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The provisions of the law are rigorous. No omy and farm management, University of one shall take or molest the birds, nests or Minnesota ; J. A. Foord, agriculture and farm eggs, nor carry a gun or other hunting gear management, Massachusetts Agricultural Colwithin a mile of the sites indicated, either by lege; J. I. Falconer, rural economics, Ohio land or water, under severe penalty of fine or State University; R. L. Adams, farm manageimprisonment; and if a boat is used in vio- ment, University of California; G. I. Christie, lation of this law it is liable to confiscation. assistant Secretary of Agriculture, and repreThe law is made so broad as to include all sentatives of the Bureau of Crop Estimates, migratory game, non-game and insectivorous the Bureau of Markets and the Office of Farm birds as specified under the international Management of the Department of Agricultreaty for the protection of such birds.
ture. The extraordinary character of this law now The basic recommendation of the committee in force is that it affords protection to a class is that the office be expanded to include both of water-fowl which are commonly regarded as farm management and farm economics and having little to do with the economic interests that it be established as a bureau under the of mankind, and it specifically takes cog- name of Bureau of Farm Management and nizance of the fact that these creatures are
Farm Economics. This, the committee states, entitled to protection because of their natural it recommends "in recognition of the work albeauty, their scientific interest and the part ready accomplished in farm economics along that they play in the scheme of nature. There
with the investigational work in farm managecould be no better indication of the liberal and ment and in view of the great need for still high-minded sentiment of the Province of further studies of the farming business." Quebec than this enactment which was in- Practically all of the changes recommended itiated in the Parliament by the Honorable are in the nature of expansion and improveHonoré Mercier, Minister of Fisheries, in re
ment rather than of creation.
The system sponse to the labors and urgent representa
recommended for studies in cost of production tions of those who have had the interests of is much more comprehensive than that herethese colonies at heart. The Province of
tofore used. “We have reviewed the projects Quebec has thus created one of the largest bird
now under way," the committee says, reserves in the western continent and has wish to commend their continuance and deerected a monument which is greatly to the
velopment.” Some projects, it is thought, credit of its own high-minded sentiment.
should be continued under other names. Some
that are related to agronomy and some to other JOHN M. CLARKE
subjects, says the committee, “should perhaps REORGANIZATION OF FARM MANAGEMENT
be transferred to some other bureau of the deOFFICE
partment, securing the information or data deREORGANIZATION and expansion of the Office
sired on these lines through cooperative relaof Farm Management of the United States tions rather than independent action.” In the Department of Agriculture is recommended by projects underway, a great deal of work has the committee of farm management leaders been found that, the committee thinks, could and others appointed some time ago by Secre- be more profitably included under the term tary Houston to study the work of farm man- “ Farm economics." agement and outline projects for more exten- The work of the bureau, in the opinion of sive studies.
the committee, should be grouped around the The committee is made up of the following following projects: Cost of production, includeconomists and students of farm crops: H. C. ing financial records, enterprise records, comTaylor, agricultural economics, University of plete cost records, price relations and basic Wisconsin; George F. Warren, farm manage- unit factors; farm organization, including ment, Cornell University; Andrew Boss, agron- farm business analysis, farm practise, effective
" and use of labor and farm equipment; farm finance, application of the principles of industrial including methods of financing, insurance and chemistry to the problems of manufacturing taxation; farm labor, including supply and corporations—both those which are now in movement, trend of population, living and operation and those which are contemplated housing problems, creating new productive by investors and banking corporations. The enterprises for farm labor and standards of lectures and seminars will be conducted in supervision and compensation for farm labor; such a manner as to be intelligible to heads agricultural history and geography, including of the departments for purchasing, manufactrend of agricultural development, shifts of turing and selling, as well as by fourth-year agricultural production, relation of American men in chemistry. The course will cover: (1) to foreign agriculture and supervision of the a study of industrial surveys conducted by Atlas of Agriculture; land utilization, includ- chemists for the purpose of developing sources ing land resources and utilization, land settle- of supply for raw materials (this includes ment and land ownership and tenancy; farm animal, plant and mineral materials). (2) life studies, including cooperation and trend of Surveys of the executive departments of purcooperative movements as affecting the farm- chasing, manufacturing and selling. (3) Surer's life and activities on the farm, agricultural veys of the advisory departments of engineerrelations to other industries, agriculture for ing, law and research. (4) Laboratory Manindustrial workers, conditions of farm life as agement (design, equipment, organization and affecting national welfare; extension work, in- administration). (5) The Economic Office cluding publications and illustrative material, (organization of the information files, museum farm management demonstrations, farm labor of materials and products, as well as the supply and other farm economics demonstra- library). The purpose of the course is to tions.
