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Mr. Smith and his wife on their return, He had a wide and accurate knowledge of the resumed their employment at the Carnegie major divisions of the animal kingdom and Museum, devoting themselves to the arrange- keen powers of discrimination. He was espement of the Colombian material and to the cially well versed in conchology, though he classification of the large and increasing col- wrote and published but little. He was a syslections of mollusca belonging to the museum. tematist of far more than ordinary ability, One of the results of this period is the whose opinions were received with great re“Catalog of the Genus Partula which was spect by those who employed him. He was published in 1902. After about a year in an accomplished linguist. He was familiar Pittsburgh, Mr. and Mrs. Smith felt the need with the Greek and Latin classics, spoke of a change and resolved upon removal to Spanish readily and used Portuguese as if it Wetumpka, Ala., where they began the syste- were his mother tongue. He also had a good matic collection of fresh-water shells, belong knowledge of French and German, sufficient ing to the family of Strepomatidæ, which to enable him to consult works in those lanabound in the Coosa and other rivers of that guages. He was one of the survivors of a region. They were supported in their work group of naturalist explorers and investigaby four ardent conchologists: Mr. George H. tors to whom we are indebted for much of Clapp, of Pittsburgh, Messrs. John B. Hender- our knowledge of the fauna and flora of tropson and T. H. Aldrich, of Washington, D. C., ical America. He belonged to an illustrious and Mr. Bryant Walker, of Detroit, Mich., company which, beginning with Humboldt and who formed a “syndicate" to enable the work Bonpland, included in its ranks such men as to be done. When Mr. Aldrich dropped out of Alfred Russel Wallace, Henry W. Bates, J. N. their number, Professor H. A. Pilsbry, of the Natterer, J. J. Tschudi, J. B. Hatcher and Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, J. D. Haseman, who courageously faced dantook the vacant place for such time as he was gers in the wilderness in order to secure inable to command the necessary funds. In formation at first hand as to the fauna and 1910 Dr. Eugene A. Smith, of the Geological flora of the great continent where they labored. Survey of Alabama, induced Mr. and Mrs.

W. J. HOLLAND H. H. Smith to take charge of the museum at

CARNEGIE MUSEUM the University of Alabama, and here they have been engaged for nearly a decade in arranging and caring for the collections which THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR have been accumulated principally by the Geo

THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE logical Survey of Alabama. For the past two PASADENA MEETING OF THE PACIFIC or three years the Alabama Museum and the

DIVISION Carnegie Museum have been working con- The third annual meeting of the Pacific jointly in the exploration of the Tertiary de- Division of the American Association for the posits of Alabama, under the oversight of Mr. Advancement of Science will be held at PasaSmith, and the result has been discovery of a dena, Calif., during the period June 19-22, number of new and rich deposits of Tertiary 1919. On account of the war no meeting was mollusca. Vast series of specimens had been held in 1918. gathered by our indefatigable friends, and the The address of the retiring president, Dr. last letter received by the writer contained a D. T. MacDougal, on “Growth of Organisms” request for a fresh supply of labels. It was will be delivered on Thursday evening in the written only a day or two before the lamented Palm Room of the Hotel Maryland, followdeath of the sender.

ing which a public reception will be held. Mr. Smith was not a mere collector of nat- The address of welcome will be given by ural history specimens. He was a naturalist President James A. B. Scherer, of Throop in the true sense of that much abused word. College of Technology, and the response by Dr. Barton Warren Evermann, the chairman and Birds generally of the North Pacifio: DR. of the executive committee.

JOSEPH GRINNELL, director, Museum of Verte Special considerations related to the ex

brate zoology, University of California, Berke

ley. igencies of the times have induced the exec

Peculiarities in the Scientific Problems of the Fish. utive committee to arrange a program which

eries of the North Pacific: PROFESSOR JOHN N. it is hoped will bring together, in two half-day

COBB, director, College of Fisheries, University of sessions, the entire attendance of the meet

Washington, Seattle, Washington. ing irrespective of society affiliations and spe- The Problem of the Organic Fertility of the North cial interests. This is something of an in- Pacific Ocean: MR. E. L. MICHAEL, zoologist, novation but it is believed the importance Scripps Institution, University of California, La of the subjects to be presented and the com

Jolla. munity of interest involved will justify this

Currents, Temperatures and Salinities of the North departure.

