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PART III--INVOLUNTARY LIQUIDATION AND REPLACEMENT

OF LIFO INVENTORIES

Sec. 1321. Involuntary liquidation of LIFO inventories. ŞEC. 1321. INVOLUNTARY LIQUIDATION OF LIFO INVENTORIES.

(a) ADJUSTMENT OF TAXABLE INCOME AND RESULTING Tax.-If, for any taxable year ending after June 30, 1950, and before January 1, 1955, the closing inventory of a taxpayer inventorying goods under the method provided in section 22 (d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 reflects a decrease from the opening inventory of such goods for such year, and if the taxpayer elects, at such time and in such manner and subject to such regulations as the Secretary or his delegate may prescribe, to have this section apply, and if it is established to the satisfaction of the Secretary or his delegate, in accordance with such regulations, that such decrease is attributable to the involuntary liquidation of such inventory as defined in section 22 (d) (6) (B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 (as modified by subsection (b) of this section), and if the closing inventory of a subsequent taxable year, ending before January 1, 1956, reflects a replacement, in whole or in part, of the goods so previously liquidated, then the taxable income of the taxpayer otherwise determined for the year of such involuntary liquidation shall be increased by an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the aggregate cost of such goods reflected in the opening inventory of the year of involuntary liquidation over the aggregate replacement cost, or decreased by an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the aggregate replacement cost of such goods over the aggregate cost thereof reflected in the opening inventory of the year of the involuntary liquidation. The taxes imposed by this chapter (and by chapters i and 2 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939) for the year of such liquidation, for preceding taxable years, and for all taxable years intervening between the year of liquidation and the year of replacement shall be redetermined, giving effect to such adjustments. Any increase in such taxes resulting from such adjustments shall be assessed and collected as a deficiency but without interest, and any overpayment so resulting shall be credited or refunded to the taxpayer without interest.

(b) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section, the term “involuntary liquidation" shall have the meaning given to it in section 22 (d) (6) (B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 and, in addition, it shall mean a failure, as referred to in that section, on the part of the taxpayer due, directly and exclusively, to disruption of normal trade relations between countries. For purposes of this section, the words "enemy" and "war”, as used in such section 22 (d) (6) (B), shall be interpreted, pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate, in such a way as to apply to circumstances, occurrences and conditions, lacking a state of war, which are similar, by reason of & state of national preparedness, to those which would exist under a state of war.

(c) SPECIAL RULES.-Subparagraphs (C) and (E) of section 22 (d) (6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, to the extent that they refer to any taxpayer subject to subparagraph (A) of such section or to the adjustments specified in or resulting from the effect of subparagraph

(A) of such section, shall apply to a taxpayer subject to this section or to adjustments specified in or resulting from the effect of this section as though they specifically referred to this section. If, for any taxable year ending after June 30, 1950, and before January 1, 1953, subparagraph (C) of such section 22 (d) (6) applies with respect to involuntary liquidations of goods of the same class subject to both subparagraph (A) of such section and to this section, the involuntary liquidations of such goods subject to this section shall be considered for the purpose of such subparagraph (C) as having occurred before the involuntary liquidations of such goods subject to subparagraph (A) of such section 22 (d) (6). For the purpose of this subsection, and with respect to the taxable years covered by this section, the reference in subparagraph (E) of such section 22 (d) (6) to section 734 (d) shall be taken as reference to section 452 (d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, and, with respect to any taxable year to which any provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 may not be applicable, references in such subparagraph to such provision shall, where applicable, be deemed a reference to the corresponding provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.

PART IV-WAR LOSS RECOVERIES

Sec. 1331. War loss recoveries.
Sec. 1332. Inclusion in gross income of war loss recoveries.
Sec. 1333. Tax adjustment measured by prior benefits.
Sec. 1334. Restoration of value of investments referable to de-

stroyed or seized property.
Sec. 1335. Election by taxpayer for application of section 1333.
Sec. 1336. Basis of recovered property.

Sec. 1337. Applicable rules. SEC. 1331. WAR LOSS RECOVERIES.

