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is a hopeful one, and inspired the feeling that institution and has been in existence since we are well on the way to the establishment 1897. It has so conclusively proved its worth of the Ministry. The tone adopted by Dr. that a number of subsidiary schools have been Addison is significant of this also, as is the established in the various provinces of Japan. translation of Sir George Newmann to the When the matter of the establishment of a Local Government Board, and the granting to College of Fisheries in this country was first him of the title of “chief medical officer," broached by Dr. H. M. Smith, U. S. Commiswith the status of a secretary of the board. sioner of Fisheries, his attention was called
Nature continues: “ One part of the bill to the fact that Seattle is the only American which has been carried over unaltered from its city within whose corporate limits, or in terripredecessor is that relating to the appoint- tory immediately adjacent, can be found in ment of consultative committees, and Dr. Ad
active operation practically every type of plant dison, by his utterances, has shown himself to used in turning the raw fishery material into be firmly wedded to this idea, and expectant
all forms of manufactured articles both for of results of great value from the work to be
food and for use in the arts and sciences; done by these bodies. The Consumers' Coun- fishery operations were carried on
even in cil at the Ministry of Food, which may be
Seattle harbor; while the great salmon, haliregarded as more or less analogous, though it but, cod and herring fleets operating in Alaska was occasionally sneered at, must have assisted
waters had their headquarters mainly in the the food controller considerably. There is no
city, outfitting there and bringing back the reason to suppose that the Ministry of Health
products for shipment to all parts of the world; consultative committees will be any less help
also that one of the leading universities of the ful. Indeed, since they are to consist of care
country was already established there and could fully selected experts on matters having a
take up the work. bearing on national health, they are almost
The College of Fisheries will offer a fourbound to be more valuable. In any event, the
year course divided into three divisions-Fishconsultative committee idea has this to recom
ing, Technological and Fish Cultural. Stumend it: that it will popularize health work.
dents will be given as much practical trainThe committees will serve as a most effective
ing as possible in the college, but for certain link between the department doing the work
periods in the last two years of the course will and those for whose benefit the work is done.
be expected to pursue their studies by work in The department and the workers will be less
commercial establishments devoted to the prepcloistered; the workers and those who are
aration of fishery products, aboard fishing ves
sels, or at hatcheries. worked for will be more intimately associated. The public will see and hear of what is being important part of the work of the College of
As the university is a state institution, an done, and will come to recognize the necessity
Fisheries will be in rendering assistance and for assisting in, and taking advantage of, the
advice whenever called upon by the state authorefforts made. So far there have been remark
ities, and also to aid the commercial fishermen ably few comments on the bill, but on the
not only of the state but of the nation in solvwhole the reception has been entirely favor
ing the many problems which beset them, and able."
to aid in the conservation and perpetuation of
our wonderful fishery resources. Research work THE COLLEGE OF FISHERIES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, SEATTLE
along the lines of utilization of hitherto THE College of Fisheries just established neglected species, and of waste products, will by the University of Washington, at Seattle, be carried on and it is hoped will result in enjoys the distinction of being the only one in materially increasing the wealth of the state the world outside of Japan. The Imperial and nation. Fisheries Institute at Tokio is a government The director, Mr. John N. Cobb, who is also professor of fisheries, is known in connection offered. These will take up the whole of the afterwith the economic fisheries of the United noon of Tuesday and may continue on Wednesday States, and has been active in the industry morning in the Biological, Physical and Inorganic, since 1895, when he was appointed a field agent
and Organic Divisions.
8.15 P.M.-Smoker, Hotel Statler. of the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9.
Divisional meetings-9.30 A.M., 1 P.M. and 2.30 The spring meeting of the American Chem
to 5.30 P.M., at Technical High School.