Pacific: MR. G. F. MCEWEN, hydrographer,

Scripps Institution, University of California, La Thursday afternoon, June 19, will be de

Jolla. voted to a symposium in which the projected

Barometric Pressures, Winds, Storms, Etc., of the Exploration of the North Pacific Ocean will

North Pacific: MR. E. A. BEALS, district fore. receive a thorough exposition as regards its

caster, United States Weather Bureau, San economic and scientific possibilities. The im- Francisco. portance of this project to the people of the Fundamental Problems in the Geology of the Pacific area

can scarcely be overestimated. North Pacific Region: DR. GEORGE D. LOUDERThe Pacific Ocean as a source of food supply

BACK, associate professor of geology, University remains largely undeveloped. That a scien

of California, Berkeley. tific survey of this little-known portion of

On Friday afternoon, June 20, another the globe will result in very tangible benefits symposium will be presented which will be of is not to be doubted. There are, moreover,

interest to workers in every department of many scientific questions pertaining to mete- science. Its stated purpose is "to stimulate orology, geodesy, geology, etc., which will be the spirit of scientific inquiry and research clarified by the proposed investigations.

and to disseminate scientific information The aims of the symposium are to impress among the people.” The need for more reupon the people generally of western North search men, with better equipment for their America their vital interest in the general work, is keenly felt. The generous support subject under consideration; and to advance

of the people and the government is required the problem of ways and means of carrying

not alone in solving the immediate problems out the contemplated explorations and investi

of the day but in furthering and promoting gations. Care has been observed in assigning

research in all branches of science. The asthe topics to men qualified by experience to

signment of speakers in this symposium on treat them briefly and cogently.

“ Scientific education in a democracy is as The arrangement of the symposium is as

follows: follows:

The Dependence of a Community on Scientific Et. Problems of Population of the North Pacific Area

perts: DR. JAMES A. B. SCHERER, president, as Dependent Upon the Biology, the Oceanog. Throop College of Technology, Pasadena. raphy and the Meteorology of the Ocean: DR. The Responsibilities of the Scientist: DR. GEORGE W. E. RITTER, director, Scripps Institution, Uni. E. HALE, director, Mount Wilson Observatory, versity of California, La Jolla.

Carnegie Institution of Washington, Pasadena. The Northern Fur-seal Problem as a Type of Many The Press as an Intermediary between the Investi

Problems of Marine Zoology: DR. BARTON W. gator and the Public: HONORABLE CHESTER H. EVERMANN, director, California Academy of Sci- ROWELL, editor of the Fresno Republican, ences, San Francisco.

Fresno. Soientific and Economic Problems of the Mammals The Graduate School; Its New Duties: DR. W. F.

observatories will be presented. Astronomers from the Lowell Observatory, the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Pomona College, and Mount Wilson have signified their intention of attending these meetings.

DURAND, professor of mechanical engineering,

Stanford University. The Early Training of the Scientific Expert: DR.

E. W. BAILEY, supervisor of science, University

School, Oakland. The Relation of the Engineer to Scientific Investi.

gation and to the General Public: DR. J. A. L. WADDELL, consulting engineer, Kansas City,

Missouri. Must Learning Be Mediocre in a Democracy? DR.

E. C. MOORE, president, State Normal School, Los Angeles.

Friday evening, June 20, a public address will be given in the Palm Room of the Hotel Maryland by Dr. S. D. Townley, professor of applied mathematics, Stanford University, the subject being “Earthquakes on the Pacific Coast of North America."

AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY J. 8. Ames, president, Johns Hopkins University,

Baltimore. D. C. Miller, secretary, Case Scientific School,

Cleveland, Ohio. E. P. Lewis, local secretary, University of Cali

fornia, Berkeley.

The American Physical Society will hold a meeting Thursday morning, June 19, at Throop College. On Saturday the offices and laboratories of the Mount Wilson Observatory in Pasadena will be open to visitors, and there will be an excursion, open to all members of the society, to the observatory on Mount Wilson.

