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(b) LIMITATIONS.

(1) INDIVIDUALS.- In the case of an individual the deduction provided in subsection (a) shall be limited as provided in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D).

(A) SPECIAL RULE.- Any charitable contribution to

(i) a church or a convention or association of churches,

(ii) an educational organization referred to in section 503 (b) (2), or

(iii) a hospital referred to in section 503 (b) (5), or to a medical research organization (referred to in section 503 (b) (5)) directly engaged in the continuous active conduct of medical rescarch in conjunction with a hospital, if during the calendar year in which the contribution is made such organization is committed to spend such contributions for such research before January 1 of the fifth calendar year which

begins after the date such contribution is made, shall be allowed to the extent that the aggregate of such contributions does not exceed 10 percent of the taxpayer's adjusted gross income computed without regard to any net operating loss carry back to the taxable year under section 172.

(B) GENERAL LIMITATION.—The total deductions under subsection (a) for any taxable year shall not exceed 20 percent of the taxpayer's adjusted gross income computed without regard to any net operating loss carryback to the taxable year under section 172. For purposes of this subparagraph, the deduction under subsection (a) shall be computed without regard to any deduction allowed under subparagraph (A) but shall take into account any charitable contributions to the organizations described in clauses (i), (ii), and (ii) which are in excess of the amount allowable as a deduction under subparagraph (A).

(C) UNLIMITED DEDUCTION FOR CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS.—The limitation in subparagraph (B) shall not apply in the case of an individual if, in the taxable year and in 8 of the 10 preceding taxable years, the amount of the charitable contributions, plus the amount of income tax (determined without regard to chapter 2. relating to tax on self-employment income) paid during such vear in respect of such year or preceding taxable years, exceeds 90 percent of the taxpayer's taxable income for such year, computed without regard to

(i) this section,

(ii) section 151 (allowance of deductions for personal exemptions), and

(iii) any net operating loss carryback to the taxable year under section 172. In lieu of the amount of income tax paid during any such year, there may be substituted for that year the amount of income tax paid in respect of such year, provided that any amount so included in the year in respect of which payment was made shall not be included in any other year.

(D) DENIAL OF DEDUCTION IN CASE OF CERTAIN TRANSFERS IN TRUST.-No deduction shall be allowed under this section for the value of any interest in property transferred after March 9, 1954, to a trust if

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(i) the grantor has a reversionary interest in the corpus or income of that portion of the trust with respect to which a deduetion would (but for this subparagraph) be allowable under this section; and

(ii) at the time of the transfer the value of such reversionary interest exceeds 5 percent of the value of the property con

stituting such portion of the trust. For purposes of this subparagraph, a power exercisable by the grantor or a nonadverse party (within the meaning of section 672 (b)), or both, to revest in the grantor property or income therefrom shall be treated as a reversionary interest.

(2) CORPORATIONS.--- In the case of a corporation, the total deductions under subsection (a) for any taxable year shall not exceed 5 percent of the taxpayer's taxable income computed without regard to

(A) this section,
(B) part VIII (except section 248),

(C) any net operating loss carryback to the taxable year under section 172, and

(D) section 922 (special deduction for Western Hemisphere trade corporations). Any contribution made by a corporation in a taxable year to which this section applies in excess of the amount deductible in such year under the foregoing limitation shall be deductible in each of the two succeeding taxable years in order of time, but only to the extent of the lesser of the two following amounts: (i) the excess of the maximum amount deductible for such succeeding taxable year under the foregoing limitation over the contributions made in such year; and (ii) in the case of the first succeeding taxable year the amount of such excess contribution, and in the case of the second succeeding taxable year the portion of such excess contribution not deductible in the first succeeding taxable year.

(3) SPECIAL RULE FOR CORPORATIONS HAVING NET OPERATING LOSS CARRYOVERS.-In applying the second sentence of paragraph (2) of this subsection, the excess of

(A) the contributions made by a corporation in a taxable year to which this section applies, over

(B) the amount deductible in such year under the limitation in the first sentence of such paragraph (2), shall be reduced to the extent that such excess reduces taxable income (as computed for purposes of the second sentence of section 172 (b) (2)) and increases ą net operating loss carryover under section 172 to a succeeding taxable year.

