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SEC. 114. SPORTS PROGRAMS CONDUCTED FOR THE AMERICAN

NATIONAL RED CROSS. (a) GENERAL RULE.-In the case of a taxpayer which is a corporation primarily engaged in the furnishing of sports programs, gross income does not include amounts received as proceeds from a sports program conducted by the taxpayer if

(1) the taxpayer agrees in writing with the American National Red Cross to conduct such sports program exclusively for the benefit of the American National Red Cross;

(2) the taxpayer turns over to the American National Red Cross the proceeds from such sports program, minus the expenses paid or incurred by the taxpayer

(A) which would not have been so paid or incurred but for such sports program, and

(B) which would be allowable as a deduction under section 162 (relating to trade or business expenses) but for subsection (b) of this section; and

(3) the facilities used for such program are not regularly used during the taxable year for the conduct of sports programs to

which this subsection applies. For purposes of this subsection, the term “proceeds from such sports program" includes all amounts paid for admission to the sports program, plus all proceeds received by the taxpayer from such program or activities carried on in connection therewith.

(b) TREATMENT OF EXPENSES.-Expenses described in subsection (a) (2) shall be allowed as a deduction under section 162 only to the extent that such expenses exceed the amount excluded from gross income by subsection (a) of this section. SEC. 115. INCOME OF STATES, MUNICIPALITIES, ETC. (a) GENERAL RULE.-Gross income does not include

(1) income derived from any public utility or the exercise of any essential governmental function and accruing to a State or Territory, or any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia; or

(2) income accruing to the government of any possession of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof.

(b) CONTRACTS MADE BEFORE SEPTEMBER 8, 1916, RELATING TO Public UTILITIES.-Where a State or Territory, or any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia, before September 8, 1916, entered in good faith into a contract with any person, the object and purpose of which was to acquire, construct, operate, or maintain a public utility

(1) If

(A) by the terms of such contract the tax imposed by this subtitle is to be paid out of the proceeds from the operation of such public utility before any division of such proceeds between the person and the State, Territory, political subdivision, or the District of Columbia, and

(B) a part of such proceeds for the taxable year would (but for the imposition of the tax imposed by this subtitle) accrue directly to or for the use of such State, Territory, political subdivision, or the District of Columbia,

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then a tax on the taxable income from the operation of such public utility shall be levied, assessed, collected, and paid in the manner and at the rates prescribed in this subtitle, but there shall be refunded to such State, Territory, political subdivision, or the District of Columbia (under regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate) an amount which bears the same relation to the amount of the tax as the amount which (but for the imposition of the tax imposed by this subtitle) would have accrued directly to or for the use of such State, Territory, political subdivision, or the District of Columbia, bears to the amount of the taxable income from the operation of such public utility for such taxable year.

(2) If by the terms of such contract no part of the proceeds from the operation of the public utility for the taxable year would, irrespective of the tax imposed by this subtitle, accrue directly to or for the use of such State, Territory, political subdivision, or the District of Columbia, then the tax on the taxable income of such person from the operation of such public utility shall be levied, assessed, collected, and paid in the manner and at the rates prescribed in this subtitle.

(c) CONTRACTS MADE BEFORE MAY 29, 1928, RELATING TO BRIDGE ACQUISITIONS.- Where a State or political subdivision thereof, pursuant to a contract entered into before May 29, 1928, to which it is not a party, is to acquire a bridge (1) if

(A) by the terms of such contract the tax imposed by this subtitle is to be paid out of the proceeds from the operation of such bridge before any division of such proceeds, and

(B) a part of such proceeds for the taxable year would (but for the imposition of the tax imposed by this subtitle) accrue directly to or for the use of or would be applied for the benefit

of such State or political subdivision, then a tax on the taxable income from the operation of such bridge shall be levied, assessed, collected, and paid in the manner and at the rates prescribed in this subtitle, but there shall be refunded to such State or political subdivision (under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate) an amount which bears the same relation to the amount of the tax as the amount which (but for the imposition of the tax imposed by this subtitle) would have accrued directly to or for the use of or would be applied for the benefit of such State or political subdivision bears to the amount of the taxable income from the operation of such bridge for such taxable year. No such refund shall be made unless the entire amount of the refund is to be applied in part payment for the acquisition of such bridge.