MEETINGS OF AFFILIATED SOCIETIES Following are announcements of the various societies which will meet under the auspices of the Pacific Division:

CALIFORNIA SECTION, AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY L. H. Duschak, president, University of California. Robert E. Swain, acting president, 638 Channing

Ave., Palo Alto. Bryant S. Drake, secretary-treasurer, 5830 Colby

St., Oakland. J. Pearce Mitchell, John S. Blowski, William C.

Bray, councilors.

The meeting of the California Section of the American Chemical Society will be held Saturday evening, June 21, in conjunction with the Southern California section of the American Chemical Society.

ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF THE PACIFIC Beverly L. Hodghead, president, 1715 Euclid Ave.,

Berkeley. R. T. Aitken, first vice-president, Lick Observatory,

Mount Hamilton. Dorothea Klumpke Roberts, second vice-president,

1106a Valencia St., San Francisco. D. S. Richardson, secretary-treasurer, University

of California, Berkeley.

The Astronomical Society of the Pacific plans to hold two sessions for the discussion of scientific papers.

The first, from 10 A.M. to 12 M., June 19, at Throop College; the second from 9.30 A.M. to 12 M., Friday, June 20, also at Throop College. Papers of particular interest to physicists will be discussed at the meeting on Friday morning, and members of the American Physical Society are especially invited to be present. The American Astronomical Society has been invited to meet with the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. If the invitation be accepted, probably the only change in the above program would be an extra session on Friday afternoon for scientific discussions. It is expected that a number of papers from the Pacific Coast


Northern Division Barton W. Evermann, president, California Acad

emy of Sciences, San Francisco, Calif. Jules Labarthe, vice-president, 2715 Steiner St.,

San Fancisco, Calif. Mrs. James T. Allen, secretary, 37 Mosswood Road,

Berkeley, Calif.

Southern Division Loye Holmes Miller, president, State Normal

School Los Angeles, Calif . Howard Robertson, vice-president, Hosfield Build

ing, Los Angeles, Calif.

L. E. Wyman, secretary, 3927 Wisconsin St., Los

Angeles, Calif.

The Cooper Ornithological Club will hold joint sessions with the Western Society of Naturalists.

The annual meeting of the Pacific Slope Branch of the American Association of Economic Entomologists will be held this year at the Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside, California, May 28-29, in connection with the California Fruit Growers' Convention. It is expected that many members will arrange to attend the meeting of the Pacific Division also.


AMERICA Henry Landes, president, University of Washing

ton, Seattle, Wash. Charles E. Weaver, secretary, University of Wash

ington, Seattle, Wash.

A meeting will be held of the Cordilleran Section of the Geological Society of America, the details of which will be announced later.

ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA Barrington Moore, president, American Museum of

Natural History, New York, N. Y. Thomas L. Hankinson, vice-president, Eastern Illi

nois State Normal School, Charleston, Il. Forrest Shreve, secretary-treasurer, Desert Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution, Tucson, Arizona.

A meeting of the Ecological Society of America will be held at Throop College.

A joint session with the Western Society of Naturalists, for the reading of invited papers, has already been planned. Two trips have been arr

rranged for June 21, one to Mount Wilson and the Observatory of the Carnegie Institution, and one to the rich fossil deposits at Rancho La Brea.

SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA C. F. Marvin, president, U. S. Weather Bureau,

Washington, D. C. C. F. Tolman, Jr., first vice-president, Stanford

University, Calif. Otto Klotz, second vice-president, Dominion Astro

nomical Observatory, Ottawa, Canada. H. 0. Wood, third vice-president, Cosmos Club,

Washington, D. C. 8. D. Townley, secretary-treasurer, Stanford Uni

versity, Calif.

The sessions of the Seismological Society will be correlated with those of the Cordilleran Section of the Geological Society of America and of the Pacific Coast Branch of the Paleontological Society, but the exact time of the meetings has not yet been determined. Several papers have been promised for the meeting of the Seismological Society and it is expected that an interesting program will be presented.


