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Jan. 26. For Military Attaché. You can obtain particulars as
to persons suitable for carrying on sabotage in the United States and Canada from the following persons :
1. Joseph MacGarrity, Philadelphia, Penn.; 2. John P. Keating, Michigan Avenue, Chicago; 3. Jeremiah O'Leary, 16 Park Row, New York.
One and two are absolutely reliable and discreet. No. 3 is reliable but not always discreet. These persons were indicated by Sir Roger Casement. In the United States sabotage can be carried out on every kind of factory for supplying munitions of war. Railway embankments and bridges must not be touched. Embassy must in no circumstance be compromised. Similar precautions must be taken in regard to Irish pro-German propaganda.
OF GENERAL STAFF. The following telegram from Count Bernstorff to the Foreign Office in Berlin was sent in September, 1916:
Sept. 15. With reference to report A. N. two hundred and sixty-six of May tenth, nineteen sixteen. The embargo conferee in regard to whose earlier fruitful co-operation Dr. Hale can give information, is just about to enter upon a vigorous campaign to secure a majority in both houses of Congress favorable to Germany, and request further support. There is no possibility of our being compromiscd. Request telegraphic reply. The
State Department preserved silence as to where it had obtained the German official secret correspondence in this and similar cases. State Secretary Lansing merely said that the last three messages had not been sent to Berlin under cover of the United States diplomatic code, thus leaving it to be implied that communications had been carried on between Bernstorff and his Government through the medium of some neutral embassy at Washington.
One “ Former Occasion" It is now possible to reconstruct the history of one of the “ former occasions” on which Bernstorff had tried to influence Congress by the use of German money. In 1915 he had worked through the organization that called itself Labor's National Peace Council. When his agent, Rintelen, was exposed, ending that organization's usefulness, he substituted the American Embargo Conference. This tool he began to employ effectively in November, 1915, and only
President Wilson's determined action prevented it from actually controlling certain legislation. Its task to formulate and direct a trumped-up sentiment in favor of an embargo on munitions, and against the right of American citizens to travel on British ships. How near it came to succeeding was recorded in these pages at the time.
The conference met in November, the date evidently being planned by Bernstorff with a view to the meeting of Congress in December. The outcry it created was so effective that on Dec. 13, 1915, Senator Kenyon of Iowa introduced a resolution forbidding Americans to take passage on ships carrying munitions.
On Jan. 10, 1916, Senator Gore introduced his first resolution forbidding the sale of contraband to England as long as she persisted in her blockade. On Jan. 20 Senator Hoke Smith deinanded an embargo, and favored truculent attitude toward England.
On Feb. 3 The Providence Journal exposed the origin of the American Embargo Conference, declaring that it was planned and brought into existence by Count Johann von Bernstorff at Wash“ington and financed directly from the “ office of Dr. Heinrich Albert, the fiscal
agent of the German Government in “ New York City," and that it had “ taken
up the work of the so-called Labor's “ National Peace Council." Yet on Feb. 22 the Congressmen who were unconsciously playing Bernstorff's game went so far as to use their various embargo resolutions to frighten the President, and the next day the House Committee on Foreign Affairs served notice that unless the President warned Americans off armed ships within twenty-four hours the House would pass the Gore resolution. On Feb. 24 the President wrote Senator Stone, Chairman of that committee, declaring, “I cannot consent to any abridgment of the rights of American citizens in any respect.” On Feb. 25 The Providence Journal disclosed the fact that the whole plot had been formulated by Bernstorff, and that two weeks before messages had been sent to pro-German newspapers directing them to publish articles
preparing the minds of their readers for it.
Nevertheless, on the same day Speaker Clark and Representative Kitchin told the President that the Gore resolution would pass by at least 2 to 1. The President forced the issue, and when the Gore resolution came to a vote on March 3 it was defeated in the Senate by a vote of 68 to 14. The McLemore resolution was
Activities of Bolo Pasha as German Agent Tai
HE most amazing instance thus far
discovered of the German Govern
ment's lavish waste of the German people's money for useless intrigues in other countries is that revealed after the arrest of Paul Bolo, alias Bolo Pasha, in Paris, Sept. 29, 1917. Bolo had long been under suspicion and had been temporarily under arrest several weeks before, but only upon receipt of important evidence from the United States was he imprisoned without bail. He is a Frenchman, born at Marseilles, and, according to an article in the Paris Matin, is a brother of an eloquent French prelate of that name.
