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No. 43.

Mr. Adams to Earl Russell.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

London, October 9, 1862. (Received October 11.) MY LORD: I now have the honor to transmit to your lordship a copy of an intercepted letter which I have received from my Further represenerGovernment, being the further evidence to which I made tibu by Mr. Adais. allusion in my note to your lordship of the 30th September, as substantiating the allegations made of the infringement of the enlistment law by the insurgents of the United States in the ports of Great Britain.

I am well aware of the fact to which your lordship calls my attention in the note of the 4th instant, the reception of which I have the honor to acknowledge, that Her Majesty's government are unable to go beyond the law, municipal and international, in preventing enterprises of the kind referred to. But in the representations which I have had the honor lately to make, I beg to remind your lordship that I base them upon evidence which applies directly to infringements of the municipal law itself, and not to anything beyond it. The consequence of an omission to enforce its penalties is therefore necessarily that heretofore pointed out by eminent counsel, to wit, that “the law is little better than a dead letter;" a result against which “ the Government of the United States has serious ground of remonstrance."

I pray, &c.,
(Signed)

CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS.

1

[Inclosure in No. 43. ]

Mr. Mallory to Commander Vorth, C. S. N.

navy.

NAVY DEPARTMENT,

Richmond, July 12, 1862.
SIR: Your letter of the 29th March last reached me this morning.
The department notined you on 11th January last that you would re-

Intercepted letier
ceive orders to command the second vessel then being built in England, of Mr. Hudors, com
bnt for reasons satisfactory to the department you were subsequently dete neerears of
assigned to the command of the first vessel, the Florida, (Oreto,) now
at Nassau, and any just ground for the “surprise and astonishment” in this respect
at the department's action is not perceived.

A commission as commander for the war was sent you on the 5th May, and your failure to follow the Oreto, which left England about the 21st March, and to take command of her as was contemplated, and as you were apprised by Captain Bullock on the 26th March, is not understood, and has been productive of some embarrassment.

Captain Bullock was nominated by the executive for his position in the navy under existing law, and was duly confirmed by the senate, and your protest to this department against the action of tliese co-ordinate branches of your government is out of place.

Upon the receipt of this luier von will turn over to Lieutenant G. F. Sinclair the instructions which you have received, together with any public funds in your hands, and return to the Confederate States in such minner as your judgment may direct.

Should you not be provided with funds for this purpose, Commander Bullock will, apon your application, supply them.

I am, dc., (Signed)

SH. MALLORY,

Secretary of the Jury.

would be ready and lodged in England to pay for these vessels as it fell dne. From what I know I am satisfied that the money was all duly paid as it fell due for these vessels. I saw a letter from Captain Bullock to Fraser, Trenbolm & Co., (a firm in Liverpool hereinafter again referred to.) thanking them. Captain Bullock kept copies of his correspondence, and they are deposited in one of the banks in Savamali

. From the time of my coming to England until I sailed in the Alabama my principal business was in paying the officers of the confederate navy, who were over here attacked to the Alabama, and sent over for tliat purpose. I useil to pay them moontlılık, about the first of the month, at Fraser, Trenholm & Co.'s office in Liverpool, and I dreis the money for that purpose from that firm.

Commander James D). Bullock, John Low, lieutenant, Eugene Maffit, midshipman, E. M. Anderson, midshipman, came over to England in the same vessel with myself. Captain Bullock came over to Englanıl, in the first instance, to contract for building the two vessels, the Oreto, now called the Florida, and the Alabama. He came to contract for and in behalf of the southern confederacy, with the understanding that he was to have the command of one of the vessels. I have heard him say so; and I have learned this also from the correspondence between him and Mr. Mallory, secretary of the confederate navy, as before meutioned, which passed throughi my hands.

