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The New York Times

Current History

THE
EUROPEAN

WAR

VOLUME XIII

October December, 1917

With Alphabetical and Analytical Index

Illustrations, Maps and Diagrams

NEW YORK
THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY

Copyright 1917
By The New York Times Company

Times Square, New York City

INDEX AND TABLE OF CONTENTS

[This Index constitutes a Table of Contents and an Analytical Index of Authors,

Subject Matter, and Titles.)
[Titles of articles appear in italics]

A

ABBAŞ Hilmi, 282.

ADAMS, Dr. George, “ Harry Lauder at the

Front," 319.

AERONAUTICS, appropriation by Congress,

11; statement of Senator Sheppard on
bill legalizing aircraft board; Secretary
Baker on “Liberty Motor," 12; “Lessons
of Three Years of Warfare in the Air,"
73; Sec. Baker's statement on “ Liberty
Motor," 77; air raids on London; promise
of reprisal, by Lloyd George; Gen. Smuts
on reprisals, 268 ; list of raids on Eng-
land between Jan., 1915, and Oct, 1917;
scenes during raids, 269; account of
career and death of Guynemer, 271;
French activities, 272; U. S. appropria-
tion and contracts; figures of Berliner
Tageblatt on airplanes shot down, and re-
ply of London Times, 273; brilliant work
at Chemin des Dames, 412; events of

month, 458.

AGADIR Incident, 484.

AIMS of the War, stated by Pres. Wilson

in reply to the Pope's peace proposal, 83;

Dr. Michaelis on desires of Entente

Allies, 88; resolutions of American Al-

liance for Labor and Democracy, stating

aims of U. S., 90; editorial from Oakland

Enquirer, 258; given in German reply to the

Pope's peace note, 285; reply of Austrian

Emperor, 286; German attitude discussed

by Dr. von Kuehlmann and Dr. Michaelis

in Reichstag, 288; replies by Lloyd George

and Asquith, 289; demands of Austria-

Hungary explained by Count Czernin,

290 ; British view expressed by H. H.

Asquith, 291; announcement of League

of National Unity, 293: Premier Painleve
on minimum aims of France, 294; views
of Amer. Federation of Labor, 444.

See also CAUSES of the War; PEACE.

AIR raids, see AERONAUTICS.

ALBERT, King of the Belgians, message of

Pres. Wilson on Nov. 16, 386; E. Cam-

maerts on self-denial, 462.
ALBERT, (Dr.) Heinrich, 22, 281.
ALCEDO (patrol), torpedoed, 433.
ALEXANDER I.. King of Greece, text of

speech after taking oath to constitution,

153.

ALEXANDRA Feodorovna, Czarina of

Russia ; account of attitude toward Rus-

sian prisoners and reading of decree of

abdication, by Gen. Korniloff, 110.

ALEXEIEFF (Gen.) on disintegration of

army, 66; tendered position as Chief of
Staff, 71; part in collapse of Korniloff

revolt, 72
ALFONSO XIII., King of Spain, popularity,

62.
ALGECIRAS Conference, 484.
ALIEN Enemies, see ENEMY Aliens.
ALIEN Property Custodian, 234.

ALIENS, bill passed authorizing drafting of

friendly aliens, 24.

See also ENEMY Aliens.

ALLEN, H. Warner, estimate of German man

power, 248.

ALLIES Commissions to United States,

“ Imperial Japanese Mission,” 50; appeal

of French Mission for ships, 232.
ALLIES War Council, see SUPREME War

Council.
ALSACE-LORRAINE, restoration declared

for by Painleve, 1; part in fighting
migrations to France, 195; German atti-
tude toward restoration stated by Dr.
Kuehlmann and Dr. Michaelis, 288 ; replies
of Lloyd George and Asquith, 259; atti-
tude of France toward restoration dis-
cussed by Premier Painleve, 294; riches
in iron ore and potash, 386; views of

Count Hertling on division, 452.
AMERICAN Alliance for Labor and Democ-

racy, resolutions at Minneapolis on war

aims, 90.

American Army in France, 391.

AMERICAN Chartering Commission, 19.

AMERICAN Commission for Relief in Bel-

gium, 387.

AMERICAN Commission to Allies, 437.

AMERICAN Embargo Conference, 281.

AMERICAN Federation of Labor,

LABOR.

American Labor on War and Peace, 90.

AMERICAN Socialist, 236.

American Troops' First Fight in Europe, 388.

AMERICAN Truth Society, 278.

America's Military Progress During the

Month, 237.
AMUNDSEN, (Capt.) Raoul, 428.

ANATOLIA College, Marsovan, murder of

Faculty by Turks, 339.

ANDREWS, William Whiting, 284.