(4) REDUCTION FOR CERTAIN INTEREST.-If, in connection with any charitable contribution, a liability is assumed by the recipient or by any other person, or if a charitable contribution is of property which is subject to a liability, then, to the extent necessary to avoid the duplication of amounts, the amount taken into account for purposes

of this section as the amount of the charitable contribution

(A) shall be reduced for interest (i) which has been paid (or is to be paid) by the taxpayer, (ii) which is attributable to the liability, and (iii) which is attributable to any period after the making of the contribution, and

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(B) in the case of a bond, shall be further reduced for interest (i) which has been paid (or is to be paid) by the taxpayer on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry such bond, and (ii) which is attributable to any period before the making of

the contribution. The reduction pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall not exceed the interest (including interest equivalent) on the bond which is attributable to any period before the making of the contribution and which is not (under the taxpayer's method of accounting) includible in the gross income of the taxpayer for any taxable year. For purposes of this paragraph, the term "bond” means any bond, debenture, note, or certificate or other evidence of indebtedness.

(c) CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTION DEFINED.-For purposes of this section, the term "charitable contribution" means a contribution or gift to or for the use of

(1) A State, a Territory, a possession of the United States, or any political subdivision of any of the foregoing, or the United States or the District of Columbia, but only if the contribution or gift is made for exclusively public purposes.

(2) A corporation, trust, or community chest, fund, or foundation

(A) created or organized in the United States or in any possession thereof, or under the law of the United States, any State or Territory, the District of Columbia, or any possession of the United States;

(B) organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals;

(C) no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual; and

(D) no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation. A contribution or gift by a corporation to a trust, chest, fund, or foundation shall be deductible by reason of this paragraph only if it is to be used within the United States or any of its possessions exclusively for purposes specified in subparagraph (B).

(3) A post or organization of war veterans, or an auxiliary unit or society of, or trust or foundation for, any such post or organization,

(A) organized in the United States or any of its possessions, and

(B) no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(4) In the case of a contribution or gift by an individual, a domestic fraternal society, order, or association, operating under the lodge system, but only if such contribution or gift is to be used exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.

(5) A cemetery company owned and operated exclusively for the benefit of its members, or any corporation chartered solely for burial purposes as a cemetery corporation and not permitted by its charter

to engage in any business not necessarily incident to that purpose, if such company or corporation is not operated for profit and nó part of the net earnings of such company or corporation inures to

the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. For purposes of this section, the term “charitable contribution” also means an amount treated under subsection (d) as paid for the use of an organization described in paragraph (2), (3), or (4).

(d) AMOUNTS PAID TO MAINTAIN CERTAIN STUDENTS AS MEMBERS OF TAXPAYER'S HOUSEHOLD.

(1) IN GENERAL.-Subject to the limitations provided by paragraph (2), amounts paid by the taxpayer to maintain an individual (other than a dependent, as defined in section 152, or a relative of the taxpayer) as a member of his household during the period that such individual is

(A) a member of the taxpayer's household under a written agreement between the taxpayer and an organization described in paragraph (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (c) to implement a program of the organization to provide educational opportunities for pupils or students in private homes, and

(B) a full-time pupil or student in the twelfth or any lower grade at an educational institution (as defined in section 151 (e)

74)) located in the United States, shall be treated as amounts paid for the use of the organization. (2) LIMITATIONS.

(A) AMOUNT.- Paragraph (1) shall apply to amounts paid within the taxable year only to the extent that such amounts do not exceed $50 multiplied by the number of full calendar months during the taxable year which fall within the period described in paragraph (1). For purposes of the preceding sentence, if 15 or more days of a calendar month fall within such period such month shall be considered as a full calendar month.

