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Census Bureau during 1918 directed a part of by the bureau was the tabulation of data its energies to the compilation of war statis- covering the disputed areas of Europe and ties. The increase in this class of work was Africa—that is, those areas whose final disposo large that the number of employees engaged sition will be determined by the outcome of on it rose from 92 on July 1, 1918, to 231 on September 1.
The force of the Census Bureau in WashThe war work done by the bureau covers a ington comprises 684 officials and employees, wide range. Its more important phases in- and in addition there are employed throughclude canvasses of manufacturers and dealers out the cotton belt approximately 700 local to ascertain the consumption and stocks on special agents who make periodical collections hand of certain raw materials used in war of cotton and cottonseed statistics. industries, and the production and stocks on In order to avoid waste and delay in the hand of commodities made therefrom; the conduct of the next decennial inventory of the classification of occupations of military regis- country's population, agriculture and industrants, an undertaking that necessitated the tries, to be made in 1920, the bureau is carryhandling and rehandling of more than 8,000,- ing on such preparatory work as can be done 000 cards; estimates of population for use prior to the enactment of the pending bill to as a basis in the apportionment of the first provide for the Fourteenth Census. Under draft; the allocation of enlistments; and the this bill, if it is enacted into law, all the determination of registrants' ages from cen- clerical and subclerical force of the bureau sus records. In addition to carrying on these will be appointed through open competitive exand other specific lines of work at the request aminations, held by the United States Civil of the war agencies of the government, the Service Commission, as at the census of 1910. bureau has complied with many requests for The Fourteenth Census will cover the subinformation which had a bearing on the prob- jects of population; agriculture, including lems arising in connection with the war. irrigation and drainage; manufactures; and
During the fiscal year the bureau carried on mines, quarries and oil and gas wells. The 13 regular and 7 special lines of work, in undertaking will require the services of a field addition to the war work and the preparations
and the preparations force of about 85,000 or 90,000, chiefly enumfor the Fourteenth Census. The regular in- erators. quiries included canvasses of water transportation and shipbuilding, of electrical indus
THE BUREAU OF STANDARDS tries, of religious bodies, of births and deaths, The annual report for 1918 of Dr. Samuel of state and municipal finance of cotton and W. Stratton, director of the Bureau of Standcotton seed, and of stocks of leaf tobacco in
ards, reports that the regular work of the the hands of manufacturers and dealers.
bureau has yielded important results. Apart The work on birth and death statistics has
from new researches, a large volume of testing been considerably expanded during recent
was completed, more than 300,000 separate
tests being made. The construction of the years. These statistics are gathered only from
new industrial laboratory, the completion of those states and municipalities which main
the metallurgical laboratory, and the building tain adequate registration systems.
of a number of emergency war laboratories The special work done by the bureau in
for airplane investigations were events of included a census of the Virgin Islands re
terest, and will be of great value in the cently purchased from Denmark. These is
development of the several branches of techlands have a total area of 132 square miles, nology within the bureau's field. and the total population on November 1, When the United States entered the war, the 1917, was 20,051.
bureau already possessed exceptional facilities, Another special line of work undertaken equipment, and personnel, chemistry and engineering. This enabled it to take up promptly remodeling of older industries are fruits of many important military researches. The lab- the more intimate cooperation of science and oratories, so useful during peace, proved of industry which it is the function of the bureau especial importance in war. The specialized to promote. equipment of instruments, materials and sup- A fine laboratory for industrial research is plies were on hand which were then almost nearly completed and will be ready for use in unobtainable elsewhere. The bureau promptly a few months. This laboratory, when comextended its service to all lines of scientific pletely equipped, will be one of the most work which would assist in the war. Prac- effective of its kind in the world. In no natically every section of its regular organiza- tional institution in the world is the union betion has had military problems of the most tween pure science and practical technology pressing nature submitted to it, and invaluable so intimate as in the work of the Bureau of service has been rendered.