ANGELSCU, (Dr.) Constantine, Rumania's

Efforts and Aspirations,” 524.
ANNEBAULT, Michel, defense of Belgium

against German charges, 193.
ANNUNZIO, (Capt.) Gabriel d', description

of raid on Cattaro, 459.

ANTHANASIADOS, (Dr.) Anthony, account

of Serbian suffering. 310.

Anti-Submarine Tactics, 121.

ANTILLES (transport), torpedoed, 432.

Appalling Plight of Serbia, 340.
ARCHIBALD, James F. J., 279.
ARGENTINA, account of use of Stockholm

Foreign Office by Count Luxburg for
transmission of messages from Buenos
Aires to Berlin regarding sinking of
Argentine ships, 53; avoidance of breal-
with Germany and feeling of peor
friction with Uruguay, 2 13.

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455;

Armed and Armored Automobiles in the War,

542. ARMED Merchant Ships, movement in Con

gress against Americans traveling on armed ships traced to German propaganda, 281; history of use from earliest tirnes to present war, by T. G. Frothing

ham, 464; status defined, 469. ARMENIA, see ATROCITIES. ARMIES, estimate of U. S. War Dept. giving

strength of each belligerent, 480.

See also under names of countries. ART Works, removed from St. Quentin to

Mauberge by Germans, SO. Artillery Fire for a Canary Bird, 463. ASIA, see CAMPAIGN in Asia Minor. ASKALON, in previous wars, 383. ASQUITH, Herbert H., reference to refusal

of Germany to reply to restoration of Belgium, 289; on war aims and peace, at Leeds, 291 ; speech in opening discussion on Allied War Council, and reply of Pre

mier Lloyd George, I, (Dec. supplement.) ATROCITIES, Belgian Prince U-boat crime,

50; list of cases of firing on lifeboats by Germans, 131; Germany and Armenian Atrocities," by Dr. Stuermer, 336; menians Killed with Axes by Turks,' account by Rev. G. E. White, 339; Appalling Plight of Serbia.” 340; firing on lifeboats by Germans, 385; bronze plaques to mark sites of German atrocities in Senlis,

" Chapter of German Atrocities," 513; firing on lifeboats by submarines told by B. Wood, 514; report of Holland section of League of Neutral Countries on

atrocities in Serbia, 517. Attempted Restoration of the Manchus in

China, 346. Australasia's Record in the War, 526. AUSTRALIA, method of breaking news of

war casualties to relatives, 162; article.by

R. S. Winn on record in the war, 526. AUSTRIA-HUNGARY, war council at Lai

bach, 34; account of ultimatum to Serbia
and reply, by M. L. McLaughlin, 485; in
favor of Croatian State, 520.
See also CAMPAIGN in Europe, Austro-

Italian Border.
Austro-German Invasion of Italy, 404.
Austro-Germans and Islam, 157.
AUTOMOBILES, number in use in the war,

37; first appearance of tanks at battle of Somme, 317; work of motor cars in Ital. ian retreat on Piave line, 407; “ Armed and Armored Automobiles in the War,"

542. AVIATION, see AERONAUTICS.

B BADOGLIO, (Gen.), career, 436. BAGDAD Railway, negotiations of Lord

Haldane and Emperor William, 328. BAKER, (Sec.) Newton Diehi, on “ Liberty

Motor,” 12, 77. BAKERIES, under license, 429. BALFOUR, Arthur James, Chancellor

Michaelis on refusal to state war aims,

89. BALKAN States, part in European politics

from early times to present, by M. L.
McLaughlin, 481.
See also CAMPAIGN in Europe, Balkan

States; CROATIA; YUGOSLAVIA,

and names of States. BARRES, Maurice. "How Lorraine Was

Saved in 1914," 325. Battle of the Julian Alps, 38. BATTLES, see CAMPAIGNS, NAVAL Op.

erations. BAZAINE, Marshal, account of treason, 198.

Beginnings of the War, 481.
BELGIAN Prince (s. S.), account of delib-

erate drowning of crew by German sub

marine, told by survivors, 55. BELGIUM, Gen. Leclercq, on creating of new

army, 98; article by Baron Moncheur on starvation and shortage of food, 100; fighting strength and finances, 192; comment of H. H. Asquith on restoration, 289; impressions of E. Cammaerts of war zone, 460; account of German attitude toward invasion, by M. L. McLaughlin, 490; account of guarantee of neutrality, 491; defense of invasion by Bethmann Hollweg, 492; article by M. Annebault based on findings of Documentary Bureau on charges of Germans that soldiers were fired upon by free-shooters, 493; “ Systematic Exploitation of Belgium,' 510; protest from Mayor of Lille against levies by Germans, 512.

