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(PUBLICNO. 424–75TH CONGRESS)
H. R. 8730)
AN ACT To amend the National Housing Act, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America
in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “National Housing Act Amendments of 1938”.
SEC. 2. Subsections (a) and (b) of section 2 of the National Housing Act, as amended, are amended to read as follows:
*Sec. 2. (a) The Administrator is authorized and empowered, upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, to insure banks, trust companies, personal finance companies, mortgage companies, building and loan associations, installment lending companies, and other such financial institutions, which the Administrator finds to be qualified by experience or facilities and approves as eligible for credit insurance, against losses which they may sustain as a result of loans and advances of credit, and purchases of obligations representing loans and advances of credit, made by them on and after the date of the enactment of the National Housing Act Amendments of 1938 and prior to July 1, 1939, or such earlier date as the President may fix by proclamation upon his determination that there no longer exists any necessity for such insurance in order to make ample credit available, for the purpose of financing alterations, repairs, and improvements upon urban, suburban, or rural real property, by the owners thereof or by lessees of such real property under a lease expiring not less than six months after the maturity of the loan or advance of credit. In no case shall the insurance granted by the Administrator under this section to any such financial institution on loans, advances of credit, and purchases made by such financial institution for such purposes on and after the date of the enactment of the National Housing Act Amendments of 1938 exceed 10 per centum of the total amount of such loans, advances of credit, and purchases. The total liability which may be outstanding at any time plus the amount of claims paid in respect of all insurance heretofore and hereafter granted under this section and section 6, as amended, shall not exceed in the aggregate $100,000,000.
“(b) No insurance shall be granted under this section to any such financial institution with respect to any obligation representing any such loan, advance of credit, or purchase by it, if the amount of such loan, advance of credit, or purchase exceeds $10,000 with respect to loans, advances, or purchases for financing repairs, alterations, or improvements upon or in connection with existing structures, or exceeds $2,500 with respect to loans, advances, or purchases for financing the building of new structures, nor unless the obligation bears such interest, has such maturity, and contains such other terms, conditions, and restrictions as the Administrator shall prescribe in order to make credit available for the purposes of this title.”
SEO. 8. Title II of the National Housing Act, as amended, is Amended to read as follows: "TITLE II–MORTGAGE INSURANCE
"DEFINITIONS “SECTION 201. As used in section 203 of this title
“(a) The term 'mortgage' means a first mortgage on real estate, in fee simple, or on a leasehold (1) under a lease for not less than ninetynine years which is renewable or (2) under a lease having a period of not less than fifty years to run from the date the mortgage was executed; and the term 'first mortgage' means such classes of first liens as are commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real estate, under the laws of the State, district, or Territory in which the real estate is located, together with the credit instruments, if any, secured thereby.
“(b) The term "mortgagee' includes the original lender under a mortgage, and his successors and assigns approved by the Administrator; and the term 'mortgagor' includes the original borrower under a mortgage and his successors and assigns.
"(c) The term 'maturity date' means the date on which the mortgage indebtedness would be extinguished if paid in accordance with periodic payments provided for in the mortgage.
“MUTUAL MORTGAGE INSURANCE FUND “Sec. 202. There is hereby create a Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund (hereinafter referred to as the 'Fund'), which shall be used by the Administrator as a revolving fund for carrying out the provisions of this title with respect to mortgages insured under section 203 as hereinafter provided, and there shall be allocated immediately to such Fund the sum of $10,000,000 out of funds made available to the Administrator for the purposes of this title.
