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chapter 33, and subchapter B of chapter 37, shall constitute public records and shall be open to public examination and inspection to such extent as shall be authorized in rules and regulations promulgated by the President.
(3) Whenever a return is open to the inspection of any person, a certified copy thereof shall, upon request, be furnished to such person under rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate. The Secretary or his delegate may prescribe a reasonable fee for furnishing such copy. (b) INSPECTION BY STATES.
(1) STATE OFFICERS.--The proper officers of any State may, upon the request of the governor thereof, have access to the returns of any corporation, or to an abstract thereof showing the name and income of any corporation, at such times and in such manner as the Secretary or his delegate may prescribe.
(2) STATE BODIES OR COMMISSIONS.—All income returns filed with respect to the taxes imposed by chapters 1, 2, 3, and 6 (or copies thereof, if so prescribed by regulations made under this subsection), shall be open to inspection by any official, body, or commission, lawfully charged with the administration of any State tax law, if the inspection is for the purpose of such administration or for the purpose of obtaining information to be furnished to local taxing authorities as provided in this paragraph. The inspection shall be permitted only upon written request of the governor of such State, designating the representative of such official, body, or commission to make the inspection on behalf of such official, body, or commission. The inspection shall be made in such manner, and at such times and places, as shall be prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary or his delegate. Any information thus secured by any official, body, or commission of any State may be used only for the administration of the tax laws of such State, except that upon written request of the governor of such State any such information may be furnished to any official, body, or commission of any political subdivision of such State, lawfully charged with the administration of the tax laws of such political subdivision, but may be furnished only for the purpose of, and may be used only for, the administration of such tax laws.
(c) INSPECTION BY SHAREHOLDERS.-All bona fide shareholders of record owning 1 percent or more of the outstanding stock of any corporation shall, upon making request of the Secretary or his delegate, be allowed to examine the annual income returns of such corporation and of its subsidiaries. (d) INSPECTION BY COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS.(1) COMMITTEES ON WAYS AND MEANS AND FINANCE. –
(A) The Secretary and any officer or employee of the Treasury Department, upon request from the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Finance of the Senate, or a select committee of the Senate or House specially authorized to investigate returns by a resolution of the Senate or House, or a joint committee so authorized by concurrent resolution, shall furnish such committee sitting in executive session with any data of any character contained in or shown by any return.
(B) Any such committee shall have the right, acting directly as a committec, or by or through such examiners or agents as it may designate or appoint, to inspect any or all of the returns at such times and in such manner as it may determine.
(C) Any relevant or useful information thus obtained may be submitted by the committee obtaining it to the Senate or the House, or to both the Senate and the House, as the case may be.
(2) JOINT COMMITTEE ON INTERNAL REVENUE TAXATION.—The Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation shall have the same right to obtain data and to inspect returns as the Committee on Ways and Means or the Committee on Finance, and to submit any relevant or useful information thus obtained to the Senate, the House of Representatives, the Committee on Ways and Means, or the Committee on Finance. The Committee on Ways and Means or the Committee on Finance may submit such information to the House or to the Senate, or to both the House and the Senate, as the case may be.
(e) DECLARATIONS OF EstimATED Tax.-For purposes of this section, a declaration of estimated tax shall be held and considered a return under this chapter.
(f) INSPECTION OF LIST OF TAXPAYERS.—The Secretary or his delegate shall as soon as practicable in each year cause to be prepared and made available to public inspection in such manner as he may determine, in the office of the principal internal revenue officer for the internal revenue district in which the return was filed, and in such other places as he may determine, lists containing the name and the post-oflice address of each person making an income tax return in such district. SEC 6104, PUBLICITY OF INFORMATION REQUIRED FROM CERTAIN
EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS AND CERTAIN TRUSTS. (a) INSPECTION OF APPLICATIONS FOR Tax EXEMPTION.(1) PUBLIC INSPECTION.
(A) IN GENERAL.-If an organization described in section 501 (c) or (d) is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) for any taxable year, the application filed by the organization with respect to which the Secretary or his delegate made his determination that such organization was entitled to exemption under section 501 (a), together with any papers submitted in support of such application, shall be open to public inspection at the national Office of the Internal Revenue Service. In the case of any application filed after the date of the enactment of this subparagraph, a copy of such application shall be open to public inspection at the appropriate field office of the Internal Revenue Service (determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate). Any inspection under this subparagraph may be made at such times, and in such manner, as the Secretary or his delegate shall by regulations prescribe. After the application of any organization has been opened to public inspection under this subparagraph, the Secretary or his delegate shall, on the request of any person with respect to such organization, furnish a statement indicating the subsection and paragraph of section 501 which it has been determined describes such organization,
(B) WITHHOLDING OF CERTAIN INFORMATION.—Upon request of the organization submitting any supporting papers described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary or his delegate shall withhold from public inspection any information contained therein which he determines relates to any trade secret, patent, process, style of work, or apparatus, of the organization, if he determines that public disclosure of such information would adversely affect the organization. The Secretary or his delegate shall withhold from public inspection any information contained in supporting papers described in subparagraph (A) the public disclosure of which he determines would adversely affect the national defense.
