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"(6) provide, in a manner satisfactory to the Commissioner, for the application of the mortgagor's periodic payments (exclusive of the amount allocated to interest and to the premium charge which is required for mortgage insurance as hereinafter provided and to the service charge, if any) to amortization of the principal of the mortgage; and
“(7) contain such terms and provisions with respect to insurance, repairs, alterations, payment of taxes, service charges, default reserves, delinquency charges, foreclosure proceedings, anticipation of maturity, and other matters as the Commissioner may in his discretion prescribe.
(c) The Commissioner is authorized to fix a premium charge for the insurance of mortgages under this section, but in the case of any mortgage, such charge shall not be less than an amount equivalent to one-half of 1 per centum per annum nor more than an amount equivalent to 1 per centum per annum of the amount of the principal obligation of the mortgage outstanding at any time, without taking into account delinquent payments or prepayments. Such premium charges shall be payable by the mortgagee, either in cash or in debentures issued by the Commissioner under this section at par plus accrued interest, in such manner as may be prescribed by the Commissioner: Provided, That the Commissioner may require the payment of one or more such premium charges at the time the mortgage is insured, at such discount rate as he may prescribe not in excess of the interest rate specified in the mortgage. If the Commissioner finds, upon the presentation of a mortgage for insurance and the tender of the initial premium charge or charges so required, that the mortgage complies with the provisions of this section, such mortgage may be accepted for insurance by endorsement or otherwise as the Commissioner may prescribe. In the event that the principal obligation of any mortgage accepted for insurance under this section is paid in full prior to the maturity date, the Commissioner is further authorized, in his discretion, to require the payment by the mortgagee of an adjusted premium charge in such amount as the Commissioner determines to be equitable, but not in excess of the aggregate amount of the premium charges that the mort. gagee would otherwise have been required to pay if the mortgage had continued to be insured until such maturity date; and in the event that the principal obligation is paid in full as herein set forth, the Commissioner is authorized to refund to the mortgagee for the account of the mortgagor all, or such portion as he shall determine to be equitable, of the current unearned premium charges theretofore paid.
"(d) The Commissioner may, at any time under such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, consent to the release of the mortgagor from his liability under the mortgage or the credit instrument secured thereby, or consent to the release of parts of the mortgaged property from the lien of the mortgage.
“(e) Any contract of insurance executed by the Commissioner under this section shall be conclusive evidence of the eligibility of the mortgage for insurance, and the validity of any contract of insurance so executed shall be incontestable in the hands of an approved mortgages from the date of the execution of such contract, except for fraud or misrepresentation on the part of such approved mortgagee.
“(f) In any case in which the mortgages under a mortgage insured under this section shall have foreclosed and taken possession of the mortgaged property in accordance with the regulations of, and within a period to be determined by, the Commissioner, or shall, with the consent of the Commissioner, have otherwise acquired such property from the mortgagor after default, the mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefits of the insurance as provided in section 204 (a) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under section 203 (b) (2) (D) of this Act.
“(g) Subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), and (h) of section 204 of this Act shall be applicable to mortgages insured under this section except that all references therein to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Title I Housing Insurance Fund, and all references therein to section 203 shall be construed to refer to this section: Provided, That debentures issued in connection with mortgages insured under this section 8 shall have the same tax exemption as debentures issued in connection with mortgages insured under section 203 of this Act.
“(h) There is hereby created a Title I Housing Insurance Fund which shall be used by the Commissioner as a revolving fund for carrying out the provisions of this section, and the Commissioner is hereby directed to transfer immediately to such Fund the sum of $1,000,000 from the account in the Treasury of the United States established pursuant to the provisions of section 2 (f) of this title.
"(i) (1) Moneys in the Title I Housing Insurance Fund not needed for the current operations of the Federal Housing Administration under this section shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of the Title I Housing Insurance Fund, or invested in bonds or other obligations of, or in bonds or other obligations guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. The Commissioner may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, purchase in the open market debentures issued under the provisions of this section. Such purchases shall be made at a price which will provide an investment yield of not less than the yield obtainable from other investments authorized by this section. Debentures so purchased shall be canceled and not reissued.
