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White-Smith Music Publishing Co.
-V. Apollo Co. (US Sup.Ct., 1908)

209 U.S. 1-19, 112, 140
-V. Goff (CCA 1, 1911) 187 F. 247–

101, 105, 107
Whiteman; Radio Corp. of America

V.-141
Wilder, Mae Edna, Inc.; Lumiere v.-

144
Wilkie v. Santly Bros.
-(CCA 2, 1937) 34 USPQ 269, 91

F.2d 978—117
-(DC S.N.Y., 1935) 28 USPQ 452, 13

F.Supp. 136—117
Wilkinson; Smith & Ryder v.-68
Williams; Gonzales V.-173
Wilson v. Haber Bros. (CCA 2, 1921)

275 F. 346—115, 123
Wireback; Campbell v.-63
Witmark
-V. Bamberger (DC N.J., 1923) 291 F.

776—132
-V. Calloway (DC E.Tenn., 1927) 22

F.2d 412–35, 113, 150, 156
-V. Fred Fischer Music Co., Inc.

(DC S.N.Y., 1941) 49 USPQ 171,

38 F.Supp. 72–108
-v. Pastime Amusement Co. (DC

E.S.Car., 1924) 298 F. 470—18, 157
-V. Standard Music Co. (CCA 3,

1914) 221 F. 376—18
Witwer
-V. Harold Lloyd Corp. (DC S.

Calif., 1930) 46 F.2d 792—82
-Harold Lloyd Corp. V.-113
Woodman; Lydiard-Peterson Co. V.-

63
Wyatt & Maryland Yacht Club;

Metro - Goldwyn - Mayer 1.-127,
128

Y

Yale Electric Corp. V. Robertson

(CCA 2, 1928) 26 F.2d 972-47
Yardley v. Houghton Mifflin Co., Inc.

(CCA 2, 1939) 44 USPQ 1, 108

F.2d 28452
Young; Fitch V.-119

Z
Zeno; Broder 1.-44

-V. WDAS Broadcasting Station,

Inc. (Pa. Sup.ct., 1937) 35 USPQ

272, 194 A. 631-140
Warner Bros. V. Majestic Pictures

Corp. (CCA 2, 1934) 21 USPQ

405, 70 F.2d 310—46
Warner Publications, Inc. V. Popular

Publications, Inc. (CCA 2, 1937)

32 USPQ 523, 87 F.2d 913—149
Warren; Marsh v.-25
Washingtonian Publishing Co.
-v. Pearson (US Sup.ct., 1939) 306

U.S. 30, 40 USPQ 190—76
-V. Pearson (DC Dist.Col., 1936) 32

USPQ 113–76
-Pearson V.-76
Waterman v. Mackenzie (US Sup.Ct.,

1891) 138 U.S. 252-157
Waterson, Berlin & Snyder Co., In re

(CCA 2, 1931) 48 F.2d 704—158
Watson
—v. Buck (US Sup.Ct., 1941) 313

U.S. 387, 49 USPQ 468—136
-Buck V.-136
WDAS Broadcasting Station, Inc.;

Waring v.—140
Werckmeister
-V. American Lithographing Co.

(CCA 2, 1904) 134 F. 321–60
-American Tobacco Co. V.-57, 95
West v. Francis, 5 Barn. & Ald. 743

-112
West Publishing Co.
-v. Lawyers Cooperative Publishing

Co. (CCA 2, 1897) 79 F. 756—117
-V. Thompson (CCA 2, 1910) 176 F.

833–66, 117
Westermann v. Dispatch Printing Co.

(US Sup.Ct., 1919) 249 U.S. 100

-14
Western Union Telegraph Co.; Na-

tional Telegraph News Co. 7.-11
Whalen & Martell, Inc.; Hill v.—116,

119
Wheaton v. Peters (US Sup.Ct., 1834)

8 U.S. 591–5, 40
White
-Gorham V.—121
-McCarthy 1.-58
-Mifflin v.-62
-V. Reach (DC S.N.Y., 1939) 40

USPQ 249, 26 F.Supp. 77–149
White Mfg. Co. v. Shapiro (DC S.N.Y.,

1915) 227 F. 957–14

Numerals following dash at end of entries refer to pages of this volume

Forward title entries show tribunals and citations

The Copyright Law

Topical Index

Numerical references are to pages of this volume

A
ABANDONMENT

common-law right, 97

statutory copyright, 36, 62
ADAPTATIONS, ARRANGEMENTS
regarded as new musical works sub-

ject to copyright, 120
AD INTERIM COPYRIGHT
applies only to books in English

first published abroad, 90
contributions to periodicals, 91
copy of foreign edition must reach

Copyright Office in time spe-

cified, 90
delay in making deposit, danger of,

90
deposit of copy in mail not alone

sufficient, 90
duration, 90
failure to secure or to reprint in

time, 92
notice of copyright not required on

deposit copy, 73
prior law, 89
renewal of extended term, method

of computation, 91, 92
requisites for extension to full term,

91
ADMINISTRATOR
may secure original copyright but

cannot renew, 50, 107
ADVERSE POSSESSION

raises presumption of title, 157
ADVERTISEMENTS
see also Prints and Labels for Ar-

ticles of Merchandise
in general, 13, 14

ADVERTISEMENTS—Contd.

