Lapas attēli


A. G. Bartelli, captaiu's steward ; Ameri- Samuel Henry, seaman; English.

John Roberts, seaman; English. Edward Fitzmorris, ordinary seaman; John Duggan, seaman; English. English.

Martin King, seaman; English. George Egerton, fireman; lives at Liver- F. Williams, seaman; English. pool; English.

R. Williams, seaman; English. James McFaden, fireman; time up 24th Joseph Pearson, seaman; English. February, 1863; English.

Joseph Connor, seaman; English. William Robinson, able seaman; English. Thomas McMillan, seaman; English. Martin Molk, able seaman; English. Michael Mars, seaman; English. George Yeoman, ordinary seaman; Eug- Robert Egan, boy; English. lish.

Malcolm McFarlane, seaman; English. William McGinley, able seaman; English. Peter Henry, seaman; English. George Freemantle, able seaman; English. Charles Godwin, seaman ; American. Frederick Johns, parser's steward; Eug- James Higgs, captain of hold; Euglish. lish.

Peter Hages, seaman ; American. John Grady, boy; uncle lives at 56 Regent Henry Fisher, seaman, belonging to re

street, Liverpool; bootmaker; English. serve; English. Thomas Weir, gunner's mate; English. Frank Townsend, seaman, belonging to James Brasner, able seaman; English. reserve; English. Edgar Fripp, seaman; English.

Frank Cunen, seaman, belonging to reJohn Neil, seaman; English.

serve; English. Joseph Neil, seaman; English.

Williain Levins, coal trimmer; English. There are now several men on board of the Alabama who have joined the ship since we entered upon the cruise, some of whom are Americans. (Signed)

CLARENCE R. YONGE. This is the list marked A referred to in the affidavit of Clarenca Randolph Yonge, sworn this 20 day of April, 1863, before me, (Signed)


A Commis:ioner, &c.

No 47.

Earl Russell to Mr. Adams.



been board

on trialtrips

that port.

FOREIGN OFFICE, August 17, 1863. SIR: My attention has been called by a member of the firm of Messrs.

Fraser, Trenholm & Co., of Liverpool, to a letter which apstatementos consul peared in the Daily News of 2d of April last, purporting to Mr. Woman ba be a letter addressed by Mr. Thomas H. Dudley, United Alabama and Oreto States consul at Liverpool, to the collector of customs at

In that letter it is stated that when the Alabama was first tried, Mr. Welsman, one of the firm of Fraser, Trenholm & Co., was present, and that he accompanied that vessel on her various trials, as he had also accompanied the Oreto on her trial-trip and on her departure.

Mr. Welsman positively denies that he was present when the Alabama was first tried, or that he ever accompanied her in any way on any of her supposed trials. He further denies that he ever set foot on board the Oreto; and he has recorded these denials in an affidavit subscribed and sworn to before the acting British consul at Charleston.

With the view of placing Mr. Welsman's statement still further upon record, and as evidence of the incorrectness of Mr. Dudley's assertion, I hare the honor to communicate to you the substance of Nr. Welsman's affidavit for the information of your Government.

I am, &c., (Signed)


No. 48.

Mr. Adams to Earl Russell.

Con ul Dudley and the United States Government inform


London, August 22, 1863. (Received August 24.) MY LORD: I have the honor to acknowledge the reception of your note of the 17th instant relating to the notice taken by Mr. Welsman, one of the firm of Fraser, Trenholm & Co., of cer. tain statements made respecting him by Mr. Dudley, ed of this correction. the consul of the United States at Liverpool. I have transmitted a copy of the same for the information of my Government, and another to Mr. Dudley

I pray, &c.,


No. 19.

Mr. Layard to Dr. Laird, J. P.

Inquiry made of Mr. Laird as to the


FOREIGN OFFICE, August 31, 1863.

. SIR: In a note which Lord Russell has lately received from Mr. Adams, the Alabama is described as a vessel "fitted out and dispatched from the port of Liverpool," and his lord- Alkama having them ship directs me to say that he would feel much obliged to you of war at Liverpool [221] if you could inform *him how far it is true that the Alabama

was fitted out as a vessel of war at Liverpool before she left that port.