On the recovery in the taxable year of any money or property in respect of property considered under section 127 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as destroyed or seized, the amount of such recovery shall be included in gross income to the extent provided in section 1332, unless section 1333 applies to the taxable year pursuant to an election made by the taxpayer under section 1335. SEC. 1332. INCLUSION IN GROSS INCOME OF WAR LOSS RECOVERIES.

(a) AMOUNT OF RECOVERY.—The amount of the recovery of any money or property in respect of property considered under section 127 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as destroyed or seized, shall be an amount equal to the aggregate of such money and the fair market value of such property, determined as of the date of the recovery. (b) AMOUNT OF Gain INCLUDIBLE.

(1) PORTION EXCLUDED FROM GROSS INCOME.-To the extent that the amount of the recovery plus the aggregate of the amounts of previous such recoveries do not exceed that part of the aggregate of the allowable deductions in prior taxable years on account of the destruction or seizure of property described in such section 127 (a) which did not result in a reduction of any tax of the taxpayer under chapter 1 or 2 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, such amount shall not be includible in gross income and shall not be deemed gain on the involuntary conversion of property as a result of its destruction or seizure.

(2) PORTION TREATED AS ORDINARY INCOME.—To the extent that such amount plus the aggregate of the amounts of previous such recoveries exceed that part of the aggregate of such deductions, which did not result in a reduction of any tax of the taxpayer under such chapters and do not exceed that part of the aggregate of such deductions which did result in a reduction of any tax of the taxpayer under such chapters, such amount shall be included in gross income but shall not be deemed a gain on the involuntary conversion of property as a result of its destruction or seizure.

(3) PORTION TREATED AS GAIN ON INVOLUNTARY CONVERSION. To the extent that such amount plus the aggregate of the amounts of previous such recoveries exceed the aggregate of the allowable deductions in prior taxable years on account of the destruction or seizure of property described in such section 127 (a), such amount shall be considered a gain on the involuntary conversion of property as a result of its destruction or seizure and shall be recognized or not recognized as provided in section 1033 (relating to involuntary conversions).

(4) OBLIGATIONS NOT DISCHARGED.-If for any previous taxable year the taxpayer chose under section 127 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 to treat any obligations and liabilities as discharged or satisfied out of the property or interest described in such section 127 (a), and if such obligations and liabilities were not so discharged or satisfied, the amount of such obligations and liabilities treated as discharged or satisfied under such section 127 (b) shall be considered for purposes of this part as a deduction by reason of such section 127 (a) which did not result in a reduction of any tax of the taxpayer under such chapters 1 or 2.

(5) ALLOWABLE DEDUCTION NOT ALLOWED.—For purposes of this subsection, an allowable deduction for any taxable year on account of the destruction or seizure of property described in such section 127 (a) shall, to the extent not allowed in computing the tax of the taxpayer for such taxable year, be considered an allowable deduction which did not result in a reduction of any tax of the

taxpayer under such chapters 1 or 2. SEC. 1333. TAX ADJUSTMENT MEASURED BY PRIOR BENEFITS.

If this section applies to the taxable year pursuant to an election made by the taxpayer under section 1335 or section 127 (c) (5) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939

(1) AMOUNT OF RECOVERY.—The amount of the recovery in the taxable year of any money or property in respect of property considered under section 127 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 as destroyed or seized, shall be an amount equal to the aggregate of such money and the fair market value of such property, determined as of the date of the recovery For purposes of this section, in the case of the recovery of the same property or interest considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized, the fair market value of such property or interest shall, at the option of the taxpayer, be considered an amount equal to the adjusted basis (for determining loss) of such property or interest in the hands of the taxpayer on the date such property or interest was considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized. The amount of the recovery determined under this paragraph shall be reduced for purposes of paragraphs (2) and (3) by the amount of the obligations or liabilities with respect to the property considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized in respect of which the recovery was received, if the taxpayer for any previous taxable year chose under section 127 (b) (2) of such code to treat such obligations or liabilities as discharged or satisfied out of such property, and such obligations or liabilities were not so discharged or satisfied before the date of the recovery.