“INSURANCE OF MORTGAGES "SEO. 203. (a) The Administrator is authorized, upon application by the mortgagee, to insure as hereinafter provided any mortgage offered to him which is eligible for insurance as hereinafter provided, and, upon such terms as the Administrator may prescribe, to make commitments for the insuring of such mortgages prior to the date of their execution or disbursement thereon: Provided, That the aggregate amount of principal obligations of all mortgages insured under this title and outstanding at any one time shall not exceed $2,000,000,000, except that with the approval of the President such aggregate amount may be increased to not to exceed $3,000,000,000: Provided further, That on and after July 1, 1939, no mortgages shall be insured under this title except mortgages (1) that cover property which is approved for mortgage insurance prior to the completion of the construction of such property, or (2) that cover property the construction of which was commenced after January 1, 1937, and was completed prior to July 1, 1939, or (3) that cover property which has been previously covered by a mortgage insured by the Administrator.
“(b) To be eligible for insurance under this section a mortgage shall
“(1) Have been made to, and be held by, a mortgages approved by the Administrator as responsible and able to service the mortgage properly.
“(2) Involve a principal obligation (including such initial service charges, appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Administrator shall approve) in an amount
"(A) not to exceed $16,000 and not to exceed 80 per centum of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) of a property upon which there is located a dwelling or dwellings designed principally for residential use for not more than four families in the aggregate, irrespective of whether such dwelling or dwellings have a party wall or are otherwise physically connected with another dwelling or dwellings, or
“(B) not to exceed $5,400 and not to exceed 90 per centum of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) of a property, urban, suburban, or rural, upon which there is located a dwelling designed principally for a single-family residence (i) the construction of which is begun after the date of enactment of the National Housing Act Amendments of 1938 and which is approved for mortgage insurance prior to the beginning of construction, or (ii) the construction of which was begun after January 1, 1937, and prior to the date of enact ent of the National Housing Act Amendments of 1938, and which has not been sold or occupied since completion: Provided, That with respect to mortgages insured under this paragraph the mortgagor shall be the owner and occupant of the property at the time of the insurance and shall have paid on account of the property at least 10 per centum of the appraised value in cash or its equivalent, or
“(C) not to exceed $8,600, and not to exceed the sum of (i) 90' per centum of $6,000 of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) and (ii) 80 per centum of such value in excess of $6,000 and not in excess of $10,000, of a property of the character described in paragraph (2) (B) of this subsection and subject to the same limitations and conditions which apply to such
property. "(3) Have a maturity satisfactory to the Administrator, but not to exceed twenty years from the date of the insurance of the mortgage: Provided, That until July 1, 1939, a mortgage of the character described in paragraph (2) (B) of this subsection shall be eligible for insurance under this section if it has a maturity satisfactory to the Administrator, but not to exceed twenty-five years from the date of the insurance of the mortgage.
“(4) Contain complete amortization provisions satisfactory to the Administrator requiring periodic payments by the mortgagor not in excess of his reasonable ability to pay as determined by the Administrator.
“(5) Bear interest (exclusive of premium charges for insurance) at not to exceed 5 per centum per annum on the amount
of the principal obligation outstanding at any time, or not to exceed 6 per centum per annum if the Administrator finds that in certain areas or under special circumstances the mortgage market demands it.
"(6) Provide, in a manner satisfactory to the Administrator, for the application of the mortgagor's periodic payments (exclusive of the amount allocated to interest and to the premium charge which is required for mortgage insurance as hereinafter provided) to amortization of the principal of the mortgage.
