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(Concluded) No. 1904bread

.H. A. Kohman (Ph.D., University of Kansas), senior $10,000 a year. fellow.

March 1, 1921. Roy Irvin (M.S., University of Kansas).

Bonus: $10,000. R. J. Cross (B.A., Leland Stanford Jr. University). No. 191—fruit beverages...H. A. Noyes (M.S., Massachusetts Agricultural Col- $3,000 a year. lege).

March 1, 1920.

During the institute year March 1, 1918, to During the eight years, the institute itself March 1, 1919, there was a marked growth in expended over $330,000 in taking care of overboth the number of industrial fellowships in head expenses-salaries of members of peroperation and the amounts subscribed for manent staff and office force, maintenance of their support. At the present time there are building, apparatus, etc.—in connection with 47 industrial fellowships, and 5 additional the operation of the industrial fellowships. ones have been arranged for, to begin just as Besides this amount, the building and persoon as the necessary laboratory space can be manent equipment of the institute, which provided. Of these 47 industrial fellowships, make it the most complete and modern in35 utilize the services of one research man on dustrial experiment station in the country, each fellowship (individual fellowships), while represent an investment of about $350,000. 12 have the intensive work, in each instance, The administration of the Mellon Institute of one or more investigators under the super- is now constituted as follows: Raymond F. vision of a senior fellow (multiple fellow- Bacon, Sc.D., director; Edward R. Weidlein, ships). Of these two types of industrial fel- M.A., associate director; E. Ward Tillotson, lowships, 9 have been founded by associations Jr., Ph.D., assistant director; William A. of manufacturers and these association fellow- Hamor, M.A., assistant director; David S. ships serve in all 2,700 company members. Pratt, Ph.D., assistant director; Harry S.

The following table presents the number of Coleman, B.S., assistant director. industrial fellowships which have been founded in the institute from March to March of each

SCIENTIFIC EVENTS year, 1911 to 1919; the number of industrial

MINERAL DEPOSITS IN THE UNITED STATES fellows (research chemists and engineers) who

THE Geological Survey has recently pubhave been employed thereon; and the total

lished as its Bulletin 660 its annual volume amounts of money contributed for their main

entitled “ Contributions to Economic Geology tenance by the industrial fellowship donors

(short papers and preliminary reports), 1917. (industrialists and associations of manu- Part I. Metals and Nonmetals Except Fuels." facturers) :

This bulletin contains 11 papers describing deposits of ores of iron, manganese, tin, antimony, lead, silver and gold in widely separated

parts of the United States and deposits of 1911-1912 11

$ 39,700 greensand, clay, and strontianite. The short1912-1913



age of manganese, which is used extensively 37

78,400 1914-1915


61,200 in hardening steel, and the high prices result1915–1916


ing from its scarcity, caused the survey to 1916–1917


149,100 1917-1918


examine undeveloped deposits in western Ar1918-1919 47

238,245 kansas and in Shenandoah Valley, Va., the

results of which are described in “Manganese The total amount of money contributed by Deposits of the Caddo Gap and De Queen industrial firms to the institute for the eight quadrangles, Ark.,” by H. D. Miser, and “Posyears ending March 1, 1919, was $919,745. sibilities for Manganese Ore on Certain Un

Number of Fel- Number of Fel- Amounts ConMarch to March







developed Tracts in the Shenandoah Valley, Michigan, and Professor Quick, of De Pauw Va.," by D. F. Hewitt, G. W. Stose, F. J. University. Courses are offered in entomolKatz and H. D. Miser. The greensand de- ogy, ornithology, vertebrate zoology, ecology of posits of the eastern United States are con- invertebrate animals, systematic botany, plant sidered by G H. Ashley particularly with ecology and plant anatomy, all but the last rereference to their possible utilization as quiring a large amount of field work. Opporsource of potash, for their green color is due tunity for investigation is offered to a limited to their content of glauconite, a mineral that number of investigators upon payment of usually carries about 7 per cent of potash, nominal fees. For further information ad. although the sands as a whole contain some dress George R. La Rue, director, the Biologwhat less of this useful alkali. An interest- ical Station, University of Michigan, Ann ing paper on “ Strontianit Deposits near Bar- Arbor. stow, Cal.," by Adolph Knopf, forms part of Dr. Raymond C. Osburn, head of the departthe volume. Strontianite has been success- ment of zoology and entomology in Ohio State fully used in the recovery of sugar from beet