At the commencement of my engagement with Captain Bullock I acted as his clerk. The contract for building tlie Alabama was macle withi Messrs. Laird, of Birkenhead, by Captain Bullock. I have seen it myself. I made a copy from the original. The copy was in the ship. It was signed byCaptain Bullock, on the one part, and Messrs. Laird, on

the other. I made the copy at instance of Captain Bullock from the original, which [219] he has. *The ship cost in United States money about $255,000; this ivcluded pro

visions, &c., enough for a voyage to the East Indies, which Messrs. Laird were by the contract to provide. The payments were all made before the vessel sailed to the best of my belief. Sinclair, Hamilton & Co., of London, had money. Fraser, Treuholm & Co., of Liverpool, haci money. There was government money in both their hands over here, enough for the purpose of paying them. I was over to see the Alabama before she was launched from Messrs. Laird's yard, and was on board the vessel with Captain Bullock, and have met Captain Bullock and one of the Messrs. Laird at Fraser, Trenholm & Co.'s office. Captain Bullock superintended the building of the Alabama and Oreto; also while he was here Captain Matthew J. Butcher was the captain who took her to sea. He is an Englishman, and represented himself as belonging to the royal naval reserve. At the time the Alabama was being built by Messrs. Laird, and when I saw them at different times at their yard in Birkenhead and at Fraser, Trenholm & Co.'s office, I have not the slightest doubt that they perfectly well knew that such steamer was being built for the southern confederacy, and that she was to be used in war against the Government of the United States. When the vessel sailed from Liverpool she had her shot-racks fitted in the usual places ; she had sockets in her decks, and the pins titted which held fast frames on carriages for the pivot-guns, and breaching-bolts. These bad been placed in by the builders of the vessel, Messrs. Laird & Co. She was also full of provisions and stores, enough for four months' cruise. When shesailed she had beds, bedding, cooking utensils, and mess utensils for lin) men, and powder-tanks fitted in. We sailed from Liverpool on the 29th day of July, 1862. This was some three or

four days sooner than we expected to sail. The reason for our sailing at Departure of Ala this time before we contemplated was on account of information which

we had received, that proceedings were being commenced to stop the vessel from sailing. Captain Bullock sent Lieutenant Low to me on Sunday evening the 27th of July, to say that I must be at Fraser, Trenholm & Co.'s office early next morning. The next morning I arrived at half-past 9 o'clock. Captain Butcher came in and told me the ship which at that time was called the 290, also Enrica, would sail the next day, and he wanted me to go with him. In a few minutes Captain Bullock came in and told me he wanted me to go to sea at a minute's notice, that they were going to send her right out. I placed my things on the vessel on that evening. There were about seventy or eighty men in the vessel at this time under Captain Butcher, who had been in command of the vessel for more than a month before slie sailed.

I went on the vessel on the morning of the 29th July, for the purpose of sailing. We started out of the river Mersey at about halt-past 10 o'clock. . Captain Butcher commanded ; Mr. Low acted as first mate; George T. Fullam as second mate; and David Herbert Llewellyn as assistant surgeon.

Captain Bullock, Lieutenants North and Sinclair, were on board, also the two Messrs. Laird, Mr. A. E. Byrne, and five or six ladies, (including two Miss Lairds,) and some other gentlemen whom I do not know. When we sailed it was not our iutention to return, but it was with the intention of going to sea, and so understood by us all. The ladies and passengers were takeu on board as a blind.

After we got on board, one of the Messrs. Laird who built the vessel came to me and gave me £312 in English gold. Captain Bullock came and asked me if Mr. Lairt had given me the money; that he had some to give me which I must put in the sate. I

banan troin Liverpool.

Proceedings in Moelfra B.y.

told him I had not received it, and went to Mr. Laird and got it. Mr. Laird couted it out for me, and I gave him a receipt for, the annount. Mr. Laird gave me a number of bills and receipts at the same time for things he had been purchasing for the vesselbeds, blankets, tin-ware, kuives, forks, for the ship; all of which he (Mr. Laird) had purchased from various parties on account of the slip. My understanding was that the money given me was the balance of the money left, after making these purchases. The bills and receipts which Mr. Laird gave ine on this occasion, on account of the purrlases he had made, were left on the ship, and were handed over by ine to Francis L. Galt, who has succeeded me as paymaster on the ship.

There was a tig-boat in attendance when we left Liverpool on the 29th of July, in which the ladies and all the passengers left. We ran down immediately for Moelfra Bay, and lay there all that vight, all the next day and next night, until 3 o'clock on Friday morning. I copied a letter of instructions from Captain Bullock to Captain Butcher, in which Captain Butcher was directed to proceed to Porto Praya in Terceira, one of the Azores, where it was intended that we should go to receive the armament. I knew, and all the otticers knew, before we went on board that this vessel had been built for the purpose, and was to go ont with the intention of cruising and making war against the Government and people of the United States.