(2) ADJUSTMENT FOR PRIOR TÀX BENEFITS.—That part of the amount of the recovery, in respect of any property considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized, which is not in excess of the allowable deductions in prior taxable years on account of such destruction or seizure of the property (the amount of such allowable deductions being first reduced by the aggregate amount of any prior recoveries in respect of the same property) shall be excluded from gross income for the taxable year of the recovery for purposes of computing the tax under this subtitle; but there shall be added to, and assessed and collected as a part of, the tax under this subtitle for the taxable year of the recovery the total increase in the tax under chapters 1 and 2 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 for all taxable years which would result by decreasing, in an amount equal to such part of the recovery so excluded, such deductions allowable in the prior taxable years with respect to the destruction or seizure of the property. Such increase in the tax for each such year so resulting shall be computed in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate. Such regulations shall give effect to previous recoveries of any kind (including recoveries described in section 111, relating to recovery of bad debts, etc.) with respect to any prior year, and shall provide for the case where there was no tax for the prior year, but shall otherwise treat the tax previously determined for any year in accordance with the principles set forth in section 1314 (a) (relating to corrections of errors). All credits allowable against the tax for any year and all carryovers and carrybacks affected by so decreasing the allowable deductions shall be taken into account in computing the increase in the tax, except that the computation of the excess profits credit under chapter 2 E of such code for any taxable year shall not be affected.

(3) GAIN ON RECOVERY.---The amount of any recovery or part thereof, in respect of property considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized, which is not excluded from gross income under paragraph (2), shall be considered for the taxable year of the recovery as gain on the involuntary conversion of property as a result of its destruction or seizure and shall be recognized or not recognized as provided in section 1033.

(4) RECOVERIES TREATED AS GROSS INCOME FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.–For purposes of section 6012 (relating to persons required to make income tax returns) and section 1312 (relating to circumstances of adjustment), the recovery in the taxable year of any money or property in respect of property considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized in any prior taxable year shall be deemed to be an item includible in gross income for the

taxable year in which the recovery is made. SEC. 1334. RESTORATION OF VALUE OF INVESTMENTS REFERABLE

TO DESTROYED OR SEIZED PROPERTY. For purposes of this part, the restoration in whole or in part of the value of any interest described in section 127 (a) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 by reason of any recovery of money or property in respect of property to which such interest related and which was considered under subsection (a) (1) or (2) of such seetion 127 as destroyed or seized shall be deemed a recovery of property in respect of property considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized. In applying section 1333, such restoration shall be treated as the recovery of the same interest considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized. SEC. 1335. ELECTION BY TAXPAYER FOR APPLICATION OF SECTION

1333. If the taxpayer elects to have section 1333 apply to any taxable year in which he recovered any money or property in respect of property considered under section 127 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as destroyed or seized, section 1333 shall apply to all taxable years of the taxpayer beginning after December 31, 1941, and such election, once made, shall be irrevocable. The election shall be made in such manner and at such time as the Secretary or his delegate may by regulations prescribe, except that no election under this section may be made unless the taxpayer recovers money or property (in respect of property considered under such section 127 (a) as destroyed or seized) during the taxable year for which the election is made. If pursuant to such election section 1333 applies to any taxable year

(1) the period of limitations provided in chapter 66 on the making of assessments and the beginning of distraint or a proceeding in court for collection shall not, with respect to

(A) the amount to be added to the tax for such taxable year under section 1333, and

(B) any deficiency for such taxable year or for any other taxable year, to the extent attributable to the basis of the re

covered property being determined under section 1336 (b), expire before the expiration of 2 years following the date of the making of such election, and such amount and such deficiency may be assessed at any time before the expiration of such period notwithstanding any law or rule of law which would otherwise prevent such assessment and collection, and

(2) in case refund or credit of any overpayment resulting from the application of section 1333 to such taxable year is prevented on the date of the making of such election, or within one year from such date, by the operation of any law or rule of law (other than section 7122, relating to compromises), refund or credit of such overpayment may, nevertheless, be made or allowed if claim therefor is filed within one year from such date.

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