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When abeam of him, about 100 yards distant, I hailed him, but received no answer. I then fired a shot across his bow. He still ranged ahead without stopping; but still thinking him an English man-of-war, I fired two more shots across her bow, and then directed a shot at him, which went over between his fore and maiumast.

He soon hauled down his flag, and waived his guns to bear ou us, but having no flag to fight under, was afraid to fire.

We continued firing at him, assisted by the Winona and one of the mortar schooners, but he maile sail, and by his superior speed and unparalleled audacity managed to escape. We sent our shot all around and over him, and are certain that several of our shell, and the Winona's, struck him.

With great mortitication, yours, &c.,
(Signed)

GEO. HENRY PREBLE,

Commander. Rear-Admiral D. G. FARRAGUT,

Commanding West Gulf Blockading Squadron.

No. 40.

Report from

has leit Nassau.

Ur. Elliot to Jr. Layard. DOWNING STREET, October 30, 1862. (Received October 31.) SIR: With reference to your letter of the 20 August, I am directed

by the Duke of Newcastle to transmit to you the copy of erhorley vessei a dispatch from the governor of the Bahamas, stating that

the Oreto had left the harbor of Nassau; but that it she should return under an English flag, she would be detained under the instructions sent out in pursuance of Earl Russell's suggestion.

His grace desires me to observe that the error noticed by Governor Bayley in his grace's dispatch, and which was also contained in the letter from this office to the Foreign Office, of the 31st July, was corrected in the report of the law-officers of the Crown, transmitted to this office in your letter of the 14th August, which was sent to the governor in a dispatch dated the 19th August.

I am, &c., (Signed)

T. FREDK ELLIOT.

(Inclosure in No. 40.)

Governor Bayley to the Duke of Newcastle.

Verse converted

GOVERXMENT HOUSE,

Nassau, September 23, 1862. My LORD DUKE: In reply to your grace's dispatch of the Sth August, I have the honor to inform your grace that the Oreto, after her liberation by the admiralty court, left this barbor three or four weeks ago, and that she is supposed to have since been

finally transferred to the service of the Confederate States. [75] *2. If that is so, she is entirely out of my jurisdiction; and I could no more legally seize her, were she to re-enter the port, than I could seize any man-of

war belonging to the Government of the United States. But if she into the Florida at return under an English flag, I will promptly execute your grace's

orders. 3. Will your grace permit me to correct an accidental error in the phraseology of

the despatch now under acknowledgment! I sanctioned the seizure of

the Oreto, not “on suspicion of having on board stores intended for the use of the Confederate States,” but on suspicion of her having violated the foreiguenlistment act, by arming and equipping herself for belligerent purposes in an English port. I should have had no right to seize her for merely carrying mercantile stores to the Southeru States.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

C. J. BAYLEY.

Mobile

Escape from Mobile.

No. 41.

Lord Lyons to Earl Russell.

WASHINGTON, February 24, 1863. (Received March 9.) MY LORD: I bave the honor to transmit to your lordship copies of a note, and its inclosure, which I have received from Mr. Seward, relative to a complaint that undue partiality has been shown at Nassau to the confederate steamer Oreto, or Florida. I have also the honor to inclose a copy of a note which I have written to Mr. Seward in reply. I shall send copies of both notes to the governor of the Bahamas Islands.

I have, &c., (Signed)

LYONS.

(Inclosure 1 in No. 41.]

Mr. Seward to Lord Lyons.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, February 16, 1863. MY LORD: I inclose extracts from a letter of the 20th ultimo, addressed by the l'nited States consul at Nassau to the Secretary of the Navy, from which it appears that undue partiality has been shown by the authorities there to the insurgent steamer which left England under the name of the Oreto, but now claims that of the Florida. Yon will much oblige me by making inquiry in regard to the representations of Mr. Whitingham on this subject.

I arail, &c., (Signed)

W. H. SEWARD.

(Inclosure 2 in No. 41.]

Arrival of the Florin da at Nassau, Janu.

to

Complaint

.

Mr. Whiting to Mr. Welles.