This, as I verily believe, was well known by the Messrs. Laird, who built her [220] and belped to tit her out, and by Fraser, Trenholm & Co., *anıl by A. E. Byrne,

of Liverpool, who also assisted in fitting her out, and by Captain Butcher and the other otticers who sailed in her.

The next day after wo left, the tug-boat Hercules came to us from Liverpool about 3 o'clock. She brought to us Captain Bullock and S. G. Porter, ( who for a time superintended the fitting the vessel,) and some two or three men. The men signed articles that night. They had signed articles before at various times while in Liverpool, but they all came up again and repewed the articles. The advance notes had been given them in Liverpool by Captain Butcher, and made payable at Cunarl, Wilson & Co. The original articles are now in Fraser, Trenholm & Co.'s office, but in possession of Captain Bullock, who transacts all his business and keeps all his papers at Fraser, Trenholm & ('o. I do not know the name of the man who acted as shipping-master at Liverpool. Captain Bullock wrote a letter of instructions to me before we left Liverpool directing me to circulate freely among the men, and induce them to go on the vessel after we got to Terceira. I accordingly did circulate among the men on our way out, and persuaded them to join the vessel after we should get to Terceira. Low did the same.

We sailed from Moelfra Bay at 3 o'clock on Friday morning. We went out through the Irish Channel. Captain Bullock left us at the Giant's Causeway. We were some ten or eleven days going out to Terceira. We were in quarantine three days at Porto Praya. There was no transfer of the vessel or anything of the kind there. The bark Agrippina, from Loudon, arrived there with a part of the armament and all the ammunition, all the clothing and coals. She was commanded by Alexander McQueen. The tirst day after the arrival of the bark she was getting ready for discharging. This bark is owned by the confederate government, but is nominally held by Sinclair, Hamilton & Co., of London, and sails under the British tlag. This tirm are connected with the confederate government.

Early the following day the bark Agrippina hauled alongside, and we commenced to take the guns on board. Two or three days after this the Bahama arrived with the otiicers. This steamer was in command of Captain Tessier. She also sailed under the British flag. The Bahama came in, and Captain Butcher went on board, and received orders to sail to Augra. The Baliama took the bark in tow, and we all went round to Angra. After we got there we were ordered away by the anthorities. There was also correspondence took place between Captain Butcher and the British consul at tbat place, but I never heard what it was. We went out and continued discharging and taking in all that day, and at night we and the bark ran into the bay, the Bahama keeping outside. By this time we had got all the guns, ammunition, and cargo from the steamer and bark. During all this time the three vessels were sailing under the British tag. We tinished coaling on Sunday, the 24th day of August, about 1 o'clock. We received from the bark Agrippina four broadside guns, each 32-pounders, and two pivot-guns, one 6s-pounder solid-shot gun, and one 100-pounder ritical gun; 100 barrels of gunpowiler, a munber of Entield ritles, two cases of pistols and cartridges for the

All the clothing for the men was also received from the Agrippina, and the fuses, primers, signals, rockets, shot, shell, and other munitions of war needed by the ship; also a quantity of coal. We received from the Bahama two 32-pounder broadside guus, a bale of blue flannel for sailors' wear, and a fire-proof chest with 374),

40 in English sovereigns, and $30,000 in bauk bills. Captain Butcher or Mr. Low, the first mate, told me that Mr. M. G. Klingender hail been directed to purchase in Liverpool, where Mr. Klingender resides and does business as a merchant, such supplies of tobacco and liquor as were required for the ship's use.

Equipment at Ter.

ceiri

Namne.

a

Suppored nationality of the crew.

