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(A) to produce new or specialized defense items or components of new or specialized defense items (as defined in paragraph (4)) during the emergency period,

(B) to provide research, developmental, or experimental services during the emergency period for the Department of Defense (or one of the component departments of such Department), or for the Atomic Energy Commission, as a part of the national defense program, or

(C) to provide primary processing for uranium ore or uranium concentrate under a program of the Atomic Energy Commission for the development of new sources of uranium ore or uranium concentrate, and only such portion of such amount as such authority has certified is attributable to the national defense program. Such certification shall be under such regulations as may be prescribed from time to time by such certifying authority with the approval of the President. An application for a certificate must be filed at such time and in such manner as may be prescribed by such certifying authority under such regulations but in no event shall such certificate have any effect unless an application therefor is filed before the expiration of 6 months after the beginning of such construction, reconstruction, erection, or installation or the date of such acquisition. For purposes of the preceding sentence, an application which was timely filed under this subsection on or before August 22, 1957, and which was pending on such date, shall be considered to be an application timely filed under this paragraph.

(3) SEPARATE FACILITIES; SPECIAL RULE.-After the completion or acquisition of any emergency facility with respect to which a certificate under paragraph (1) or (2) has been made, any expenditure (attributable to such facility and to the period after such completion or acquisition) which does not represent construction, reconstruction, erection, installation, or acquisition included in such certificate, but with respect to which a separate certificate is made under paragraph (1) or (2), shall not be applied in adjustment of the basis of such facility, but a separate basis shall be computed therefor pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2), as the case may be, as if it were a new and separate emergency facility.

(4) DEFINITIONS.-For purposes of paragraph (2)—

(A) NEW OR SPECIALIZED DEFENSE ITEM.-The term "new or specialized defense item" means only an item (excluding services)

(i) which is produced, or will be produced, for sale to the Department of Defense (or one of the component departments of such Department), or to the Atomic Energy Commission, for use in the national defense program, and

(ii) for the production of which existing productive facilities are unsuitable because of its newness or of its specialized defense features.

(B) COMPONENT OF NEW OR SPECIALIZED DEFENSE ITEM. The term "component of a new or specialized defense item" means only an item

(i) which is, or will become, a physical part of a new or specialized defense item, and

(ii) for the production of which existing productive facilities are unsuitable because of its newness or of its specialized defense features.

(5) LIMITATION WITH RESPECT TO URANIUM ORE OR URANIUM CONCENTRATE PROCESSING FACILITIES.-No certificate shall be made under paragraph (2) (C) with respect to any facility unless existing facilities for processing the uranium ore or uranium concentrate which will be processed by such facility are unsuitable because of their location.

(f) DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION.-If the adjusted basis of the emergency facility (computed without regard to this section) is in excess of the adjusted basis computed under subsection (e), the depreciation deduction provided by section 167 shall, despite the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, be allowed with respect to such emergency facility as if its adjusted basis for the purpose of such deduction were an amount equal to the amount of such excess.

(g) PAYMENT BY UNITED STATES OF UNAMORTIZED COST OF FACILITY. If an amount is properly includible in the gross income of the taxpayer on account of a payment with respect to an emergency facility and such payment is certified as provided in paragraph (1), then, at the election of the taxpayer in its return for the taxable year in which such amount is so includible

(1) The amortization deduction for the month in which such amount is so includible shall (in lieu of the amount of the deduction for such month computed under subsection (a)) be equal to the amount so includible but not in excess of the adjusted basis of the emergency facility as of the end of such month (computed without regard to any amortization deduction for such month). Payments referred to in this subsection shall be payments the amounts of which are certified, under such regulations as the President may prescribe, by the certifying authority designated by the President as compensation to the taxpayer for the unamortized cost of the emergency facility made because

(A) a contract with the United States involving the use of the facility has been terminated by its terms or by cancellation, or

(B) the taxpayer had reasonable ground (either from provisions of a contract with the United States involving the use of the facility, or from written or oral representations made under authority of the United States) for anticipating future contracts involving the use of the facility, which future contracts have not been made.