prepare graduates in chemistry for the hard, CORPORATION CHEMISTRY
practical problems which confront them when THE Newark Technical School has been ele
they take up industrial work and at the same vated to the rank of a collegiate institution time an opportunity will be afforded persons and the recently appointed director, D. R.
now in executive positions to study the transHodgdon, has made plans for special courses lation of scientific knowledge into industrial in theoretical and industrial chemistry. This development. has been recognized as a very desirable step
MEMORIAL PROFESSORSHIP TO DR. JAMES because of the predominance of chemical cor
JACKSON PUTNAM, 1846-1918 porations and chemical industry in the state
It is hoped that there may be an endowment of New Jersey.
of the professorship of diseases of the nervous The director announces that Frederic Dan
system in the Harvard Medical School in nerth, has consented to deliver a course of
memory of Dr. James Jackson Putnam. thirty lectures on corporation chemistry during
In the development of this increasingly imthe coming college year. Dr. Dannerth is
portant branch of medicine, Dr. Putnam was well known as advisory chemist to many of a pioneer in Boston and in the country at the leading corporations in the country. He
large, while he was widely recognized in Euwas one of the first to conceive the idea of a
rope as a neurologist of distinction. He insystem of laboratory management, and is the
augurated the neurological clinic at the Massainventor of numerous processes for industrial
chusetts General Hospital in 1872, and through works using rubber, resins, oils and plastics. forty years of service was devoted to its inter
This new course is probably the first of ests, and to teaching in the Harvard Medical its kind offered to students of chemistry in School. In 1893 he was appointed the first America and is a direct outcome of the chem- professor of diseases of the nervous system; ical development in the country during the the professorship was then, and has remained, past five years. The aim will be to show the without endowment.
It is believed that those who have known Dr. Ar a meeting of the Société de Biologie held Putnam may like to join in endowing this pro- in Paris on January 25, Dr. Simon Flexner, fessorship which should always bear his name, director of the laboratories of the Rockefeller and which would fulfill his hope that neurolog. Institute for Medical Research, New York, was ical work of a high order might be developed elected an associate member of that society. at the Harvard Medical School. To all of us THE Royal Geographical Society has who knew Dr. Putnam it would also commemo- awarded the Founder's Medal to Colonel E. M. rate the devotion and the self-sacrificing work Jack for his geographical work on the Western of his lifetime.
Front; the Patron's Medal to Professor W. M. President Lowell sends the following letter: Davis, of Harvard University, for his eminence HABVARD UNIVERSITY, CAMBRIDGE,
in the development of physical geography; the
February 8, 1919 Victoria Medal is awarded to Professor J. W. My dear Dr. Walcott,
Gregory for his many and important contriThe suggestion of founding a professorship of butions to geographical science; the Murchidiseases of the nervous system in memory of Dr. son grant to Dr. W. M. Strong, of the NorthJames Jackson Putnam appeals to me deeply both
eastern District, Papua, for his journeys and on account of the value of such a professorship to
surveys in New Guinea; the Cuthbert Peek the medical school, and on account of the deep af
grant to Professor Rudmose Brown for his geofection I had for Dr. Putnam and of my reverent esteem for his character. The foundation ought graphical work in the Antarctic and in Spitsto appeal strongly to all who recognize the ever
bergen; the Back grant to the Venerable increasing suffering caused to our over-sensitized
Archdeacon Stuck, of Fort Yukon, for his community by nervous ailments, and to all who travels in Alaska and ascent of Mount McKinknew Dr. Putnam as patient or as friend.