I am, &c.,


No. 50.

Mr. Laird, N. P., to Mr. Layard.

Mr. Laird's reply.


livered at . She left port without any armament.

BIRKENHEAD, September 2, 1863. Sir: In reply to your letter of the 31st August, stating that Lord Russell would feel much obliged to me if I can inform him * how far it is true that the Alabama was fitted out as a the Alabruna was vessel of war at Liverpool before she left that port," I re- phip of war when de quest that you will inform his lordship that I am not able, from my own personal observation or knowledge, to reply to his lordship's inquiry, as I did not see the Alabama after the first week in July, 1862, being some weeks before she sailed.

In order to obtain for his lordship from a reliable source the information he has asked for, I have made inquiries from my successors in business, the firm of Laird Brothers, the builders of the vessel now called the Alabama, and I am authorized by them to state that the vessel referred to was delivered by them at the port of Liverpool, and that at the time of her delivery she was not fitted out as a vessel of war.

They also confirm, in every respect, the report of Mr. Morgan, the the fact of news being received to the effect that the customs authorities had orders to detain us that morning," and signified your lordships' desire that we would inquire and report how these orders could have become known to the parties concerned, we report

That your lordships' order directing the seizure of the vessel 290, subsequently known as the confederate steamer Alabama, was dated 31st July, 1862, and was not received at the custom-house until the evening of that day, when instructions were at once forwarded by telegraph to the collectors of this revenue at Liverpool and Cork to seize the vessel if she could be met withı, and on the following day directions to the like effect were sent to the officers at Beaumaris and Holyhead.

The vessel had, however, left the Mersey on the 29th preceding, (as stated for your lordships' information in our secretary's letters of that date and the following day,)

bound ostensibly on a trial trip, from which she did not return. [226] *It is impossible, therefore, that any information of the intention of the gov

erument to direct the seizure of the vessel could have been obtained from the officers of this department, inasmuch as that intention, though known of course earlier in other public offices, was not made known to us, nor was your lordships' order to detain the vessel transmitted to us until 4 p. m., on the 31st July, or two days after the Alabama had left the Mersey, and twelve hours after she had finally sailed from Moelfra Roads. (Signed)


No. 55.

Mr. Adams to Earl Russell.

Statement by John Lathani, a eman who deserted from the Alabama a at Jamaica.


London, January 13, 1864. (Received January 13.) MY LORD: I pray your attention to copies of a letter of the consul of

the United States at Liverpool, and of three depositions, all going cumulatively to prove the manner in which the neutrality of Her Majesty's realm has been abused by some of

her subjects, for the purpose of carrying on war against the United States. I have every reason to suppose that these proceedings are continued without material diminution.

Renewing, &c.,


(Inclosure 1 in No. 55.)

Mr. Dudley to Mr. Adams.

UNITED STATES CONSULATE, Lirerpool, January 11, 1864. Sir: I beg to call your attention to copies of three affidavits: one of John Latham, another of his wife, Martha Latham, ånd the other that of Thomas Winstinley, inclosed. It is a well-known fact that the steamer Alabama, which was built and fitted out at this port, and manned by British seamen, regularly receives her coal and supplies from this country, and that the families of the men now serving on board are paid once a month here in Liverpool by M. G. Klingender & Co., and Fraser, Trenholm & Co., the one-half part of the wages earned by the men on board this vessel. Jolin Latham, of Swansea, in Wales, was one of the men who enlisted on said steamer. During the time of his service on board, his wife, Martha Latham, received regnlarly each month the one-half part of his wages, which was sent to her by M. G. Klingender & Co., No. 22 Water street, Liverpool. The money was transmitted in post-office orders. The letters in which this money was sent are annexed to her affidavit, and copies inclosed to you. At the time of enlisting Mr. Latham received a bounty. He sent £5 of this to his wife by Captain James D. Bullock. This £5 was paid to Thomas Winstinley for her at Fraser, Trenholm & Co.'s office by their cashier.

I regard these affidavits as important to show the character and nationality (if she has any) of this vessel, which, built in England, fitted out in England, armed with

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English guns, and napped by English seamen; supplied with coal and other necessaries while cruising from England, in English vessels, by English merchants; and the wages earned by the men while serving on board paid here in Liverpool by these same merchants to their wives and families residing here, stamps her, it seems to me, if auything can, as an English piratical craft.