(B) COMPENSATION OR REIMBURSEMENT.-Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any amount paid by the taxpayer within the taxable year if the taxpayer receives any money or other property as compensation or reimbursement for maintaining the individual in his household during the period described in paragraph (1).

(3) RELATIVE DEFINED.-For purposes of paragraph (1), the term “relative of the taxpayer" means an individual who, with respect to the taxpayer, bears any of the relationships described in paragraphs (1) through (8) of section 152 (a).

(4) NO OTHER AMOUNT ALLOWED AS DEDUCTION.-No deduction shall be allowed under subsection (a) for any amount paid by a taxpayer to maintain an individual as a member of his household under a program described in paragraph (1) (A) except as provided in this subsection. (e) DISALLOWANCE OF DEDUCTIONS IN CERTAIN CASES.

(1) For disallowance of deductions in case of contributions or gifts to charitable organizations engaging in prohibited transactions, see sec. tion 503 (e).

(2) For disallowance of deductions for contributions to or for the use of communist controlled organizations, see section 11 (a) of the Internal Security Act of 1950 (64 Stat. 996; 50 U. S. C. 790).

(f) OTHER CROSS REFERENCES.

(1) For charitable contributions of estates and trusts, see section 642 (c).

(2) For nondeductibility of contributions by common trust funds, see section 584.

(3) For charitable contributions of partners, see section 702.

(4) For charitable contributions of nonresident aliens, see section 873.

(5) For treatment of gifts for benefit of or use in connection with the Naval Academy as gifts to or for the use of the United States, see section 3 of the Act of March 31, 1944 (58 Stat. 135; 34 U. S. C. 1115b).

(6) For treatment of gifts for benefit of the library of the Post Office Department as gifts to or for the use of the United States, see section 2 of the Act of August 8, 1946 (60 Stat. 924; 5 U. S. C. 393).

(7) For treatment of gifts accepted by the Secretary of State under The Foreign Service Act of 1946 as gifts to or for the use of the United States, see section 1021 (e) of that Act (60 Stat. 1032; 22 U. S. C. 809 (e)).

(8) For treatment of gifts of money accepted by the Attorney General
for credit to the "Commissary Funds Federal Prisons" as gifts to or
for the use of the United States, see section 2 of the Act of May 15, 1952
(66 Stat. 73, as amended by the Act of July 9, 1952, 66 Stat. 479, 31

U. S. C. 7258-4).
SEC. 171. AMORTIZABLE BOND PREMIUM.

(a) GENERAL RULE.- In the case of any bond, as defined in subsection (d), the following rules shall apply to the amortizable bond premium (determined under subsection (b)) on the bond:

(1) INTEREST WHOLLY OR PARTIALLY TAXABLE.-In the case of a bond (other than a bond the interest on which is excludable from gross income), the amount of the amortizable bond premium for the taxable year shall be allowed as á deduction.

(2) INTEREST WHOLLY TAX-EXEMPT. - In the case of any bond the interest on which is excludable from gross income, no deduction shall be allowed for the amortizable bond premium for the taxable year.

(3) ADJUSTMENT OF CREDIT OR DEDUCTION FOR INTEREST PARTIALLY TAX-EXEMPT.

(A) INDIVIDUALS. - In the case of any bond the interest on which is allowable as á credit under section 35, the amount which would otherwise be taken into account in computing such credit shall be reduced by the amount of the amortizable bond premium for the taxable year.

(B) CORPORATIONS.—In the case of any bond the interest on which is allowable as a deduction under section 242, such deduction shall be reduced by the amount of the amortizable bond premium for the taxable year. (4) CROSS REFERENCE.

For adjustment to basis on account of amortizable bond premium. see

section 1016 (a) (5). (b) AMORTIZABLE BOND PREMIUM.

(1) AMOUNT OF BOND PREMIUM.-For purposes of paragraph (2), the amount of bond premium, in the case of the holder of any bond, shall be determined

(A) with reference to the amount of the basis (for determining loss on sale or exchange) of such bond,

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