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CHARLES LEANDER DOOLITTLE As an expression of sorrow over the death of Professor Charles L. Doolittle, the college faculty of the University of Pennsylvania recently passed the following resolutions:
The college faculty learns with profound grief of the death of their colleague, Professor Charles Leander Doolittle, who has been associated with them since 1895, at first as professor of mathematics and astronomy, and since 1899, when these departments were separated, as professor of astronomy, until his retirement from active duty in 1912.
Professor Doolittle's position in the world of astronomy was a distinguished one, and not only this university but the scientific world at large has by his death sustained a great loss.
As a colleague, Professor Doolittle was ready to bear his part in helping to solve the perplexing problems which naturally arise in conducting the affairs of a great university, and by his wisdom to assist in reaching such conclusions as would further the best interests of students and institution.
In deploring the loss of a helpful counsellor and a genial friend, the members of the college faculty desire to extend to Professor Doolittle's family their sincere sympathy. They also direct that this record of their action be entered on the minutes and that it be inserted in the appropriate university publications.
Edwin S. CRAWLEY,
SAMUEL G. BARTON,
ity that had not before been noted or appreciated. Of the fuels proving most satisfactory, gasoline refined from the crude petroleum of certain producing fields was distinctly superior to the type most extensively used. The blending of moderate proportions of benzol with gasoline was found to be distinctly advantageous, and motor fuel of this type would undoubtedly have been employed for military purposes if the war had continued much longer. It is believed that through the proper use of benzol and other distillates derived from coal it may be possible to embody features in the design of internal combustion motors that will notably increase their efficiency. Benzol and other coal-derived fuels are already being sold for use in automobiles and are believed to be giving satisfactory results even with present types of motors.
The bureau was particularly interested in a special fuel tested in cooperation with the Dayton organization and named “hector." This fuel, which was a mixture of cyclohexane, and benzol, gave indications of marked superiority over any other product tested and should, unless unforeseen deficiencies appear, prove ideal for the military aviation service. In some experimental flights this fuel has given 10 miles an hour more speed. It is not certain that the cost of production will ever be low enough to permit its use in peace times, but it is planned to complete the work of obtaining comprehensive information regarding all of its possibilities and to publish reports on the subject in cooperation with the engineers of the research division of the Dayton Metal Products Co.
DURING the war the Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior, made strenuous efforts to find a special fuel for airplanes that would be superior to others already in use. Of the numerous products and mixtures obtained some were originated by the bureau engineers and chemists, others were suggestions by 'outside interests. Through its own experiments or by cooperation with other organizations, notably the research division of the Dayton Metal Products Co., and the Bureau of Standards, it was possible to establish the fact that certain types of fuels had elements of superior
NATIONAL RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS IN PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY SUPPORTED BY THE
ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION The National Research Council has been entrusted by the Rockefeller Foundation with the expenditure of an appropriation of $500,000 within a period of five years for promoting fundamental research in physics and chemistry in educational institutions in the United States.
The primary feature of the project is the
initiation and maintenance of a system of Na- vision of Chemistry and Chemical Technology. tional Research Fellowships, which are to be
chairman of the Division of awarded by the National Research Council to
Physical Science. persons who have demonstrated a high order The appointments of national research felof ability in research, for the purpose of ena- lows will be made only after careful considerabling them to conduct investigations at educa- tion of the scientific attainments of all canditional institutions which make adequate pro- dates, not only of those who apply on their own vision for effective prosecution of research in initiative, but also of those who are brought to physics or chemistry. The plan will include the attention of the research fellowship board such supplementary features as may promote by professors in educational institutions and the broad purpose of the project and increase by other investigators throughout the country. its efficiency.