PACIFIC COAST BRANCH, PALEONTOLOGICAL SOCIETY Bruce L. Clark, president, University of California,

Berkeley, Calif. Chester Stock, vice-president, University of Cali

fornia, Berkeley, Calif. Chester Stock, secretary-treasurer, University of

California, Berkeley, Calif.

The Pacific Coast Branch of the Paleontological Society will hold its meeting in conjunction with that of the Cordilleran Section of the Geological Society of America. The program to be presented will be announced at a later date.

Wm. E. Colby, president, 402 Mills Building, San

Francisco, Calif. Vernon L. Kellogg, vice-president, Stanford Uni

versity, Calif. J. N. LeConte, secretary, Berkeley, Calif. Marion Randall Parsons, treasurer, Berkeley, Calif.

The Southern California Section of the Sierra Club will arrange an outing in the vicinity of Pasadena that will permit of attendance upon the meetings of the Pacific Division by the members. A future announcement will give details of the outing.


H. J. Quayle, chairman, Riverside, Calif.
E. 0. Essig, secretary, Ventura, Calif.


W. L. Hardin, president.
H. J. Lucas, vice-president.
J. S. Carman, treasurer.


H. L. Payne, secretary, 223 West First St., Los Willis H. Rich, secretary, Stanford University, Angeles.

Calif. E. O. Slater, E. E. Chandler, councilors.

E. Victor Smith, treasurer, Seattle, Wash. A meeting of the affiliated sections of the

The Pacific Fisheries will hold sessions on American Chemical Society will be held Sat

Thursday and Friday. urday evening, June 21.


EMPLOYEES T. C. Frye, president, University of Washington,

The recent formation of a union of scienSeattle, Washington.

tific employees of the federal government is Forrest Shreve, vice-president, Desert Laboratory, an event of more than local importance, as is Tucson, Arizona.

also the work of the Congressional Joint ComTracy I. Storer, (acting) secretary-treasurer, Mu

mission on Reclassification of Salaries of fedseum of Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley, Calif.

eral employees. The work of this commission The Western Society of Naturalists will

was the immediate cause of the formation of hold sessions for the presentation of papers

the union, which took place at a mass meeton biological subjects on Thursday and Fri- ing at the New National Museum in Washday, June 19 and 20, at 9 A.M. One of ington, May 8, 1919. these will be a joint session with the Eco

In the call for the mass meeting the adlogical Society of America. On the after- vantages of organization which had been noons of these two days the society will meet

urged were summarized as follows: improve

ment of conditions and facilities for more with other organizations in the two symposia under the Pacific Division. On the evening

effective scientific and technical work; ade of Friday, June 20, a dinner for members of

quate presentation of the needs and results of the society will be held at one of the local

such work to the public and to legislative and hotels Luncheon will be provided at Throop

administrative officers (the Reclassification College of Technology on Thursday and Fri

Commission wishes to deal with employees day for all in attendance at the scientific through organizations, and not as individmeetings. On Saturday, June 21, there will

uals); greater freedom in both official and be a field excursion up Mount Wilson Via

non-official activities; just and reasonable salSierra Madre and Little Santa Anita Canyon.

aries based on service performed and the ecoThis trip affords excellent opportunity to see

nomic and social conditions which prevail; the fauna and flora of the region from the dry

greater public recognition of the aims and washes at the southern base of the San Ga

purposes of research; advancement of science briel Mountains to the Transition Zone forest

and technology as an essential element of na

tional life. on the top. At the observatory opportunity will be afforded to see the astronomical equip

While the advantages of forming a national ment. Luncheon will be provided for all

scientific union had been the subject of con

siderable discussion it was felt by the comvisitors. Those who do not care to walk may

mittee that such an organization could not arrange for transportation up and down the mountain. Other trips to Rancho La Brea

possibly be formed in time for the work of

the Reclassification Commission, and only the and Catalina Island.

following plans were suggested for considera

tion at the mass meeting : PACIFIC FISHERIES SOCIETY Barton Warren Evermann, president, California

Plan No. 1.–To work only through existing

scientific organizations. Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. C. McLean Fraser, vice-president, Nanimo, British

Plan No. 2.-To form an independent organiColumbia.

ization of those federal employees doing G. R. Hoffses, vice-president, Seattle, Wash.

scientific or technical work.

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