6 P.M.—Dinner to Council at Canisius College. ical Society will be held with the Western New
8.30 P.M.-At Hutchinson High School-Public York Section in Buffalo, April 7 to 11, inclu
Address, “A Chemical Story," by Edgar F. Smith, sive. There is every prospect that the meeting
Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. will be one of the largest ever held by the American Chemical Society as unusual interest
THURSDAY, APRIL 10 has developed in problems of reconstruction, in 9.30 A.M. to 1 P.M.—Divisional meetings. the future utilization of war-time products, in 2 P.M.-Excursion. National Aniline & Chemical heretofore secret information on chemistry Company. warfare that can now be released, in the de- 7 P.M.-Banquet-place to be announced. The velopment of a comprehensive compendia of
capacity of the hall requires that only 400 tickets
be issued. the literature of chemistry, and in many other problems which the Buffalo meeting will con- The usual meetings will be held by all the sider. A large number of chemists who have Divisions except the Fertilizer Division, and already signified their intention to be present by the Rubber Chemistry Section, with the folassures also an unusual opportunity for meet- lowing special program: The Division of Ining and discussing chemical problems with dustrial Chemists and Chemical Engineers will chemists who have been closely in touch with make a special effort on papers on the probable the nation's affairs. The Western New York future of those chemicals which have been Section is making arrangements for interest- abnormally stimulated during the war and on ing excursions to industrial plants of im- the library of the industrial laboratory. The portance.
Pharmaceutical Division announces a sympoRegistration will take place at the Hotel
“The Possibilities in Drug Research." Statler beginning at 3 P.M., Monday, April 7. The Rubber Chemistry Section will apply for An information bureau will be located at the permission to organize at this meeting as a hotel, and competent guides placed at all rail- division. road stations. The general program is as fol- Excursions are being arranged to include the lowing:
works of the Buffalo Foundry and Machine MONDAY, APRIL 7
Company; J. P. Devine and Company; Larkin 4.00 P.M.-Council meeting at the University Company; Municipal Laboratories and Water Club. Dinner for the council as guests of the Purification Works; Oil Crushers; Pratt and Western New York Section at 6.30 P.M.
Lambert, varnish makers; Spencer Kellogg
Company; and tour of the city. Also, escurTUESDAY, APRIL 8
sion to Niagara Falls, including visit to Power 9.30 A.M.-General Meeting, Hotel Statler.
Plant, luncheon at Chamber of Commerce, "The Future of American Chemical Industry,” by
pictures and exhibits of Niagara Falls prodWm. H. Nichols, President American Chemical Society.
ucts, drive along the Gorge and visit to CanaOne other general address to be announced.
dian side and Victoria Park. To accomplish 2.30 P.M.-General Symposium on the Chemistry the full program of excursions, it may be necand Technology of Mustard Gas. Wilder D. Ban- es ry to arrange for part of these excursions croft, chairman. Numerous interesting papers are on Saturday.
SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS
LIEUTENANT A. C. CHANDLER, assistant proThe annual meeting of the National Acad
fessor of zoology at the Oregon Agricultural emy of Sciences will be held at the Smith- College on leave of absence, has been ordered sonian Institution in Washington on April 28, to the front with the American soldiers to 29, and 30. The William Ellery Hale Lecture make a study of rat parasites in France. will be given by James Henry Breasted, pro- DR. LIVINGSTON FARRAND, chairman of the fessor of Egyptology and oriental history, Uni- central committee of the American Red Cross, versity of Chicago, on The Origin of Civiliza- sailed for France on March 9, to be gone until tion.”
the latter part of April. Having set in motion COLONEL HARVEY CUSHING, of the Harvard
at headquarters the plans for the future of Medical School, has returned to the United
the Red Cross, Dr. Farrand goes abroad to States.
study the organization's problems in Europe, LIEUTENANT-COLONEL J. H. HILDEBRAND, who
and to confer with Henry P. Davison, forhas recently been Commandant of Hanlon
merly chairman of the war council, who is Field, near Chaumont, France, which included
now at Cannes arranging for the international the Experimental Field and the A. E. F. Gas
conference of Red Cross societies called to Defense School of the Chemical Warfare Serv
meet at Geneva 30 days after the declaration ice, has returned after an absence of a year in
of peace. Dr. Farrand has arranged to have France to his position of professor of chem
a number of American health experts join istry in the University of California.
him at Cannes for the purpose of conferring MAJOR C. B. STANTON, formerly professor of
with similar experts from the allied countries
relative to matters that are to be taken up civil engineering at the Carnegie Institute of
at Geneva. Technology, who has been with the 15th Engineers in France for nearly two years, has noti
DR. T. A. HENRY, superintendent of the fied the dean of the Science School that he has
laboratories at the Imperial Institute, London, been appointed a professor in the American
has been appointed director of the Wellcome University for American soldiers at Beaune,
Chemical Research Laboratories, London. France. Major Stanton was with his regiment
Dr. F. L. Pyman, the former director of these at Bordeaux awaiting orders to board a trans
laboratories, has accepted the professorship of port and come home when he received the un
technological chemistry in the College of expected order of reporting to this “soldier Technology, University of Manchester. university" as professor of civil engineering. DR. H. C. Taylor, of the University of MAJOR WILLIAM B. HERMS, associate pro
Wisconsin, has been appointed to be chief of fessor of parasitology in the University of
the office of farm management of the DepartCalifornia, has resumed his university duties.