The research fellowships will for the most Among the important results which are ex- part be awarded to persons who have had pected to follow from the execution of the training at an American university or scienplan may be mentioned:
tific school equivalent to that represented by 1. Opening of a scientific career to a larger the doctor's degree. The salary will ordinarily number of able investigators and their more be $1,500 for the first year. The research felthorough training in research, thus meeting an lowship board will not, however, be bound by urgent need of our universities and industries. rigid rules of procedure. Thus it may offer
2. Increase of knowledge in regard to the larger salaries to those of exceptional attainfundamental principles of physics and chemis- ment or wider experience, and may give aptry, upon which the progress of all the sciences pointments to competent investigators who and the development of industry depend. have had training other than that represented
3. Creation of more favorable conditions for by the doctor's degree. research in the educational institutions of this The research fellows will be appointed for country.
one year; but they will be eligible for succesThe project will be administered by the re- sive reappointments, ordinarily with increases search fellowship board of the National Re- of salary. search Council. This board consists of six It is expected that fifteen to twenty research members appointed for terms of five years and fellowships will be available during the coming of the chairmen ex officio of the Division of year, and that the number will be increased in Physical Science and the Division of Chemis- subsequent years. try and Chemical Technology of the National Applications for the fellowships should be Research Council. The members of the board made on the form provided for the purpose, are:
and should be sent to the secretary of the reHenry A. Bumstead, professor of physics, Yale
search fellowship board, National Research University.
Council, 1023 Sixteenth Street, Washington, Simon Flexner, director of the Laboratories of the D. C. Applications will be received up to Sep
Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. tember 1, 1919, for fellowships available durGeorge E. Hale, director of Mount Wilson Observ- ing the next academic year; but a limited numatory.
ber of appointments will be made on the basis Elmer P. Kohler, professor of chemistry, Harvard
of the applications received before April 20, University.
1919. Robert A. Millikan, professor of physics, University of Chicago.
SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS Arthur A. Noyes, director of the Research Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Massachusetts Insti
COLONEL E. LESTER JONES, after service in tute of Technology.
the Army for about a year in America and Wilder D. Bancroft, professor of physical chemis
France has returned to his duties as head of try, Cornell University, chairman of the Di- the Coast and Geodetic Survey.
LIEUTENANT COLONEL WILLIAM McPHERSON, who entered the services of the War Department shortly after the declaration of war by the United States, has secured his discharge and has returned to his former position as head of the department of chemistry at the Ohio State University.
PROFESSOR CLOUGH T. BURNETT, professor of bacteriology in the University of Colorado, has returned from France, where he was the head of the commission for the prevention of tuberculosis.
DR. H. O. TAYLOR, head of the department of agricultural economics in the college of agriculture, University of Wisconsin, has been appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture as chief of the Office of Farm Management. Francis W. Peck, of the University of Minnesota, has been appointed to the position of farm economist in the office.
The Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences state that the following members of the Chemical Warfare Service have joined the staff of the Bureau of Standards since January: Captain J. M. Braham, in the electrochemical laboratory; Lieutenant C. W. Clifford, sugar laboratory; S. C. Langdon, electrochemical laboratory; F. W. Reynolds (formerly at Edgewood Arsenal), laboratory of metallurgical chemistry; P. Wrightsman, gas laboratory. Mr. J. R. Eckman, formerly of the Ordnance Department, has joined the staff of the bureau as chemist in the analytical laboratory; Mr. W. B. Newkirk, formerly with the Oxnard Sugar Company, as sugar technologist, and Mr. A. A. Benedict, formerly of of the University of Pittsburgh, as physicist in the sugar laboratory.
PROFESSOR W. B. MELDRUM, formerly head of the department of chemistry at Haverford College and later in the Chemical Warfare Service on duty at the American University Experiment Station, has accepted a temporary position as chemical expert with the Price Section of the War Industries Board.
DR. WILLIAM T. BRIGHAM, Sc.D., in charge of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Hono
lulu, since its foundation, has resigned the directorship and the trustees have conferred upon him the title of director emeritus. Dr. Brigham continues his connection with the museum as curator of anthropology.
The Adams prize, value £250, has been awarded by the University of Cambridge, to Professor J. W. Nicholson, professor of mathematics at King's College, University of London.
A MEETING of Unionists has been held at Oxford to consider the selection of a candidate to fill the vacancy in the representation in Parliament of the university caused by the elevation of Mr. R. E. Prothero to the peerage. It was decided to invite Mr. David G. Hogarth, fellow of Magdalen College, archeological explorer, geographer and author, to become the candidate Mr. Hogarth is at present in Egypt.