I made out the advance notes for the men at Liverpool on the 28th of July, 1862, while she was lying in the Birkenhead docks, which advance notes were made payable by Cunard, Wilson & Co., at Liverpool; the half-pay notes which I made out in Moelfra Bay on board the No. 290 were made payable at Liverpool by the aforesaid Mr. G. Klingender. After we arrived at Angra, and had armed the ship, and were leaving that port to enter upon the cruise, we were still under the British flag. Captain Semmes then had all the men called aft on the quarter-deck. The British flag was hauled down and the confederate one raised. He then and there made a speech; read his commission to them as a commander in the confederate nary; told them the objects of the vessel, and what she was abont to do; mentioned to them their proportion of prize-money would be out of each $100,000 worth of property captured and destroyed; said he had on board $100,000; and asked them to go with him, at the same time appealing to them as British sailors to aid him in defending the side of the weak.

I had two sets of articles prepared; one for men shipping for a limited time, the other for those willing to go during the war. The articles were then re-signed, while the vessel was in Portuguese waters, but under the confederate flag. This was on

Sunday, the 24th August, 1862. At the same time Captain Semmes announced [221] that the ship *would be called the Confederate States vessel Alabama. The

guns which were brought out to the No. 290 in the Agrippina and the Bahama were made and furnished by Fawcett, Preston & Co., of Liverpool. The ammunition and entire armament of the vessel, as well as all the outfit, were purchased in England. The list hereunto annexed, marked A, contains a list of the names of all the officers

on the Alabama when I left, except myself, and of all the men whom I can now remember. My belief is that we had eighty-four shipped

men, inclusive of the firemen and coal-trimmers when we left Augra. All the men but three signed the articles for the period of the war. The half-par notes were then drawn in favor of and given to the men. These half-pay notes entitleil their families or friends to draw half of their pay on the 1st of every month. They were all payable by Fraser, Trenholm & Co., with whom the money for the purpose of meeting them was lodged. The first set of notes (payable at Cunard, Wilson & Co.'s) were in the form of the British marine service; the second set (payable at Fraser, Treuholm & Co.'s) were in the form used by the United States and confederate bars. Several of the men refused to sign, and returned in the Bahama to Liverpool. Captain Butcher and Captain Bullock also returned in the Bahama. We then entered upon our cruise.

Out of the eighty-four men I believe there were not more than ten or twelve Americans. There was one Spaniard, and ail the rest were English men. More than one-half of the Englishmen belonged to the royal navy reserve, as they informed me, and as was generally understood by all on board. Four, at least, of the ofticers were English, that is to say, John Low, fourth lieutenant; David Herbert Llewellyn, assistant surgeon ; George T. Fullam, master's mate; and Henry Allcott, the sail-maker. I never remember at any time seeing any custom-bouse officer aboard this vessel. I remained aboard the vessel as paymaster from the time I joined her, as before stated, until the 25th day of January, 1863, at which time she was lying at Port Royal, Jamaica. During the whole time that I was on board her she was cruising and making war against the Government and people of the United States. I cannot recollect the names of all the vessels which she captured, but I know that the number which were captured and destroyed up to the time I left her was at least twenty-three, and, as I believe,

Of these twenty-three four were released upon giving ransom-bonds parable to the confederate government; such four were the ship Emily Farnham, ot New York, bound to Liverpool; the Tonawanda, of Philadelphia, bound for Liverpool; the brig Baron de Custine, bound for the West Indies; and the mail steamship Ariel, on the Californian line. All the rest were burned or destroyed. The first port we went into after leaving the Western Islands was Port Royal, Mar

tinique, where we went to provision and coal. The bark Agrippina Tobirama pori was lying with coals for us, being the same vessel as took out the arma

ment. We do not provision or coal there, but we went out, and after

ward met the Agrippina at the island of Blanco, belonging to Veneznela. We only took coal in there. We then proceeded to the Arkas Keys, near Yucatan Banks, Coaling at Arkas where we lay about ten days; where we painted the ship and re-coaled

from the Agrippina, and gave the men a run on shore. We then steered for Galveston, where we destroyed the United States gon-boat Hatteras, which was the last vessel we destroyed before I left her. As soon as we got the prisoners from the Hatteras on board we started straight for

Jamaica, (Port Royal.) There we provisioned, coaled, and repaired ship.
All the twenty-three ships wbich we had burned or destroyed bad been

so burned or destroyed in the interval between our leaving the Western Islands and stearing for Port Royal. I heard of no objection from the authorities in

was more.

tonched . Port Royal, Martituque.