in periodicals, 33
separate publication of prints from

copyrighted catalogs, notice,

65, 71
when registrable as “books”, 27, 32
AFFIDAVIT OF AMERICAN MANUFACTURE
errors to avoid in filling out form,

221
essential allegations in, 220
must be under official seal, 221

required only for books, 87
AGENT OF CORPORATION

service of process on, 144, 145
ALIEN DOMICILED IN UNITED STATES

unpublished works, 54
APPEALS
from interlocutory decree to be

taken within 30 days of en-

try, 153
APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION

correction of errors in, 36
essential facts to be set forth, 219
forms supplied by Copyright Office,

220
premature deposit of copies, 80, 218

renewal of copyright, 102, 103
APPORTIONMENT OF PROFITS
offsets allowed in infringement

suits, 145, 146
ARCHITECTS' PLANS
original drawings or models copy-

rightable, 21
ARTICLES OF FUNCTIONAL UTILITY
copyrightable elements, when regis-

trable, 49, 216

B
BANKRUPTCY OF COPYRIGHT PROPRIETOR
effect of on contracts respecting

royalties, 158
vests trustee with title to copy-

rights, 158
BEQUESTS
copyright may be bequeathed by

will, 157
recording in Copyright Office per-

missive but not essential, 158,

159
title passes directly to legatee on

death of testator, 53

ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE
see Designs for Articles of Manu-

facture
ARTICLES OF MERCHANDISE

see Prints and Labels
ASSIGNMENT OF COPYRIGHT
assignee may substitute his name

in notice, 82
assignee not entitled to renew as

such, 107 (a, c)
distinguished from license, 157
failure to record does not invalidate

as between parties thereto,

159
failure to record not available as

defense to infringer, 159
fees for recording, 223
must embrace entire copyright, 157
periodical, component part may be

assigned, 81
recordation, constructive notice, 159
reservation of rights, 81
time for recording, 159, 159
trustee in bankruptcy, 158
verbal assignment, sufficient to

transfer common-law right,

156
written assignment, necessary to

transfer statutory copyright,

156
ATTORNEY GENERAL
opinions of, cited herein:

Philippine Islands, 171
prints and labels, 33, 34
proclamations of President, 162
Register's discretion, 160
renewal of copyright, 107
typesetting clause, 87

works of art, 86
ATTORNEY'S FEE
appellate court may reduce allow-

ance if found excessive, 154
award of within sound discretion

of court, 154
elements to be considered in mak-

ing award, 154
AUTHOR
broad meaning of in copyright law,

11
employer for hire, 51
foreign authors, 53
"ghost” writers, 52
joint authors deemed tenants in

common, 51
“moral” right to prevent undue

change of work, 139
motion pictures, 52
"stateless" authors, 54

BERNE CONVENTION

formation and revision of, 6, 7
list of countries adhering to, 246,

247
references to herein, 61, 73, 84, 163

text of, 238
BIBLIOGRAPHY ON COPYRIGHT, SELECTED

signed articles, 250

textbooks, 251
BILL OF COMPLAINT
illustrative form in new Rules of

Civil Procedure, 151
short form now generally approved

by courts, 150
BOOKS
ad interim copyright, statutory re-

quirements, 90, 91
affidavit of American manufacture,

when required, 87
American origin, 85
best edition, 77
comprehensive meaning of, in copy-

right law, 16
exemptions from requirement of

American manufacture, 85,

86, 87
foreign origin, 216
immoral or seditious, not copyright-

able, 43, 44
importation, regulations governing

copyright books, 155, 248, 249
include literary contributions to pe-

riodicals, 80
new editions, 66
notice of copyright, form and posi-

tion, 62, 69
picture books without text, form of

notice, 68
production of, any method sufficient

for acquiring copyright, 87

BROADCASTING
music in connection with adver-

tising deemed “for profit”, 132
not deemed publication in statutory

sense, 58
poems and other literary works in

undramatic form, 129
reception of music by "tuning in”

on radio deemed "perform-

ance”, 132
restricted licenses to broadcast mu-

sic, 133
unrestricted licenses, 133
BUENOS AIRES COPYRIGHT CONVENTION

countries which have ratified, 236

text of, 234
BUSINESS NAMES
unfair competition in use of, 46

С
CANADA
copyright relations with United

States, 164
CANAL ZONE

Copyright Act effective in, 171
CANCELLATION OF COPYRIGHT CLAIM

see Abandonment
CARTOONS
infringed by toys or dolls made in

imitation of, 112, 113
infringed by use of as basis of dra-

matic work, 119
CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION
issued upon compliance with stat-

