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sponding payments with respect to substantially indentical stock or securities.
(2) 90-DAY RULE IN THE CASE OF CERTAIN PREFERENCE DIVIDENDS.-In the case of any stock having preference in dividends, the holding period specified in paragraph (1) (A) shall be 90 days in lieu of 15 days if the taxpayer receives dividends with respect to such stock which are attributable to a period or periods aggregating in excess of 366 days.
(3) DETERMINATION OF HOLDING PERIODS.–For purposes of this subsection, in determining the period for which the taxpayer has held any share of stock
(A) the day of disposition, but not the day of acquisition, shall be taken into account,
(B) there shall not be taken into account any day which is more than 15 days (or 90 days in the case of stock to which paragraph (2) applies) after the date on which such share becomes ex-dividend, and
(C) paragraph (4) of section 1223 shall not apply. The holding periods determined under the preceding provisions of this paragraph shall be appropriately reduced (in the manner provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate) for any period (during such holding periods) in which the taxpayer has an option to sell, is under a contractual obligation to sell, or has made (and not closed) a short sale of, substantially identical
stock or securities. SEC. 247. DIVIDENDS PAID ON CERTAIN PREFERRED STOCK OF
PUBLIC UTILITIES. (a) AMOUNT OF DEDUCTION.-In the case of a public utility, there shall be allowed as a deduction an amount computed as follows:
(1) First determine the amount which is the lesser of
(A) the amount of dividends paid during the taxable year on its preferred stock, or
(B) the taxable income for the taxable year (computed without the deduction allowed by this section).
(2) Then multiply the amount determined under paragraph (1) by the fraction
(A) the numerator of which is 14 percent, and
(B) the denominator of which is that percentage which equals the sum of the normal tax rate and the surtax rate for the taxable
year specified in section 11. For purposes of the deduction provided in this section, the amount of dividends paid shall not include any amount distributed in the current taxable year with respect to dividends unpaid and accumulated in any taxable year ending before October 1, 1942. Amounts distributed in the current taxable year with respect to dividends unpaid and accumulated for a prior taxable year shall for purposes of this subsection be deemed to be distributed with respect to the earliest year or years for which there are dividends unpaid and accumulated. (b) DEFINITIONS. -For purposes of this section and section 244–
(1) PUBLIC UTILITY. --The term “public utility'! means a corporation engaged in the furnishing of telephone service or in the sale of electrical energy, gas, or water, if the rates for such furnishing or sale, as the case may be, have been established or approved by a
State or political subdivision thereof or by an agency or instrumentality of the United States or by a public utility or public service commission or other similar body of the District of Columbia or of any State or political subdivision thereof.
(2) PREFERRED STOCK.—The term "preferred stock" means stock issued before October 1, 1942, which during the whole of the taxable year (or the part of the taxable year after its issue) was stock the dividends in respect of which were cumulative, limited to the same amount, and payable in preference to the payment of dividends on other stock. Stock issued on or after October 1, 1942, shall be deemed for purposes of this paragraph to have been issued before October 1, 1942, if it was issued (including issuance either by the same or another corporation in a transaction which is a reorganization (as defined in section 368 (a)), a transaction to which section 371 (relating to insolvency reorganizations) applies, or a transaction subject to part VI of subchapter 0 (relating to exchanges in SEC obedience orders), or the respectively corresponding provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939) to refund or replace bonds or debentures issued before October 1, 1942, or to refund or replace other preferred stock (including stock which is preferred stock by reason of this sentence), but only to the extent that the par or stated value of the new stock does not exceed the par, stated, or face value of the bonds or debentures issued before October 1, 1942, or the other preferred stock, which such new stock is issued to refund or replace. The determination of whether stock was issued to refund or replace bonds or debentures issued before October 1, 1942, or to refund or replace other preferred stock, shall be made under
regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate. SEC. 248. ORGANIZATIONAL EXPENDITURES.