ment of Agriculture. Major Herms has been serving with the Sani- PROFESSOR WILLIAM D. HURD, director of tary Corps of the U. S. Army for a little over the Massachusetts Agricultural College, has a year, stationed since April, 1918, at the port resigned and will enter the service of the of embarkation, Newport News, Va., where he National Fertilizer Association. He is to was in charge of malarial drainage operations, have charge of educational projects in the delousing stations and assisting in general middle west. Professor Hurd undertook the sanitary inspection.
organization of the state system of extension PROFESSOR FRANK E. MORRIS has returned to
work in 1909. There are now twenty fullthe Connecticut College for Women as pro
time workers at the college engaged in projects fessor of psychology and ethics, which position
of food production, distribution and conserhe left last year when he enlisted in the psy
vation. chological department of the Sanitation Corps DR. ARTHUR LACHMAN, formerly professor of the Army.
of chemistry in the University of Oregon, is now connected with the Great Western Elec- ing the ministers, have joined, and also Sir tro-Chemical Co., San Francisco, Cal.
Philip Magnus (member for the University of The annual meeting of the District of London) and Sir Henry Craik (one of the Columbia Chapter of the Society of the Sigma
members for the Scottish Universities). The
chairman is Sir Watson Cheyne, and the secreXi was held in the auditorium of the National Museum, on March 6. Major R. M.
tary Major A. C. Farquharson. The executive Yerkes, Sanitary Corps, U. S. Army, gave an
committee consists of Sir William Whitla,
Lieut.-Colonel Nathan Raw and Captain Elillustrated lecture on the “Relationship of
liott. The objects of the committee are to exArmy Mental Tests to Education and Vocational Guidance." Officers for the ensuing
change opinions so as to secure representation
of agreed views on medical subjects in Parliatwo years were elected as follows: President,
ment. The committee is open to receive repreC. L. Shear; Vice-president, H. L. Shantz;
sentations on all such matters from the colSecretary, M. W. Lyon, Jr.,; Treasurer, D.
leges and corporations, and from societies and Roberts Harper 3d; Councillors, Charles E. Tullar and C. A. Briggs.
associations, and will hold conferences when
considered desirable. It will not allow itself A CANADIAN branch of the American Phyto
in any way to be identified with any one parpathological Society was recently organized.
ticular body. A subcommittee has been apThe purpose of the organization is to correlate pointed, consisting of Colonel Nathan Raw the work of plant pathologists in Canada and
(England), Sir Watson Cheyne (Scotland), keep them in oser touch with each other, and Sir William Whitla (Ireland), to watch the same time retaining a close union with the the ministry of health in its progress through plant pathologists in the United States. The the House. officers are: Professor J. E. Howitt, president;
Dr. H. D. CURTIS, of the Lick Observatory, Mr. W. A. McCubbin, Vice-president; Dr. R.
Mount Hamilton, California, gave an address E. Stone, Secretary-treasurer.
“Modern Theories of Spiral Nebulæ” at a The following officers and council of the joint meeting of the Washington Academy of Royal Astronomical Society were elected at Sciences and the Philosophical Society of the annual general meeting on February 14: Washington on March 15. President: Professor A. Fowler; Vice-presi
The death is announced on February 19, at dents: Sir F. W. Dyson, Astronomer Royal,
eighty-five years of age, of Dr. F. Du Cane Dr. J. W. L. Glaisher, Major P. A. Mac
Godman, F.R.S., trustee of the British MuMahon, and Professor H. F. Newall; Treas
seum, and distinguished for his work in naturer: Mr. E. B. Knobel; Secretaries: Dr. A. C.
ural history, especially ornithology. D. Crommelin and Rev. T. E. R. Phillips; Foreign Secretary: Professor H. H. Turner;
An item concerning the “Goodrich conserCouncil: Professor A. E. Conrady, Dr. J. L.