He has had an adventurous career in various countries, including Egypt, and at the beginning of the
he was penniless; but when in Switzerland in March, 1915, he met Abbas Hilmi, former Khédive of Egypt, and apparently concluded an arrangement by which he was to receive $2,500,000 to be used in influencing the French press in favor of a German peace.
The plan was approved by Gottlieb von Jagow, German Foreign Minister, who was to pay the money partly through the exKhédive and partly through Swiss and American banks.
In accordance with this arrangement $1,000,000 paid by roundabout methods through Swiss banks, to avert suspicion. Abbas Hilmi and an associate are said to have collected $50,000 as a commission. After that time Bolo Pasha and Abbas Hilmi seemed to have fallen out, for their relations ceased. At the time of his arrest Bolo was said to have received $8,000,000 from Germany, of which $2,500,000 had been
defeated four days later in the House by 276 to 142. This is the history of one “former occasion," when Count Bernstorff had used German money to hoodwink Congress. With a paper organization created and financed by him under orders from Berlin he had fooled and tricked Congress into believing that the noise it made was the voice of the American people.
traced to the Deutsche Bank. Large portions of this sum were said to have been paid through an American channel. The actual facts, now. proved by the documents, go far toward confirming those original estimates.
Bolo arrived in New York on Feb. 22, 1916, and left on March 17 following. He had rooms at the Plaza Hotel, and was careful not to be seen in public with German agents. He saw Bernstorff secretly in Washington.
When the French Government got an inkling of his traitorous activities it appealed to Governor Whitman of New York for evidence, and ten days' work by Merton E. Lewis, the Attorney General of the State, assisted by an expert accountant, resulted in sensational disclosures which were made public on the evening of Oct. 3. The evidence, which included photographic reproductions of many telltale checks, letters, and telegrams, revealed the fact that Count Bernstorff, then German Ambassador at Washington, had eagerly fallen in with Bolo's proposition to betray France by corrupting the press in favor of a premature peace and had advanced him the enormous sum of $1,683,500 to finance the plot. The State Department and Ambassador Jusserand examined the evidence and attested its genuineness.
Many banks had been used to confuse and hide the transaction, but the persons and agencies who figured knowingly in it are Bolo Pasha, Ambassador von Bernstorff, and two bankers-Hugo Schmidt, former New York agent of
and Herr von Jagow, German Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Number 679, Feb. 26. I have received direct information from an entirely trustworthy source concerning a political action in one of the enemy countries which would bring peace. One of the leading political personalities of the country in question is seeking a loan of one million seven hundred thousand dollars in New York, for which security will be given. I was forbidden to give his name in writing. The affair seems to me to be of the greatest possible importance. Can the money be provided at once in New York? That the intermediary will keep the matter secret is entirely certain. Request answer by telegram. A verbal report will follow as soon as a trustworthy person can be found to bring it to Germany. BERNSTORFF.
the Deutsche Bank of Berlin, who acted as Bernstorff's financial agent, and Adolph Pavenstedt, former head of the New York banking house of G. Amsinck & Co.
Disposal of the Money Of the mass of documents exhibited by Attorney General Lewis, the most important was a letter written by Bolo Pasha to the New York City branch of the Royal Bank of Canada on March 14, 1916, three days before he sailed to return to France. That letter reads:
New York, March 14, 1916. The Royal Bank of Canada, New York,
N. Y. Gentlemen : You will receive from Messrs. G. Amsinck & Co. deposits for the credit of my account with you, which deposits will reach the aggregate amount of about $1,700,000, which I wish you to utilize in the following manner:
First-Immediately on receipt of the first amount on account of this sum pay to Messrs. J. P. Morgan & Co., New York City, the sum of $170,068.03, to be placed to the credit of the account with them of Senator Charles Humbert, Paris.
Second-Establish on your books a credit of $5,000, good until the 31st of May, in favor of Jules Bois, Biltmore Hotel, this amount to be utilized by him at the debit of my account according to his needs, and the unused balance to be returned to me.
Third-Transfer to the credit of my wife, Mme. Bolo, with agency T of Comptoir National d'Escompte de Paris a sum of about $524,000, to be debited to my account as such transfers are made by you at best rate and by small amounts.
Fourth-You will hold, subject to my instructions, when all payments are complete, a balance of not less than $1,000,000. Yours truly,
BOLO PASHA. That is how the $1,683,500, which was the exact amount Bernstorff ordered Schmidt to place at the service of Bolo, came into the latter's actual possession.