Keyn.

Arrival in Janiaica.

Jamaica to our repairing, coaling, or provisioning the ship in Port Royal; but, on the contrary, we were received with all courtesy and kindness. We were there about a week. While we were there the English admiral at Port Royal paid a visit to Captain Semines on board the Alabama. I was on sbore on duty at the time of the visit, but I heard of such visit immediately upon my return to the ship, for it was the subject of much conversation and remark among the ofticers; and, in particular, I remember Mr. Sinclair, the master, speaking of it. I also know that Captain Semmes paid a return visit to the English admiral on the day that the Alabama left Port Royal ; I, myself, saw him start for the purpose. Jly connection withıtlıe sluip terminated in Port Royal, and I subsequently camne to England, where I arrived on tlie 22 of Marclı, 1863. (Sigued)

CLARENCE R. YONGE. Sworn at the judge's chambers, Rolls Gardens, Chancery Lane, this 2d day of April, 1863, before me (Signed)

JOHN PAYNE, a Commissioner, Sc.

[22]

*A.--Oficers and crew of the Alabama.

List of crew of Alabama

1

Raphael Semmes, commander.

William H. Sinclair, milJ. M. kell, first lieutenant.

shipman. Richard F. Armstrong, second lieuten- Irvine S. Bulock, midshipant.

man; Captain Bullock's brother. Joseph Wilson, third lieutenant.

Eugene Matiit, midshipman; Captain MafJolui Low, fourth lieutenant; English

fit's son. mau; sisters living in Liverpool; made Edward Mafilit Anderson, midshipman; his allotment payable to brother-in-law, son of Colonel Anderson.' Charles Green, jr. Fraser, Trenholm & William P. Brooks, second assistant engiCo. pay the men all the allotments; that Deer. is, the half-monthly pay. Every month S.W.Cummings, thire assistant engineer. they draw this allotmeut.

Matthew O'Brien, third assistant engineer. Arthur Sinclair, master; that is, sailing- | Johın M. Pundt, third assistant engineer.

George T. Fulham, first master's mate; Francis L. Galt, surgeon, from Virginia ; Englishman; father teacher of naviganow acting as paymaster.

tion school in Hull. Viles J. Freeman, tirst assistant engineer, James Evans, second master's mate,

ranks as chief; born in Wales; does not Charleston pilot. koow whether naturalized.

William B. Smith, captain's clerk. David Herbert Llewellyn, assistant sur- ! Benjamin L. Mecasky, boatswain. pron; Englishman.

T. C. Cuddy, gunner.
B. K. Howell, brother-in-law of Jeff. Davis, Willian Robinson, carpenter.

lieutenant of marines, (no marines on Henry Allcot, sail-maker; Englishman. board.)

master.

Petty officers and scamen.

James King, unaster-at-arms, Savannah pi. Michael Genshla, fireman; has a pension lot.

in England : has been discharged NoAdolphus Marmelstein, signal quartermas- vember 25, 1932; Irishman. ter, Suvannak pilot.

Brent Johnson, second boatswain's mate; William A. King, quartermaster, Savan- English reserve. wakı pilot.

William Pundy, sail-maker's mate; Eng. James G. Dent, quartermaster, Savannah lish. pilot.

Jobu Latham, firemnan; English. William Forestall, quartermaster, Suvan- David Roach, fireman ; English. nab pilot.

Thomas Murphy, fireman; English. Ralph Masters, quarter gunner.

John McAlee, ordinary seaman ; English. William Crawford, quarter ginner, royal Thomas Welsh, ordinary seafnan; English. naval reserve, England.

James Smith, captain of the forecastle; George Aldison, armorer.

English. William Riuton, carpenter's mate; Eng- [223] *Peter Dimcan, fireman ; English. lishman.

Richard Parkinson Ward, pursei's Edward Rawes, ship's carpenter; Englislı- steward ; English.

| George Apple by, yeoman; English. George Harwood, chief boatswain's mate; John Enwry, seaman ; English.

English reserve; English government William Beam, seaman; English. pay him a pension; time up February 21, ' Thomas L. Parker, bog; English. 1-03, ( as he states.)

man.

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