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[PUBLIC LAW 464–80TH CONGRESS)
[CHAPTER 161—2D SESSION)

(S. 2182]

AN ACT To extend certain provisions of the Housing and Rent Act of 1947, to provide

for the termination of controls on maximum rents in areas and on housing accommodations where conditions justifying such controls no longer exist, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Housing and Rent Act of 1948”.

TITLE I-AMENDMENTS TO TITLE I OF HOUSING AND

RENT ACT OF 1947

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SEC. 2. Section 1 (b) of the Housing and Rent Act of 1947, as amended, is hereby repealed.

Sec. 3. Section 4 of such Act, as amended, is amended by striking out “April 1, 1948” wherever such date appears therein and inserting in lieu thereof“April 1, 1949”.

TITLE II–MAXIMUM RENTS Sec. 201. Section 202 (c) of such Act, as amended, is amended by striking out paragraphs (2) and (3) thereof and inserting in lieu of such paragraphs the following:

"(2) any motor court, or any part thereof; any trailer or trailer space, or any part thereof; or any tourist home serving transient guests exclusively, or any part thereof; or

“(3) any housing accommodations (A) the construction of which was completed on or after February 1, 1947, or which are additional housing accommodations created by conversion on or after February 1, 1947, except that contracts for the rental of housing accommodations to veterans of World War II and their immediate families, the construction of which was assisted by allocations or priorities under Public Law 388, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved May 22, 1946, shall remain in full force and effect; or (B) which for any successive twentyfour month period during the period February 1, 1945, to the date of enactment of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948, both dates inclusive, were not rented (other than to members of the immediate family of the landlord) as housing accommodations; or (C) the construction of which was completed on or after February 1, 1945, and prior to February 1, 1947, and which between the date of completion and June 30, 1947, both dates inclusive, at no time were rented (other than to members of the immediate family of the landlord) as housing accommodations; or

“(4) nonhousekeeping, furnished housing accommodations, located within a single dwelling unit not used as a rooming or boarding house, but only if (A) no more than two paying tenants, not members of the

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landlord's immediate family, live in such dwelling unit, and (B) the remaining portion of such dwelling unit is occupied by the landlord or his immediate family.”

Sec. 202. (a) Section 204 (a) of such Act, as amended, is amended by striking out “March 31, 1948” and inserting in lieu thereof “March 31, 1949”.

(b) Section 204 (b) of such Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

"(b) (1) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, during the period beginning on the effective date of this title and ending on the date this title ceases to be in effect, no person shall demand, accept, or receive any rent for the use or occupancy of any controlled housing accommodations greater than the maximum rent established under the authority of the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, as amended, and in effect with respect thereto on June 30, 1947: Provided, however, That the Housing Expediter shall, by regulation or order, make such individual and general adjustments in such maximum rents in any defense-rental area or any portion thereof, or with respect to any housing accommodations or any class of housing accommodations within any such area or any portion thereof, as may be necessary to remove hardships or to correct other inequities, or further to carry out the purposes and provisions of this title. In the making of adjustments to remove hardships due weight shall be given to the question as to whether or not the landlord is suffering a loss in the operation of the housing accommodations.

“(2). In any case in which a landlord and tenant, on or before December 31, 1947, in accordance with the provisions of this subsection as then in effect, voluntarily entered into a valid written lease in good faith with respect to any housing accommodations, such housing accommodations shall not be subject to any maximum rent established or maintained under the provisions of this title unless such lease is hereafter terminated or expires before March 31, 1949, in which case the maximum rent for such housing accommodations shall, through March 31, 1949, be not in excess of 15 per centum over the maximum rent which in the absence of a lease would be in effect with respect thereto on the date of enactment of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948: Provided, That the landlord and a tenant (including any new tenant) may enter into a new voluntary lease subject to the conditions, specified in paragraph (3) of this subsection, applicable with respect to landlords and tenants who have not heretofore entered into voluntary leases, except that no maximum rent need be in effect on the date of execution of such new lease.

