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been afforded some thirty days—for the information to have roached this island and government, and if any cause existed why an investigation was not instituted after the letter to your excellency was received from the United States consul, the resident official of my Government at this island, when the Florida was lying in these waters under your jurisdiction.

I take this occasion to express to your excellency my thanks for your kind offer of aid and assistance; being in want of nothing, we shall take our departure on the expiration of the limit assigned in Her Majesty's rules, by which time I hope to receive your excellency's reply to this dispatch, and have, &c.

Very respectfully,
(Signed)

CHARLES WILKES.

(Inclosure 3 in No. 49.)

Governor Walker to Rear-Admiral Vilkes.

GOVERNMENT HOUSE,

Barbados, March 6, 1863—10.35 a. m. Sir: I have had the honor this moment to receive your excellency's letter of yesterday's date, with a verbal intimation to the effect that you are to sail at 11 o'clock.

Even if time permitted, I doubt very much whether it would be desirable to enter into correspondence with your excellency upon the points adverted to in your communication, beyond repeating the assurance which I have already conveyed to you personally of my desire to carry out most faithfully the instructions which I have received from Her Majesty's government as to the observance of a due neutrality during this painful struggle, and that in sanctioning the coaling here of the Florida I did no more than what I had sanctioned in the case of the United States steamer of war San Jacinto.

It will, of course, be my duty to forward your representation to Her Majesty's gorernment, to whom I had already reported the fact of the Florida as well as the San Jacinto having been allowed to repair and coal here.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

JAS. WALKER.

[Inclosure 4 in No. 49.)

Mr. Clauson to Wr. Holligan.

HARBOR-MASTER'S OFFICE,

February 24, 1963. Sir: I bave to report for his excellency's information the arrival of the confederate ship of war Florida, (8,) Captain Maftit, for Mobile, in want of coal and provisions.

I am, &c.,
(Signed)

E. G. CLAWSON.

Harbor-Vaster.

[Inclosure 5 in No. 19.)

Vr. Clawson to Ur. Holligan.

HARBOR-MASTER'S OFFICE,

Norember 13, 1-62. Sir: I have to report, for his excellency's information, the arrival of the Federal ship of war San Jacinto, (12,) Captain Rockendorft, from Bermuda in ten days, in want of water and coal, and some tritling repair to the engine. Reports the Immortalité at Bermuda.

I am, &c.,
(Signed

E. G. CLAWSON,

Harbor-Master.

95]

* Inclosure 6 in No. 49.)

Sir W. Byam to Governor Walker.

LEEWARD ISLANDS, ANTIGUA,

Government House, March 4, 1863. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your excellency's circular dispatch of the 25th ultimo, acquainting me that the so-called Confederate States steamer of war Florida had arrived at Barbados, and had represented herself to be in distress for want of coals and provisions, and that you had given her special permission to ship them.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

WM. BYAM,
President, administering the Government.

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CONSU'LATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AT BARBADOS,

February 24, 1863.
May it please your excellency:

Captain D. H. Blake, of the United States merchant bark Sarah A. Nickels, came
into this port this morning for fear of being captured by the so-called Confederate
steamer Florida. He is desirous of departing on his voyage at 5 p. m. this evening. I
would therefore most respectfully request that your excellency will cause this steamer
Florida to remain at anchor in this port until to-morrow evening at 5 p. m.

I have, &c.,
(Sigued)

EDWARD TROWBRIDGE,

United States Consul.

(Inclosure 8 in No. 49.)

Mr. Holligan to Mr. Trowbridge.

SECRETARY'S OFFICE, February 25, 1863.
Sir: I am directed by the governor to inform you that on receipt of your letter of
vesterday's date, his excellency required of the commander of the Florida that he
should not proceed to sea until twenty-four hours should have elapsed after the depart-
ure of the bark Sarah E. Nichols.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

J. R. HOLLIGAN,

Colonial Secretary.

[Inclosure 9 in No. 49.)

Mr. Troubridge to Gorernor Jalker.

CONSULATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AT BARBADOS,

February 24, 1863.
May it please your excellency:

I respectfully beg leave to call your attention to the fact of the privateer Florida's
arrival at this port this morning under the so-called confederate tlag-aflag that is not
recognized by Her Majesty's government or any other nation-for the purpose, osten-
sibly, of obtaining coal and provisions.

It is well known that she has within the past two months captured and burnt sev.
eral L'nited States merchant-vessels on the high seas which were engaged in lawful
trade,

There are now several United States merchant-vessels in this port, one of them desirous of leaving this evening. I trust that, in view of these circumstances, and

:

taking into consideration the pacific and friendly relations at present existing between Her Majesty's government and the United States, your excellency will be pleased to prevent this vessel from obtaining coal here, or any other supplies that will aid her in carrying on her illegal pursuits. I trust your excellency will be pleased to order that this vessel shall depart from this port at once.

As representative for the United States of America, I feel it my duty, and do [96] hereby *protest in the name of the United States against this privateer vessel

being permitted to obtain coal or any supplies contraband of war.
I have, &c.,
(Signed)

EDWARD TROWBRIDGE,

United States Consul.

No. 50.

The lauc-officers of the Crown to Earl Russell.

Opinion of law-off

TEMPLE, April 18, 1863. (Received April 18.) MY LORD: We are honored with your lordship's commands signified

in Mr. Hammond's letter of the 6th instant, stating that he

was directed by your lordship to transmit to us a letter from the Colonial Office, inclosing a copy of a dispatch from the governor of the Windward Islands, forwarding copies of correspondence which had taken place between his excellency and Rear-Admiral Wilkes respecting a complaint made by the latter that undue partiality had been shown by the governor to the confederate vessel Oreto, and to request that we would take the same into our consideration, and favor your lordship with our opinion whether there has been any breach of Her Majesty's regulations.

