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purposes of this subsection, the value for estate tax purposes of the items described in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be computed
(A) by determining the excess of the value of the annuity at the date of the death of the deceased annuitant over the total amount excludable from the gross income of the surviving annuitant under section 72 during the surviving annuitant's life expectancy period, and
(B) by multiplying the figure so obtained by the ratio which the value of the annuity for estate tax purposes bears to the value of the annuity at the date of the death of the deceased. (3) DEFINITIONS.- For purposes of this subsection
(A) The term “life expectancy period” means the period beginning with the first day of the first period for which an amount is received by the surviving annuitant under the contract and ending with the close of the taxable year with or in which falls the termination of the life expectancy of the surviving annuitant. For purposes of this subparagraph, the life expectancy of the surviving annuitant shall be determined, as of the date of the death of the deceased annuitant, with reference to actuarial tables prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate.
(B) The surviving annuitant's expected return under the contract shall be computed, as of the death of the deceased annuitant, with reference to actuarial tables prescribed by the Secretary or
his delegate. (e) CROSS REFERENCE.
For application of this section to income in respect of a deceased
partner, see section 753. SEC. 692. INCOME TAXES ON MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES ON
DEATH. In the case of any individual who dies during an induction period (as defined in section 112 (c) (5)) while in active service as a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, if such death occurred while serving in a combat zone (as determined under section 112) or as a result of wounds, disease, or injury incurred while so serving
(1) any tax imposed by this subtitle shall not apply with respect to the taxable year in which falls the date of his death, or with respect to any prior taxable year ending on or after the first day so served in a combat zone after June 24, 1950; and
(2) any tax under this subtitle and under the corresponding provisions of prior revenue laws for taxable years preceding those specified in paragraph (1) which is unpaid at the date of his death (including interest, additions to the tax, and additional amounts) shall not be assessed, and if assessed the assessment shall be abated, and if collected shall be credited or refunded as an overpayment.
Subchapter K-Partners and Partnerships
Part I. Determination of tax liability.
PART 1-DETERMINATION OF TAX LIABILITY
Sec. 701. Partners, not partnership, subject to tax.
Sec. 708. Continuation of partnership.
A partnership as such shall not be subject to the income tax imposed by this chapter. Persons carrying on business as partners shall be liable for income tax only in their separate or individual capacities. SEC. 702. INCOME AND CREDITS OF PARTNER.
(a) GENERAL RULE.-In determining his income tax, each partner shall take into account separately his distributive share of the partnership's
(1) gains and losses from sales or exchanges of capital assets held for not more than 6 months,
(2) gains and losses from sales or exchanges of capital assets held for more than 6 months,
(3) gains and losses from sales or exchanges of property described in section 1231 (relating to certain property used in a trade or business and involuntary conversions),
(4) charitable contributions (as defined in section 170 (c)),
(5) dividends with respect to which there is provided a credit under section 34, an exclusion under section 116, or a deduction under part VIII of subchapter B,
(6) taxes, described in section 901, paid or accrued to foreign countries and to possessions of the United States,
(7) partially tax-exempt interest on obligations of the United States or on obligations of instrumentalities of the United States as described in section 35 or section 242 (but, if the partnership elects to amortize the premiums on bonds as provided in section 171, the amount received on such obligations shall be reduced by the reduction provided under section 171 (a) (3)),
(8) other items of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit, to the extent provided by regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate, and
(9) taxable income or loss, exclusive of items requiring separate computation under other paragraphs of this subsection.
(b) CHARACTER OF ITEMS CONSTITUTING DISTRIBUTIVE SHARE. The character of any item of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit included in a partner's distributive share under paragraphs (1) through (8) of subsection (a) shall be determined as if such item were realized directly from the source from which realized by the partnership, or incurred in the same manner as incurred by the partnership.
(c) GROSS INCOME OF A PARTNER.-In any case where it is necessary to determine the gross income of a partner for purposes of this title, such amount shall include his distributive share of the gross income of the partnership. SEC. 703. PARTNERSHIP COMPUTATIONS.
(a) INCOME AND DEDUCTIONS.—The taxable income of a partnership shall be computed in the same manner as in the case of an individual except that
(1) the items described in section 702 (a) shall be separately stated, and
(2) the following deductions shall not be allowed to the partnership:
(A) the standard deduction provided in section 141,
(B) the deductions for personal exemptions provided in section 151,
(C) the deduction for taxes provided in section 164 (a) with respect to taxes, described in section 901, paid or accrued to foreign countries and to possessions of the United States,
(D) the deduction for charitable contributions provided in section 170,
(E) the net operating loss deduction provided in section 172, and
(F) the additional itemized deductions for individuals provided in part VII of subchapter B (sec. 211 and following). (b) ELECTIONS OF THE PARTNERSHIP.-Any election affecting the computation of taxable income derived from a partnership shall be made by the partnership, except that the election under section 901, relating to taxes of foreign countries and possessions of the United States, shall be made by each partner separately. SEC. 704. PARTNER'S DISTRIBUTIVE SHARE.
(a) EFFECT OF PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT.--A partner's distributive share of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit shall, except as otherwise provided in this section, be determined by the partnership agreement.