I am, &c., (Signed)


(Inclosure 2 in No. 55.1

the officers go.

Affidarit of John Látham. I, John Latham, of 36 Jasper street, Liverpool, in the county of Lancaster, engineer, make oath and say as follows:

1. About the 8th or 10th of August, 1862, I signed articles at the Sailor's Home, Liverpool, to ship in the steamship Bahama, Captain Tessier, for a voyage to Vassan and

back. The Bahama went out of the Bramley Moore dock the same night about [227] *12 o'clock, and went into the river and lay to. Captain Seinmes, Captain James

D. Bullock, and some other officers came on board, and about half past 7 o'clock a. m. a tug-boat came alongside with some seamen on board; the tug-boat accompaniedl us out abont ten miles. The tug then left us, and a tall gentleman, with a reddish face and pock-marked, who came from Cunarıl, Wilson & Co.'s office, left nis and went into the tug; as he left us he said, “ I hope you will make a good thing of it, and that you will stop where you are going to." We then proceeded on our voyage, and stood out some days, when we found we were going to the Western Isles.

2. About the 17th or 18th of August we arrived at Terceira, and we there found the Alabama and the bark Agrippina. Captain Butcher, who was on board the Alabama, hailed us and told us to go round the island, and he would be after us, but it would take them three-quarters of an hour to get his steam np. We went on, and he followed us, and the Alabama went under the leo of the island, and a shot was tired across the Bahama's bows from a battery on shore, so we stopped out until the morning. In the morning we went alongside the Alabama, and some small cases and a safe containing money was passed into the Alabama from our ship, and we then parted and anchored a little distance from her, and the bark Agrippina went and discharged the remainder of her cargo into the Alabamit. During this time Captain Semmes and Captain Bullock were going backward and forward to the Alabama, but would not let any of

On Sunday, the 24th of August, Captain Semmes came on board the Bahama, and called us under the bridge, he bimself and the officers standing on the bridge; he addressed us and said, “Now, my lads, there is the ship,” (pointing to the Alabama,) "she is as fine a vessel as ever floated ; there is a chance which seldom offers itself to a Britishi seaman, that is, to make a little money. I am not going to put you alongside of a trigate at first; but after I have got you drilied a little, I will give you a nice little fight." He said, " There is only six ships that I am afraid of in the United States Navy. He said, “ We are going to burn, sink, and destroy the commerce of the United States; your prize-money will be divided proportionately according to each mau's rauk, something similar to the English navy." "Some of the men objected, being naval, reserve men. Captain Semines said, “Never mind that; I will make that all right; I will put yon in English ports where you can get your book signed every three montlis.” He then said, “ There is Mr. Kell on the deck, and all those who are desirous of going with me let them go aft and give Mr. Kell their names." A great many went aft, but some refused. A boat came from the Alabama, and those who had agreed to go went on board. Captain Semmes and the officers went on board. Mr. Low, the fourth lieutenant, then appeared in uniform, and he came on board the Bahama, endeavoring to induce the men to come forward and join, and he succeeded in getting the best part of us. I was one who went at the last minute. When I got, ou board the Alabama, I found a great number of men that bad gone on board of her from Liverpool. Captain Semmes then addressed us on board the Alabama, and Captain Butcher was there also, who had taken the vessel out. Captain Semmes said he hoped we should all be content ourselves and be comfortable one among another; but any of you that thinks he cannot stand to his gun I don't want. He then called the purser, and such as agreed to serve signed articles on the companion-hatch, and on signing the men received either two month's pay in advance, or one month's wages and a half-pay note. I took a months' wages and a half-pay vote for £3 108. a mouth in favor of my wife, Martha Latham, 19 Wellington street, Swansea ; the note was drawn on Fraser, Trendioli & Co., of Liverpool, but it was paid at Mr. Klingender's in Liverpool; the note was signed by Captain Senmes, Yonge, who was the paymaster, and Smith, the captain's clerk. I sent (and this halfpiny note ashore by Captain Bullock, and he forwarded it with a letter to my wife.