See also CAMPAIGN in Europe, Western. BELLIGERENTS, countries involved in war,

5, 219. BENEDICT XV., Pope, peace letter and

restoration of temporal power, 6; text. of

reply by Pres. Wilson to peace proposal, 81; comment of New Yorker Staats-Zeitung and of foreign press on reply, 83; interpretation of peace note by Dr. Michaelis in Reichstag, 86; attitude of parties in Reichstag toward note, 87; German and Austrian replies to peace note, 285; Brazilian reply to peace note,

439. BENNETT, Arnold, “ Effect of the United

States in the War," 446. BERCHTOLD (Count), 487. BERLINER Tageblatt, figures for air war

fare; reply of London Times quoting Paris

Matin, 273. BERNADOTTE, see CHARLES XIV. of

Sweden. BERNSTEIN, Edward, speech quoting H. Haase

on

Reichstag Peace Resolution and political changes, 96. BERNSTORFF, (Count) Johann H. von,

account of intrigues in U. S. as disclosed by capture of von Igel papers, 274; text of dispatch asking for money to influence Congress, 279; text of telegrams to von

Jagow bearing on Bolo Pacha case, 283. BETHMANN HOLLWEG, (Dr.) Theobald

von, letter from von Eckhardt recommending decoration for Herr Cronholm, 53; E. Bernstein on fall, 96; quoted on unrestricted submarine warfare, 130; conversation with Lord Haldane, 329; speech

in Reichstag on invasion of Belgium, 492. BIDDLE, (Maj. Gen.) John, 425. BIRDS, Artillery Fire for a Canary Bird,"

463. BIRTHS, see VITAL Statistics. BISSING, (Gen.) Moritz von, quoted on ex

ploitation of Belgium, 512. BLACK, Ernest Garside, poem, " Written on Going Into Action,

293. BLIND, soldiers in England, France, and

Belgium, 198. BLISS, (Gen.) Tasker H., commissioned Gen

eral, 238; military adviser to Col. House

at Supreme War Council, 438. BLOCKADE. British, given as cause of U

boat warfare by German seamen, 126 ;

reply by British seamen, 129. BLOCKADE, German, see SUBMARINE

Warfare. BOEHM (Capt.), 278. BOIS, Jules, 283. BOLO Pasha, Paul, account of activities as

German agent in France and U. S., 282. BORGEMEISTER, P. A. 22. BOSCH Magneto Works, 276.

Volume XIII.

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BOWMAN, Thomas, 58.
BOY-ED, (Capt.) Karl, 23.
Boy's Last Letter to His Mother, 252.
BRAUN, Marcus, 279.
BRAZIL, origin of name, and discovery, 384;

catry into war against Germany, Lux-
burg dispatches on Brazilian attitude; re-

ply to Pope's peace note, 439.
BREMEN, Chamber of Commerce, resolution

of loyalty to Kaiser, and protest against

Pres. Wilson's reply to the Pope, 87.
Bronze Plaques to Mark the sites of Ger-

man Atrocities, 455.
BUREAU of Investigation, shown to be ad-

junct to German diplomatic secret serv-

ice, 275.
BURLESON, Albert Sydney, on new censor-

ship provision, 235.
BUSH, Irving T., 428.
BYNG, Admiral John, account of treason,
197.

C

CADORNA. (Gen.) Luigi, campaigns, 146,

39:3; appointed to Allies' General Staff,

397, 431.
CAFANTARIS, George, favors Greek repub-

lic, 154.
CAMBON, Jules, telegram on German mobil-

ization, 502.
CAMMAERTS, Emile, What the Belgian

Army Is Doing," 460.
CAMOUFLAGE, 99.
CAMPAIGN in Asia Minor, capture of Ra-

madie by Anglo-Indian army, 204; situa-
tion, 205; Russians in Asia Minor, 200;
British advance from Gaza to Jaffa, with

Jerusalem threatened, 401.
CAMPAIGN in Europe, Austro-Italian Bor-

Dames,” 399; German retreat, 400; account
of capture of Passchendaele Ridge, 409;

French Victory at Chemin des Dames.'
412; " What the Belgian Army Is Doing."

by E. Cammaerts, 460.
CAMPAIGN in Turkey, Anzacs at Gallipoli,

528.
CANADA, provisions of draft law, 2; co-

operation with U. S. for licensing of ex-

ports, 240; von Igel plots, 278.
CANADIAN Pacific Railway, telegram from

Zimmermann to Bernstorff on proposed

destruction, 280.
CANTACUZENE, (Dr.) J., 522.
CANTONMENTS, see

CONCENTRATION
Camps ; UNITED STATES-Army.
CAPELLE, (Admiral) von, 248.
CAPPS, (Rear Admiral), W. L., 18.
CARRY, Edward F., 427.
CARSO, see CAMPAIGN in Europe, Austro-