Standards. The recent expansion of the bureau has Apart from confidential reports the bureau been on lines vital to the success of the war. published during the year about 50 new pubIt is interesting to note, however, that many lications, including scientific and technologic of these lines are also of essential value to our circulars and bulletins. Thirty-six confidenindustries in peace. The need for the na- tial circulars were printed on the subject of tional provision for master-gauge standardiza- aviation instruments alone. The establishtion was only realized by those in close touch ment of the work on metals in a suitable labwith such work. The accurate dimensioning oratory building was followed by the establishof the functioning parts of mechanisms will ment of experimental foundry and other permit extending the American system of research work on a practical basis. An intermanufacturing interchangeable parts to its esting branch of the bureau's work is found in maximum usefulness. The importance of the field of public utilities, especially recent nation-wide standardization has long been developments in regard to telephone service known, but the practical working out of such standards, and the standards of safety pracstandardization is best met by a national lab- tise for power service, elevator service, crane oratory such as the Bureau of Standards. construction, building construction, and the The same principle holds for all the technolo- like. gies and special branches of physics.
The combination of pure science and tech- SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS nology has proved especially stimulating and PROFESSOR EDWARD M. EAST was elected effective. The close cooperation of physicists president of the American Society of Naturaland engineers in practical as well as theoret- ists at the recent Baltimore meeting. ical work has given an unusual breadth to Dr. C. M. CHILD, professor at the University such researches. In turn, the technologic of Chicago, has been elected president of the facilities have proved of great value in the American Society of Zoologists. purely scientific work. Many cases might be MR. ROBERT T. JACKSON, of Peterborough, cited where the elements of a research prob- N. H., has been elected president of the Palem ramify into laboratories of practically leontological Society. every division of the bureau. The airplane Dr. F. E. WRIGHT, of the Geophysical Labis an example, and a problem apparently as oratory of the Carnegie Institution, has been simple as the spark plug has called for re- elected president of the Optical Society of searches in many different technical sections America. of the bureau. The establishment of new in- THE Society of American Foresters have dustries in America, such as those of optical elected the following officers for 1919: Presiglass and chemical porcelain, and the scientific dent, F. E. Olmsted; Vice-president, W. W. Ashe; Secretary, P. D. Kelleter; Treasurer, Norwich about twenty-four ars ago.
The A. F. Hawes; Member of the Council for Five degree was granted in recognition of reYears, S. T. Dana.
searches in geology, especially that of the At the annual election for officers and coun- eastern counties, which have occupied his chief cillors of the American Philosophical Society
attention for more than fifty years. held on January 3, the following officers were DR. FRANK M. SURFACE, of the Maine Agrielected: President, William B. Scott; Vice- cultural Experiment Station, who has been in presidents, George Ellery Hale, Arthur A. Washington for the past year and a half as Noyes, Hampton L. Carson; Secretaries, I. assistant chief of the Statistical Division of Minis Hays, Arthur W. Goodspeed, Harry F. the U. S. Food Administration, sailed for Keller, Bradley Moore Davis; Curators, France in December 31 as Food Statistician Charles L. Doolittle, William P. Wilson, Leslie
of the American Commission to Negotiate W. Miller; Treasurer, Henry La Barre Jayne; Councillors, to serve for three years, Maurice It is reported that Brigadier Generals J. M. Bloomfield, John M. Clarke, George H. Parker, T. Finney and W. S. Thayer have been ordered Arthur G. Webster.
back to the United States from France. THE officers of the American Public Health MAJOR WILLIAM A. HAMOR, Chemical WarAssociation elected at the Chicago meeting fare Service, who returned from France in Noare: President, Lee K. Frankel, New York vember, after ten months' service in the AmerCity; Vice-presidents, Colonel John W. S. Mc- ican Expeditionary Forces, has resumed his Cullough, Toronto, Ont.; Colonel Victor C. work at the Mellon Institute of Industrial ReVaughan, Ann Arbor, Mich., and Dr. John D. search as assistant director. Major Hamor Robertson, Chicago; Secretary, A. W. Hed- served as assistant chief of the Technical Dirick, Boston; Treasurer, Dr. Guilford H. Sum- vision of the Chemical Warfare Service until ner, Des Moines, Iowa, and Executive Com- the conclusion of hostilities. mittee, Drs. Allan J.McLaughlin, U. S. P. H. PROFESSOR F. C. NEWCOMBE, of the UniverS., Washington, D. C.; Charles J. C. O. Hast- sity of Michigan, has been granted leave of ings, Toronto; Peter H. Bryce, Ottawa; John absence for the second half year on condition N. Hurty, Indianapolis, Ind., and William C. that he supply a substitute at his own cost. Woodward, Boston. The association will meet
Dr. R. W. HESS, formerly chemist in the next year in New Orleans.
dyestuff department at the Chicago plant of THE Perkin medal of the American Chem- the Sherwin-Williams Co., has recently acical Society has been awarded to Dr. F. G. cepted a position as senior research chemist Cottrell, of the U. S. Bureau of Mines, for his with the National Aniline and Chemical Co., work on electrical precipitation.