(2) In case the taxpayer is not entitled to any amortization deduction with respect to the emergency facility, the depreciation deduction allowable under section 167 on account of the month in which such amount is so includible shall be increased by such amount, but such deduction on account of such month shall not be in excess of the adjusted basis of the emergency facility as of the end of such month (computed without regard to any amount allowable, on account of such month, under section 167 or this paragraph).

(h) LIFE TENANT AND REMAINDERMAN.-In the case of property held by one person for life with remainder to another person, the

deduction shall be computed as if the life tenant were the absolute owner of the property and shall be allowable to the life tenant.

(i) TERMINATION.-No certificate under subsection (e) shall be made with respect to any emergency facility after December 31, 1959. (j) CROSS REFERENCE.

For special rule with respect to gain derived from the sale or exchange of property the adjusted basis of which is determined with regard to this section, see section 1238.

SEC. 169. AMORTIZATION OF GRAIN-STORAGE FACILITIES. (a) ALLOWANCE OF DEDUCTION,

(1) ORIGINAL OWNER.-Any person who constructs, reconstructs, or erects a grain-storage facility (as defined in subsection (d)) shall, at his election, be entitled to a deduction with respect to the amortization of the adjusted basis (for determining gain) of such facility based on a period of 60 months. The 60-month period shall begin as to any such facility, at the election of the taxpayer, with the month following the month in which the facility was completed, or with the succeeding taxable year,

(2) SUBSEQUENT OWNERS. Any person who acquires a grainstorage facility from a taxpayer who

(A) elected under subsection (b) to take the amortization deduction provided by this subsection with respect to such facility, and

(B) did not discontinue the amortization deduction pursuant to subsection (c),

shall, at his election, be entitled to a deduction with respect to the adjusted basis (determined under subsection (e) (2)) of such facility based on the period, if any, remaining (at the time of acquisition) in the 60-month period elected under subsection (b) by the person who constructed, reconstructed, or erected such facility.

(3) AMOUNT OF DEDUCTION.-The amortization deduction. provided in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be an amount, with respect to each month of the amortization period within the taxable year, equal to the adjusted basis of the facility at the end of such month, divided by the number of months (including the month for which the deduction is computed) remaining in the period. Such adjusted basis at the end of the month shall be computed without regard to the amortization deduction for such month, The amortization deduction above provided with respect to any month shall be in lieu of the depreciation deduction with respect to such facility for such month provided by section 167.

(b) ELECTION OF AMORTIZATION.-The election of the taxpayer under subsection (a) (1) to take the amortization deduction and to begin the 60-month period with the month following the month in which the facility was completed shall be made only by a statement to that effect in the return for the taxable year in which the facility was completed. The election of the taxpayer under subsection (a) (1) to take the amortization deduction and to begin such period with the taxable year succeeding such year shall be made only by a statement to that effect in the return for such succeeding taxable year. The election of the taxpayer under subsection (a) (2) to take the

amortization deduction shall be made only by a statement to that effect in the return for the taxable year in which the facility was acquired. Notwithstanding the preceding three sentences, the election of the taxpayer under subsection (a) (1) or (2) may be made, under such regulations as the Secretary or his delegate may prescribe, before the time prescribed in the applicable sentence.

(c) TERMINATION OF AMORTIZATION DEDUCTION.-A taxpayer which has elected under subsection (b) to take the amortization deduction provided in subsection (a) may, at any time after making such election, discontinue the amortization deduction with respect to the remainder of the amortization period, such discontinuance to begin as of the beginning of any month specified by the taxpayer in a notice in writing filed with the Secretary or his delegate before the beginning of such month. The depreciation deduction provided under section 167 shall be allowed, beginning with the first month as to which the amortization deduction does not apply, and the taxpayer shall not be entitled to any further amortization deduction with respect to such facility.