vation bill,” printed on page 213 of SCIENCE E. Dreyer, Professor A. S. Eddington, Brig.
for February 10, applies to the state of InGen. E. H. Hills, Mr. J. H. Jeans, Dr. Harold diana, and not to Illinois. Jeffreys, Mr. H. S. Jones, Lieutenant-Colonel
MALCOLM PLAYFAIR ANDERSON, a well-known H. G. Lyons, Mr. E. W. Maunder, Dr. W. H.
naturalist and explorer, was killed in Oakland, Maw, Professor J. W. Nicholson, and Lieu
California, on February 21, by the fall of a tenant-Colonel F. J. M. Stratton.
beam in a shipyard. Mr. Anderson was a We learn from The British Medical Journal graduate of Stanford University, a son of Dr. that a House of Commons Medical Committee Melville Best Anderson, professor emeritus of has been formed to include all medical mem- English literature at Stanford. He was bers and other members of the House of Com- accomplished ornithologist, his work having mons interested in scientific matters akin to been largely in China and Japan, where he was medicine. All the medical members, except- head naturalist of the Duke of Bedford's ex
plorations in Eastern Asia. He was brother of Robert V. Anderson, late of the U. S. Geological Survey, now representing the War Trade Board at Stockholm.
the University of Chicago, will be asked to accept the presidency.
DR. JOHN JOHNSTON, secretary of the National Research Council in Washington, has been appointed professor of chemistry in the Graduate School of Yale University. Professor Johnston is a graduate of the University of St. Andrews.
LIEUTENANT KARL Sax, recently discharged from military service in the coast artillery at Fort Amador, Canal Zone, Panama, has been appointed instructor in genetics at the University of California.
UNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL
NEWS By the will of the late Morton F. Plant, the Connecticut College for Women receives a bequest of $250,000.
Two years ago Professor and Mrs. Herdman gave to the University of Liverpool, the sum of £10,000 to establish a chair in memory of their son, Lieutenant George A. Herdman, who was killed in action. Nature states that they have now made a further gift of £10,000 for the purpose of establishing a chair of oceanography with special reference to fisheries. The council of the university has accepted this gift with grateful thanks, and has resolved that (1) Professor Herdman be appointed professor of oceanography as from October 1 next; (2) Dr. J. Johnson succeed him on October 1, 1920, and during the twelve months from October 1 next be lecturer on oceanography at the salary derived from the endowment.
The senate of the University of Cambridge has approved the plan for the establishment of the degree of doctor of philosophy. The syndicate dealing with this question recommends that, subject to certain exemptions, candidates for the degree, before submitting a dissertation, must have pursued a course of research for not less than three years, and the senate has determined that of this period one year in the case of a graduate of the university and two years in the case of other students must be spent in Cambridge.
SIR OLIVER LODGE has retired as principal of Birmingham University.
The resignation of Dr. Harry B. Hutchins, as president of the University of Michigan, which was presented on October 12, 1916, has now been accepted by the regents to take effect on June 30. It is reported that Dr. James Rowland Angell, professor of psychology and dean of the department of arts and sciences of
DISCUSSION AND CORRESPONDENCE
DESMOGNATHUS FUSCUS (SIC). To THE EDITOR
OF SCIENCE: Professor Wilder's letter recalls a proposal made by Mr. Oldfield Thomas and myself, a proposal worth repeating. Zoological nomenclature has many inevitable difficulties to overcome, and it will save time and disputes if there be removed from it the extrinsic burden of trying to conform with the rules of Greek and Latin gram
Let the convention be established that the name of a genus, whatsoever its derivation, be regarded as masculine when the genus denotes a group of living animals, feminine if it denote a group of living plants, and neuter if it denotes a fossil animal or plant. Let it be agreed that the scientific name of an existing species may be changed to. accord with this conventional sex where possible, and that in the making of new names, the accord should be made by the author, corrected by the editor or by any subsequent writer. This would simplify matters and, in a considerable proportion of instances would give useful information.
P. CHALMERS MITCHELL ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON
TO THE EDITOR OF SCIENCE: I have read with interest and some amusement the letter by Mr. H. H. Wilder, on “ Desmognathus fuscus [sic]." It seems to me to lend additional support to the suggestion made years ago by my friend, the Rev. T. R. R. Stebbing, that