3. Captain Billlock on the passage out, and atter ive arrived at Terceira, il sei argi


ments to induce is to join the Alabama. On several occasions he advised us, and urged the men to join.

4. As soon as the men who had consented to go had all signed articles, the English ensign which the Alabama had been flying was pulled down, and the confederate flag hoisted, and a gun was fired. The men who declined joining left the ship with Captains Bullock and Butcher for the Bahama, and we proceeded, under the command of Captain Semmes; and I have in the schedule hereto annexed given a list of the otticers and men, with their places of residence.

5. We proceeded on our voyage, and cruised about the Western Isles for some days, and on the following Sunday we fell in with a whaler, and burnt her; and we then cruised about, and in about two days we fell in with the schooner Starlight, from Boston.

We fired at her four times. Her captain said, If I had but one gun on board I [228] would fight *you.” He tried to make the land, but we overhauled him, and he

brought to. We kept the crew of the schooner, and on the next day we landed them at the Western Isles, and took the schooner in tow, for the purpose of decoying other vessels with the stars and stripes. We succeeded in capturing several; among other vessels we captured the Manchester, of Philadelphia line of packets, bound from New York to Liverpool. We burut this vessel, having first taken her crew, and we put them on board the Tonawanda, which we had previously captured, and had then in tow. Among the crew there was a man of the name of George Forrest, who one of the midshipinen recognized as having been a seaman on board the Sumter, and had deserted. He was brouglit on board to Captain Semmes, who told him that he behaved well he should have his pay and prize-money as the other men, but that he had a right to detain him throughont the war without paying him a cent. Forrest was retained on board the Alabama, was frequently punished by having his hands and legs fastened to the rigging, the punishment being known as the “ spread eagle," and he would be kept in this position for four hours at a time, and this was done at least twenty times, and at last they ironed his legs and arms, and sent him on shore on a desolate island called Blencoola, some two bundred miles from the mainland, and left him. The crew subscribed some £17, unknown to Captain Semmes, which we gave him, in the hope of its being some inducement to a vessel to take him off.

6. The bark Agrippina, flying the British flag and loaded with coals from Cardiff, was at Martinique when we arrived there; and she went out to sea, and whilst out she supplied us with coal. After this we went to Arkaskees, where we stopped and painted the ship, and then went toward Galveston, and off that place we fell in with the American ship Hatteras, which we suk. We got her crew on board, and proceeded to Port Royal, Jamaica. There I ran away, and left the Alabama. While there the Alabama enlisted two British sailors, who had deserted from Her Majesty's ships Jason and Steadly. Thomas Potter, who was tireman, also ran away, but the men of the Alabama came after bin and arrested bim, and took him back to the ship. Clarence Youge, the purser, also left the ship. I was also arrested at an hotel in Jamaica by the Alabama's crew. They wanted to force me on board, but I refused to go until I had seen the governor of the island, whose residence was some fifteen miles distant; and I saw the superintendent of the police, who on my producing a certiticate that I was a naval coast volunteer on board Her Majesty's ship Majestic, I was released.

7. My wife received my balf-pay. She used to receive it by post-office order, payizble at Swansea; and to obtain this she every month used to write Messrs. Fraser, Trenholm & Co., or M. G. Klingender & Co., Liverpool, inclosmg the half-pay note : and the latter tirin used to send her a post-ottice order for the £3 98. Id., delueting the cost of the order and the postage. In February or March she wrote as usual for the hall-pay note. They wrote, in reply, that they could send her no more money, ils I had left the ship, but they did not return her the half-pay pote.

8. On my return I called at Fraser, Treuholm & Co.'s office for the balance of my wages, but they declined to pay me, and denied all knowledge of the ship; but Mr. Cooper gave me the naine of Mr. M. G. Klingender, and told me to see him, and see if he could arrange it. I did so, but he told me he would not do so, as they had received a note from Captain Semmes that I had deserted at Jamaica.

9. The guns comprising the armament on the Alabama have Fawcett. Preston & Co's marks on them, showing they were made by this firm. (Signed)

Sworn and subscribed to before me this 8th day of January, 1804, at Liverpool, in the
couty of Lancaster.

d Commissioner to liminister Calls in Chancery in England.

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