ley, and the Gill memorial to Mr. W. J. HardVery truly yours,
ing King for his investigations of desert conA. LAWRENCE LOWELL ditions in northern Africa. It is hoped that $50,000 may be raised as en
THE Schwabacher prize of 20,000 marks was dowment, of which more than half is already
recently divided between Professors Rubner promised. A reply from any one who proposes
and Zuntz, both of Berlin, for their work on to contribute is requested now, but payment,
diet in war time. either by check or in Liberty Bonds, may be H. S. WASHINGTON, of the geophysical made any time before December 31, 1919. laboratory, Carnegie Institution, has been H. P. WALCOTT,
elected a foreign member of the Accademia dei CHARLES C. JACKSON,
PROFESSOR J. C. MERRIAM, of the University
of California, has returned to Washington to MOOREFIELD STOREY, Treasurer act as chairman of the National Research 735 EXCHANGE BUILDING, BOSTON
DR. HERMANN M. Biggs, state commissioner SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS
of health of New York, has been granted six
weeks leave of absence and is now en route to SiR WILLIAM Crookes, the distinguished France, where he will aid in the establishment English chemist, died on April 4, in his eighty
of an international Red Cross society. seventh year.
Dr. T. WAYLAND VAUGHAN, accompanied by DR. S. F. HARMER, keeper of the department D. D. Condit, C. W. Cooke and C. P. Ross, of zoology since 1907, has been appointed to
have gone to the Dominican Republic, to make succeed Sir Lazarus Fletcher as director of the a preliminary inspection of the geology in British Natural History Museum, South Ken- preparation for a geological survey under the sington.
direction of the military government of the
republic. Lieutenant Colonel Glenn S. Smith is organizing a topographical survey.
C. K. LEITH, professor of geology at the University of Wisconsin, has returned from Paris, where he served as mineral adviser in the economic section of the American Peace Commission. Prior to the Paris work, Professor Leith took an active part in mineral advisory work for the Shipping, War Industries and War Trade Boards, in Washington, particularly in relation to restrictions and regulation of international trade. Professor Leith has now left government service to resume his work at Madison.
Major Wm. Lloyd Evans, C.W.S., who was the head of the laboratory and infection division, Edgewood Arsenal, has resumed his duties with the department of chemistry of the Ohio State University, having been discharged from the U. S. Army. On March 6 Major Evans gave a public lecture under the auspices of the Ohio State University Chapter of Sigma Xi on “ America's answer to German gas warfare.”
CAPTAIN Paul POPENOE, San. C., director of the section on vice and liquor control, Commission on Training Camp Activities, was discharged from military service on April 2. Mr. Popenoe, who was formerly editor of the Journal of Heredity, is organizing a department of law enforcement for the American Social Hygiene Association, New York City.
MR. ROBERT L. MOORE, of the Bureau of Standards, has been transferred to the rubber laboratory of the bureau at the University of Akron, Akron, Ohio.
Dr. ALBERT M. REESE, professor of zoology in West Virginia University, will leave the last of April for British Guiana, where he will spend the summer at the Tropical Research Laboratory of the New York Zoological Society. During his absence the work of the department will be in charge of Dr. Harrison H. Hunt, assistant professor of zoology.
MR. W. M. SMART, of Trinity College, has been appointed chief assistant at the observatory of the University of Cambridge.
Dr. T. A. Henry, late superintendent of the laboratories at the Imperial Institute, London, has been appointed director of the Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories, London. Dr. F. L. Pyman, the former director of these laboratories, has accepted the professorship of technological chemistry in the Manchester Municipal College of Technology, and in the University of Manchester.
Dr. Addison, president of the British local government board, has appointed Miss Janet Mary Campbell, M.D., M.S., to be a medical officer of the board in special charge of the work of the board in respect of maternity and child welfare.
MR. J. 0. LEWIS, superintendent of the petroleum experiment station at Bartlesville, Oklahoma, has been appointed chief petroleum technologist of the Bureau of Mines, to sueceed Mr. Chester Naramore, who has resigned from the bureau to join the Union Petroleum Company, at Philadelphia, Pa.
