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matic courses of instruction in commerce need in order to apply their knowledge in this have been instituted, leading to graduation. field.
The number of graduates and students who For students who desire to specialize in served with the forces during the war was greater detail in certain of the various lines about 800. Of these 96 have been killed or discussed above, opportunities will be offered to reported missing.
pursue a course of study of three years leading
to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, with opTHE DEPARTMENT OF BACTERIOLOGY AND
portunities for major specialization in probPUBLIC HEALTH IN YALE UNIVERSITY An outline of the work planned by the de
lems of sanitation, epidemiology and industrial partment of bacteriology and public health of hygiene (with Professor Winslow); in public
health bacteriology (with Professor Rettger); Yale University, is given by Professor C.-E. A. Winslow in a recent number of the Yale
in the hygiene of the respiratory and central Alumni Weekly. After consultation with the
nervous system (with Professor Henderson);
in immunology (with Professor Smith); in nuleading eastern universities a comprehensive
trition (with Professor Mendel); in problems program has been prepared leading to the Certificate in Public Health and the Doctorate
of sanitary engineering (with Professor Bar
ney); in problems relating to school and child in Public Health as well as to the Doctorate in
hygiene (with Professor Gessel); and in vital Philosophy.
statistics (with Dr. Dublin). The Certificate in Public Health, which is to be conferred for one year of post-graduate the degree of Doctor of Philosophy are open to
Both the Certificate in Public Health and study, is designed for two classes of students.
any college graduates, either men or women, On the one hand, young men and women who
provided they have pursued during their colare just graduating from a college or technical school and desire to enter the field of public
lege course certain necessary prerequisites.
Beginning next autumn a new course of two health, will be given a broad training in bac
years will be offered to medical graduates for teriology, sanitation, health organization and vital statistics which will fit them for positions
which the degree of Doctor of Public Health in health department laboratories and statis
will be conferred. It is believed that such a tical bureaus, in bureaus of child hygiene or in
course, embodying not only class work but other state and municipal departments. Out- practical field work in a municipal health deside of this district field of public service, ex
partment, and the completion of study of a
special problem designed to test and to develop perience has shown that those who hold the Certificate in Public Health may frequently
the power of individual initiative, should furfind attractive positions as health executives,
nish an ideal education for the public health
administrator of the future. or as secretaries and field agents of various private organizations such as anti-tuberculosis
BASE HOSPITAL NO. 21 OF THE WASHINGTON societies, housing associations and the like.
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE A second class of students of maturer years On April 20, 1919, Base Hospital No. 21, for whom provision must be made, includes formed from the faculty of the Washington persons who have already specialized in some University School of medicine, St. Louis, field related to public health, in medicine, for landed in New York after 23 months service example, or sociology, or psychology or sanitary with the American Expeditionary Forces in engineering, and desire to apply their special France. The unit, in command of Major knowledge in the campaign for public health. Fred T. Murphy, was in the first one thousand The course for the Certificate in Public Health, troops to go overseas; it was attached during with the freedom of election permitted to such the greater part of its service to the British mature students, is well adapted to give them a forces and stationed at Rouen. Lieutenant grasp of the general tendencies of the public Colonel Walter Fischel was in charge of the health campaign and the special training they medical service. A part of the hospital, oper
ating as Mobile Hospital No. 4 under the and the aid of specially trained personnel, all comcomand of Major W. B. Clopton, took part in
bat troops were instructed in the necessary defen. the St. Mihiel and Argonne operations. Miss
sive measures against poisonous gas. The first Julia Stimson, who went out as chief nurse,
gas regiment was trained and equipped, and rend
ered good service in the two American offensives later became the head of the Nurses' Corps of
of St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne. the American Expeditionary Forces and has
Due to the energetic cooperation of all ranks, remained in France. Colonel Nathaniel Al
much was accomplished in a very short time, for lison, orthopedic surgeon to the unit, was ap- which it gives me great pleasure to extend to you pointed orthopedic consultant of the American
all the thanks of your comrades of the American Expeditionary Forces. Major Sidney Schwab, Expeditionary Forces. Will you convey this espeneurologist, was transferred and placed in cially to Brigadier General Fries, whose enthusiasm charge of Hospital No. 117 for war neuroses. and energy were such great factors in the successColonel Opie was detached from the unit to
ful organization and development of the service.