utory requirements, 35, 79, 80
prima facie evidence of valid copy-

right, 35, 161
CHANGE OF TITLE

see Titles
CHOREOGRAPHIC WORKS
may qualify for copyright as dra-

matic works, 18
CLASSIFICATION OF COPYRIGHT WORKS
misclassification does not impair

copyright, 15
statutory classification not exclu-

sive, 15
COIN-OPERATED MACHINES

rendition of music by, 134
COMMON-LAW RIGHTS

aliens, 54
arise upon creation of author's

work in visible form, 51

COMMON-LAW RIGHTS—Contd.
compared with statutory rights, 93,

98
end on authorized general publi-

cation or statutory copyright,

97
not lost by oral delivery, perform-

ance or restricted exhibition,

58, 59
outright sale of manuscript carries

all common-law rights, 51
preserved by Copyright Act until

statutory copyright secured,

97
private letters, 53
suits for infringement of, 97, 149
verbal assignment sufficient to con-

vey title, 156
COMPLETE COPIES OF PUBLISHED WORKS
completeness requires presence of

copyright notice, 78
defective copies should be replaced

by perfect copies, 79
COMPONENT PARTS OF WORK
one copyright protects all copy-

rightable parts, 80
proprietor may assign co yright in

any part, 81
separate copyright may be had by

contributors, 80, 82
CONFIDENTIAL COMMUNICATIONS
protected against breach of trust

or contract, 43
CONSTITUTION
provision relating to writings of

authors, 4, 10
CONSTRUCTION OF SPECIFIC SECTIONS OF

COPYRIGHT ACT
§ 1(a), publishcopy and vend,

111, 112
§ 1(b), “other version", 118
§ 1(b), “works of art” and designs

for, 120, 123
§ 1(c), "similar production", 128
§ 1(d), “dramatic work”, includes

motion picture photo-

play, 127
§ 1(e), error in punctuation cor-

rected
"for profit” means com-
mercial profit, 131, 134,

135
§ 2, not operative after statutory

copyright secured, 97
§ 3, "component parts”, assign-

ment of, 81

CONSTRUCTION OF SPECIFIC SECTIONS OF

COPYRIGHT ACT-Contd.
§ 6, new editions or versions, 66,

118
§ 7, publications of United States

Government, 42
§ 8, “proprietor” equivalent to "as-

sign”, 51
alien authors of unproclaimed

countries, 54

"stateless" authors, 54, 55
§ 11, not unconstitutional as fixing

no time limit, 95, 96
period of 28 years runs from

date of deposit, 96
registration required after

publication, 98, 99
registration sufficient to bring

suit for infringement OC-
curring prior to publication,

95
registration supersedes com-

mon-law rights, 97
§ 12, "action or proceeding” in-

cludes suit for injunction, 83
failure to deposit "promptly”

not fatal to copyright, 75, 76
deposit and registration con-

dition precedent to bringing

suit, 82, 83
§ 15, "book of foreign origin”, 85

typesetting clause not appli-

cable to dramas, musical
works or picture books with-

out text, 86, 87
§ 18, form of notice of copyright,

strict construction, 62
permissible deviations from

normal, 63
§ 19, position of notice, 69

title-page lacking, 70, 71
"page immediately following”,

70 (footnote)
§ 20, saving clause applicable only

where copyright has been

secured, 72
does not apply when notice

omitted from entire edition,

72

CONSTRUCTION OF SPECIFIC SECTIONS OF

COPYRIGHT ACT—Contd.
§ 23—Contd.

"proprietor” means the pro-

prietor at time of applica-

tion for renewal, 36, 102
renewal by employee for hire

ineffective, 107
§ 24, "author" includes "employer

for hire”, 106
§ 25(a), injunction not condition

precedent to award of

damages and profits, 143
“all the profits”, allowable

offsets in computing,

145, 146
§ 25(b), “in lieu” provision not ap-

plicable where either
damages or profits as-

certainable, 146, 147
magazine not a "news-

paper", 147
maximum limitation of

statutory damages not
controlling after actual

notice, 147
minimum award of $250

mandatory when actual
damages or profits not

provable, 147
yardstick for awarding

statutory damages, 147
§ 25(e), "use" defined in connec-

tion with mechanical
music - producing ma-

chines, 148
§ 27, remedies by injunction, dam-

ages, seizure, etc., cumula-

tive, 143
§ 28, “not for profit” means not for

commercial private profit,

134
§ 34, federal courts have exclusive

jurisdiction in all actions
arising under copyright

laws, 152
§ 35, “agent” and “found" as ap-

plied to proprietor domi-
ciled outside of district
where suit is brought, 144,

145
§ 36, “any party aggrieved” excludes

licensees, 144
§ 40, "any officer” of United States,

includes his subordinates, 42
§ 42, assignments of partial rights

deemed licenses, 157
written assignments necessary

to convey statutory copy-
right, 156

does not apply to omission of

notice by oversight or de-

sign, 72
§ 23, “employer for hire” entitled

to renew as “proprietor”,

not as "author”, 110
"date of first publication” in-

cludes date of deposit in
case of works not repro-
duced for sale, 96

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