PROFESSOR ALAN M. BATEMAN, of the department of economic geology, Yale University, has been elected editor of the Journal of Economic Geology.
DR. GRAHAM EDGAR, formerly secretary of the Washington office of the Research Information Service, National Research Council, has resigned and is now with the Nitrate Di. vision of the Ordnance Department of the Army. Mr. Gordon S. Fulcher is his successor as secretary of the Information Service.
DR. WALTER M. MITCHELL, recently manager of inspection for the Bureau of Aircraft Production, U. S. War Department, in Rochester, N. Y., has been appointed director of the metallurgical and testing laboratory, Standard Roller Bearing Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
Dr. C. S. Hudson, chief of the carbohydrate laboratory of the Bureau of Chemistry, has resigned to accept a position with the Samuel Heath Company, of Trenton, N. J.
At a joint meeting of the Washington Academy of Sciences and the Philosophical Society of Washington on March 15, Dr. H. D. Curtis, of the Lick Observatory, delivered an address on “Modern theories of spiral nebulæ."
LIEUTENANT COLONEL JOHN R. MURLIN, U. S. A., of the Surgeon General's Office, gave an
“ Food efficiency in the United of Natural Science and was known for her States Army” before the Washington Acad- contributions to conchology. emy of Sciences on March 20.
On account of the disturbed conditions of At the annual joint meeting of the Alabama transportation, etc., the session of the TwenTechnical Association (Alabama Sections of tieth International Congress of Americanists the A. S. C. E., A. S. M. E., A. S. E. E. and has been postponed until June, 1920. A. C. S.), held in Birmingham on March 1,
JOSEPH and John W. Mailliard, prominent Professor Isaac Newton Kugelmass addressed
business men of San Francisco and wellthe conference on “ The relations of chemistry
known students of American birds, have doto modern laundering and its field for research
nated their entire ornithological and oological in the economic service of man."
collections to the Museum of the California MAJOR R. M. YERKES, of the Office of the Academy of Sciences. These collections conSurgeon General of the Army, delivered an il
tain more than 11,000 birds and over 13,000 lustrated lecture before the District of Colum
specimens of nests and eggs, representing bia Chapter of the Sigma Si on the subject, nearly 800 species. Joseph Mailliard has ac
The relationship of the army mental tests to cepted the position of honorary curator, deeducation and vocational guidance" partment of ornithology, in the museum of the March 6.
academy. Dr. J. MCKEEN CATTELL gave, on March 20, THE trustees of the British Museum have the address before the Syracuse University had presented to them a valuable collection of chapter of Phi Kappa Phi, the subject being ancient British coins by Sir Arthur Evans, to Science and civilization."
whom they were bequeathed by his father, Sir LECTURES recently given at the Royal In- John Evans, the distinguished archeologist. stitution, London, include the following: Sir Sir John Evans, in 1864 wrote an important Oliver Lodge on “Ether and Matter”; Cap
The Coins of Ancient Britain." tain G. P. Thomson two lectures on
THE Puget Sound Biological Station at Friplanes in the Great War”; Professor H. M.
day Harbor, Washington, will open on June 16, Lefroy two lectures on “Insect Enemies of
1919, its sixteenth annual session, which is to Our Food Supplies " and on “How Silk is continue for six weeks. The station will be Grown and Made”; Mr. A. T. Hare on “ Clock
open to independent workers until October; Escapements."
and as early as June 1, if arrangements are A COMMITTEE has been formed to raise an made with the director. The earlier part of endowment fund of $100,000 to perpetuate the the season is the best for embryological work. method of after care for maternity cases
Tents and research rooms may be reserved by evolved by the late Dr. Edwin Bradford Cra- writing the director, T. C. Frye, University of gin, of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Washington, Seattle. Columbia University, in connection with the
In the act making appropriation for the leg. work of the Sloane Hospital for Women. islative, executive and judicial expenses of the
DR. HERBERT HUNTINGTON SMITH, curator at government for the fiscal year ending June 30, the museum of the University of Alabama, was 1920, there is provision for increased compenkilled on March 22 by a train. Dr. Smith, sation amounting to $240 per annum for all known for his work in entomology and on employees holding regular appointments in the mollusca, was born at Manlius, N. Y., in 1851. Bureau of Fisheries now receiving $2,500 or ELIZABETH LETSON BRYAN, wife of Professor
less. This increase becomes effective on July William Alanson Bryan, of the College of 1, 1919, and is in lieu of the existing increase Hawaii, died on February 28, aged forty-four
of $120 per annum. years. Dr. Bryan before her marriage was The following letter addressed by the editor director of the Museum of the Buffalo Society of SCIENCE to M. George Sarton at Wondelgem
lez-gand, Belgium, on January 22, 1915, was ture, the council of the Chemical Society delivered to him at Cambridge, Mass., on decided early in 1917 to increase the scope of March 10, 1919.
