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tain Maffit to inform your excellency that he is using every effort to proceed to sea with as little delay as possible.

Captain Maffit is fully aware of the stringent character of Her Majesty's instructions with regard to the stay in British waters of men-of-war of the United States and of the Confederate States; and begs me to assure your excellency that his detention bas been occasioned not by any disposition to contravene Her Majesty's instructions on the subject, but from the great deficiency of labor at this port, and from causes to which the attention of your excellency has already been directed.

The necessary repairs to Captain Maffit's ship are now nearly completed, and he will commence taking in his coals at 12 m. to-day. As it is probable that it will be impossible to finish coaling until to-morrow, (Friday,) Captain Maftit would be happy to receive the permission of your excellency to remain in the port of Saint George's until Saturday morning.

Before leaving, Captain Maffit begs me to express to your excellency his high appreciation of the courtesy with which he has been received in the island of Bermuda.

I have, &c.,


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(Inclosure 10 in No. 69.)

Governor Ord to Mr. Walker.

Mount LANGTON, July 23, 1263. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this day's date. informing me, in reply to the inquiry contained in my letter of the 22d instant, that Captaiu Maffit is using every effort to proceed to sea with as little delay as possible : and that, although the necessary repairs to the Florida are nearly completed, it is not probable that the coaling will be finished until Friday, and that Captain Maftit would be happy to receive permission to remain in the port of Saint George's until Saturday morning.

Although the instructions of Her Majesty respecting the limitation of the stay in British waters of vessels of war of the Confederate and United States are very stringent, yet, as I have reason to believe that circumstances beyond Captain Maffitis control have obstructed him in procuring the supply of coal and repairs of his vessel, necessary to enable him to proceed to sea, I think I am justified in complying with his request; and I accordingly authorize the Florida remaining in these waters until the morning of Saturday, the 25th instant, but no longer.

I have, &c.,


No. 70.
Mr. Hammond to Sir F. Rogers.

FOREIGN OFFICE, September 16, 1863. SIR: I have laid before Earl Russell your letter of the 11th instant, inclosing copies of a correspondence received from Governor Ord relative to the coaling and repairing of the confederate war-steamer Florida at Bermuda.

I am, in reply, to request that you will state to the Duke of Newcastle that, in Lord Russell's opinion, Governor Ord's proceedings should be approved by the secretary of state.

I am, &c., (Signed)



* No. 71.
Sir F. Rogers to Mr. Hammond.
DOWNING STREET, September 24, 1863.

(Received September 25.) SIR: I am directed by the Duke of Newcastle to transmit to you, for the consideration of Earl Russell, the accompanying copy of a dispatch

from the governor of Bermuda, relative to the return, gun for gun, by his directions, of the salute of the confederate vessel of war Florida on the occasion of her recent visit to Bermuda.

The opinion to which, in the fourth paragraph of his dispatch, the governor refers in justification of his conduct is that expressed in the second paragraph of your letter of the 15th May last, in the case of the murder on board the Sumter.

I am, &c.,


(Inclosure in No. 71.]
Gorernor Ord to the Duke of Newcastle.

BERMUDA, August 27, 1863.
1. MY LORD DUKE: I have the honor to inclose to your grace the copy of a dispatch,
marked private, under date 7th August, 1863, which I yesterday received from Lord
Lyons, Her Majesty's minister at Washington, acquainting me that Mr. Seward,
Secretary of State of the United States, had stated to him a few days before that he
had heard that a confederate ship had been saluted at Bermuda, and that a painful
impression having been created by this intelligence, Lord Lyons would be glad to
know what bad really occurred. His lordship added that although, from reasons which
he assigned, he did not engage to obtain the information Mr. Seward asked, yet it
would be useful for him to know whether the confederate flag, or a confederate ship,
was in fact saluted at Bermuda, and, if so, under what circumstances; and he accord-
ingly requested me to give him this information in whatever form I might deem most

2. I have no doubt but that the circumstance to which Mr. Seward referred is the interchange of salutes which occurred between the fort here and the confederate steamer of war Florida, on the occasion of her recent visit to this port, an occurrence which I regret extremely that I omitted to notice when reporting to your grace, in my dispatch of 3d August, the proceedings of this vessel, and the steps I had taken to maintain in her case an observance of that neutrality which Her Majesty's instructions enjoin. The omission was quite accidental, and was due to my forgetfulness. I knew that the return of the salute of a foreign man-of-war was a matter of course, and believing that the Florida was entitled to this designation, I unhesitatingly authorized the extension to her of the usual courtesy; and so littlé impression did the circumstance make on my mind, that even when writing to your grace respecting the vessel, it entirely escaped my recollection.

3. As, however, I can have no doubt from Lord Lyons's communication that the act will have an importance assigned to it by Mr. Seward which was never contemplated when it occurred, I desire at once to assume all the responsibility which may attach to it, but I beg at the same time to submit to your grace that whatever may be the view taken of it by the United States Government, and whatever the inconvenience to which their view of it may give rise, it was a step which I was not only justified but called upon to adopt in the position in which I found imyself.