Italian Border.
CARSON, (Sir) Edward, support of plan for

Supreme War Council, VIII., (Dec. sup-
plement;) " Desolation in the French

War Zone," 456.
CASEMENT, (Sir) Roger, 277,
CASSIN (destroyer), torpedoed, 433.
CASTELNAU, (Gen.) de, 116.
CASUALTIES, British losses in Flanders, 2;

Austrian in August, 33; estimate of Ger-
man losses at Lens, 45; estimate of
casualties at first attack on Verdun, 119;
method of breaking news to relatives in
Australia, 162; comparison between losses
in troops from United Kingdom and from
dominions, 197; in air raids on England
from Jan., 1915, to Oct., 1917, 269; Brit-
ish battle losses and percentage of home
and dominion troops; summary of Aus-
tralian losses since beginning of war,
386; official list of first American losses
in France, 390; in Asia Minor campaign,
403; Russian from beginning of war, 420;
British losses in transport, 472; Rumanian

losses, 524,
CATTARO, air raid, 459.
CAUSES of the War, statement by Dr. Hl.

chaelis on Russian responsibility as dis-
closed in trial of Gen. Soukhomlinoff, 91;
declaration by delegates to London con-
ference of Socialists, 94; official conver-
sations of Lord Haldane at Berlin in
1906 and 1912 bearing on issues of the
war, 328; article by M. L. McLaughlin
reviewing antecedent causes and thirteen
critical days, 481 ; “ Kaiser's Responsibil-
ity." analysis by D. J. Hill of official
documents, 496; testimony of Gen. Yanus-
kevitch and Gen. Soukhomlinoff, at trial
of latter, on Russian mobilization, 505;
comment by J. Reinach on testimony,
507; text of letters between King George
and Kaiser, 508.

See also AIMS of the War.
CECIL, (Lord) Robert, statement expressing

official view of the Pope's peace note, 89.
CENSORSHIP, see NEWS Censorship.
CHANG Hsun, 351, 354.
CHARLES I., Emperor of Austria-Hungary,

reply to the Pope's peace note, 286;

favors a Croatian State, 520.
CHARLES XIV., King of Sweden, 196.
CHEN, Eugene, 348.
CHINA, modern problem, 196; article by

W. R. Wheeler, " The Attempted Restora-
tion of the Manchus in China," 346; dis-
trust of Japan, 347; duties of U. S. as
expressed by Wu Ting-fang, C. T. Wang,
and T. F. Milliard, 352: Surrender of
Chang Hsun's Army," 354; statement of
Viscount Ishii on Japanese policy and
assuring U. S. of open door, 356 ; treat-
ment of enemy aliens, 358;

of

der, Italian offensive in August summed
up by W. Littlefield, 31; " Battle of the
Julian Alps," 38; official narrative of ope-
rations of Gen. Cadorna's forces from
March to June, 146; Gen. Giardino on
Italian theatre of war, 197; events in Sep-
tember, 206; “ Story of the Great Battle
for Venice," by W. Littlefield, 393; “ Aus-

tro-German Invasion of Italy," 404.
CAMPAIGN in Europe, Balkan States, ac-

count by Maj. Dayton of defeat of Serbia,
119; disclosures concerning Germano-
Bulgarian incursion into Eastern Mace-
donia in Greek White Papers, 152 ; account
of betrayal of Rumania by Russia, 167;

defeat of Rumania in 1916, 478.
CAMPAIGN in Europe, Eastern, difficulties

confronting Teuton armies compared with
Napoleonic invasion of Russia, 3; fall of
Riga, 34; text of announcement of fall of
Riga, in Berlin and in Petrograd, 68;
congratulations of Kaiser on capture of
Riga, 69; German capture of Jacobstadt,
204 : methods of von Hindenburg at Tan-
nenberg compared with those of Joffre
at Marne, 320; Spring and Summer of
1916 on the Russian Front," by Maj. Day-

ton, 473.
CAMPAIGN in Europe, Western, events of

month summed up by W. Littlefield, 30;
French success at Verdun, 37; “ Desperate
Fighting of the Canadians at Lens," by
P. Gibbs, 44; Scene of Carnage at Le
Mort Homme," 48; Gen. Freytag-Loring-
hoven un Marne retreat, 72, account of
German attack on Verdun in 1916, by Maj.
Dayton,

progress of battle of
Flanders, 199; "Haig's Hammer Strokes
in Flanders, description of battles dur-
ing Sept. and Oct. by P. Gibbs, 207; Maj.
Dayton on battle of the Somme, 310;
methods of Joffre at the Marne compared
with those of von Hindenburg at Tannen-
berg, 320; "How Lorraine Was Saved in
1914," by M. Barres, 325 ; first battle of
American troops, 388; renewal of battle
of Flanders, 398; " Petain at Chemin des

text

113;

Volume XIII.

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