“(3) In any case in which a landlord and tenant (including any new tenant) on or before December 31, 1948, voluntarily enter into a valid written lease in good faith (at any rental agreed upon in the lease, but not in excess of 15 per centum over the maximum rent which in the absence of a lease would be in effect with respect thereto on the date of enactment of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948) with respect to any housing accommodations for which a maximum rent is in effect under this section, and such lease takes effect on or after the effective date of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948 and expires on or after December 31, 1949, and if a true and duly executed copy of such lease is filed, within fifteen days after the date of execution of such lease, with the Housing Expediter, such housing accommodations shall not

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thereafter be subject to any maximum rent established or maintained under the provisions of this title unless such lease is terminated before March 31, 1949. If any such lease is so terminated the maximum rent (unless a subsequent lease entered into under the provisions of this paragraph is in force) shall be not in excess of 15 per centum over the maximum rent which in the absence of a lease would be in effect with respect thereto on the date of enactment of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948.

“(4) A landlord shall file a report with the Housing Expediter of any termination of a lease entered into under this subsection prior to the expiration date of the lease, including leases entered into under this subsection prior to the date of enactment of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948. Such report shall be filed within fifteen days after such termination or fifteen days after the effective date of such Act, whichever is the later date.”

(c) Section 204 (c) of such Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

"(c) The Housing Expediter is hereby authorized and directed to remove any or all maximum rents before this title ceases to be in effect, in any defense-rental area or portion thereof or with respect to any class of housing accommodations in any such area or portion thereof, if in his judgment the need for continuing maximum rents in such area or portion thereof or with respect to such class of housing accommodations no longer exist, due to sufficient construction of new housing accommodations or when the demand for rental housing accommodations has been otherwise reasonably met. The Housing Expediter shall from time to time make surveys with a view to carrying out the purpose of this subsection to decontrol housing accommodations at the earliest practicable time."

(d) Section 204 (e) of such Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(e). (1) The Housing Expediter is authorized and directed to create in each defense-rental area, or such portion thereof as he may designate, a local advisory board, each such board to consist of not less than five members who are citizens of the area and who, insofar as practicable, as a group are representative of the affected interests in the area, to be appointed by the Housing Expediter, from recommendations made by the respective Governors: Provided, That in any case where the Governor has made no recommendations for original appointments to local boards or appointments to fill vacancies, within thirty days after request therefor (subsequent to the date of enactment of the Housing and Rent Act of 1948) from the Housing Expediter, the Housing Expediter shall without such recommendations appoint the original members of such boards or such members as may be required to fill vacancies. Nothing in the foregoing provisions shall require the reappointment of present members of local advisory boards, but any change in the membership of any local advisory board necessitated by this provision shall be effectuated as promptly as may be practicable. Each such board shall have sufficient members to enable it promptly to consider individual adjustment cases coming before it on which the board shall make recommendations to the officials administering this title within its area; and before recommending any such adjustment the board shall give notice to the parties and shall hold a hearing at the request of either party. Any local

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board may make such recommendations to the Housing Expediter as it deems advisable with respect to the following matters:

“(A) Removal of any or all maximum rents in the area, or any portion thereof, over which the local board has jurisdiction, or with respect to any class of housing accommodations within such area or any portion thereof, if in the judgment of the local board the need for continuing maximum rents in such area or portion thereof or with respect to such class of housing accommodations no longer exists, due to sufficient construction of new housing accommodations or when the demand for rental housing accommodations has been otherwise reasonably met; and

“(B) Adjustments, other than individual adjustments, in maximum rents in such area or any portion thereof or with respect to any class of housing accommodations within such area or any portion thereof, deemed by the local board to be necessary to remove hardships or to correct other inequities, or further to carry out the purposes and provisions of this title; and

'(C) Operations generally of the local rent office with particular reference to hardship cases.