(2) INSPECTION BY COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS.-Section 6103 (d) shall apply with respect to
(A) the application for exemption of any organization described in section 501 (c) or (d) which is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) for any taxable year, and
(B) any other papers which are in the possession of the Secretary or his delegate and which relate to such application, as if such papers constituted returns.
(b) INSPECTION OF ANNUAL INFORMATION RETURNS.—The information required to be furnished by sections 6033 (b) and 6034, together with the names and addresses of such organizations and trusts, shall be made available to the public at such times and in such places as the Secretary or his delegate may prescribe. SEC. 6105, COMPILATION OF RELIEF FROM EXCESS PROFITS TAX
CASES. The Secretary or his delegate shall compile for each fiscal year beginning after June 30, 1941, by internal revenue districts, and alphabetically arranged, all cases in which relief has been allowed during such year under the provisions of section 722 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as amended, by the Secretary or his delegate and by the Tax Court of the United States, as the case may be. Such compilation shall contain the name and address of each taxpayer to which relief has been so allowed, the business in which the taxpayer is engaged, the amount of the excess profits credit before such allowance, the increase in such credit claimed, the increase in such credit allowed, and the amount of the gross reduction in the tax under subchapter E of chapter 2 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as amended, and of the gross increase in the tax under chapter 1 of such Code, which results from the operation of section 722 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as amended. In the case of relief allowed by the Tax Court of the United States, the Secretary or his delegate shall set forth the data previously reported under this section or section 722 (g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as amended, with respect to relief previously allowed in such case by the Secretary or his delegate. Such compilation shall be published in the Federal Register. SEC. 6106. PUBLICITY OF UNEMPLOYMENT TAX RETURNS.
Returns filed with respect to the tax imposed by chapter 23 shall be open to inspection in the same manner, to the same extent, and subject to the same provisions of law, including penalties, as returns described in section 6103, except that paragraph (2) of subsections (a) and (b) of section 6103' and section 7213 (a) (2) shall not apply.
SEC. 6107. LIST OF SPECIAL TAXPAYERS FOR PUBLIC INSPECTION.
In the principal internal revenue office in each internal revenue district there shall be kept, for public inspection, an alphabetical list of the names of all persons who have paid special taxes under subtitle D or E within such district. Such list shall be prepared and kept pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate, and shall contain the time, place, and business for which such special taxes have been paid, and upon application of any prosecuting Officer of any State, county, or municipality there shall be furnished to him a certified copy thereof, as of a public record, for which a fee of $1 for each 100 words or fraction thereof in the copy or copies so requested may be charged. SEC. 6108. PUBLICATION OF STATISTICS OF INCOME.
The Secretary or his delegate shall prepare and publish annually statistics reasonably available with respect to the operation of the income tax laws, including classifications of taxpayers and of income, the amounts allowed as deductions, exemptions, and credits, and any other facts deemed pertinent and valuable. SEC. 6109. CROSS REFERENCES,
(1) For reports of Secretary of Agriculture concerning cotton futures. see section 4876.
(2) For inspection of returns, order forms, and prescriptions concern. ing narcotics, see section 4773.
(3) For inspection of returns, order forms, and prescriptions con. cerning marihuana, see section 4773.
(4) For authority of Secretary or his delegate to furnish list of special taxpayers, see section 4775.
(5) For inspection of records, returns, etc., concerning gasoline or lubricating oils, see section 4102.
CHAPTER 62-TIME AND PLACE FOR PAYING TAX
SUBCHAPTER A. Place and due date for payment of tax.
Subchap'er A-Place and Due Date for Payment of Tax
iec. 6151. Time and place for paying tax shown on returns.
Sec. 6156. Payment of taxes under provisions of the Tariff Act. SEC. 6151. TIME AND PLACE FOR PAYING TAX SHOWN ON RETURNS.
(a) GENERAL RULE.-Except as otherwise provided in this section, when a return of tax is required under this title or regulations, the person required to make such return shall, without assessment or notice and demand from the Secretary or his delegate, pay, such tax to the principal internal revenue officer for the internal revenue district in which the return is required to be filed, and shall pay such tax at the time and place fixed for filing the return (determined without regard to any extension of time for filing the return). (b) EXCEPTIONS.
(1) INCOME TAX NOT COMPUTED BY TAXPAYER.-If the taxpayer elects under section 6014 not to show the tax on the return, the amount determined by the Secretary or his delegate as payable shall be paid within 30 days after the mailing by the Secretary or his delegate to the taxpayer of a notice stating such amount and making demand therefor.
(2) USE OF GOVERNMENT DEPOSITARIES. -For authority of the Secretary or his delegate to require payments to Government depositaries, see section 6302 (c).
(c) Date FIXED FOR PAYMENT OF Tax.-In any case in which a tax is required to be paid on or before a certain date, or within a certain period, any reference in this title to the date fixed for pay, ment of such tax shall be deemed a reference to the last day fixed for such payment (determined without regard to any extension of time for paying the tax).