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SEC. 6152. INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS. (a) PRIVILEGE TO ELECT TO MAKE INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS.

(1) CORPORATIONS.-A corporation subject to the taxes imposed by chapter 1 may elect to pay the unpaid amount of such taxes in installments as follows:

(A) with respect to taxable years ending before December 31, 1954, four installments, the first two of which shall be 45 percent, respectively, of such taxes and the last two of which shall be 5 percent, respectively, of such taxes;

(B) with respect to taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1954, two equal installments.

(2) EstATES OF DECEDENTS.-A decedent's estate subject to the tax imposed by chapter 1 may elect to pay such tax in four equal installments. (b) DATES PRESCRIBED FOR PAYMENT OF INSTALLMENTS.

(1) Four INSTALLMENTS.-In any case (other than payment of estimated income tax) in which the tax may be paid in four installments, the first installment shall be paid on the date prescribed for the payment of the tax, the second installment shall be paid on or before 3 months, the third installment on or before 6 months, and the fourth installment on or before 9 months, after such date.

(2) TWO INSTALLMENTS.-In any case (other than payment of estimated income tax) in which the tax may be paid in two installments, the first installment shall be paid on the date prescribed for the payment of the tax, and the second installment shall be paid on or before 3 months after such date.

(c) PRORATION OF DEFICIENCY TO INSTALLMENTS.-If an election has been made to pay the tax imposed by chapter 1 in installments and a deficiency has been assessed, the deficiency shall be prorated to such installments. Except as provided in section 6861 (relating to jeopardy assessments), that part of the deficiency so prorated to any installment the date for payment of which has not arrived shali be collected at the same time as and as part of such installment. That part of the deficiency so prorated to any installment the date for payment of which has arrived shall be paid upon notice and demand from the Secretary or his delegate.

(d) ACCELERATION OF PAYMENT.-If any installment (other than an installment of estimated income tax) is not paid on or before the date fixed for its payment, the whole of the unpaid tax shall be paid upon notice and demand from the Secretary or his delegate. SEC. 6153. INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS OF ESTIMATED INCOME TAX

BY INDIVIDUALS. (a) GENERAL RULE.-The amount of estimated tax (as defined in section 6015 (c)) with respect to which a declaration is required under section 6015 shall be paid as follows:

(1) If the declaration is filed on or before April 15 of the taxable year, the estimated tax shall be paid in four equal installments. The first installment shall be paid at the time of the filing of the declaration, the second and third on June 15 and September 15, respectively, of the taxable year, and the fourth on January 15 of the succeeding taxable year.

(2) If the declaration is filed after April 15 and not after June 15 of the taxable year, and is not required by section 6073 (a) to be filed on or before April 15 of the taxable year, the estimated tax shall be paid in three equal installments. The first installment shall be paid at the time of the filing of the declaration, the second on September 15 of the taxable year, and the third on January 15 of the succeeding taxable year,

(3) If the declaration is filed after June 15 and not after September 15 of the taxable year, and is not required by section 6073(a) to be filed on or before June 15 of the taxable year, the estimated tax shall be paid in two equal installments. The first installment shall be paid at the time of the filing of the declaration, and the second on January 15 of the succeeding taxable year.

(4) If the declaration is filed after September 15 of the taxable year, and is not required by section 6073 (a) to be filed on or before September 15 of the taxable year, the estimated tax shall be paid in full at the time of the filing of the declaration.

(5) If the declaration is filed after the time prescribed in section 6073 (a) (including cases in which an extension of time for filing the declaration has been granted under section 6081), paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of this subsection shall not apply, and there shall be paid at the time of such filing all installments of estimated tax which would have been payable on or before such time if the declaration had been filed within the time prescribed in section 6073 (a), and the remaining installments shall be paid at the times at which, and in the amounts in which, they would have been payable if the declaration had been so filed.

(b) FARMERS.-If an individual referred to in section 6073 (b) (relating to income from farming) makes a declaration of estimated tax after September 15 of the taxable year and on or before January 15 of the succeeding taxable year, the estimated tax shall be paid in full at the time of the filing of the declaration.

(c) AMENDMENTS OF DECLARATION.-If any amendment of a declaration is filed, the remaining installments, if any, shall be ratably increased or decreased, as the case may be, to reflect the increase or decrease, as the case may be, in the estimated tax by reason of such amendment, and if any amendment is made after September 15 of the taxable year, any increase in the estimated tax by reason thereof shall be paid at the time of making such amendment.

(d) APPLICATION TO Short TAXABLE YEARS.—The application of this section to taxable years of less than 12 months shall be in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate.

(e) FISCAL YEARS. - In the application of this section to the case of a taxable year beginning on any date other than January 1, there shall be substituted, for the months specified in this section, the months which correspond thereto.