Buffalo, N. Y. DR. LIVINGSTON FARRAND, president of the
DR. WILLIAM V. P. GARRETSON has recently University of Colorado and of the Rockefeller been appointed consulting neurologist to the Anti-tuberculosis Commission, has been named Hospital of Functional Reeducation of Disan officer of the Legion of Honor on the pro
abled Soldiers and Sailors, which is affiliated posal of Captain André Tardieu, French high with Cornell Medical College, New York. commissioner to the United States. Selskar The annual meeting of the Philosophical M. Gunn, of Boston, and Alexander Miller, Society of Washington was held on January 4. have been made knights of the Legion of The address of the retiring president was Honor.
given by Dr. George K. Burgess on “Science CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY has conferred on Mr.
and the after-war period.” F. W. Harmer the titular degree of M.A., The inaugural address of the Listerian Sohonoris causa. Mr. Harmer, who is eighty- ciety of King's College Hospital, London, was four years of age, served the office of mayor of given by Sir St. Clair Thomson, who described the advent of Lord Lister to King's College MR. P. W. SPRAGUE, of Boston, has given Hospital in 1877.
farming lands to the Maine Agricultural and DR. ROSSITER WORTHINGTON RAYMOND, the Industrial League to conduct as it sees fit. It well-known mining engineer, died on Decem
is to be known as the league's demonstration ber 31 aged seventy-eight years.
farm. The property consists of five distinct The Journal of Industrial and Engineering
farms, which have a total of more than 1,000
acres of land. On each farm is a set of buildChemistry reports the deaths of Dr. Harry Percival Corliss, until recently an industrial
ings occupied by the families of the superin
tendent and caretakers. fellow in the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research, University of Pittsburgh, at Ray, The honorary treasurers of the Ramsay MeArizona, on November 16, of pneumonia fol- morial Fund announce that it is now just lowing influenza at the age of thirty-two years, over £40,000. The aim of the appeal was £100,and of Dr. Frank Amon, who had also been 000. There are still a number of contributions connected with the Mellon Institute as re- to be received from the overseas committees search fellow for some months and who had which are collecting contributions. The Milenlisted in the U. S. Gas Defense work in lion Shilling Fund, opened by a donation of 1917. Dr. Amon died of pneumonia, at
1,000 shillings by the Prince of Wales, now Souilly, France, on October 12.
totals over 58,000 shillings. PROFESSOR GOLDEN, emeritus professor of ANNOUNCEMENT is made by the Association practical mechanics in Purdue University, and of the Alumni of the College of Physicians since 1884 a member of the faculty, died on and Surgeons in the City of New York of December 18, aged fifty-eight years.
its biennial Cartwright Prize of $500 to be DR. REGINALD PERCY COCKIN, assistant hel- awarded at commencement, 1919. Competiminthologist of the London School of Tropical tive essays, which must contain records of origMedicine died on December 9 in his fortieth inal investigations made by the writer, must be year.
presented on or before April 1, 1919, typewritThe death is announced at the age of fifty
ten in English and accompanied by the usual
safeguarding device or motto. four years of Dr. Gustave Bouchardat, professeur agrégé in the Paris medical faculty The London Times calls attention to the and honorary professor in the school of phar- serious effects of the influenza epidemic in Inmacy. Dr. Bouchardat has been a member dia. In Bombay city there were 15,000 deaths, of the Académie de Médecine, section of phys- and in Delhi city, in a population of 200,000 ical and medical chemistry, since 1882.