Mr. Hammond was also pleased to state that he was directed by your lorslship to inclose a previous letter from the Colonial Office on the same subject.

In obedience to your lordship's commands we have taken these papers into our consideration, and have the honor to report,

That we are of opinion that his excellency the governor of the Windward Islands does not appear to have been guilty of showing any undue partiality to the Oreto, or to have committed any literal breach of Her Majesty's regulations. We would take the liberty of observing further, that his excellency owes no account to Admiral Wilkes of his conduct in the matter of his discharge of his duties towards Her Majesty; and that the very offensive tone and language of that officer's letter ought to apprise his excellency of the inexpediency of long personal interviews and explanations with him. It is manifest that upon this, as upon other occasions, these interviews and explanations are made the pretext for writing subsequent letters of this description, intended to be used hereafter very disingenuously, as proof of charges made at the time of the favor shown by Her Majesty's officers to the Confederate States.

We feel ourselves called upon, while giving to Governor Walker full credit for honest and impartial conduct, to add that, in our opinion, the letter and spirit of Her Majesty's regulations (quoted in Rear-Admiral Wilkes's dispatch of the 6th March, 1863) have not been adhered to with sufficient strictness in either of the cases mentioned, that of the San Jacinto or that of the Oreto. The limits of the supply of coal in particular, prescribed by that regulation, ought to be observed, both as to the quantity of coal to be supplied in the first instance, and as to the interval of time which, in the absence of “ special permission,” (a per

6

mission not contemplated except under "special" circumstances of a kind different, in our opinion, from those which occurred in the two cases in question,) ought to elapse between two successive supplies of coal from British ports.

We have, &c.,
(Signed)

WM. ATUERTON.
ROUNDELL PALMER.
ROBERT PHILLIMORE.

No. 51.

Mr. Hammond to Sir F. Rogers.

FOREIGN OFFICE, April 25, 1863. SiR : With reference to your letters of the 230 and 31st ultimo, I am directed by Earl Russell to transmit to you, to be laid before the Duke of Newcastle, a copy of the opinion of the law-officers of the Crown with regard to the complaint made by Rear-Admiral Wilkes, that undue partiality had been shown by the governor of the Windward Islands to the confederate vessel Oreto.

I am, &c.,
(Signed)

E. HAMMOND).

[97]

No. 52.

Lord Lyons to Earl Russell.

WASHINGTON, April 17, 1863. (Received April 30.) MY LORD: I have the honor to transmit to your lordship copies of a note from Mr. Seward, and its inclosure, and a copy of my complaint of United reply. They relate to a complaint that the regulations re- states Governtorit. specting belligerent ships in British harbor shave been transgressed at Barbados, in favor of the confederate steamer Florida ; but there does not seem to be any reason for me to enter into direct communication with the governor of Barbados on the subject.

Your lordship will see that, in this letter from Rear-Admiral Wilkes, which forms inclosure No. 2, 'the rear-adiniral states that the United States are endeavoring to act up to and carry out the literal construction of Her Majesty's regulations.

I have always been myself of opinion that the course best calculated to avoid unpleasant discussions witil this Government is to adhere as closely as possible to the regulations. A departure from them, even in favor of the United States cruisers, is likely (as indeed happened at Bermuda) to lead to misunderstandings respecting the nature and extent of the concession intended, and to demands for similar concessions on other occasions; while the displeasure occasioned here by any favor granted to a confederate ship is in no degree diminished by proof that a similar favor had been previously granted to a United States ship.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

LYOXS.

I No. 50.

Inclosure 1 in No. 52.1

Mr. Seward to Lord Lyons.

DựPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, April 13, 1863. MY LORD: I inclose a copy of a correspondence between Rear-Admiral Wilkes and the governor of the British Island of Barbadoes relative to an alleged disregard by the latter of Her Majesty's orders, in permitting the insurgent steamer Florida, Mattit commander, to take in a supply of coal at that island, after having taken in a full supply at Nassau only thirty days before.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

WILLIAM H. SEWARD.

a

(Inclosure 2 in No. 52.]

Rear-Admiral IIilkes to Gorernor Walker, March 6, 1863.

[See inclosure 2 in No. 49.]

[Inclosure 3 in No. 52.)

Gorernor Walker to Rear-Admiral IFilkes, March 7, 1863.

[See inclosure 3 in No. 49.)

(Inclosure 4 in No. 52.)

Lord Lyons to Mr. Seward.

WASHINGTON, April 16, 1863. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 13th instant, inclosing a copy of a correspondence between Rear-Admiral Wilkes and the governor of Barbados relative to the steamer Florida having been permitted to coal at that island.

I bave, &c.,
(Signed)

LYONS.

[98]

* No. 53.
Mr. Hammond to Sir F. Rogers.

FOREIGN OFFICE, May 2, 1863. SIR: With reference to my letter of the 25th ultimo, I am directed by Earl Russell to transmit to you a copy of a dispatch from Her Majesty's minister at Washington," inclosing copies of his correspondence with Mr. Seward respecting undue favor asserted to have been shown at Barbados to the confederate steamer Florida; and I am to request that, in laying the same before the Duke of Newcastle, you will call his grace's attention to the observations of Her Majesty's minister as to the importance of colonial governors and others adhering as closely as possible to the Queen's regulations with regard to the facilities to be accorded to belligerent cruisers in British ports.

I am, &c., (Signed)

E. HAMMOND. :No. 52.

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