Sincerely yours, cooperate with Colonel Strong in the investi
JOHN J. PERSHING gation of trench fever; he was afterwards placed in charge of the pneumonia commis
THE DIVISION OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY OF sion in the Surgeon-General's Office. Colonel
THE CARNEGIE INSTITUTE OF Murphy, after seven months service was ap
TECHNOLOGY pointed Medical and Surgical Director of the ANNOUNCEMENT is made of the following American Red Cross in France. He was suc- changes in the faculty of the division of apceed in command of the unit by Lieutenant plied psychology at the Carnegie Institute of Colonel Borden Veeder. The unit cared for Technology:
62,000 patients during the eighteen Lieutenant Colonel W. V. Bingham, executive months of its stay in Rouen.
secretary of the Committee on Classification
of Personnel in the Army, returned to the THE CHEMICAL WARFARE SERVICE
Carnegie Institute of Technology on March The following letter has been sent by Gen- first. He has been promoted to be dean of eral Pershing to the chief of the Chemical the division of applied psychology, which inWarfare Service:
cludes the departments of psychology, voca
tional education and personnel administraAMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
tion, and with which are affiliated the BuOffice of the Commander-in-Chief
reau of Salesmanship Research and the ReMarch 2, 1919
search Bureau for Retail Training. COLONEL EDWARD N. JOHNSTON,
Lieutenant Colonel Edward K. Strong, Jr., Chief of Chemical Warfare Service,
Ph.D. (Columbia), formerly professor of American E. F., Tours.
educational psychology at the George PeaMy dear Colonel Johnston: Now that active operations have ceased and many of the personnel
body College for Teachers, has been apof the Chemical Welfare Service are returning to
pointed professor of vocational education the United States, I desire to express to you and
and has already assumed his new duties as through you to all of your officers and enlisted men head of the department for the training of my appreciation of the valuable assistance they
vocational teachers. have rendered to the American Expeditionary Major C. S. Yoakum, Ph.D. (Chicago), forForces.
merly director of the psychological laboraUpon our entry into the war we were faced with
tory at the University of Texas, has left the the problem of a new service in the organization
psychological section of the Surgeon Genof which the experience of our Allies was so new and so limited that there were few precedents to
eral's Department to become associate profollow. The best brains and experience among
fessor of applied psychology. students and teachers of chemistry were called into
Professor G. M. Whipple, who has been acting service, and by rapid establishment of gas schools director of the Bureau of Salesmanship Research during the absence of Colonel Walter elected president of the American Academy of Dill Scott on war service, has been released Arts and Sciences. from these duties for work in educational
PROFESSOR PAUL P. Boyd, dean of the college research, through the return to Pittsburgh of
of arts and sciences at the University of KenColonel Scott. At the close of the present
tucky, has been elected president of the Kenacademic year, however, Colonel Scott will
tucky Academy of Science. devote himself to commercial practise as consultant on industrial personnel and will
REAR ADMIRAL John E. PILLSBURY, U. S. N., then give only a limited portion of his time
has been elected president of the National Geoto the Carnegie Institute of Technology.
graphic Society. Dr. Beardsley Ruml, who was on leave of ab- THE John Fritz Medal of the four national
sence with the War Department as head of societies of civil mining, mechanical and the Trade Test Standardization Division of electrical engineering has been awarded to the Committee on Classification of Person- Major General George W. Goethals, for his nel, has resigned his position at Carnegie to achievement in the building of the Panama enter commercial practise with the Scott Canal. The presentation was made on May 22 Company.
by Ambrose Swasey, past president of the
American Society of Mechanical Engineers. SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS
The speakers included W. L. Saunders, past
president of the American Institute of Mining A TESTIMONIAL dinner to Dr. N. L. Britton, director of the New York Botanical Garden,
and Metallurgical Engineers; Henry L. Stimgiven by the managers at the Metropolitan
son, former secretary of war, and Colonel G. I.