(2) If by the terms of such contract no part of the proceeds from the operation of the bridge for the taxable year would, irrespective of the tax imposed by this subtitle, accrue directly to or for the use of or be applied for the benefit of such State or political subdivision, then the tax on the taxable income from the operation of such bridge shall be levied, assessed, collected, and paid in the manner and at the rates prescribed in this subtitle.

SEC. 116. PARTIAL EXCLUSION OF DIVIDENDS RECEIVED BY INDI.

VIDUALS. (a) EXCLUSION FROM GROSS INCOME.--Effective with respect to any taxable year ending after July 31, 1954, gross income does not include amounts received by an individual as dividends from domestic corporations, to the extent that the dividends do not exceed $50. If the dividends received in a taxable year exceed $50, the exclusion provided by the preceding sentence shall apply to the dividends first received in such year.

(b) CERTAIN DIVIDENDS EXCLUDED. Subsection (a) shall not apply to any dividend from

(1) a corporation organized under the China Trade Act, 1922 (see sec. 941);

(2) a corporation which, for the taxable year of the corporation in which the distribution is made, or for the next preceding taxable year of the corporation, is

(A) a corporation exempt from tax under section 501 (relating to certain charitable, etc., organizations) or section 521 (relating to farmers' cooperative associations); or

(B) a corporation to which section 931 (relating to income from sources within possessions of the United States) applies; or

(3) a real estate investment trust which, for the taxable year of the trust in which the dividend is paid, qualifies under part II of subchapter M (sec. 856 and following).

(c) SPECIAL RULES FOR CERTAIN DISTRIBUTIONS.- For purposes of subsection (a)

(1) Any amount allowed as a deduction under section 591 (relating to deduction for dividends paid by mutual savings banks, etc.) shall not be treated as a dividend.

(2) A dividend received from a regulated investment company shall be subject to the limitations prescribed in section 854,

(d) CERTAIN NONRESIDENT ALIENS INELIGIBLE FOR EXCLUSION.Subsection (a) does not apply to a nonresident alien individual with respect to whom a tax is imposed for the taxable year under section 871 (a). SEC. 117. SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIP GRANTS.

(a) GENERAL RULE.- In the case of an individual, gross income does not include

(1) any amount received-

(A) as a scholarship at an educational institution (as defined in section 151 (e) (4)), or

(B) as a fellowship grant, including the value of contributed services and accommodations; and (2) any amount received to cover expenses for

(A) travel,
(B) research,
(C) clerical help, or

(D) equipment, which are incident to such a scholarship or to a fellowship grant, but only to the extent that the amount is so expended by the recipient.

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(b) LIMITATIONS.

(1) INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE CANDIDATES FOR DEGREES.—In the case of an individual who is a candidate for a degree at an educational institution (as defined in section 151 (e) (4)), subsection (a) shall not apply to that portion of any amount received which represents payment for teaching, research, or other services in the nature of part-time employment required as a condition to receiving the scholarship or the fellowship grant. If teaching, research, or other services are required of all candidates (whether or not recipients of scholarships or fellowship grants) for a particular degree as a condition to receiving such degree, such teaching, research, or other services shall not be regarded as part-time employment within the meaning of this paragraph.

(2) INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE NOT CANDIDATES FOR DEGREES.-In the case of an individual who is not a candidate for a degree at an educational institution (as defined in section 151 (e) (4)), subsection (a) shall apply only if the condition in subparagraph (A) is satisfied and then only within the limitations provided in subparagraph (B).

(A) CONDITIONS FOR EXCLUSION.-The grantor of the scholarship or fellowship grant is an organization described in section 501 (c) (3) which is exempt from tax under section 501 (a), the United States, or an instrumentality or agency thereof, or a State, a Territory, or a possession of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia.

(B) EXTENT OF EXCLUSION.—The amount of the scholarship or fellowship grant excluded under subsection (a) (1) in any taxable year shall be limited to an amount equal to $300 times the number of months for which the recipient received amounts under the scholarship or fellowship grant during such taxable year, except that no exclusion shall be allowed under subsection (a) after the recipient has been entitled to exclude under this section for a period of 36 months (whether or not consecutive) amounts received as a scholarship or fellowship grant while not a candidate for a degree at an educational institution (as defined

in section 151 (e) (4)). SEC. 118. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CAPITAL OF A CORPORATION.