“(7) Contain such terms and provisions with respect to insurance, repairs, alterations, payment of taxes, default reserves, delinquency charges, foreclosure proceedings, anticipation of maturity, additional and secondary liens, and other matters as the Administrator may in his discretion prescribe. '(c) The Administrator is authorized to fix a premium charge for the insurance of mortgages under this title but in the case of any mortgage such charge shall not be less than an amount equivalent to one-half of 1 per centum per annum nor more than an amount equivalent to 1 per centum per annum of the amount of the principal obligation of the mortgage outstanding at any time, without taking into account delinquent payments or prepayments: Provided, That a premium charge so fixed and computed shall also be applicable to each mortgage insured prior to the date of enactment of the National Housing Act Amendments of 1938 in lieu of any premium charge which would otherwise become due after such date with respect to such mortgage: Provided further, That in the case of any mortgage described in section 203_(b) (2) (B) and accepted for insurance after such date and prior to July 1, 1939, the premium charge shall be onefourth of 1 per centum per annum on such outstanding principal obligation. Such premium charges shall be payable by the mortgagee, either in cash, or in debentures issued by the Administrator under this title at par plus accrued interest, in such manner as may be prescribed by the Administrator: Provided, That the Administrator may require the payment of one or more such premium charges at the time the mortgage is insured, at such discount rate as he may prescribe not in excess of the interest rate specified in the mortgage. If the Administrator finds upon the presentation of a mortgage for insurance and the tender of the initial premium charge or charges so required that the mortgage complies with the provisions of this section, such mortgage may be accepted for insurance by endorsement or otherwise is the Administrator may prescribe; but no mortgage shall be accepted for insurance under this section unless the Administrator finds that the project with respect to which the mortgage is executed is economically sound. In the event that the principal obligation of any mortgage accepted for insurance under this section
210 is paid in full prior to the maturity date, the Administrator is further authorized in his discretion to require the payment by the mortgagee of an adjusted premium charge in such amount as the Administrator determines to be equitable, but not in excess of the aggregate amount of the premium charges that the mortgagee would otherwise have been required to pay if the mortgage had continued to be insured under this section until such maturity dato; and in the event that the principal obligation is paid in full
as herein set forth and a mortgage on the same property is accepted for insurance at the time of such payment, the Administrator is authorized to refund to the mortgages for the account of the mortgagor all, or such portion as he shall determine to be equitable, of the current unearned premium charges theretofore paid.
"(d) The Administrator is authorized to insure, pursuant to the provisions of this section, any mortgage which (A) covers a farm upon which a farm house or other farm buildings are to be constructed or repaired, and (B) otherwise would be eligible for insurance under the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section: Provided, That the construction and repairs to be undertaken on such farm shall involve the expenditure for materials and labor of an amount not less than 15 per centum of the total principal obligation of said mortgage.
“PAYMENT OF INSURANCE "SEO. 204. (a) In any case in which the mortgages under a mortgage
insured under section 203 or section 210 shall have foreclosed and taken possession of the mortgaged property in accordance with regulations of, and within a period to be determined by, the Administrator, or shall, with the consent of the Administrator, have otherwise acquired such property from the mortgagor after default, the mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefit of the insurance as heruinafter provided, upon (1) the prompt conveyance to the Administrator of title to the property, which meets the requirements of rules and regulations of the Administrator in force at the time the mortgage was insured, and which is evidenced in the manner prescribed by such rules and regulations, and (2) the assignment to him of all claims of the mortgagee against the mortgagor or others, arising out of the mortgage transaction or foreclosure proceedings, except such claims as may have been released with the consent of the Administrator. Upon such conveyance and assignment the obligation of the mortgagee to pay the premium charges for insurance shall cease and the Administrator shall, subject to the cash adjustment hereinafter provided, issue to the mortgages debentures having a total face value equal to the value of the mortgage and a certificate of claim, as hereinafter provided. For the purposes of this subsection, the value of the mortgage shall be determined, in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed by the Administrator, by adding to the amount of the original principal obligation of the mortgage which was unpaid on the date of the institution of foreclosure proceedings, or on the date of the acquisition of the property after default other than by foreclosure, the amount of all payments which have been made by the mortgageo for taxes, special assessments, water rates, which are liens prior to the mortgage, insurance on the property, mortgaged, and any mortgage insurance premiums paid after either of such dates, and by deducting from such total amount any amount received on account of the mortgage after either of such dates, and any amount received as rent or other income from the property, less reasonable expenses incurred in handling the property, after either of such dates: Provided, That with respect to mortgages which are accepted for insurance prior to July 1, 1939, under section 203 (b) (2) (B)