(a) ELECTION TO AMORTIZE. —The organizational expenditures of a corporation may, at the election of the corporation (made in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate), be treated as deferred expenses. In computing taxable income, such deferred expenses shall be allowed as a deduction ratably over such period of not less than 60 months as may be selected by the corporation (beginning with the month in which the corporation begins business).
(b) ORGANIZATIONAL EXPENDITURES DEFINED. — The term "organizational expenditures” means any expenditure which
(1) is incident to the creation of the corporation;
(3) is of a character which, if expended incident to the creation of a corporation having a limited life, would be amortizable over such life.
(c) TIME FOR AND SCOPE OF ELECTION.- The election provided by subsection (a) may be made for any taxable year beginning after December 31, 1953, but only if made not later than the time prescribed by law for filing the return for such taxable year (including extensions thereof). The period so elected shall be adhered to in computing the taxable income of the corporation for the taxable year for wbich the election is made and all subsequent taxable years. The election shall apply only with respect to expenditures paid or incurred on or after the date of enactment of this title.
PART IX-ITEMS NOT DEDUCTIBLE
Sec. 261. General rule for disallowance of deductions.
ec. 266. Carrying charges.
between related taxpayers.
SEC. 261. GENERAL RULE FOR DISALLOWANCE OF DEDUCTIONS.
In computing taxable income no deduction shall in any case be allowed in respect of the items specified in this part. SEC. 262. PERSONAL, LIVING, AND FAMILY EXPENSES.
Except as otherwise expressly provided in this chapter, no deduction shall be allowed for personal, living, or family expenses. SEC. 263. CAPITAL EXPENDITURES. (a) GENERAL RULE.--No deduction shall be allowed for
(1) Any amount paid out for new buildings or for permanent improvements or betterments made to increase the value of any property or estate. This paragraph shall not apply to
(A) expenditures for the development of mines or deposits deductible under section 616,
(B) research and experimental expenditures deductible under section 174,
(C) soil and water conservation expenditures deductible under section 175, or
(D) expenditures by farmers for fertilizers, etc., deductible under section 180.
(2) Any amount expended in restoring property or in making good the exhaustion thereof for which an allowance is or has been made.
(b) EXPENDITURES FOR ADVERTISING AND Good Will.-If a corporation has, for the purpose of computing its excess profits tax credit under chapter 2E or subchapter D of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 claimed the benefits of the election provided in section 733 or section 451 of such code, as the case may be, no deduction shall be allowable under section 162 to such corporation for expenditures for advertising or the promotion of good will which, under the rules and regulations prescribed under section 733 or section 451 of such code, as the case may be, may be regarded as capital investments.
(c) INTANGIBLE DRILLING AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS IN THE CASE OF OIL AND GAS WELLS.-Notwithstanding subsection (a), regulations shall be prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate under this subtitle corresponding to the regulations which granted the option to deduct as expenses intangible drilling and development costs in the case of
oil and gas wells and which were recognized and approved by the Congress in House Concurrent Resolution 50, Seventy-ninth Congress. SEC. 264. CERTAIN AMOUNTS PAID IN CONNECTION WITH INSUR
ANCE CONTRACTS. (a) GENERAL RULE.—No deduction shall be allowed for
(1) Premiums paid on any life insurance policy, covering the life of any officer or employee, or of any person financially interested in any trade or business carried on by the taxpayer, when the taxpayer is directly or indirectly a beneficiary under such policy.
(2) Any amount paid or accrued on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry a single premium life insurance,
endowment, or annuity contract. Paragraph (2) shall apply in respect of annuity contracts only as to contracts purchased after March 1, 1954.