Fieberger, of West Point. Among those to Club on the evening of May 7, was attended by men of science from all parts of the country.
whom the medal has been awarded in former Dr. D. T. MacDougal, director of the Desert
years are: Lord Kelvin, for his work in cable Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of telegraphy; Alexander Graham Bell, for the
invention of the telephone; George WestingWashington acted as toastmaster, and speeches reviewing the history of the organization of house, for the invention of the airbrake; the garden by Dr. Britton twenty-three years
Thomas A. Edison, for the invention of the ago, and of his widely inclusive and important duplex and quadruplex telegraph, and other researches were made by Dr. W. Gilman devices, and Sir William H. White, for
achievements in naval architecture. Thompson, president of the board; Professor R. A. Harper, chairman of the scientific di- Dr. C. G. ABBOT, of the Astrophysical Obrectors; Professor H. F. Osborn, president of servatory, Smithsonian Institution, sailed for the American Museum of Natural History; South America on May 1, to inspect the Provost William H. Carpenter, of Columbia Smithsonian solar constant observing station University; Dr. Arthur Hollick, director of the at Calama, Chile, and to observe the total Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences, solar eclipse at La Paz, Bolivia. He expects and Professor Geo. T. Moore, director of the to return to Washington in August. Missouri Botanical Garden, at St. Louis. At The following members of the Princeton the conclusion of the ceremonies Mr. Robert University faculty have returned from service DeForest presented Dr. Britton with a loving abroad: Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Trowcup appropriately inscribed on behalf of the bridge (Engineers), professor of physics; board of managers. Congratulatory letters Captain E. P. Adams, Royal Engineers, Britand telegrams from distinguished scientific ish Expeditionary Force, professor of mathemen were read.
matical physics, and Captain H. L. Cook, also DR. THEODORE W. RICHARDS, professor of of the Royal Engineers, assistant professor of chemistry at Harvard University, has been physics.
ARTHUR H. BLANCHARD, consulting highway luminescence and selective radiation of the engineer, has been appointed chief of the Bu- rare earths, $500. reau of Public Works, Department of Citizen
A NEW acoustical laboratory has just been ship, under the Army Overseas Educational completed at Riverbank, Geneva, Illinois. This Commission.
laboratory was built for the late Professor MAJOR GEORGE F. SEVER, Engineers, U.S.A., Wallace C. Sabine, of Harvard University, by has been honorably discharged from the his friend, Colonel George Fabyan. In this United States Army after a service of fifteen laboratory Professor Sabine proposed to carry months and will make his headquarters in on the study of a number of problems in archiNew York City for consulting engineer prac- tectural acoustics requiring special building tise. Major Sever during his service made construction and entire freedom from extraneextensive and detailed investigations of the ous noises. The building was constructed with electric power conditions in New England as the most careful attention to details, according well as on the Pacific coast from Seattle to to Professor Sabine's plans, and has many inLos Angeles. His investigations covered teresting structural features. It was just ready analyses of the production of power by coal, for occupancy at the time of his death. Col. oil and water, and the comparisons of these onel Fabyan, the founder of the laboratory, different methods.
proposes to carry out, as far as possible, the SECOND LIEUTENANT ASA C. CHANDLER, Sani- original purpose for which the building and its tary Corps, formerly assistant professor of equipment were intended. Dr. Paul E. Sabine zoology at Oregon Agricultural College, has has resigned his position as assistant professor undertaken parasitological work at the Central
of physics in the Case School of Applied SciMedical Department Laboratory of the A. E. F. ence to take charge of the research program at Dijon, France.
which had been laid out. PROFESSOR J. M. ALDRICH, formerly pro- An entomological expedition to South Amerfessor of zoology in the University of Idaho, ica is planned by Professor J. Chester Bradley, has been appointed associate curator of the '06, of the college of agriculture of Cornell Division of Insects in the National Museum,
University. Leaving Ithaca next September, but more recently has been working with the Professor Bradley will visit Brazil, Argentina Bureau of Entomology.
and Chile; in the following spring he will be DR. HERMANN VON IHERING, formerly director joined in Peru by Professors Cyrus R. Crosby
and Dr. W. T. M. Forbes, of the agricultural of the Museum of the State of São Paulo, Brazil, has been appointed director of the
college, and the party will work on the Ama
zon River as far as Peral near the headwaters. State Museum of Sta. Catharina, Brazil, to be
The expedition is conducted under the auspices organized by him at Flerianopolis (Estado de Santa Catharina, Brazil).