4. It is laid down in the colonial regulations, paragraph 483, article 3, page 147, that all salutes from ships of war of other nations, either to Her Majesty's forts or abips, are to be returned gnn for gun. In the Foreign Office dispatch from Mr. Hammond to Sir F. Rogers, dated 15th May, 1863,' covered by your grace's dispatch (to

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I Jr. Hammond to Sir F. Rogers.

FOREIGN OFFICE, May 15, 1863.
I am directed by Earl Russell to state to you that, on the 15th of October last, the senior oflicer of the
Confederate steamier Sumter, then lying in the port of Gibraltar, was murdered by Mr. Hester, the only
other ofticer on board.

After consultation with the law officers of the Crown, it was determined that, as the Sunter was
entitled to be regarded as a commissioneel man-of-war, the authorities at Richmond should be asked
what course they wished should be pursued with the prisoner.

The so-called confederate government stated, in answer, that a confederate ship of war should be instructed to proceed to Gibraltar and bring away the prisoner, but offered the alternative of his being transported in a British ship of war to the Southeru States, in order that he might be tried by the conIndlerate tribunals.

It was accordingly decided, after further consultation with the law-officers, and after communication with the admiralty and war department, to send the prisoner to Bermuda in Her Majesty's ship Shan. non, and to detain him there pending an arrangement which Lord Lyons has been instructed to make with the l'nited States Government for the prisoner being landed from one of Her Majesty's ships at a confederate port.

Under this arrangement the Shannon left Gibraltar for Bermuda on the 5th instant, having Mr. Hester un board.


[113] me "21st May, 1863, it is also stated that, after consultation with the law-officers

of the Crown, it was determined that the Sumter was entitled to be considered as a commissioned man-of-war; I had, therefore, no alternative but to recognize the Florida, which came here as an armed ship, commanded by a commissioned otřicer of the Confederate States navy, and carrying a pendant, as a man-of-war, and in compliance with the instructions above quoted, to direct, as I did, that if she saluted the fort her salute should be returned gin for gun.

5. I purpose forwarding to Lord Lyons a copy of my dispatch to your grace as the best reply I can make to his lordship's inquiry, and trusting that the explanation I have given of my proceedings, and of the grounds on which they were taken, will be considered satisfactory by Her Majesty's government,

I have, &c.,


No. 72.

Mr. llammond to Sir F. Rogers.

Florida at Brest. Allowed to repair.

FOREIGN OFFICE, September 28, 1863. SIR: I have laid before Earl Russell your letter of the 21th instant,

and its inclosure, relative to the salute returned to the Flor

ida when at Bermuda; and I am directed by his lordship to transmit to you herewith, to be laid before the Duke of Newcastle, copies of a correspondence which has passed on this subject with the War Office,' by which his grace will perceive that Lord Russell concurs in the opinion expressed by Major General Sir II. Doyle in regard to this matter.

I am, &c.,


No. 73.

Consul Sir A. Perrier to Earl Russell.

No. 32.]

EREST, August 26, 1863. (Received August 29.) MY LORD: Yesterday I sent a telegram to the Foreign Office announcing the arrival of the confederate cruiser Florida, in the following terms:

Confederate cruiser Florida arrived Sunday ; released from quarantine yesterdar evening. Met on 21st instant American ship Anglo-Saxon, going from Liverpool to New York. Florida took out crew and burned Anglo-Saxon, whose captain and crew landed here all safe. Her Liverpool pilot protested before me, and proceeds to Havre to-morrow, to be sent home by consul.

I now have the honor to transmit to your lordship a copy of the pilot's protest, alluded to in that telegram, which gives an account of the circumstances attending the capture and destruction of the American ship Anglo-Saxon. The Florida came to Brest to have her engines put in order, nothing having been done to them since she was built in Eng. land.' Her copper sheathing also requires to be partly renewed.

The commander, Captain Maffit, called upon the vice-admiral, mari. time prefet, who informed him that he was at liberty to repair, with the commercial resources of Brest, and to take in coals and provisions.

The commercial resources at Brest are so very limited (there being neither private yards nor dry-docks) that it will be inost difficult to re. pair this ship without aid from the dock-yard.

i Nos. 67 and 68.

I have, &c.,


(Inclosure in No. 73.) Protest of Eran Evans.

BREST, August 25, 1863. By this publie instrument of protest, be it known and made manifest unto all whom it doth or may concern, that on this day, Tuesday, the 25th day of August, 1863,

before me, Sir Anthony Perrier, C. B., Her Britannic Majesty's consul for the [114] *departments of Finistère, Morbihan, and Cotes du Nord, voluntarily came and

personally appeared Evan Evans, channel pilot, (having master's certificate,) and residing at Liverpool, who duly entered his protest with me, the said consul, against the commander of the confederate cruiser Florida, and against all others whom it doth or may concern; and, after having been sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, the said Evan Evans did depose and declare as follows:

I left Liverpool on Monday, the 17th day of the present month, on board of the American sailing-ship the Anglo-Saxon, of New York, Captain Caverley, of 868 tons borden, laden with coals, and bound from Liverpool to New York. I was engaged to pilot the slip to off Queenstown, Ireland, where I was to be landed.

on the 21st instant, between 4 and 5 in the inorning, being becalmed at about twenty-five miles south-southeast of Queenstown, a steamer hove in sight, and very soon after sent a boat with an officer to us. Being the first who spoke to him, I asked the officer what ship it was. He replied, “A confederate man-of-war.” He made Captain Caverley go into his boat, took the Anglo-Saxon's papers, and went back to the steamer.