the death-rate at one time reached 800 daily. The medical college in Peking, China, under
In the rural tracts beyond the reach of effecthe auspices of the Rockefeller Foundation,
tive prophylactic measures the loss has been which is now under construction, will cost
tremendous. A recent report shows that in $6,000,000, and will be open in 1920. Eighteen
the Punjab it followed much the same course university buildings, forty faculty residences
as in places attracting more public notice. and a hospital with 200 beds will be con
The first signs appeared in August. In Sepstructed. A medical school will also be estab
tember it persisted in a mild form, and from
the middle of October until November 8 it was lished at Shanghai and subsidiary medical stations will be established throughout China.
acute. It is estimated that the number of Subsidies will be granted to existing mission
deaths ranges from 5 to 10 per cent. of the
The ary hospitals which will be standardized and population.
death-roll is heaviest will offer internships for the university. The amongst young adults and women. The numwork will require a total expenditure of $10,- ber of deaths in the Punjab is estimated at 000,000 with an additional $250,000 to $500,- 250,000. When the final results of the epi000 annually for support.
demic are summed up it will probably be found that other provinces have suffered on Pacific COLLEGE at Newberg, Oregon, has reapproximately the same scale. No part of the ceived an addition of $15,000 to its endowment country seems to have escaped, although the fund from the estate of Mary E. Mann. visitation was lightest in Bengal, and even
The faculty of medicine of Western Univerthe dry and bracing Himalayan tracts are re
sity, London, Ont., is planning the erection of ported to have been severely attacked. The
a new medical college building at an estimated population of the Punjab and the Punjab na
cost of $100,000. tive states is about 24,000,000, and of the whole
MEDICAL colleges have been organized in the of India about 315,000,000. If the influenza
military zone in France to be attended by milideath-rate proves as heavy throughout India as
tary men and to teach military medicine. in the Punjab, this would give a total death
One of these colleges will be near Rheims roll of over 3,000,000. It is planned to establish a Medical Research Institute in Bombay
where there are already 3,000 beds and 70
students. The curriculum comprises surgery, on the lines of the Rockefeller Institute to which large donations have already been
medicine, histology and medical physics. promised.
The school of chemistry of the University of The library of the Rothamstead Experi- Pittsburgh announces the following additions
to its staff: Dr. Alexander Lowy, assistant promental Station in England has received a
fessor of organic chemistry; Mr. Leon E. check for £300 from the Carnegie Trust, for
Jenks, assistant professor of analytical chemthe purchase of important reference books.
istry; Mr. Blaine B. Westcott, instructor in This is the second gift made by the Carnegie
organic chemistry. trustees to the library, a check for a like amount having been given two years ago.
Assistant PROFESSOR LEE IRVING Knight, of The object is to afford agricultural students
the department of botany at the University of and experts using the library the opportunity Chicago, has been appointed plant physiologist of consulting the most recent and most im
in the division of plant pathology at the Minneportant treatises on agriculture and allied
sota experiment station. sciences. Two valuable gifts have also been
PROFESSOR HILTON IRA JONES has been received from Captain the Hon. Rupert Guin
elected head of the department of chemistry at ness. The library is fortunate in possessing
the Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical an unusually good collection of early printed College to succeed Dr. L. Chas. Raiford, who books on agriculture of the fifteenth and six
becomes associate professor of organic chemteenth and seventeenth centuries; to these
istry in the University of Iowa. Dr. Jones was Captain Guinness has now added perfect and formerly head of the department of chemistry beautiful copies of the first and second printed
at Dakota Wesleyan University, Mitchell, books on the subject namely, the volume on
South Dakota. agriculture by Crescentius, printed in 1471
DISCUSSION AND CORRESPONDENCE at Augsburg, and Jensen's edition of the
TWO NEW INSTANCES OF POLYEMBRYONY Latin agricultural writers, printed at Venice
AMONG THE ENCYRTIDÆ
at Portici, Italy, two important papers, auUNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL
thor's extras of which have just reached WashNEWS
ington. They are from the Bulletin of the anonymous donor has agreed to pay over
Laboratory of General and Agricultural Zoolto the corporation treasurer of Vassar College ogy of the Superior School of Agriculture at dollar for dollar up to $150,000 provided a like Portici, Vols. X., and XII., and are entitled amount was paid or pledged by the alumnæ not “ Osservazioni Biologiche sull' Anarsia linealater than February 28, 1919.
tella Z. dannosa al frutto del mandorlo” and