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effected, the provisions of section 209 of this title shall be in effect as though such decontrol had not been effected; and
“(B) if it is with respect to a matter referred to in paragraph (1) (B), so that the adjustment in maximum rents is effected, retroactively if necessary, on the date recommended by the local board, but not before thirty days after the receipt of the recom
mendation by the Housing Expediter. “(6) In addition to employees furnished under paragraph (2), local boards are hereby authorized to employ such attorneys as may be necessary for purposes of hearings and court proceedings under this subsection; and may pay the necessary costs of reporting hearings, but the cost of stenographic services in reporting such hearings shall not be in excess of twenty-five cents per hundred words, with one additional copy at a cost of not exceeding five cents per hundred words. Attorneys shall be paid not to exceed $25 per day when
. actually employed, and shall be allowed necessary traveling and subsistence expenses.
“(7) Immediately upon the enactment of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948 the Housing Expediter shall communicate with the Governors of the several States advising them of the provisions of this subsection as amended and of the number and location of defense-rental areas in their respective States and the areas or portions thereof in which boards are to be appointed therein, and requesting the cooperation of the Governors of the several States in carrying out such provisions.”
(e) Section 204 (f) of such Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:
"(f) The provisions of this title shall cease to be in effect at the close of March 31, 1949."
(f) Section 204 of such Act, as amended, is amended by adding at the end thereof a new subsection as follows:
"(g) Nothing in this title shall be interpreted or construed to authorize the Housing Expediter to prohibit, in the case of any rental agreement hereafter entered into, the demand, collection, or retention of a security deposit, if said deposit does not exceed the rent for one month in addition to the otherwise authorized collection of rent in advance, if the demand, collection, or retention of such a security deposit was an accepted rental practice, prior to January 30, 1942, in the area in which the premises are located, or was customarily required before that date by the same landlord in the renting of the particular housing accommodations involved, and if the tenant is allowed, under the terms of the rental agreement, to occupy the premises for the period covered by the security deposit without further payment of rent.
SEC. 203. Section 206 of such Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:
“SEC. 206. (a) It shall be unlawful for any person to offer, solicit, demand, accept, or receive any rent for the use or occupancy of any controlled housing accommodations in excess of the maximum rent prescribed under section 204 or otherwise to do or omit to do any act in violation of any provision of this title.
“(b) Whenever in the judgment of the Housing Expediter any person has engaged or is about to engage in any act or practice which constitutes or will constitute a violation of any provision of this title,
he may make application to any Federal, State, or Territorial court of competent jurisdiction, for an order enjoining such act or practice, or for an order enforcing compliance with such provision, and upon à showing by the Housing Expediter that such person has engaged or is about to engage in any such act or practice a permanent or temporary injunction, restraining order, or other order shall be granted without bond."
Sec. 204. (a) Section 209 (a) (2) of such Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:
“(2) the landlord seeks in good faith to recover possession of such housing accommodations for his immediate and personal use and occupancy as housing accommodations, or for the immediate and personal use and occupancy as housing accommodations by a member or members of his immediate family, or, in the case of a landlord which is an organization exempt from taxation under section 101 (6) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the immediate and personal use and occupancy as housing accommodations of members of its staff: Provided, That in the case of housing accommodations in a structure or premises owned or leased by a cooperative corporation or association no action or proceeding under this paragraph or paragraph (3) to recover possession of any such housing accommodations shall be maintained unless stock in the cooperative corporation or association has been purchased by persons who are then stockholder tenants in occupancy of at least 65 per centum of the dwelling units in the structure or premises and are entitled by reason of stock ownership to proprietary leases of dwelling units in the structure or premises; but this proviso shall not apply where such corporation or association acquires or leases such structure or premises after the effective date of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948 pursuant to a contract entered into prior to such date:”.
(b) Section 209 (a) (4) of such Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:
“(4) the landlord seeks in good faith to recover possession of such housing accommodations (A) for the immediate purpose of substantially altering or remodeling the same for continued use as housing accommodations, or for the immediate purpose of conversion into additional housing accommodations, and the altering, remodeling, or conversion cannot practically be done with the tenant in occupancy, and the landlord has obtained such approval as may be required by Federal, State, or local law for the alterations, remodeling, or any conversion planned, or (B) for the immediate purpose of demolishing such housing accommodations;".