(f) INSTALLMENTS Paid IN ADVANCE.—At the election of the individual, any installment of the estimated tax may be paid prior to the date prescribed for its payment.

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SEC, 6154. INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS OF ESTIMATED INCOME TAX

BY CORPORATIONS. (a) AMOUNT OF ESTIMATED INCOME TAX REQUIRED TO BE PAIDThe amount of estimated tax (as defined in section 6016 (b)) with respect to which a declaration is required under section 6016 shall be paid as follows:

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(b) TIME FOR PAYMENT OF INSTALLMENT.-If the declaration is filed on or before the 15th day of the 9th month of the taxable year, the amount determined under subsection (a) shall be paid in two equal installments. The first installment shall be paid on or before the 15th day of the 9th month of the taxable year, and the second installment shall be paid on or before the 15th day of the 12th month of the taxable year. If the declaration is filed after the 15th day of the 9th month of the taxable year, the amount determined under subsection (a) shall be paid in full on or before the 15th day of the 12th month of the taxable year.

(c) AMENDMENT OF DECLARATION.-If any amendment of a declaration is filed, installments payable on the 15th day of the 12th month, if any, shall be ratably increased or decreased, as the case may be, to reflect the increase or decrease, as the case may be, in the estimated tax by reason of such amendment.

(d) APPLICATION TO Short TAXABLE YEAR.-The application of this section to taxable years of less than 12 months shall be in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate.

(e) INSTALLMENTS PAID IN ADVANCE.-At the election of the corporation, any installment of the estimated tax may be paid prior to the date prescribed for its payment. SEC. 6155, PAYMENT ON NOTICE AND DEMAND,

(a) GENERAL Rule.-Upon receipt of notice and demand from the Secretary or his delegate, there shall be paid at the place and time stated in such notice the amount of any tax (including any interest, additional amounts, additions to tax, and assessable penalties) stated in such notice and demand.

(b) CROSS REFERENCES.

(1) For restrictions on assessment and collection of deficiency assessments of taxes subject to the jurisdiction of the Tax Court, see sections 6212 and 6213.

(2) For provisions relating to assessment of claims allowed in a bankruptcy or receivership proceeding, see section 6873.

(3) For provisions relating to jeopardy assessments, see subchapter

A of chapter 70. SEC. 6156. PAYMENT OF TAXES UNDER PROVISIONS OF THE TARIFF

ACT. For collection under the provisions of the Tariff Act of 1930 of the taxes imposed by section 4501 (b), and subchapters A, B, C, D, and E of chapter 38, see sections 4504 and 4601, respectively.

Subchapter B-Extensions of Time for Payment

Sec. 6161. Extension of time for paying tax.
Sec. 6162. Extension of time for payment of tax on gain attributable

to liquidation of personal holding companies.
Sec. 6163. Extension of time for payment of estate tax on value of

reversionary or remainder interest in property. Sec. 6164. Extension of time for payment of taxes by corporations

expecting carrybacks. Sec. 6165. Bonds where time to pay tax or deficiency has been

extended. Sec. 6166. Extension of time for payment of estate tax where estate

consists largely of interest in closely held business. SEC. 6161. EXTENSION OF TIME FOR PAYING TAX. (a) Amount DETERMINED BY TAXPAYER ON RETURN.

(1) GENERAL RULE.—The Secretary or his delegate, except as otherwise provided in this title, may extend the time for payment of the amount of the tax shown or required to be shown, on any return or declaration required under authority of this title (or any installment thereof), for a reasonable period not to exceed 6 months from the date fixed for payment thereof. Such extension may exceed 6 months in the case of a taxpayer who is abroad. (2) ESTATE TAX.-If the Secretary or his delegate finds

(A) that the payment, on the due date, of any part of the amount determined by the executor as the tax imposed by chapter 11,

(B) that the payment, on the date fixed for the payment of any installment under section 6166, of any part of such installment (including any part of a deficiency prorated to an installment the date for payment of which had not arrived), or

(C) that the payment upon notice and demand of any part of a deficiency prorated under the provisions of section 6116 to

installments the date for payment of which had arrived, would result in undue hardship to the estate, he may extend the time for payment for a reasonable period not in excess of 10 years from the date prescribed by section 6151 (a) for payment of the tax.

(b) AMOUNT DETERMINED AS DEFICIENCY.—Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate, the Secretary or his delegate may extend, to the extent provided below, the time for payment of the amount determined as a deficiency:

(1) In the case of a tax imposed by chapter 1 or 12, for a period not to exceed 18 months from the date fixed for payment of the deficiency, and, in exceptional cases, for a further period not to exceed 12 months;

(2) In the case of a tax imposed by chapter 11, for a period not to exceed 4 years from the date otherwise fixed for payment of the

deficiency. An extension under this subsection may be granted only where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Secretary or his delegate that the pay. ment of a deficiency upon the date fixed for the payment thereof will

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