the library of the society by a more liberal You may be interested in a letter which Pro- provision of suitable technical works and fessor Smith has, at my suggestion, written for journals It was also thought that by placing SCIENCE. I greatly admire your courage in con- the existing library of 23,000 volumes and the tinuing Isis under the lamentable conditions now proposed extension at the disposal of members existing. The journal is of such high standards
of other societies and associations they might that its discontinuance would be a serious loss to
relieve themselves of the necessity of collectscience. The publication department of The Popu
ing and maintaining the literature relating lar Science Monthly has handed me the enclosed letter and the writer has been informed that it will
to their special subjects, and assist in the forbe forwarded to you.
mation of a representative library of chemical
literature, such as would be difficult to obtain The printing of the letter may serve to call at
by individual effort. A conference of repretention to the fact that the publication of Isis
sentatives of societies and associations conhas now been resumed under the editorship of
nected with chemical science and industry M. Sarton.
was held to consider the means by which other The National Forest Reservation Com
societies, etc., might cooperate in this exmission has approved for purchase 54,744 acres
tension, and financial assistance was afterof land for national forests in the White
wards offered by the following societies, etc.: Mountains, Southern Appalachians and Ar
Association of British Chemical Manufackansas. The largest tracts purchased are in
turers, Biochemical Society, Faraday Society, Georgia, where the resumption of purchase Institute of Chemistry, Society of Dyers and work has been authorized by the commission.
Colorists, and Society of Public Analysts. An aggregate area of 38,108 acres in Rabun,
Members of these contributing societies, etc., Union and Townes counties, scattered through
will be permitted to consult the library and thirty-nine tracts, was approved for purchase
borrow books. at an average price of $7,22 per acre. In Alabama, in Lawrence and Winston counties,
The Royal Institution, London, arranged 5,159 acres were approved at an average price
a Christmas course of juvenile lectures which of $4.30; in North Carolina, in Macon and were delivered by Professor D'Arcy ThompBuncombe counties, 1,940 acres were approved
The Fish of the Sea," beginning on at an average price of $4.30 an acre; in Vir- December 31 at 3 o'clock. The following ginia, in Augusta and Shenandoah counties, courses of lectures are included in its program: 1,381 acres were approved at an average price Professor Spenser Wilkinson, “ Lessons of the of $4.36 an acre in West Virginia, in Hardy War", Professor MacGregor-Morris, “Study county, 40 acres at an average price of $7 an of Electric Arcs and their Applications”; acre; and in New Hampshire, in Grafton and Captain G. P. Thomson, “The Development Coos counties, 9.04 acres at an average price of Aeroplanes in the Great War and The of $6.68 an acre.
In Arkansas, 7,269 acres, Dynamics of Flying ”; Professor Hele-Shaw, located mainly in Polk, Pope, Johnson and “ Clutches”; Professor Arthur Keith, “British Garland counties, were approved for purchase Ethnology: The People of Scotland”; Proat an average price of $3.61 per acre. To fessor Norman Collie, “ Chemical Studies of date the National Forest Reservation Com- Oriental Porcelain ”; Dr. W. Wilson, mission has approved for purchase 1,702,534 Movements of the Sun, Earth and Moon ”; acres for national forest purposes in the seven- Professor H. M. Lefroy, “Insect Enemies of teen areas of eastern national forests.
our Food Supplies and How Silk is Grown Nature states that with the view of meet- and Made”; Professor C. H. Lees, “Fire Cracks ing the growing demand for technical litera- and the Forces Producing Them”; Professor