In about half an hour the same boat and officer, along with another officer, returned and ordered all hands to get their clothes ready, as they must leave the ship. During nearly two hours the steamer's men were occupied in carrying away all the stores, spars, and provisions, which they took in their own boat and in one of our boats to the steamer. They then set fire to the Anglo-Saxon, and returned to the steamer; on reaching which I was told that she was the confederate cruiser Florida, Captain Maffit. They fired several guns into the Anglo-Saxon, and made way to the southward. Shortly after they spoke an English ship, (the Roger Roball, as well as I could hear,) bound to Quebec, and wanted to put their prisoners on board, but her captain refused to take them.

Several vessels were seen, and it was evident to me that we were crossing the Channel, and steering for the coast of France.

On Sunday morning, the 23d instant, U'shant was in sight at between 8 and 9 o'clock. Signal was made for a pilot, but none came off. Steered for Brest Bay, where the Florida anchored off the town about noon.

All the Anglo-Saxon's crew, except the captain and officers, had been kept in irons from the time of their capture until the ship was anchored in Brest Bay.

The Florida was put in quarantine, from which she was released yesterday evening, when the Anglo-Saxon's crew, twenty-four in number, and myself, were landed and set adrift.

I have no reason to complain of the treatment which I received on board of the Florida ; but I solemnly protest, as a British subject, against the captors for baving taken me off my ground, detained me on board of the Florida, and landed me in a foreign country, instead of putting me on board of one of the many British ships bound wp Channel which passed us, and one of which might have taken me to England.

In testimony whereof, the said appearer has hereunto subscribed his name, and I, the said consul, have granted to the said Evan Evans, pilot, this public instrument under my hand and seal of office to serve and avail bim, and all others whom it doth, shall, or may concern, as need and occasion may require. (Signed)

EVAN EVANS. A true and faithful copy of the original document deposited at this office. (Signed)

A. PERRIER, Consul.

No. 74.

Mr. Grey to Earl Russell.

Paris, September 11, 1863. (Received September 12.) MY LORD: A statement having appeared in the French papers that

Florida at Brest.

of war.

the confederate steamer Florida had been seized at Brest Received as a whip on the claim of a ship-owner of Marseilles, M. Menier, I in

quired this morning at the marine department whether it was true. I was told, in reply, that an application for the seizure of the vessel had in fact been made to the minister of marine by several commercial houses at Marseilles on two grounds: First, that the Florida had compelled a French vessel to take some American prisoners on board, and alter her course; and, secondly, that she had destroyed some French merchandise on board an American ship. The minister of marine declined to entertain the application, and re

ferred the claimants to the minister for foreign affairs, pointing (115) out to them that belligerent rights * having been accorded to the

Confederate States, the Florida was entitled to be considered a man-of-war, and consequently could not be seized as was proposed ; and further that, as the Government of the United States had not acceded to the third point of the Declaration of Paris, damages could not be obtained for the destruction of neutral goods on board an enemy's ves. sel. The report of the seizure of the Florida is therefore premature.

I have, &c.,


No. 75.

Mr. Hammond to Mr. Bruce.

Seamen of Florida at Cardint. To consult law officers as to prosecuting.

FOREIGN OFFICE, September 23, 1863. SIR: The attention of Secretary Sir George Grey may have been at

tracted by paragraphs which have recently appeared in the public papers to the effect that a large body of seamen,

forming part of the crew of the confederate steamer Florida, now repairing at Brest, lately arrived from that port at Cardiff, from whence they have proceeded to Liverpool, where, as far as anything has appeared to the contrary, they now are.

It is difficult to disconnect the appearance of these seamen at Lirerpool with the suspicion which has been entertained that the iron-clad vessels building by Messrs. Laird are designed for the confederate service, and this circumstance affords additional reason for watching most closely all that takes place in regard to those vessels.

The point to which Lord Russell would now wish more particularly to call Sir George Grey's attention is, whether these seamen, in so far as they may be subjects of Her Majesty, are not liable to be proceeded against for misdemeanor, either as having engaged in hostilities against a state in amity with Her Majesty, or as forming part of a body of persons enlisted in the service of a belligerent engaged in hostilities against such a state; and Lord Russell would submit, for Sir George Grey's consideration, whether the opinion of the law-officers of the Crown should not forth with be taken on this point, with the view, if it should be in the affirmative, of determining as to the propriety of taking proceedings against any of the parties in regard to whom sufficient evidence can be obtained to bring them within the provisions of the law.

I am, &c.,


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