University, has been appointed director of the sugar molasses, large quantities of the molasses Lake Laboratory. The 1919 session of the being unavoidably produced in the manufac- laboratory will be held from June 23 to ture of beet sugar. Among the mining dis- August 2, a period of six weeks. The labtricts described in this bulletin are the Cuy- oratory is now located at Put-in-Bay, Ohio, una iron district, Minn., by E. C. Harder and which is on an island in Lake Erie several A. W. Johnston; the Kings Mountain tin miles from the mainland. It is easily reached district, N. C. and S. C., by Arthur Keith and by steamer from Cleveland, Sandusky and D. B. Sterrett; the northwestern part of the Detroit. Cooperation with the State Fish and Garnet Range and the Dunklebery district,

Game Commission of Ohio during the 1918 Mont., by J. T. Pardee; and the Arabia dis- session proved satisfactory to both the labtrict, Nev., by Adolph Knopf.

oratory and the commission and the arrangeThe bulletin which consists of about 300

ment will be continued. A course on the pages and contains a number of small maps

fishes of Lake Erie will be given by Professor and line illustrations, may be obtained on ap

Osburn. Members of the staff will be Dr. plication to the Director, U. S. Geological

F. H. Krecker, the acting director, Ohio State Survey, Washington, D. C.

University, who will offer a course in animal

ecology; Professor S. R. Williams, of Miami SUMMER BIOLOGICAL STATIONS

University, who is in charge of invertebrate The University of Michigan will maintain

morphology; Professor M. E. Stickney, of its biological station for instruction and re

Denison University, who gives work in plant search for the eleventh session during the

ecology, and Dr. Edna Mosher, who is in eight weeks from June 30 to August 22. This

charge of entomology. Surveys made last station is situated on the shores of Douglas

summer showed that the region was exceptionLake, near Pellston, Mich., about twenty miles ally well suited to the requirements of the labnortheast of Petoskey, in the famous summer

oratory. The fauna and flora are abundant playground of northern Michigan. It is, how- and offer a wide field for research along a ever, well isolated from the summer resorts and

number of important lines. Independent the resort crowds. The personnel of the teach- workers will be cordially welcomed and given ing staff is as follows: In zoology, Professors laboratory accommodations without charge. La Rue and Welch, of the University of Mich- An illustrated booklet has recently been igan, Professor Frank Smith, of the Univer- issued descriptive of the work and environsity of Illinois, and Mr. Dayton Stoner, of the ment of the Iowa Lakeside Laboratory. This State University of Iowa; in botany, Professor station was founded by alumni of the UniGates and Dr. Ehlers, of the University of versity of Iowa on Lake Okoboji in 1909. Beginning with the summer of 1919 the work his thorough qualifications for the important work of the laboratory will be organized on a re

intrusted to him. The new methods, instruments search basis, and only those prepared for in

and appliances devised under his direction for dependent work will be admitted. The lab

testing candidates for pilots and observers have

attracted the attention and been the subject of oratory will open June 23, continuing in

enthusiastic comment by officers of the allied servsession ten weeks and closing August 30. Any

ices, and will be one of great importance in proone interested in the work for the coming

moting the safety and more rapid development of summer should address the director, Robert B. aerial navigation. Wylie, of the University of Iowa, Iowa City, JOEL E. GOLDTHWAIT, Colonel. As a member of Iowa.

the medical corps he has, by his unusual foresight

and organizing ability, made it possible to reclaim DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDALS

for duty thousands of men suffering from physical GENERAL PERSHING has awarded the Dig.

defects. He has thereby materially conserved for tinguished Service Medal to a number of

combat service a great number of men who would

have been lost to the service. medical officers including the following:

THOMAS W. SALMON, Colonel. He has, by his FRANCIS A. WINTER, Brigadier-General. As constant tireless and conscientious work, as well as chief surgeon of the lines of communication, Amer. by his unusual judgment, done much to conserve ican Expeditionary Forces, from June to Decem- manpower for active front line work. He was the ber, 1917, he organized medical units at the base first to demonstrate that war neurosis could be ports and in camps in France. He established treated in advanced sanitary units with greater large supply depots from which medical supplies success than in base hospitals. were distributed to the American Expeditionary Forces, and by keen foresight and administrative ability, made these supplies at all times available


JOSEPH BARRELL, professor of structural JOSEPH A. BLAKE, Colonel. As chief consultant geology at Yale University, died on May 4 for the district of Paris, and commanding officer

from pneumonia and spinal meningitis, aged of Red Cross Hospital, No. 2, he efficiently stand

forty-nine years. ardized surgical procedures especially in the recent methods of treating fractures. His remark.