(b) CONTRACTS TREATED AS SINGLE PREMIUM CONTRACTS.-For purposes of subsection (a) (2), a contract shall be treated as a single premium contract
(1) if substantially all the premiums on the contract are paid within a period of 4 years from the date on which the contract is purchased, or
(2) if an amount is deposited after March 1, 1954, with the insurer for payment of a substantial number of future premiums on the
(1) EXPENSES.-Any amount otherwise allowable as a deduction which is allocable to one or more classes of income other than interest (whether or not any amount of income of that class or classes is received or accrued) wholly exempt from the taxes imposed by this subtitle, or any amount otherwise allowable under section 212 (relating to expenses for production of income) which is allocable to interest (whether or not any amount of such interest is received or accrued) wholly exempt from the taxes imposed by this subtitle.
(2) INTEREST.-Interest on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry obligations (other than obligations of the United States issued after September 24, 1917, and originally subscribed for by the taxpayer) the interest on which is wholly exempt
from the taxes imposed by this subtitle. SEC. 266. CARRYING CHARGES.
No deduction shall be allowed for amounts paid or accrued for such taxes and carrying charges as, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary or bis delegate, are chargeable to capital account with respect to property, if the taxpayer elects, in accordance with such regulations, to treat such taxes or charges as so chargeable. SEC. 267. LOSSES, EXPENSES, AND INTEREST WITH RESPECT TO
TRANSACTIONS BETWEEN RELATED TAXPAYERS. (a) DEDUCTIONS DISALLOWED.- No deduction shall be allowed
(1) Losses.-In respect of losses from sales or exchanges of property (other than losses in cases of distributions in corporate
liquidations), directly or indirectly, between persons specified within any one of the paragraphs of subsection (b).
(2) UNPAID EXPENSES AND INTEREST.-In respect of expenses, otherwise deductible under section 162 or 212, or of interest, otherwise deductible under section 163,
(A) If within the period consisting of the taxable year of the taxpayer and 2 months after the close thereof (i) such expenses or interest are not paid, and (ii) the amount thereof is not includible in the gross income of the person to whom the payment is to be made; and
(B) If, by reason of the method of accounting of the person to whom the payment is to be made, the amount thereof is not, unless paid, includible in the gross income of such person for the taxable year in which or with which the taxable year of the taxpayer ends; and
(C) If, at the close of the taxable year of the taxpayer or at any time within 24 months thereafter, both the taxpayer and the person to whom the payment is to be made are persons specified
within any one of the paragraphs of subsection (b). (b) RELATIONSHIPS.—The persons referred to in subsection (a) are:
(1) Members of a family, as defined in subsection (c) (4);
(2) An individual and a corporation more than 50 percent in value of the outstanding stock of which is owned, directly or indirectly, by or for such individual;
(3) Two corporations more than 50 percent in value of the outstanding stock of each of which is owned, directly or indirectly, by or for the same individual, if either one of such corporations, with respect to the taxable year of the corporation preceding the date of the sale or exchange was, under the law applicable to such taxable year, a personal holding company or a foreign personal holding company;
(4) A grantor and a fiduciary of any trust;
(5) A fiduciary of a trust and a fiduciary of another trust, if the same person is a grantor of both trusts;
(6) A fiduciary of a trust and a beneficiary of such trust;
(7) A fiduciary of a trust and a beneficiary of another trust, if the same person is a grantor of both trusts;
(8) A fiduciary of a trust and a corporation more than 50 percent in value of the outstanding stock of which is owned, directly or indirectly, by or for the trust or by or for a person who is a grantor of the trust; or
(9) A person and an organization to which section 501 (relating to certain educational and charitable organizations which are exempt from tax) applies and which is controlled directly or indirectly by such person or (if such person is an individual) by members of the family of such individual.
(c) CONSTRUCTIVE OWNERSHIP OF STOCK.-For purposes of determining, in applying subsection (b), the ownership of stock
(1) Stock owned, directly or indirectly, by or for a corporation, partnership, estate, or trust shall be considered as being owned proportionately by or for its shareholders, partners, or beneficiaries;
(2) An individual shall be considered as owning the stock owned, directly or indirectly, by or for his family;