(b) DISTRIBUTIVE SHARE DETERMINED BY INCOME OR Loss RATIO.-A partner's distributive share of any item of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit shall be determined in accordance with his distributive share of taxable income or loss of the partnership, as described in section 702 (a) (9), for the taxable year, if-
(1) the partnership agreement does not provide as to the partner's distributive share of such item, or
(2) the principal purpose of any provision in the partnership agreement with respect to the partner's distributive share of such item is the avoidance or evasion of any tax imposed by this subtitle.
(c) CONTRIBUTED PROPERTY.
(1) GENERAL RULE.—In determining a partner's distributive share of items described in section 702 (a), depreciation, depletion, or gain or loss with respect to property contributed to the partnership by a partner shall
, except to the extent otherwise provided in paragraph (2) or (3), be allocated among the partners in the same manner as if such property had been purchased by the partnership.
(2) EFFECT OF PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT.-If the partnership agreement so provides, depreciation, depletion, or gain or loss with respect to property contributed to the partnership by a partner shall, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary or his delegate, be shared among the partners so as to take account of the variation between the basis of the property to the partnership and its fair market value at the time of contribution.
(3) UNDIVIDED INTERESTS.-If the partnership agreement does not provide otherwise, depreciation, depletion, or gain or loss with respect to undivided interests in property contributed to a partnership shall be determined as though such undivided interests had not been contributed to the partnership. This paragraph shall apply only if all the partners had undivided interests in such property prior to contribution and their interests in the capital and profits of the partnership correspond with such undivided interests.
(d) LIMITATION ON ALLOWANCE OF LOSSES.-A partner's distributive share of partnership loss (including capital loss) shall be allowed only to the extent of the adjusted basis of such partner's interest in the partnership at the end of the partnership year in which such loss occurred. Any excess of such loss over such basis shall be allowed as a deduction at the end of the partnership year in which such excess is repaid to the partnership. (e) Family PARTNERSHIPS.
(1) RECOGNITION OF INTEREST CREATED BY PURCHASE OR GIFT. A person shall be recognized as a partner for purposes of this subtitle if he owns a capital interest in a partnership in which capital is & material income-producing factor, whether or not such interest was derived by purchase or gift from any other person.
(2) DISTRIBUTIVE SHARE OF DONEE INCLUDIBLE IN GROSS INCOME.-In the case of any partnership interest created by gift, the distributive share of the donee under the partnership agreement shall be includible in his gross income, except to the extent that such share is determined without allowance of reasonable compensation for services rendered to the partnership by the donor, and except to the extent that the portion of such share attributable to donated capital is proportionately greater than the share of the donor attributable to the donor's capital. The distributive share of a partner in the earnings of the partnership shall not be diminished because of absence due to military service.
(3) PURCHASE OF INTEREST BY MEMBER OF FAMILY.-For purposes of this section, an interest purchased by one member of a family from another shall be considered to be created by gift from the seller, and the fair market value of the purchased interest shall be considered to be donated capital. The "family" of any individual shall include only his spouse, ancestors, and lineal descendants, and any trusts for the primary benefit of such persons.
SEC. 705. DETERMINATION OF BASIS OF PARTNER’S INTEREST.
(a) GENERAL RULE.—The adjusted basis of a partner's interest in a partnership shall, except as provided in subsection (b), be the basis of such interest determined under section 722 (relating to contributions to a partnership) or section 742 (relating to transfers of partnership interests) —
(1) increased by the sum of his distributive share for the taxable year and prior taxable years of—
(A) taxable income of the partnership as determined under section 703 (a),
(B) income of the partnership exempt from tax under this title, and
(C) the excess of the deductions for depletion over the basis of the property subject to depletion; and
(2) decreased (but not below zero) by distributions by the partnership as provided in section 733 and by the sum of his distributive share for the taxable year and prior taxable years of
(A) losses of the partnership, and
(B) expenditures of the partnership not deductible in computing its taxable income and not properly chargeable to capital
account. (b) ALTERNATIVE RULE.—The Secretary or his delegate shall prescribe by regulations the circumstances under which the adjusted basis of a partner's interest in a partnership may be determined by reference to his proportionate share of the adjusted basis of partnership property upon a termination of the partnership. SEC. 706. TAXABLE YEARS OF PARTNER AND PARTNERSHIP.
(a) YEAR IN WHICH PARTNERSHIP INCOME IS INCLUDIBLE.-In computing the taxable income of a partner for a taxable year, the inclusions required by section 702 and section 707 (c) with respect to a partnership shall be based on the income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of the partnership for any taxable year of the partnership ending within or with the taxable year of the partner. (b) ADOPTION OF TAXABLE YEAR.
(1) PARTNERSHIP's TAXABLE YEAR.—The taxable year of a partnership shall be determined as though the partnership were a taxpayer. A partnership may not change to, or adopt, à taxable year other than that of all its principal partners unless it establishes, to the satisfaction of the Secretary or his delegate, a business purpose therefor.
(2) PARTNER'S TAXABLE YEAR.-A partner may not change to a taxable year other than that of a partnership in which he is a principal partner unless he establishes, to the satisfaction of the Secretary or his delegate, a business purpose therefor.
(3) PRINCIPAL PARTNER.-For the purpose of this subsection, a principal partner is a partner having an interest of 5 percent or more in partnersbip profits or capital.