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and checks of the United States. Since frequently the losses of Government bonds and checks occur while they are in the course of shipment by the Government, and since under the provisions of this measure, adequate restrictions will be placed upon the manner in which such shipments are made, it is thought desirable to relieve the owners of such obligations from the statutory requirement of furnishing bonds of indemnity as a condition precedent to the issuance of duplicates. The sections also provide a flexibility not provided by existing law which will permit dispensing with the indemnity bond requirement in other classes of cases where such requirement would serve no useful purpose and is not essential to protect the interests of the United States. In addition, these sections are considered desirable as a clarification and codification of existing provisions of law relating to this subject.

It will be appreciated if you will introduce this bill and lend it your support.

A similar bill has been transmitted to the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments. This legislation is in accord with the program of the President. Very truly yours,

WAYNE C. TAYLOR, Acting Secretary of the Treasury.

CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW In compliance with paragraph 2a of Rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law (Revised Statutes) made by the bill are shown as follows: Existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets and new matter is printed in italics.

[Sec. 3702. Whenever it appears to the Secretary of the Treasury, by clear and unequivocal proof, that any interest-bearing bond of the United States has, without bad faith upon the part of the owner, been destroyed, wholly or in part, or so defaced as to impair its value to the owner, and such bond is identified by number and description, the Secretary of the Treasury shall, under such regulations and with such restrictions as to time and retention for security or otherwise as he may prescribe, issue a duplicate thereof, having the same time to rin, bearing like interest as the bond so proved to have been destroyed or defaced, and so marked as to show the original number of the bond destroyed and the date thereof. But when such destroyed or defaced bonds appear to have been of such a class or series as has been or may, before such application, be called in for redemption, instead of issuing duplicates thereof, they shall be paid, with such interest only as would have been paid if they had been presented in accordance with such call.

(2) Whenever it appears to the Secretary of the Treasury by clear and unequivocal proof that any interest-bearing bond of the United States, fully identified by number and description, has without bad faith on the part of the owner, been lost to such owner under such

circumstances and for such period of time after it has matured or has become redeemable pursuant to a call for redemption as in the judgment of the Secretary would indicate that it had been destroyed or irretrievabls lost, is not held by any person as his own property,

and will not be presented by a bona fide holder for value, the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to make payment of the amount which would have been due on such bond had it been presented at the time it became due and payable. But no payment shall be made an account of interest represented by coupons claimed to have been attached to a missing coupon bond at the time of its loss or destruction, unless the Secretary of the Treasury is satisfied that such coupons have not been paid and are in fact Provided, That where relief is authorized under the provisions of this paragraph the bond of indemnity required by section 3703 of the Revised Statutes shall be in a penal sum of double the amount to be paid and shall be executed by an approved corporate surety. The Secretary of the Treasury is further authorized to make from time to time such regulations and restrictions as he may prescribe with respect to the administration of this paragraph.

(3), The term "bond", wherever used in this section and in sections 3703, 3704, and 3703 of the Revised Statutes shall be deemed, for the purposes of these sections, to include any interest-bearing obligation of the United States or those

SEC. 3703. The owner of such destroyed or defaced bond shall surrender the same, or so much thereof as may remain, and shall file in the Treasury a bond in

issued on a discount basis.

a penal sum of double the amount of the destroyed or defaced bond, and the interest which would accrue thereon until the principal becomes die and payable with two good and sufficient sureties, residents of the United States, to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, with condition to indemnify and save harmless the United States from any claim upon such destroyed or defaced bond.

Sec. 3704. Whenever it is proved to the Secretary of the Treasury, by clear and satisfactory evidence, that any duly registered bond of the United States, bearing interest, issued for valuable consideration in pursuance of law, has been lost or destroyed, so that the same is not held by any person as his own property, the Secretary shall issue a duplicate of such registered bond, of like amount, and bearing like interest and marked in the like manner as the bond so proved to be lost or destroyed.

SEC. 3705. The owner of such missing bond shall first file in the Treasury a bond in a penal sum equal to the amount of such missing bond, and the interest which would accrue thereon, until the principal thereof becomes due and payable, with two good and sufficient sureties, residents of the United States, to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, with condition to indemnify and save harmless the United States from any claim because of the lost or destroyed bond.]

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[Sec. 3646. That whenever any original check is lost, stolen, or destroyed disbursing officers and agents of the United States are authorized, within three years from the date of such check, to issue a duplicate check, under such regulations in regard to its issue and payment, and upon the execution of such bonds, with sureties, to indemnify the United States, and proof of loss of original check, as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe: Provided, That whenever any original check or warrant of the Post Office Department has been lost, stolen, or destroyed the Postmaster General may authorize the issuance of a dupl oate thereof, at any time within three years from the date of such original check or warrant, upon the execution by the owner thereof of such bond of indemnity as the Postmaster General may prescribe: Provided further, That when such original check or warrant does not exceed in amount the sum of $50 and the payee or owner is, at the date of the application, an oflicer or employee in the service of the Post Office Department, whether by contract, designation, or appointment, the Postmaster General may, in lieu of an indemnity bond, authorize the issuance of a duplicate check or warrant upon such an affidavit as he may prescribe, to be made before any postmaster by the payee or owner of an original check or warrant.]