UNITED STATES CONSULATE,

Nassau, New Providence, January 26, 1863. ? Sm: I have the honor to inform you of the arrival at this port this morning of the fonfederate steamer Florida, late the noted Oreto, Maftit, late of the l'nited States Navy, commander.

This pirate-ship entered this port without any restrictions, with the 205 26, 1953. Allowed sperssion flag at her peak, and the secession war-pennant at the main, of Cnited States conand anchored abreast Her Britannic Majesty's steamer Barracouta, Maffit and his officers landing in the garrison-boat, escorted by the Port Adjutant Williams, of the 20 West India regiment.

The privateer, soon after anchoring, commenced coaling by permission of the authorities, an evidence of the perfect neutrality which exists here, where the United States ship Dacotah, but a few months since, was only permitted to take on board twenty tons of coal from an American bark off Hog Island, and only then on Captain

McHuistry and myself pledging ourselves in writing that within ten days after [76] leaving this port she wouli not be cruising within five miles of any island of

the Bahamas government.
I have, &c.,
(Signed)

SAMUEL WHITING,

United States Consul.

a

(Inclosure 3 in No. 41.)

Lord Lyons to Mr. Seward.

WASHINGTON, February 19, 1863. Sir: I have tbe honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 16th instant, inclosing a copy of a despatch addressed by the United States consul in the Bahamas Islands to the Secretary of the Navy, in which certain statements are made concerning the reception of the steamer Oreto or Florida at Nassau. I will, in compliance with your request, make inquiry with regard to those statements, and I will, without loss of time, do myself the honor to communicate the result to you.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

LYONS.

No. 42.

Jr. Hammond to Sir F. Rogers.

FOREIGN OFFICE, March 17, 1863. SIR: I am directed by Earl Russell to transmit to you, for the information of the Duke of Newcastle, copies of a despatch and its enclosures from Her Majesty's minister at Washington, relative to a complaint which has been made by the United States consul at Nassau, that undue partiality had been shown by the authorities to the confederate steam-vessel Oreto.

I am, &c.,
(Signed)

E. HAMMOND.

No. 43.

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Sir F. Rogers to Mr. Hammond. DOWNING STREET, Jarch 26, 1863. (Received March 27.) SIR: I have laid before the Duke of Newcastle your letter of the 17th instant, respecting a complaint which had been made by the United States consul at Nassau, of undue partiality shown by the authorities there to the confederate steamer Oreto.

I am to request that you will inform Earl Russell that no report of the occurrence referred to by the consul-bas been received from the governor, and that he will be called upon for his report, should it not arrive before the departure of the next mail.

I am, &c.,
(Signed)

FREDERIC ROGERS.

No. 44.

Complaint of United States' Gor. ernment of undue

Lord Lyons to Earl Russell.

WASHINGTON, March 30, 1863. (Received April 13.) MY LORD: With reference to my dispatch of the 24th ultimo, I have

the honor to transmit to your lordship copies of further

fue correspondence relative to the complaint made by Mr. Sewpartiality at Nassau, ard that undue partiality had been shown at Nassau to the confederate ship Oreto or Florida.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

LYONS.

i No. 41.

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Lord Lyons to Governor Bayley.

WASHINGTON, February 26, 1863. Sir: I have the honor to transmit to your excellency copies of a note and its inclosures which I have received from the Secretary of State of the United States, and which contains allegations that undue partiality has been shown by the authorities at Nassau to the confederate steamer Oreto or Florida. I have also the honor to transmit to you a copy of the answer which I have made to the note of the Secretary of State.

I shall be much obliged if your excellency will furnish me with any information on the subject which it may appear to you to be proper that I should communicate to this government.

I bave sent copies of the three inclosures in the present dispatch to Her Majesty's secretary of state for foreign affairs, and have informed his lordship that I also send copies to your excellency. I have, &c.,

LYONS.