“(2) The Housing Expediter shall furnish the local boards suitable office space and stenographic assistance and shall make available to such boards any records and other information in the possession of the Housing Expediter with respect to the establishment and maintenance of maximum rents and housing accommodations in the respective defense-rental areas which may be requested by such boards.

"(3) Upon receipt of any recommendation from a local board, the Housing Expediter shall promptly notify the local board, in writing, of the date of his receipt of such recommendation. Except as provided hereinafter in this subsection, within thirty days after receipt of any recommendation of a local board such recommendation shall be approved or disapproved or the local board shall be notified in writing of the reasons why final action cannot be taken in thirty days. Any recommendation of a local board appropriately substantiated and in accordance with applicable law and regulations shall be approved and appropriate action shall promptly be taken to carry such recommendation into effect.

“(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3) any recommendation of a local board as to a matter referred to in paragraph (1). (A) or (B) shall be deemed to be appropriately substantiated and in accordance with applicable law and regulations, and shall be carried into effect as hereinafter provided

“(A) if the local board held a public hearing on such matter, at which interested persons (including representatives of the State and of political subdivisions thereof) were given a reasonable opportunity to be heard, by interpleader or otherwise, with right to be represented by counsel; “(B) if notice of the date, time, place, and purpose of such

, hearing was given (i) in writing to the Governor of the State not less than fifteen days prior to such date, and (ii) by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the area over which the local board has jurisdiction at least fifteen days prior to such date, and a second notice was given by publication in such a newspaper at least five days prior to such date;

"(C) if a copy of the local board's recommendation was filed with the Governor of the State within five days after such recommendation was mailed to the Housing Expediter;

“(D) if a record is made of the evidence adduced at the public hearing held by the local board, and the local board certifies and transmits to the Housing Expediter, with such recommendation, a transcript of such record, or of those parts of such record, upon which its recommendation is based and a written statement of its findings made upon the basis of such record; and

“(E) if the record so certified and transmitted to the Housing Expediter contains adequate and substantial evidence to support

the findings and recommendation of the local board. If the Housing Expediter does not approve such recommendation within thirty days after the date of its receipt by him, he shall, within five days after the expiration of such thirty-day period, file such recommendation in the Emergency Court of Appeals, together with the record and statement of findings of the local board and such statement as the Housing Expediter may desire to make as to his views on the matter. The statement of the Housing Expediter may be accompanied by such supporting information as the Housing Expediter deems appropriate. Thereupon the Emergency Court of Appeals shall have jurisdiction to enter, within thirty days after the date of its receipt of such recommendation from the Housing Expediter (or within such additional period of not more than thirty days as the court may find necessary in exceptional cases), an order approving or disapproving the recommendation of the local board. The recommendation, record, and statement of findings of the local board, together with the statement and supporting information filed by the Housing Expediter, shall constitute the record before the court. If the court determines that the recommendation is not in accordance with law, or that the evidence in the record before the court, including such additional evidence as may be adduced before the court, is not of sufficient weight to justify such recommendation, the court shall enter an order disapproving such recommendation; otherwise it shall enter an order approving such recommendation. The judgment and decree of the court shall be final. The powers heretofore granted by law to the Emergency Court of Appeals are hereby continued for purposes of exercise of the jurisdiction granted by this subsection. The court shall prescribe rules governing its procedure in such manner as to expedite the determination of cases of which it has jurisdiction under this paragraph. The Housing Expediter, the local board, and representatives of the State or States involved, shall be granted, to the extent determined by the court, an opportunity to be heard, by interpleader or otherwise, with right to be represented by counsel.

“(5) Any recommendation to which paragraph (4) applies, if an order of disapproval thereof has not been entered by the Emergency Court of Appeals within the time prescribed in such paragraph, shall be carried out by the Housing Expediter

“(A) if it is with respect to a matter referred to in paragraph (1) (Á), so that the decontrol is effected, retroactively if necessary, on the date recommended by the local board, but not before sixty days after the date of the receipt of such recommendation by the Housing Expediter: Provided, That during the period of ninety days beginning with the date on which such decontrol is

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