Number 150, Feb. 29. Answer to telegram Number 679. Agree to the loan, but only if peace action seems to you a really serious project, as the provision of money in New York is for us at present extraordinarily difficult. If the enemy country is Russia have nothing to do with the business, as the sum of money is too small to have any serious effect in that country. So, too, in the case of Italy, where it would not be worth while to spend so much.
Number 685, March 5. Please instruct Deutsche Bank
to hold nine million marks at disposal of Hugo Schmidt. The affair is very promising. Further particulars follow.
Number 692, March 20. With reference to telegram Number 685, please ad
se our Minister in Berne that some one will call on him who will give him the passport Sanct Regis and who wishes to establish relations with the Foreign Office. Intermediary further requests that influence may be brought to bear upon our press to pass over the change in the inner political situation in France so far as possible in silence, in order that things may not be spoiled by German approval.
Number 206, May The person announced in Telegram 692 of March 20 has not yet reported himself at the legation at Berne. Is there any more news on your side of Bolo?
Text of Bernstorff's Dispatches. Direct evidence that Count Bernstorff was the master mind behind the plot on this side of the Atlantic came to light in five dispatches that were made public by Secretary Lansing on Oct. 5. These messages were exchanged in the Spring of 1916:
The Department of State communicates to the press the following telegrams bearing upon the case of Bolo Pasha, exchanged between Count von Bernstorff.
French Senator Imolved In France the most sensational feature of the case was Bolo's payment of $170,000 to Senator Charles Humbert, owner of Le Journal. . The money was in part payment for 1,100 bonds of that
newspaper. Senator Humbert imme bert. It amounted in all to $1,200,000, diately came out with a statement to and was handed over to the care of the prove that he was entirely unaware of Deposit and Consignment Office, a secthe treasonable purpose of the purchaser. tion of the Ministry of Finance. He gave facts showing that Bolo Pasha Whatever the total number of millions had used his contract with Le Journal extracted from the German Government to extract money from Germany. On by Bolo Pasha, the utter futility of the Oct. 12 a French military court inquir- expenditure, so far as Germany is coning into the case appointed a sequestrator cerned, must remain one of the most for the money advanced to Senator Hum striking features of the case.
The Disease Germ Plot at Bucharest YLOSE upon the heels of the von Igel lated. Each phial suffices for 200 head. CLO intrigues a new chapter of Ger
If possible, to be administered directly into
the animals' mouths, otherwise into their man criminality was revealed on
fodder. We ask for a small report about Sept. 23 by Secretary Lansing's pub successes obtained there, and in case of lication of the documents relating to the good results the presence for one day of
M. K. would be required. plot of German diplomatic agents. to use deadly microbes and powerful explo
After its discovery of the plot the sives against Rumania at a time when
Rumanian Government called in Willfriendly relations still existed between iam Whiting Andrews, the Chargé the two countries. As CURRENT HIS
d'Affaires of the American Legation at MAGAZINE published this dark
Bucharest, who witnessed the digging chapter of German diplomacy in its up of the boxes of explosives and the April issue, (page 72, translating it packages containing the vials of mifrom unofficial French sources, and as
crobes from the grounds of the German the documents now vouched for by the
Legation, to which they had been United States Government are substan
secretly moved from the German Contially the same as those then presented,
sulate in Bucharest the
of this case will be treated here only in
Rumania's declaration of war. a brief summary.
Just before Rumania broke relations The evidence given out by the State
they were removed to the legation. Some Department shows that before Rumania of the objects were even taken to the had declared war against Austria-Hun
German Legation after the American gary, and was observing strict neutral Legation at Bucharest had taken over the ity, German official agents clandes protection of German interests. tinely introduced into Bucharest, the Dr. Bernhardt, former confidential capital of Rumania, packages contain agent of the German Minister, and ing explosives powerful enough to servants of the German Legation conwreck public works, and vials contain fessed that this had been done. In this ing deadly microbes destined to infect respect, the action of Germany's agent domestic animals and susceptible of pro was a deliberate abuse of the protection voking terrible epidemics among the which the United States Government human population of the country. The was giving to German interests in vials contained anthrax microbes and Bucharest. At that time the United the bacilli of glanders.
States was at peace with Germany and The box of disease germs bore the seal had agreed to take charge of Germany's of the German Consulate at Kronstadt. legation in the Rumanian capital. In the inside of this box, above a layer
“ The protection of the United States of cotton wool, this typewritten note in was in this manner shamefully abused German was found:
and exploited," says the official report Inclosed 4 small bottles for horses and 4
of Chargé d'Affaires Andrews to the for cattle. Utilization as formerly stipu State Department.