of the university for the two-fold purpose of
securing entomological specimens and of formAt its meeting held May 14, 1919, the Rum
ing closer relations with South American inford Committee of the American Academy of
stitutions of learning. Arts and Sciences voted the following appro
DR. S. M. ZELLER, who has been special inpriations: To Professor P. W. Bridgman, of Harvard University, in aid of his research on
vestigator in timber pathology for the Souththe effect of temperature and pressure on the
ern Pine Association, of New Orleans, La.,
with laboratory at the Missouri Botanical Garphysical properties of materials, particularly their thermal conductivity (additional to
den, St. Louis, has been appointed investigator
in fruit diseases at the Oregon Agricultural previous appropriation), $400; to Professor Horace L. Howes, of the New Hampshire Col
College, Corvallis, Oregon. lege, in aid of his research on the experimental AFTER being at work for one year, the techstudy of the effect of temperature on the nical personnel of the Bacteriological Institúte of Buenos Aires, has been reappointed in HOMER P. RITTER, for many years an officer a recent decree reorganizing the institution. of the United States Coast and Geodetic SurThe sections and the individuals in charge are: vey and a member of the Mississippi River hygiene, Dr. Carbonnell; plague, Dr. Uriarte; Commission, died at Washington, D. C., April serotherapy, Dr. Sordelli; physics and chem- 21, 1919. He was returning from a meeting of istry, Dr. Wernicke; experimental physiology the Mississippi River Commission at Memphis and pathology. Dr. Houssay; medical zoology, and was taken ill on the train. On his arrival Dr. Bachmann, and parasitology, Dr. Wolff- at Washington, on Saturday morning, he was hugel.
taken to the Emergency Hospital, and died PROFESSOR I. NEWTON KUGELMASS, head of there. Mr. Ritter was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the department of chemistry at Howard Col- March 4, 1855. He attended the high school lege, addressed the Southern Child Health in Cleveland from 1869 to 1873 and Columbia Association on " Applied Nutrition for Raising College School of Mines from 1878 to 1880. the Standard of Child Vitality in the Service He was afterwards employed for several years of the Newer National Domism," in Birming- on railway surveys. He entered the Coast and ham, on May 1.
Geodetic Survey in 1865; was appointed an At the London meeting of the Institute of
assistant in 1895, and continued in the service Metals on May 19, Professor F. Soddy, F.R.S.,
until the time of his death. Mr. Ritter had delivered the ninth annual May lecture on
been employed on field work in all parts of the “Radio-Activity."
United States and in Alaska and his last duty
was in charge of the Field Station of the Coast PROFESSOR J. H. JEANS, F.R.S., delivered a lecture on “The Quantum Theory and New
and Geodetic Survey, at Boston, Massachu
setts. Theories of Atomic Structure” at a meeting of the Chemical Society in London on May 1.
PROFESSOR JOEL STEBBINS, secretary of the DR. AARON AARONSON, agricultural expert,
American Astronomical Society, writes: “In
SCIENCE for May 10 there is an announcement of Haifa, Palestine, was killed in a fall of an airplane on May 15, near Boulogne, while fly
that representatives of certain foreign observaing from London to Paris. Dr. Aaronsohn
tories will be at the meeting of the American
Astronomical Society at Ann Arbor on Sephad been a technical adviser of the United
tember 1. This is a mistake because so far States Department of Agriculture.
as known to the officers of the society there The next annual meeting of the American
will be no such representation from abroad." Chemical Society will be held in Philadelphia,
The erroneous statement was taken from the from September 2 to 6, inclusive. The Phila
Michigan Alumnus. delphia section is already planning to continue the rising curve of success and attendance for the meeting next fall.
UNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL
NEWS SURGEON-GENERAL IRELAND has authorized during the present "emergency," the prep
THE seismological library of Count F. de aration and application of psychological tests
Montessus de Ballore, director of the Seismoto recruits, that men of low mentality may be
logical Service of Chile, has recently been purbarred from the army.
chased by Dr. J. O. Branner and presented to
Stanford University. This is probably one of The thirty-fifth anniversary of the establishment of the Bureau of Animal Industry
the most complete collections of seismological of the Department of Agriculture occurred on
literature in existence and it is accompanied May 9. When the bureau began operations in
by a manuscript catalogue containing nearly 1884 it had a staff of less than twenty em
5,000 titles. ployees; it has now more than 5,200, working The department of medicine of the Univerthrough thirteen divisions and offices.
sity of Toronto is to be the recipient of a gift