Studies in Evidentiality
In a number of languages, the speaker must specify the evidence for every statement whether seen, or heard, or inferred from indirect evidence, or learnt from someone else. This grammatical category, referring to information source, is called evidentiality . Evidentiality systems differ in how complex they are: some distinguish just two terms (eyewitness and noneyewitness, or reported and non-reported), while others have six (or even more) terms. Evidentiality is a category in its own right, and not a subtype of epistemic or some other modality, or of tense-aspect. The introductory chapter sets out cross-linguistic parameters for studying evidentiality. It is followed by twelve chapters which deal with typologically different languages from various parts of the world: Shipibo-Conibo, Jarawara, Tariana and Myky from South America; West Greenlandic Eskimo; Western Apache and Eastern Pomo from North America; Qiang (Tibeto-Burman); Yukaghir (Siberian isolate); Turkic languages; languages of the Balkans; and Abkhaz (Northwest Caucasian). The final chapter summarises some of the recurrent patterns.
Lietotāju komentāri - Rakstīt atsauksmi
Ierastajās vietās neesam atraduši nevienu atsauksmi.
Evidentiality in ShipiboKonibo with a comparative overview of the category in Panoan
Evidentiality in Qiang
Evidentiality in Western Apache Athabaskan
Evidentials in Eastern Pomo with a comparative survey of the category in other Pomoan languages
Evidentiality in Tariana
Evidentiality in Jarawara
Evidentiality in the Balkans with special attention to Macedonian and Albanian
Evidentiality in Yukaghir
Evidentiality in Myky
Citi izdevumi - Skatīt visu
Abkhaz afﬁxes Aikhenvald Albanian appears Aromanian aspect bira Bulgarian Central Pomo chinii Chapter clitic conﬁrmative context deﬁnite dependent clauses described dialects direct discourse distinction Dixon Eastern Pomo enclitic epistemic event eviden evidence evidential marking evidential strategies evidential system evidentiality speciﬁcations example express eyewitness ﬁnite ﬁrst person ﬁsh Friedman function future grammaticalization hearsay evidential Iarawara indicate indirective Inferential form Inferential sufﬁx inﬂectional inﬂuence interrogative Iohanson irrealis Kashaya lekeh lexical linguistic coding Linguistic Typology Macedonian meaning mirative modality mood morphemes narrative narrator nonconﬁrmative noneyewitness nonvisual evidential Northern Pomo obligatory occur ones paradigm particle past tense perfect Pomoan languages postterminal predicate preﬁx present Qiang question quotative R. M. W. Dixon reference reﬂect reported sufﬁx ronki s)he s/he semantic sense sentence Shipibo situation slot someone source of information speaker sufﬁx Tariana term tion Tucano Turkic languages Turkish Typology unmarked Uyghur verbal visual evidential Western Apache Yukaghir Yukaghir language