(c) Section 209 (a) (5) of such Act, as amended, is hereby repealed.
d) Section 209 (a) of such Act, as amended, is amended by adding after paragraph (4) thereof two new paragraphs to read as follows:
“(5) the landlord seeks in good faith to recover possession of such housing accommodations for the immediate purpose of withdrawing such housing accommodations from the rental market, and such housing accommodations shall not thereafter be offered for rent as such; or
(6) the housing accommodations have been acquired by a State or any political subdivision thereof for the purpose of making a public improvement and are rented temporarily pending the construction of such improvement.
(e) Section 209 of such Act, as amended, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:
"(c) No tenant shall be obliged to surrender possession of any housing accommodations pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (2), (3), (4), (5), or (6) of subsection (a) until the expiration of at least sixty days after written notice from the landlord that he desires to recover possession of such housing accommodations for one of the purposes specified in such paragraphs.'
TITLE III-MISCELLANEOUS Sec. 301. Section 2 (a) of the Administrative Procedure Act, as amended, is amended by inserting after “Housing and Rent Act of 1947" the following:", as amended”.
SEC. 302. Nothing in this Act or in the Housing and Rent Act of 1947, as amended, shall be construed to require any person to offer any housing accommodations for rent.
SEC. 303. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to impose or authorize the imposition of maximum rents upon any housing accommodations in any defense-rental area or portion thereof, or upon housing accommodations of a class, in the case of which maximum rents have been removed by administrative action in accordance with the provisions of the Housing and Rent Act of 1947; and nothing in this Act shall be construed to affect any adjustment in maximum rent made in accordance with the Housing and Rent Act of 1947.
SEC. 304. Section 2 of Public Law 301, Eightieth Congress, approved July 31, 1947 (relating to eviction of tenants from publicly operated housing accommodations), as amended, is hereby amended by striking out "April 1, 1948” and inserting in lieu thereof “April
Sec. 305. If any provision of this Act or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act, and the applicability of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
Sec. 306. This Act shall become effective on the first day of the first calendar month following the month in which it is enacted.
Approved March 30, 1948.
[PUBLIC LAW 468–80TH CONGRESS]
AN ACT To provide for a temporary extension of the National Housing Act, as amended.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) the first proviso of section 603 (a) of the National Housing Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows: “Provided, That the aggregate amount of principal obligations of all mortgages insured under this title shall not exceed $5,350,000,000".
(b) Section 603 (a) of such Act, as amended, is amended by striking out “March 31, 1948” in each place where it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "April 30, 1948".
(c) Section 603 (b) (2) of such Act, as amended, is amended by striking out “necessary current cost (including the land and such initial service charges and such appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Administrator shall approve)" and inserting in lieu thereof "value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance), except that as to applications received by the Administrator on or before March 31, 1948, the mortgage may involve a principal obligation in an amount not to exceed 90 per centum of the Administrator's estimate of the necessary current cost (including the land and such initial service charges and such appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Administrator shall approve) ;”.
(d) Section 604 (b) of such Act, as amended, is amended by striking out “necessary current cost” and inserting in lieu thereof "value”.
Approved March 31, 1948.
(PUBLIC LAW 624–80TH CONGRESS)
[S. J. Res. 231]
JOINT RESOLUTION To amend section 303 of the Act entitled "An Act to expedite the provision of
housing in connection with national defense, and for other purposes”. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 303 (a) of the Act entitled “An Act to expedite the provision of housing in connection with national defense, and for other purposes", approved October 14, 1940 (Public Law 849, Seventy-sixth Congress), as amended, is hereby amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting a colon and the following: "And provided further, That moneys derived from the rental and operation of such property and funds from the reserve account established by the Administrator pursuant to this section 303, not exceeding in the aggregate $10,000,000, shall be available and may be used by the Administrator for expenses found necessary in the provision of stopgap emergency housing in the Portland, Oregon-Vancouver, Washington, area for persons and families displaced as the result of the destruction of the temporary housing at Vanport in Multnomah County, Oregon, and other persons and families in such area rendered homeless as a result of the present flood, and in providing such stopgap emergency housing the Administrator may act without regard to section 3709 of the Revised Statutes."
Approved June 11, 1948.