The National Research Council announces able talent has materially reduced the suffering the appointment of James Rowland Angell, and loss of life among our wounded.

dean of the faculties, and professor of psycholGEORGE W. CRILE, Colonel. By his skill, re- ogy in the University of Chicago, as chairman searches and discoveries, he saved the lives of many

of the council for the year commencing July of our wounded soldiers. His tireless efforts to

1, 1919. Dr. Angell succeeds Dr. George E. devise new methods of treatment to prevent infec.

Hale, director of the Mount Wilson Solar Obtion and surgical shock revolutionized Army sur

servatory of the Carnegie Institution of Washgery and met with the greatest success.

WILLIAM H. WILMER, Colonel. As surgeon in ington, who has directed the affairs of the councharge of medical research laboratories, air serv

cil during the war, and who resigned as chairice, American Expeditionary Forces, since Sep- man on April 30, to return to California. Dr. tember, 1918, he has rendered most distinguished John C. Merriam, professor of paleontology service. His thorough knowledge of the psychol- in the University of California, who has been ogy of flying officers and the expert tests applied acting chairman of the council at various efficiently and intelligently under his direction

times, will direct its affairs until Dr. Angell have done much to decrease the number of acci

assumes office in July. dents at the flying schools in France and have established standards and furnished indications

At a meeting of the Franklin Institute at which will be of inestimable value in all future Philadelphia on May 21, the presentation of work to determine the qualifications of pilots and

the Franklin Medals will be made to Sir James observers. The data collected by him is an evi- Dewar, the distinguished English chemist, and dence of his ability, his painstaking care and of to Major-General George Owen Squier, of the United States Army. Major Squier will give J. B. NORTON, of the Bureau of Plant Inan address on “Some aspects of the Signal dustry, who has been appointed agricultural Corps in the World War.” The address will be explorer in the Office of Foreign Seed and illustrated by still and moving pictures show- Plant Introduction, has left Washington on ing signal corps activities in France, and a an expedition to China. limited number of signal corps communica

MR. M. B. Long, of the gas laboratory of the tion devices will be exhibited.

Bureau of Standards, has resigned in order to DR. ALBERT CALMETTE, former director of accept a position in the research laboratory of the Institut Pasteur at Lille, now subdirector the Western Electric Company, in New York of the Institut Pasteur at Paris, has been City. elected an active member of the section on

WISHING to establish a Pasteur Institute, the public hygiene and legal medicine of the Paris

government of Nicaragua has asked the MexAcademy of Medicine.

ican government to send, at its expense, a perDR. ARCHIBALD P. KNIGHT, for twenty-seven

son to establish one at Managua. In compliyears professor of physiology in Queen's Uni

ance with this request, the Mexican authorities versity, Kingston, Ontario, plans to tender his

have intrusted Dr. G. Leal with this duty, and resignation, but will retain his position until

he will depart shortly with the necessary pera successor is appointed.

sonnel and equipment. As a courtesy to a PROFESSOR DUGALD C. JACKSON, of the Massa- sister republic, the Mexican government will chusetts Institute of Technology, has returned bear the expenses connected with the trip. from France and has been discharged from the

THE board of trustees of the American Army.

Medical Association has elected to the ediDR. TAMIJI KAWAMURA, of the Imperial Uni- torial staff of the Archives of Internal Mediversity, Kyoto, Japan, author of a work on

cine, Dr. George Dock, St. Louis; to the ediJapanese fresh-water biology, is spending the

torial staff of the American Journal of Disspring quarter in the department of zoology of

eases of Children, Dr. L. Emmett Holt, New the University of Illinois, studying the meth- York, and Dr. H. F. Helmholz, vice Dr. Frank ods and equipment of animal ecology in the

Churchill, resigned because of removal from laboratory of Professor V. E. Shelford.

