication and Information Technologies,
Fultz, Keith O., Director, Planning and Reporting, Resources Community and
Gilbert, Steven W., vice president, Educom, and director, Educom Software
Initiative, accompanied by Brian Kahin, Esq., affiliated with research pro-
gram of communications policy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
ment Corp., on behalf of the Software Publishers Association
Business Equipment Manufacturers Association (CBEMA], and manager,
Ingrid Voorhees, director, domestic policy, CBEMA.
Branscomb, Anne Wells, Esq., research associate, program on information
resources policy, Harvard University, and adjunct professor of international
statement with attachment......
Office of Technology Assessment: Prepared statement with attachment.....
Gilbert, Steven W., vice president, Educom, director, Educom Software Initia-
Kapor, Mitchell D., chairman and chief executive officer, ON Technology,
Inc.: Prepared statement .......
ment Corp., on behalf of the Software Publishers Association: Prepared
California: Letter from Chairman Kastenmeier and Mr. Moorhead to Hon.
Information Technologies Program: Staff Paper on Intellectual Property Protection for Com
puter Software (November 2, 1989), with attachment (November 6, 1989)..... Oman, Ralph, Register of Copyrights, Library of Congress: Prepared
statement.... Raskind, Leo, J., professor of law, University of Minnesota: Prepared
statement... Reiling, Ronald T., chairman, Proprietary Rights Committee, Computer and
Business Equipment Manufacturers Association, and manager, intellectual
Department of Commerce: Prepared statement...
ity: Prepared statement.....
Science, Syracuse University
NCR Corp., Dayton, OH...
"Nurturing Creativity in a Competitive Global Economy: Intellectual
Property and New Technology" (draft), Program on Information
Dispute," 1 J. L. & Tech, 1-29 (1986).
Debate,” Association for Computing Machinery (1989).
Copyright Principles," 31 German Yearbook of International Law 478
509 (1989).... Ralph Oman: Letter from Richard E. Glasgow, Assistant General
Counsel, Copyright Office, to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (May 1,
1987), with attachments. Jeffrey M. Samuels:
Letter from Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier to Hon. Donald Quigg,
Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Commissioner of Patents and
Trademarks (October 18, 1989)...
Patents and Trademarks, to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Novem
ber 1, 1989), with attachments Keith O. Fultz:
Letter from Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier to Hon. Charles A.
Bowsher, Comptroller General of the United States (July 19, 1989)..
444 457 471 482
Letter from Hon. Jack Brooks, chairman, Committee on the Judici
ary, Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier, chairman, Subcommittee on
of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress (March 26, 1990)......
World Intellectual Property Organization, "Model Provisions on the
Protection of Computer Software" (1978).
(April 1990) Stern, Richard H., Keynote Address: "How To Protect New Technology
and Creations,” International Symposium on Legal Protection of Com
puter Software (October 1987)...... Stern, Richard H., "Appropriate and Inappropriate Legal Protection of
User Interfaces and Screen Displays, Part 1,” IEEE Micro 84-88 (June
User Interfaces and Screen Displays, Part 2, Technical Aspects of
User Interfaces and Screen Displays, Part 3, Copyright Law, the
User Interfaces and Screen Displays, Part 4, Screen Display Protection
and Policy Concerns,” IEEE Micro 84-89 (December 1989) .....
User Interfaces and Screen Displays, Part 5, How Different Forms of
Emory L.J. 483-512 (1981)..
tion for Computer Software: An International Overview: Part 1,” 11
tion for Computer Software: An International Overview: Part 2," 1
European Intellectual Property Rev. 7-13 (1989)...
ipes," N.Y. Times, Mar. 12, 1989, at E26, col. 1.
City?” Forbes, 130-33, 136-37 (March 6, 1989)...
Times, Feb. 15, 1989.
Software: An Economic Evaluation and a Proposal for a Marketplace
Solution,” 66 N.C. L. Rev. 977-1021 (1988)
U. Pitt, L. Rev. 1023-35 (1986).....
One Aspect of Technology Law," WIPO 435E, Intellectual Property in
Beulick, John S., Clifton Park, NY: Letter to Hon. Robert W.
Kastenmeier (July 1, 1989)
(September 27, 1989), with attachments.....