(a) GENERAL RULE.- In the case of a corporation, gross income does not include any contribution to the capital of the taxpayer. (b) Cross REFERENCE.

For basis of property acquired by a corporation through a contribution

to its capital, see section 362. SEC. 119. MEALS OR LODGING FURNISHED FOR THE CONVENIENCE

OF THE EMPLOYER. There shall be excluded from gross income of an employee the value of any meals or lodging furnished to him by his employer for the convenience of the employer, but only if

(1) in the case of meals, the meals are furnished on the business premises of the employer, or

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(2) in the case of lodging, the employee is required to accept such lodging on the business premises of his employer as a condition

of his employment. In determining whether meals or lodging are furnished for the convenience of the employer, the provisions of an employment contract or of a State statute fixing terms of employment shall not be determinative of whether the meals or lodging are intended as compensation. SEC. 121. CROSS REFERENCES TO OTHER ACTS.

(a) For exemption of

(1) Adjustments of indebtedness under wage earners' plans, see section 679 of the Bankruptcy Act (52 Stat. 938; 11 U. S. C. 1079) ;

(2) Allowances and expenditures to meet losses sustained by persons serving the United States abroad, due to appreciation of foreign cur. rencies, see the Acts of March 6, 1934 (48 Stat. 466; 5 U. S. C. 118c) and April 25, 1938 (52 Stat. 221; 5 U. S. C. 118c-1);

(3) Amounts credited to the Maritime Administration under section 9 (b) (6) of the Merchant Ship Sales Act of 1946, see section 9 (c) (1) of that Act (60 Stat. 48; 50 -0. S. C. App. 1742);

(4) Benefits under World War Adjusted Compensation Act, see section 308 of that Act. as amended (43 Stat. 125; 44 Stat. 827. § 3; 38 U. S. C. 618);

(5) Benefits under World War Veterans' Act 1924 see section 3 of the Act of August 12, 1935 (49 Stat. 609; 38 U. S. C. 454a);

(6) Dividends and interest derived from certain preferred stock by Reconstruction Finance Corporation, see section 304 of the Act of March 9, 1933, as amended (49 Stat. 1185; 12 U. S. C. 51d);

(7) Earnings of ship contractors deposited in special reserve funds, see section 607 (h) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (52 Stat. 961, § 28; 46 U. S. C. 1177);

(8) Income derived from Federal Reserve banks, including capital stock and surplus, see section 7 of the Federal Reserve Act (38 Stat. 258; 12 U. S. C. 531);

(9) Income derived from Ogdensburg bridge across Saint Lawrence River, see section 4 of the Act of June 14, 1933, as amended (54 Stat. 259, $ 2);

(10) Income derived from Owensboro bridge across Ohio River and nearby ferries, see section 4 of the Act of August 14, 1937 (50 Stat. 643);

(11) Income derived from Saint Clair River bridge and ferries, see section 4 of the Act of June 25, 1930, as amended (48 Stat. 140, § 1);

(12) Leave compensation payments under section 6 of Armed Forces Leave Act of 1946, see section 7 of that Act (60 Stat. 967; 37 U. S. C. 36);

(13) Mustering-out payments made to or on account of veterans under the Mustering-Out Payment Act of 1944, see section 5 (a) of that Act (58 Stat. 10; 38 U. S. C. 691e);

(14) Railroad retirement annuities and pensions, see section 12 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935, as amended (50 Stat. 316; 45 U. S. C. 2281);

(15) Railroad unemployment benefits, see section 2 (e) of the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act, as amended (52 Stat. 1097; 53 Stat. 845, $ 9; 45 U. S. C. 352);

(16) Special pensions of persons on Army and Navy medal of honor rolì, see section 3 of the Act of April 27, 1916 (39 Stat. 54; 38 U. S. C. 393):

(17) Gain derived from the sale or other disposition of Treasury Bills, issued after June 17, 1930, under the Second Liberty Bond Act, as amended, see Act of June 17, 1930 (C. 512, 46 Stat. 775; 31 U. S. C. 754).

(18) Benefits under laws administered by the Veterans' Administration, see section 3101 of title 38, United States Code.

(b) For extension of military income-tax-exemption benefits to commissioned officers of Public Health Service in certain circumstances, see section 212 of the Public Health Service Act (58 Stat. 689; 42 U.S. C. 213).

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