(d) DEFINITION OF GRAIN-STORAGE FACILITY.-For purposes of this section, the term "grain-storage facility" means

(1) any corn crib, grain bin, or grain elevator, or any similar structure suitable primarily for the storage of grain, which crib, bin, elevator, or structure is intended by the taxpayer at the time of his election to be used for the storage of grain produced by him (or, if the election is made by a partnership, produced by the members thereof); and

(2) any public grain warehouse permanently equipped for receiving, elevating, conditioning, and loading out grain,

the construction, reconstruction, or erection of which was completed
after December 31, 1952, and on or before December 31, 1956. If any
structure described in clause (1) or (2) of the preceding sentence is
altered or remodeled so as to increase its capacity for the storage of
grain, or if any structure is converted, through alteration or remodel-
ing, into a structure so described, and if such alteration or remodeling
was completed after December 31, 1952, and on or before December
31, 1956, such alteration or remodeling shall be treated as the construc-
tion of a grain-storage facility. The term "grain-storage facility"
shall include only property of a character which is subject to the allow-
ance for depreciation provided in section 167. The term "grain-
storage facility" shall not include any facility any part of which is an
emergency facility within the meaning of section 168 of this title.
(e) DETERMINATION OF ADJUSTED BASIS.-

(1) ORIGINAL OWNERS.-For purposes of subsection (a) (1)—

(A) in determining the adjusted basis of any grain-storage facility, the construction, reconstruction, or erection of which was begun before January 1, 1953, there shall be included only so much of the amount of the adjusted basis (computed without regard to this subsection) as is properly attributable to such construction, reconstruction, or erection after December 31, 1952; and

(B) in determining the adjusted basis of any facility which is a grain-storage facility within the meaning of the second sentence of subsection (d), there shall be included only so much of the

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amount otherwise included in such basis as is properly attributable to the alteration or remodeling.

If any existing grain-storage facility as defined in the first sentence of subsection (d) is altered or remodeled as provided in the second sentence of subsection (d), the expenditures for such remodeling or alteration shall not be applied in adjustment of the basis of such existing facility but a separate basis shall be computed in respect of such facility as if the part altered or remodeled were a new and separate grain-storage facility.

(2) SUBSEQUENT OWNERS. For purposes of subsection (a) (2), the adjusted basis of any grain-storage facility shall be whichever of the following amounts is the smaller:

(A) The basis (unadjusted) of such facility for purposes of this section in the hands of the transferor, donor, or grantor, adjusted as if such facility in the hands of the taxpayer had a substituted basis within the meaning of section 1016 (b), or

(B) so much of the adjusted basis (for determining gain) of the facility in the hands of the taxpayer (as computed without regard to this subsection) as is properly attributable to construction, reconstruction, or erection after December 31, 1952.

(f) DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION.-If the adjusted basis of the grainstorage facility (computed without regard to subsection (e)) exceeds the adjusted basis computed under subsection (e), the depreciation deduction provided by section 167 shall, despite the provisions of subsection (a) (3) of this section, be allowed with respect to such grainstorage facility as if the adjusted basis for the purpose of such deduction were an amount equal to the amount of such excess.

(g) LIFE TENANT AND REMAINDERMAN.-In the case of property held by one person for life with remainder to another person, the amortization deduction provided in subsection (a) shall be computed as if the life tenant were the absolute owner of the property and shall be allowed to the life tenant.

SEC. 170. CHARITABLE, ETC., CONTRIBUTIONS AND GIFTS. (a) ALLOWANCE OF DEDUCTION.

(1) GENERAL RULE.-There shall be allowed as a deduction any charitable contribution (as defined in subsection (c)) payment of which is made within the taxable year. A charitable contribution shall be allowable as a deduction only if verified under regulations. prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate.

(2) CORPORATIONS ON ACCRUAL BASIS.-In the case of a corporation reporting its taxable income on the accrual basis, if

(A) the board of directors authorizes a charitable contribution during any taxable year, and

(B) payment of such contribution is made after the close of such taxable year and on or before the 15th day of the third month following the close of such taxable year,

then the taxpayer may elect to treat such contribution as paid during such taxable year. The election may be made only at the time of the filing of the return for such taxable year, and shall be signified in such manner as the Secretary or his delegate shall by regulations prescribe.

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