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(PUBLIC LAW 697—79TH CONGRESS)
[CHAPTER 917—2D SESSION)

(S. 2085)

AN ACT To amend title V of the Act entitled "An Act to expedite the provision of housing

in connection with the national defense, and for other purposes”, approved October 14, 1940, as amended, to authorize the Federal Works Administrator to provide needed educational facilities, other than housing, to educational institutions furnishing courses of training or education to persons under title II of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) subsection (a) of section 502 of the Act entitled "An Act to expedite the provision of housing in connection with the national defense, and for other purposes”, approved October 14, 1940, as amended, is amended by striking out this title V," and inserting in lieu thereof "sections 501,

» 502, and 503 of this title,"

(b) Subsection (b) of section 502 of such Act, as amended, is amended by inserting after the word “institutions” the words "or for members of faculties (including the families of such members) of educational institutions furnishing education and training to veterans under title II of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended,".

(c) Subsection (c) of such section is amended by inserting after the word “institutions” the words “or for members of faculties including the families of such members) of educational institutions furnishing education and training to veterans under title II of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended”.

(d) Subsection (e) of section 502 of such Act, as amended, is amended by striking out "title V," and inserting in lieu thereof "section,”.

Sec. 2. Title V of such Act, as amended, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section:

“SEC. 504. (a) At any educational institution including any educational facility operated by the Indian Service where the Commissioner of Education shall find that there exists or impends an acute shortage of educational facilities, other than housing, required for persons engaged in the pursuit of courses of training or education under title II of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended, the Federal Works Administrator is authorized, upon request of such educational institution, to provide such educational facilities (1) by the use or reuse (including disassembling, transporting, and reerecting) of structures or facilities (including improvements, equipments, materials, or furnishings but not including site acquisition and preparation or the installation of streets and utility mains) under the jurisdiction or control of any Federal agency which are no longer required by such agency and which, in the determination of said Administrator can be utilized to provide the needed educational facilities and which, in the determination of the War Assets Administrator are available

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for such use or reuse and (2) by connecting utilities from buildings to inains. Upon request of the Federal Works Administrator any Federal agency having jurisdiction or control of any such structures or facilities may, with the approval of the War Assets Administrator, notwithstanding any other provisions of law, transfer such structures or facilities to the Federal Works Administrator, without reimbursement, for such use or reuse. Without regard to the provisions of any other law, said Administrator is authorized to transfer to any educational institution any educational facilities provided for such educational institution under this subsection.

"(b) In carrying out the provisions of this section, said Administrator is authorized to exercise all the powers contained in sections 202 (a) and (b) and title III of this Act, subject to all the limitations contained in sections 203 (a) and (b) and title III of this Act: Provided, That nothing herein shall exclude the Indian Service from participation in the educational benefits provided by this Act.

"(c) To carry out the provisions of this section, and for administrative expenses in connection therewith, any funds made available under title II of this Act are hereby made available, and for such purposes there is also authorized to be appropriated the sum of $100,000,000.

“(d) Nothing in this section 504 shall affect the transfer to the National Housing. Administrator of any structures or facilities requisitioned by him pursuant to section 502 (b) of this Act, for housing for veterans and distressed families of servicemen prior to any request therefor made by the Federal Works Administrator pursuant to the authority contained in said section 504.

“(e) Except with respect to contracts previously entered into and court proceedings then pending, this section shall cease to be effective on the last date on which courses of education or training may be provided under title II of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended.

“(f) As used in this Act the term educational institution shall mean (a) any public educational institution or (b) any private educational institution, no part of the net earnings of which shall inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

“(g) Nothing in this section shall authorize the transfer of any property to the Federal Works Administrator until the preference to veterans provided by section 16 of the Surplus Property Act of 1944, as amended, has been fully satisfied in accordance with its terms; and for the purposes of such section 16 transfers to such Administrator under this section shall not be considered as transfers to a Government agency.”

Approved August 8, 1946.

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(CHAPTER 91-15T SESSION]

[S. 854)

AN ACT To amend section 502 (a) of the Act entitled "An Act to expedite the provision

of housing in connection with national defense, and for other purposes”. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 502 (a) of the Act entitled "An Act to expedite the provision of housing in connection with national defense, and for other purposes”, approved October 14, 1940, as amended (42 U. S. C. 1572. (a)), is amended by striking out “$410,000,000” and inserting in lieu thereof “$445,500,000”.