Chicago; on the Council of Pharmacy and DR. JOSEPH E. POGUE, formerly associate Chemistry, Drs. C. L. Alsberg, Washington, professor of geology and mineralogy in North

D. C., Henry Kraemer, Ann Arbor, Mich., western University, has terminated his duties

and John Howland, Baltimore, each to serve as assisting director in technical matters, Bu

for five years; and Dr. W. W. Palmer, New reau of Oil Conservation, Oil Division, U. S. York, to fill the vacancy caused by the death Fuel Administration, and accepted the ap- of Dr. J. W. Long, for a term extending to pointment of curator in the Division of Min

1922. eral Technology, U. S. National Museum, where he will carry on educational work and

At the recent meeting of the American Asinvestigations in industrial economics with sociation of Anatomists, held in Pittsburgh, special reference to the mineral industries. the following resolution was introduced and

FORREST E. KEMPTON, who took his Ph.D. unanimously adopted: “The American Assodegree at Illinois last spring and who was em

ciation of Anatomists expresses to Professor ployed as plant pathologist in the Porto Rico J. McKeen Cattell its grateful appreciation of Agriculture Experiment Station during part the ability and unfailing devotion to scientific of the past year, is now employed by the U. S. progress shown in his editorship of SCIENCE Department of Agriculture Office of Cereal and other scientific journals, which, while Investigations at the University of Illinois in serving other broader purposes, have been so connection with Barberry eradication.

often of direct benefit to anatomists."


the press.

DR. LIBERTY HYDE BAILEY, of Cornell Uni- for various sections of the state. One well is versity, will deliver the commencement ad- now being driven in Iron County and others dress at the Kansas State Agricultural Col- will be started in different sections of the state lege.

The Silvanus Thompson Memorial Lecture EPSILON chapter of Sigma Gamma Epsilon of the British Röntgen Society was delivered has been installed recently at the University of by Professor W. M. Bayliss, at the Royal So- Missouri. This is a professional fraternity ciety of Medicine on May 6.

for those in geology, mining and metallurgy. WILLIAM H. HALE, former superintendent of

M. ALBERT SARRAUT, governor-general of public baths of the City of New York, died

Indo-China, recently announced the establishon May 2, at the age of seventy-nine years.

ment of a scientific institute at Saigon, to Dr. Hale became a member of the American

study the development and utilization of the Association for the Advancement of Science

products of the soil and of the water of Indoin 1874 and was a constant attendant at its

China. An inventory will be made of the natmeetings which he reported for journals and

ural resources of Indo-China, and the insti

tute will aim to exploit them properly by means The professor of physiology of the School of laboratory studies, experimental research of Medicine of the University of Buenos and scientific explorations. Aires, Dr. H. G. Piñero, died recently at Mar

The Journal of the American Medical Assodel Plata.

ciation states that the National Association Mr. GEORGE EASTMAN, president of the East- for the Study of Tuberculosis has recently man Kodak Company, has provided the Dental granted $10,000 for an exhaustive scientific Dispensary at Rochester, N. Y., with an en- study to be made in Baltimore of the underdowment of $1,000,000. The object of the in- lying causes of tuberculosis, under the direcstitution is to provide dental work for the tion of a committee consisting of Dr. Henry city's school children.

Barton Jacobs, Baltimore, president of the The third Tuberculosis Sanitorium of the Maryland Association for the Study and PreVirginia State Board of Health is now being vention of Tuberculosis; Dr. Raymond Pearl, designed. It will be situated at Charlottesville. professor of biometry and vital statistics in the In conducting it the State Board of Health School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns will affiliate with the Medical School of the Hopkins University, and Dr. William T. HowUniversity of Virginia. According to the

ard, Baltimore, assistant commissioner of plan the students from the school and the health. The grant is intended to defray the nurses from the University Hospital Training expense of the investigation and study for a School will have regular periods of service in year and the start will be made as soon as the the sanatorium. The sanatorium with one necessary force of investigators can be organhundred beds or more will open next autumn.

ized. Baltimore city makes an annual approTHE Utah Experiment Station has received

priation of $30,000 to the health department a special $20,000 appropriation from the state

for its tuberculosis work, and yet little progress legislature for experimental work on under

has been made toward the reduction of the ground water development. Investigations

death rate. This is because the department has conducted by the Experiment Station and the

been unable to make its investigation as far U. S. Department of Agriculture show that

reaching and as effective as the officials in vast areas of land in the southwestern part of

charge have felt that the situation demanded. the state contain sufficient underground water THROUGH the aid of a grant made by the for irrigation. The experimental work to be Research Committee of the American Medical done under this appropriation will be to de- Association, Roy L. Moodie, assistant professor termine the best type of well and equipment of anatomy in the University of Illinois, re

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