“(2) Premium charges, adjusted premium charges, and appraisal and other fees received on account of the insurance of any mortgage accepted for insurance under this section, the receipts derived from the property covered by such mortgage and claims assigned to the Commissioner in connection therewith shall be credited to the Title I Housing Insurance Fund. The principal of, and interest paid and to be paid on debentures issued under this section, cash adjustments, and expenses incurred in the handling, management, renovation, and disposal of properties acquired under this section shall be charged to the Title I Housing Insurance Fund.”
AMENDMENTS OF TITLE II OF NATIONAL HOUSING ACT
SEC. 103. Section 203 (a) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by striking out the proviso and inserting the following: "Provided, That the aggregate amount of principal obligations of all mortgages insured under this title and outstanding at any one time shall not exceed $7,750,000,000, except that with the approval of the President such aggregate amount may be increased at any time or times by additional amounts aggregating not more than $1,250,000,000 upon a determination by the President, taking into account the general effect of any such increase upon conditions in the building industry and upon the national economy, that such increase is in the public interest. ”
Sec. 104. (a) Section 203 (b) (2) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended to read as follows:
“(2) Involve a principal obligation (including such initial service charges, appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Commissioner shall approve) in an amount
“(A) not to exceed $16,000 and not to exceed 80 per centum of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) of a property upon which there is located a dwelling or dwellings designed principally for residential use for not more than four families in the aggregate, irrespective of whether such dwelling or dwellings have a party wall or are otherwise physically connected with another dwelling or dwellings: Provided, That the Commissioner may increase such dollar amount limitation by not exceeding $4,500 for each additional family dwelling unit in excess of two located on such property, or
“(C) not to exceed $9,450 and not to exceed the sum of (i) 95 per centum of $7,000 of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) and (ii) 70 per centum of such value in excess of $7,000 and not in excess of $11,000, of a property, urban, suburban, or rural, upon which there is located a dwelling designed principally for a singlefamily residence and which is approved for mortgage insurance prior to the beginning of construction: Provided, That with respect to mortgages insured under this paragraph the mortgagor shall be the owner and occupant of the property and shall have paid on account of the property at least 5 per centum of the appraised value, or such larger amount as the Commissioner may determine, in cash or its equivalent, or
“(D) not to exceed $6,650, except that the Commissioner may by regulation increase this amount to not to exceed $7,600 in any geographical area where he finds that cost levels so require, and not to exceed 95 per centum of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) of a property, urban, suburban, or rural, upon which there is located a dwelling designed principally for a single-family residence and which is approved for mortgage insurance prior to the beginning of construction: Provided, That if the Commissioner finds that it is not feasible, within the aforesaid dollar amount limitation, to construct dwellings containing three or four bedrooms without sacrifice of sound standards of construction, design, and livability, he may increase such dollar amount limitation by not exceeding $950 for each additional bedroom (as defined by the Commissioner) in excess of two contained in such dwelling if he finds that such dwelling meets sound standards of design and livability as a threebedroom unit or a four-bedroom unit, as the case may be: Provided further, That with respect to mortgages insured under this paragraph the mortgagor shall be the owner and occupant of the property and shall have paid on account of the property at least 5 per centum of the appraised value in cash or its equivalent, or shall be the builder constructing the
welling in which case the principal obligation shall not exceed $5,950 for a one-bedroom unit or a two-bedroom unit,
a $6,800 for a three-bedroom unit, or $7,650 for a unit having four or more bedrooms, except that the Commissioner may by regulation increase each of the maximum dollar amount limitations contained in this proviso by not to exceed $850 in any geographical area where he finds that cost levels so require, and shall not exceed 85 per centum of
the appraised value of the property: And provided further, That the Commissioner may by regulation provide that the maximum dollar amount limitations in this paragraph (D) shall be fixed at lesser amounts where he finds, for any section or locality or for the country as a whole or at any time, that it is feasible, within such lesser dollar amount limitations, to construct dwellings for families of lower income without sacrifice of sound stand
ards of construction, design, and livability: (b) The repeal of section 203 (b) (2) (B) of said Act, as provided by subsection (a) of this section, shall not affect the right of the Commissioner to insure under said section any mortgage (1) for the insurance of which application has been filed prior to the effective date of this Act, or (2) with respect to a property covered by a mortgage insured under any section of the National Housing Act, as amended.