SEC. 2. That the additional funds herein authorized shall be available to carry out the purposes of sections 501, 502, and 503 of said Act of October 14, 1940, as amended, but shall be available only for necessary expenses in (1) completing the provision of temporary housing for which a contract in writing with any educational institution, State or political subdivision thereof, local public agency, or nonprofit organization had been made prior to the enactment hereof pursuant to title V of said Act of October 14, 1940, as amended: Provided, That such additional funds shall not be available for completing suspended units with respect to which, prior to April 1, 1947, no expenditures were made by the Administrator or the only expenditures made by the Administrator were for dismantling or dismantling and transportation, and (2) reimbursing any such educational institution, State or political subdivision thereof, local public agency, or nonprofit organization (a) for funds expended by it in completing any such temporary housing (exclusive of the costs of site acquisition and preparation, or the installation of streets and utility mains), or (b) for the cost of utility and other work in connection with any such temporary housing performed by it for the Administrator on a reimbursable basis pursuant to section 502 (d) of said Act of October 14, 1940, as amended, and (3) making payment, to such educational institutions, States or political subdivisions thereof, local public agencies and nonprofit organizations of amounts equal to actual expenditures made by them prior to April 1, 1947, for costs of site acquisition and preparation, or installation of streets and utility mains, with respect to suspended units referred to in the proviso in clause (1) above.

Approved May 31, 1947.

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[PUBLIC Law 120_80TH CONGRESS]
(CHAPTER 152—1st SESSION]

(S. 1230]

AN ACT To amend section 2 (a) of the National Housing Act, as amended. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 2 (a) of the National Housing Act, as amended, is hereby amended by strik. ing out in the first sentence "1947" and inserting "1949". Approved June 26, 1947.

(EMERGENCY PRICE CONTROL ACT OF 1942)

(Extract from)
[PUBLIC LAW 421—77TH CONGRESS]
[CHAPTER 26-2D SESSION]

[H. R. 5990]

AN ACT To further the national defense and security by checking speculative and ex

cessive price rises, price dislocations, and inflationary tendencies, and for other purposes.

(b) Whenever in the judgment of the Administrator such action is necessary or proper in order to effectuate the purposes of this Act, he shall issue a declaration setting forth the necessity for, and recommendations with reference to the stabilization or reduction of rents for any defense-area housing accommodations within a particular defense-rental area. If within sixty days after the issuance of any such recommendations rents for any such accommodations within such defense-rental area have not in the judgment of the Administrator been stabilized or reduced by State or local regulation, or otherwise, in accordance with the recommendations, the Administrator may by regulation or order establish such maximum rent or maximum rents for such accommodations as in his judgment will be generally fair and equitable and will effectuate the purposes of this Act. So far as practicable, in establishing any maximum rent for any defense-area housing accommodations, the Administrator shall ascertain and give due consideration to the rents prevailing for such accommodations, or comparable accommodations, on or about April 1, 1941 (or if, prior or subsequent to April 1, 1941, defense activities shall have resulted or threatened to result in increases in rents for housing accommodations in such area inconsistent with the purposes of this Act, then on or about a date (not earlier than April 1, 1940), which in the judgment of the Administrator, does not reflect such increases), and he shall make adjustments for such relevant factors as he may determine and deem to be of general applicability in respect of such accommodations, including increases or decreases in property taxes and other costs. In designating defense-rental areas, in prescribing regulations and orders establishing maximum rents for such accommodations, and in selecting persons to administer such regulations and orders, the Administrator shall, to such extent as he determines to be practicable, consider any recommendations which may be made by State and local officials concerned with housing or rental conditions in any defense-rental area.

(c) Any regulation or order under this section may be established in such form and manner, may contain such classifications and differentiations, and may provide for such adjustments and reasonable exceptions, as in the judgment of the Administrator are necessary or proper in order to effectuate the purposes of this Act. Any

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regulation or order under this section which establishes a maximum price or maximum rent may provide for a maximum price or maxi. mum rent below the price or prices prevailing for the commodity or commodities, or below the rent or rents prevailing for the defensearea housing accommodations, at the time of the issuance of such regulation or order.

(d) Whenever in the judgment of the Administrator such action is necessary or proper in order to effectuate the purposes of this Act, he may, by regulation or order, regulate or prohibit speculative or manipulative practices (including practices relating to changes in form or quality) or hoarding, in connection with any commodity, and speculative or manipulative practices or renting or leasing practices (including practices relating to recovery of the possession) in connection with any defense-area housing accommodations, which in his judgment are equivalent to or are likely to result in price or rent increases, as the case may be, inconsistent with the purposes of this Act.

Approved, January 30, 1942.

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