Sec. 3646. (a) Except as hereinafter provided, whenever it is clearly proved to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury that any original check of the United States is lost, stolen, or wholly or partly destroyed, or is so mutilaled or defaced as to impair its value to its owner or holder, persons authorized to issue such checks on behalf of the United States are authorized, before the close of the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the original check was issued, to issue to the owner or holder thereof a substitute, marked duplicate" and showing the number, date, and payee of the original check, upon the receipt and approval by the Secretary of the Treasury of a bond, to indemnify the United States, in such form and amount and with such surety, sureties, or security as the Secretary of the Treasury shall require; but no such substitute shall be payable if the original check shall first have been paid: Provided, however, That the authority herein conferred to issue substitute checks may, in the case of checks issued on account of public-debt obligations and transactions regarding the administration of banking and currency laws, be issued without limitation of time.

(6) A bond of indemnity shall not be required under subsection (a) of this section in any of the following classes of cases except as hereinafter provided: (1) If the Secretary of the Treasury is satisfied that the loss, theft

, destruction, mutilation, or defacement, as the case may be, occurred without fault of the owner or holder and while the check was in the custody or control of the United States (not including the Postal Service when acting solely in its capacity as the public carrier of the mails), or of a person thereunto duly authorized as lawful agent of the United States, or while it was in the course of shipment effected pursuant to and in accordance with the regulations issued under the provisions of the Government Losses in Shipment Act; (2) if substantially the entire check is presented and surrendered by the owner or holder and the Secretary of the Treasury is satisfied as to the identity of the check presented and that any missing portions are not suficient to form the basis of a valid claim against the United States; (3) if the Secretary of the Treasury is satisfied that the original check is not negotiable and cannot be made the basis of a valid claim against the United States; (4) if the amount of the check is less than $50 and the Secretary of the Treasury is satisfied that the giving of a bond of indemnity would be an undue hardship to the owner or holder; (5) if the owner or holder is a State or political subdivision thereof, a corporation the whole of whose capital is owned by the United States, a foreign government, or a Federal Reserve bank, and the Secretary of the Treasury is satisfied that the interests of the United States can be adequately safeguarded without such bond: Provided, however, that in any of the foregoing classes of cases the Secretary of the Treasury may require a bond of indemnity if he deems it essential to the public interest.

(c) The Secretary of the Treasury shall have the power to make such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary for the administration of the provisions of this section.

(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section, uchenever any original check of the Post Office Department has been lost, stolen, or destroyed, the Postmaster General may authorize the issuance of a substitute, marked "duplicate" and showing the number, date, and payee of the original check, before the close of the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the original check was issued, upon ihe execution by the owner thereof of such bond of indemnity as the Postmaster General may prescribe: Provided, That when such original check does not exceed in amount the sum of $50 and the payee or owner is at the date of the application an officer or employee in the service of the Post Office Department, whether by contract, designation, or appointment, the Postmaster General may, in lieu of an indemnity bond, authorize the issuance of a substitute check or warrant upon such an affidavit as he may prescribe, to be made before any postmaster by the payee or owner of an original check or warrant.

(e) Substitutes, marked as hereinabove provided, drawn on the Treasurer of the United States, shall

, after the lapse of the period fixed by section 21 of the Permanent Appropriation Repeal Act, 1934 (48 Stat. 1235; U. S. C., 1934 édition, title 31, 8C. 725 (t)), for the payment of the original checks, be payable only as the original checks would be payable thereunder.

The term "original checkwherever used in this section means any check, warrant, or other order for the payment of money, payable upon demand and not bearing interest, drawn by a duly authorized officer or agent of the United States on its behalf against an account or funds of the United States, whether upon a bank or upon the Treasurer or other paying officer of the United States, but does not include money, wins, or currency of the United States nor instruments issued by any corporation or other entity owned or controlled by the United States, whether in whole or in part, against such corporation's or entity's own funds; as used in subsection (c) of this section it means such an instrument drawn by a duly authorized officer or employee of the Post Office Department.

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MAKING ALLOWANCES TO LETTER CARRIERS IN LIEU

OF CARFARE

Mar 4, 1937.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of

the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. GREGORY, from the Committee on the Post Office and Post

Roads, submitted the following

REPORT

(To accompany H. R. 5536)

The Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, having had under consideration the bill (H. R. 5536) making allowances to letter carriers in lieu of carfare, report the same back to the House with the recommendation that the bill do pass.

The following letter from the Post Office Department explains the need for this legislation:

OFFICE OF THE PostMASTER GENERAL,

Washington, D. C., February 24, 1987. Hon. JAMES M. MEAD, Chairman, Commitiee on the Post Office and Post Roads,

House of Representatives. MY DEAR MR. MEAD: During the past few years streetcars have been superseded by busses in many instances in our large cities. For many years the postal appropriation acts have carried an item "Carfare and bicycle allowance," from which has been paid the transportation expenses of carriers from the post offiice to the starting point of their routes. At the present time schedules of busses in many cases are not adapted to the schedules of the carriers, and as a result, considerable time is lost and delivery of mail is delayed through the carriers reaching their initial delivery point late. Likewise, their return to post offices is delayed berause of unsatisfactory bus schedules.

To remedy this situation it would be very desirable to permit letter carriers to use their own automobiles in traveling from post offices to the initial delivery puint. A draft of a bill to authorize this practice is enclosed herewith, and it would be appreciated if your committee would take steps for its enactment.

It has been ascertained from the Bureau of the Budget that this recommendation is in accord with the program of the President.

W. W. Howes,

Acting Postmaster General. O

Very truly yours,

!

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