The United States Interdepartmental Social Hygiene Board announces the following appropriations from the Scientific Research Fund of the board: Leland Stanford Junior University Medical School: (1) Investigation into more effective treatment in acute and chronic gonorrhea, under the direction of Dr. R. L. Rigdon, clinical professor of genitourinary surgery, and Dr. Alfred B. Spalding, professor of obstetrics and gynecology, San Francisco, $2,300. (2) The permeability of the meninges to antisyphilitic drugs-an attempt to increase their permeability, under the direction of Dr. Henry G. Mehrtens, clinical professor of neurology, San Francisco, $2,300. (3) Investigation into more effective methods of treating syphilis, under the direction of Dr. Harry E. Alderson, clinical professor of dermatology, $2,600; total, $7,200. University of Michigan, College of Medicine and Surgery: (1) A research for an improved method of demonstrating Spirochæta pallida in human tissues, under the direction of Dr. Alfred S. Warthin, professor of pathology, Ann Arbor, $6,000.
DR. ALES HRDLIČKA will deliver during the Wisconsin, has been proposed in the form of months of April and May a series of four lec- a Van Hise Memorial Geological Building to tures at the medical college of the Georgetown be erected on the campus to bring together University, on " The relations of anthropology under one roof the departments of geology to medicine.”
and mining engineering, as well as the state The reconstruction lectures given Saturday
and national geological surveys. evenings at Yale University last term during Two gifts to the Harvard Medical School January, February and March were resumed have been received recently. One is an anonyon April 5 and will continue through May 17.
mous donation of $50,000 for the establishThe complete schedule of the remaining lec
ment of the James C. Melvin Fund for Troptures is as follows:
ical Medicine. The income is to be used for April 5. Dean Charles R. Brown, “Reconstruc. research in preventive medicine. The other tion and the churches.
is the residuary bequest of Horace Fletcher, April 12. Professor Lester P. Breckenridge, who established a wide popular reputation as “Reconstruction and engineering.'
a dietitian. The income is to be used to April 19. Dean George Blumer, “Reconstruc
“foster knowledge of healthful nutrition.” tion and the medical profession."
April 26. Professor C.-E. A. Winslow, “Re- Scovill Park, embracing several acres of construction and public health."
land lying next to the property of the UniMay 3. Director Russell H. Chittenden, “Re
versity of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky, construction and science."
has been donated to the university by the city. May 10. Dean Thomas W. Swan, “Reconstruction and the legal profession."
The land is given without condition except May 17. Professor Irving Fisher, “Reconstruc
that it be made available to the city for playtion and the price level.”
ground purposes until the university is ready
to build on it. THE Cutter lectures on preventive medicine given annually under the terms of a bequest
PROFESSOR CARLTON I. LAMBERT, F.R.A.S., from John Clarence Cutter, were given at the
an old scholar of the City of London School, Harvard Medical School on March 17 by has given £1,000 with which to found Harry E. Mock, M.D., Lientenant Colonel, scholarship for applied science at the school. M.C., U.S.A., Division of Reconstruction of
New YORK UNIVERSITY and Bellevue HosDisabled Soldiers War Department, Washing
pital Medical College will admit women on ton, D. C., on “ Industrial medicine considered
the same basis as men and with full privileges from an economic viewpoint,” followed by
of the college, in September. · Reclaiming the disabled,” illustrated by motion pictures, and on April 2, 3 and 4 by Alice
DR. HORACE D. ARNOLD has resigned as Hamilton, M.D., special investigator of the director of the graduate school of medicine of U. S. Department of Labor, Chicago, Illinois,
Harvard University. “Industrial poisoning in the United Dr. Victor ZIEGLER, professor of geology States.” The subjects of the three lectures and mineralogy and head of the department were: (1) “Lead"; (2) “ Other organic at the Colorado School of Mines, has resigned poisons ”; (3) "Poisons of the aromatic series this position. and of the fatty series."
DR. C. C. FORSAITH, who has been instructor
in the department of wood technology at the UNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL New York State College of Forestry, at SyraNEWS
cuse University, for the past year and a half, An alumni memorial to honor Dr. C. R. has been appointed assistant professor of wood Van Hise, late president of the University of technology in the same institution.