(Inclosure 2 in Xo. 44.1

Gorernor Bayley to Lord Lyons.
GOVERNMENT House, NASSAU, BAHAMAS,

March 11, 1863. MY LORD: I have the honor to acknowledge your lordship’s dispatch, inclosing a complaint from the United States consul at this port to Mr. Seward, the Secretary of State, respecting andue advantages alleged to have been given to the confederate steamer Florida in this harbor. In reply, I beg leave to state that no 'undue advantages were accorded to the Florida. She arrived in our harbor, having steamed over the bar without a pilot Farly in the morning of the 20th of January. I was not aware of it till 8 or 9 o'clock a. m. About that hour Captain Maffit called (I think in company with the fort adjutant) to explain that he was ignorant of my proclamation requiring that permission should be formally asked before any man-of-war belonging to either of the two belligerents could enter the barbor. I did not see him ; but in a very short time I received a letter from him, of which I transmit your lordship a copy, along with the copy of the memorandum indorsed on it by myself before I sent it to the colonial secretary. The Florida remained in harbor about twenty-six hours, during which time I neither spoke to nor saw Captain Maffit.

So far from any advantage having been accorded to the Florida which was not accorded to United States vessels, she did not receive privileges equal to those which I granted to the United States gun-boat Stars'and Stripes. That vessel entered the harbor without permission, (which she asked for after she had come in.) Her commander then asked for an extension of the permission, which I also accorded'; and she remained in harbor, if I remember rightly, three or four days, for the alleged purpose of undergoing repairs.

I regret that the Secretary of State should have given credence to the misrepresentations of a person of such infirm judgment and excitable temperament as Mr. Whiting has proved himself to be.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

C. J. BAYLEY.

(Inclosure 3 in No. 44.]

Commander Mafiit, C. S. N., to Governor Bayley.
CONFEDERATE STATES STEAMER FLORIDA,

January 26, 1863. SIR: As this vessel is in distress for the want of coal, I very respectfully request permission to anchor in the harbor for the purpose of obtaining the same.

I am, &c.,
(Signed)

J. W. MAFFIT.

[78]

(Inclosure 4 in No. 44.)

Memorandum by Governor Bayley.

I grant this request under the circumstances, thereby according to a confederate steamer the saine privileges which I have formerly granted to Federal steamers. But the irregularity in delaying to make this request should be pointed out, and the pilot called on to explain how he admitted the Florida without my permission. (Signed)

C. J. B.

[Inclosure 5 in No. 44.]

Lord Lyons to Jr. Seward.

WASHINGTON, March 25, 1863. SIR: With reference to the note which you did me the honor to address to me on the 16th of last month, respecting the reception of the Oreto or Florida at Nassau, and to my answer, dated the 19th of the same month, I beg to transmit to you copies of a dispatch and its inclosures which I received the day before yesterday from the governor of the Bahama Islands.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

LYONS

(Inclosuro 6 in No. 41.1
Jr. Sercard to Lord Lyons.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, March 28, 1963. MY LORD: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 25th instant, referring to the correspondence which has taken place between us relative to the reception of the Oreto or Florida at Nassau, and transmitting a copy of a dispatch, and its inclosures, recently received by you from the governor of the Bahama Islands on the subject.

I have, &c.,
(Signed)

WILLIAM H. SEWARD.

No. 45.

Sir F. Rogers to Mr. Hammond.

DOWNING STREET, June 9, 1863. (Received June 10.) Sir: With reference to your letter of the 17th of March, I am directed by the secretary of state for the colonies to transmit to you, for the information of Earl Russell, a 'dispatch from the governor of the Bahamas, dated the 2d ultimo, in answer to the complaint that undue partiality had been shown by him to the Confederate States man-ofwar Florida.

I am, &c.,
(Signed)

FREDERIC ROGERS.

(Inclosure 1 in No. 45.)
Gorernor Bayley to the Duke of Newcastle.

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, NASSAU,

Bahamas, May 2, 1963. MY LORD DUKE: I have the honor to acknowledge your grace's dispatch of the ith

of April, inclosing a complaint made by the late cousul of the United Report.com Gov. States at this port, to the effort that undue partiality had been shown Layley

by the authorities at this place toward the confederate steamer Oreto, (or rather Florida.)

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