Sec. 105. Section 204 (a) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by inserting in the second proviso in the last sentence after the words “of this Act,” the following: “or under section 213 of this Act,".
Sec. 106. Section 207 (b) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by adding the following new paragraphs at the end thereof:
“The insurance of mortgages under this section is intended to facilitate particularly the production of rental accommodations, at reasonable rents, of design and size suitable for family living. The Commissioner is, therefore, authorized and directed in the administration of this section to take action, by regulation or otherwise, which will direct the benefits of mortgage insurance hereunder primarily to those projects which make adequate provision for families with children, and in which every effort has been made to achieve moderate rental charges.
“Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, no mortgage shall be insured hereunder unless the mortgagor certifies under oath that in selecting tenants for the property covered by the mortgage he will not discriminate against any family by reason of the fact that there are children in the family, and that he will not sell the property while the insurance is in effect unless the purchaser so certifies, such certification to be filed with the Commissioner. Violation of any such certification shall be a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not to exceed $500.”
Sec. 107. Section 207 (c) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended
(1) by amending paragraph numbered (2) to read as follows: “(2) not to exceed the sum of (i) 90 per centum of that portion
of the estimated value of the property or project (when the pro posed improvements are completed) which does not exceed $7,000 per family unit and (ii) 60 per centum of such estimated value in excess of $7,000 and not in excess of $10,000 per family unit: Provided, That except with respect to a mortgage executed by a mortgagor coming within the provisions of paragraph numbered (b) (1), of this section, such mortgage shall not exceed the amount which the Commissioner estimates will be the cost of the completed physical improvements on the property or project exclusive of public utilities and streets and organization and legal expenses: And provided further, That the above limitations in this paragraph (2) shall not apply to mortgages on housing in the Territory of Alaska, but such a mortgage may involve a principal obligation in an amount not to exceed 90 per centum of the amount which the Commissioner estimates will be the replacement cost of the property or project when the proposed improvements are completed (the value of the property or project as such term is used in this paragraph may include the land, the proposed physical improvements, utilities within the boundaries of the property or project, architect's fees, taxes, and interest accruing during construction, and other miscellaneous charges incident to construction and approved by the Commissioner); and”;
(2) by amending paragraph numbered (3) to read as follows:
6 (3) not to exceed $8,100 per family unit (or $7,200 per family unit if the number of rooms in such property or project does not equal or exceed four and one-half per family unit) for such part of such property or project as may be attributable to dwelling use.”; and
(3) by striking out of the first sentence of the last paragraph the words ", except that with respect to mortgages insured under the provisions of the second proviso of paragraph numbered (2) of this subsection, which mortgages are hereby authorized to have a maturity of not exceeding forty years from the date of insurance of the mortgage, such interest rate shall not exceed 4 per
centum per annum Sec. 108. Section 207 (d) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by striking out of the proviso the words "one-half of”.
SEC. 109. Section 207 (f) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended by striking out "section 210" wherever appearing therein and inserting in lieu thereof "section 210 and section 213”.
SEC. 110. Section 207 (g) of said Act, as amended, is hereby amended
(1) by striking out of clause (C) in the second sentence the words "preservation of the property” and inserting in lieu thereof “preservation of the property and any mortgage insurance premiums paid after default"; and
(2) by striking out the proviso in the last sentence thereof and inserting the following: "Provided, That the mortgagee in the event of a default under the mortgage may, at its option and in accordance with regulations of, and in a period to be determined by, the Commissioner, proceed to foreclose on and obtain possession of or otherwise acquire such property from the mortgagor